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laugh, the management of your snuff-box, with the whiteness of your hands and teeth (which have justly gained you the envy of the most polite part

of the male world, and the love of the greatest beauties in the female), are entirely to be ascribed to your own personal genius and application.

You are formed for these accomplishments by a happy turn of nature, and have finished yourself in them by the utmost improvements of art. A man that is defective in either of these qualifications (whatever may be the secret ambition of his heart) must never hope to make the figure you have done, among the fashionable part of his species. It is therefore no wonder we see such multitudes of aspiring young men fall short of you in all these beauties of your character, notwithstanding the study and practice of them is the whole business of their lives. But I need not tell you that the free and disengaged behaviour of a fine gentleman makes as many aukward beaux, as the eafiness of your favourite hath made infipid poets.

At present you are content to aim all your charms at your own spouse, without farther thought of mischief to any others of the sex. I know you had formerly a very great contempo for that pedantic race of mortals who call themfelves Philosophers; and yet, to your honour be it fpoken, there is not a Sage of thein all

could

could have better acted up to their

precepts in one of the most important points of life: I mean, in that generous disregard of popular opinion which you shewed some years ago, when you chose for your wife an obscure young woman, who doth not indeed pretend to an ancient family, but has certainly as many forefathers as any lady in the land, if she could but reckon up their names.

I must own, I conceived very extraordinary hopes of you from the moment that you confeffed your age, and from eight-and-forty (where you had stuck so many years) very ingeniously stepped into your grand climacterick. Your deportment has since been very venerable and becoming. If I am rightly informed, you make a regular appearance every quarter-seffions among your brothers of the quorum ; and, if things go on as they do, stand fair for being a colonel of the militia. I am told that your time passes away as agreeably in the amusements of a country life, as it ever did in the gallantries of the town; and that you now take as much pleasure in the planting of young trees, as you did formerly in the cutting down of your old ones. In short, we hear from all hands that you are thoroughly reconciled to your dirty acres, and have not too much wit to look into your own estate. After having spoken thus much of my Pa |

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tron, I must take the privilege of an Author in saying something of myself. I shall therefore beg leave to add, that I have purposely omitted setting those marks to the end of every paper, which appeared in my former volumes, that you may have an opportunity of shewing Mrs. Honeycomb the shrewdness of your conjectures, by ascribing every speculation to its proper author: though you know how often many profound Criticks in style and sentiments have very judiciously erred in this particular, before they were let into the secret. I ain, Sir, your mott faithful, humble servant, THE SPECTATOR.

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SIR,

(1515.] HOEVER reads the following Apology will easily allow me, that I am much

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* Prefixed to Steele’s “ Apology for himself and his Writ. ings, 1715.

t Robert Walpole, efq. born Aug. 26, 1674, was chosen member for King's-Lynn in 1700; and continued to represenc that corporation till created an Earl; excepring the interval of one session, when he was expelled the House (Dec. 30, 1711), and sent to the Tower. He was appointed of the council to Prince George, Lord High Admiral, in June, 1705; Secretary at War, Feb 12, 1707-8; Treasurer of the Navy, Jan. 13, 1709-10. On Dr. Sacheverell's impeachment, Mr. Walpole was one of the managers. He was removed from his employments in Au.

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less concerned for the fame of a writer than that of an honest man. I have declared the affiftances I had in composing the writings which are here defended; for the upright purpose, the innocent intention of them, is all which I am anxious to assert. In defence of truth I incurred popular hatred and contempt, with the prospect of suffering the want even of the ordinary conveniencies of life. The probability of

gust 1710; and was not in any office during the rest of the Queen's reign. He was appointed Paymaster of the Forces Sept. 24, 1714; and sworn of the Privy Council Oet. 1; constituted First Lord Commissioner of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer O&t. 10, 1715; and the same year was elected Chairman of “the Committee of Secrecy.” He refigned his high places April 10, 1717; but was appointed Paymaster of the Forces June 4, 1720; and resumed his offices in the Treasury April 4, 1721 He was one of the Lords Justices and fole Se. cretary of State in 1723, during the absence of the Lords Towns. end and Carteret, who went with the King to Hanover. He was elected a Knight of the Bath in 1725, and was again one of the Lords Justices; was elected a Knight of the Garter in 1726, and installed June 16. He was a third time one of the Lords Justices, in 1727. On the accession of King George II. he was continued in all his high posts; was chosen a Governor of the Charter house, and attended at the coronation as a Privy Counsellor and Knight of the Garter. In the first feffion of the Parliament which met Dec. 4, 1741, finding a strong party against him in the nation as well as in the parliament, he resigned all his places, and was created, Feb. 9, 1741-2, Baron Houghton, Vila count Walpole, and Earl of Orford. He afterwards, the inquiry into his conduct being dropi, or. rather suspended, lived a very retired life, enjoying rett from his labours, the sweets of private friendship, and the esteem and love of his Sovereign; but was much afflicted with the stone, which at length put a period to his life, March 18, 1745-6, in his 720 year.

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being undone I could not but form to myself when I took upon me what I did; but a weight heavier than all this fell upon me, to wit, a resolution of the representative of my country to my dishonour. This indeed was a blow unexpected; nor could it enter into my imagination, that the infolence of any minister could run fo high, as to demand of the House of Commons to punith one of its members for being unacceptable to him. The perusal of this pamphlet will convince the reader, there was not so much as the appearance of any other motive for my expulsion. The day of debate was indeed a very mémorable one, and the persons concerned in it hugely worth suspending the councils of a nation. It was remarkable however, that such was the force of truth, that the member accused had not an harth personal expression used against power, who brought on the accusation, was treated in the manner which all mankind knows he deserves. As for my part, I ever

ever thought meanly of the capacity, though not, till lately, of the good-nature of that demagogue, and faw very well his audaciousuess would one day suffer by his ignorance. It was visible, whatever became of his country, which I believe had little Thare in his Lord ship's cares, he would, with the wand in his hand, raise powers which he would want skill to command, and which conie. quently would tear him himself in pieces. Ff

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