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felf, and friends. Thus, I confess to you, your modefty is fpared only by my vanity ; and I hope you will give me leave to indulge it yet further, in telling all the world I am, with great truth, Sir, your most obedient, and most humble servant,



To Lord FINCH +.


May 25, 1714. HIS first part of a narration, to which I


« fiaftical Prefixed to « The Romilh Ecclefiaftical History of late “ Years." It may be proper just to mention, that the dedi. cation to « An Account of the State of the Roman Catholic Relj. « gion throughout the World," though published by Steele, was the production of his friend Bishop Hoadly, and therefore not republished here, its origination was a circumstance of such public notoriety, as ill deserved the malicious reflection it produced from Swift ; that

Steele, who own'd what others writ,
" And Aourilh'd by imputed wit,
« From perils of a hundred jails,

« Withdrew to starve, and die in Wales." It is added, on the written testimony of Dr. John Hoadly, who put the same interpretation on the ill-natured lines above quoted, that SWIFT, with his usual arrogance, was highly offended with the publication of the fine piece of irony and grave humour above mentioned, under the name of Steele, and thus infolently resented it, as if forsooth it had been an invasion of a province which he idly affected to monopolize, and of which hc dreamed that he was the only person in the world competent to be the manager. See in HARRISON's Spurious Tatler, vol. V.


« fiaftical History,” is only an account of some collateral and contemporary circumstances and


No 28, Swift's account of himself, under the fi&titious name of Hiereus.

The lines above quoted may likewise very well be supposed to allude to STEELE's publishing papers of other writers in the TATLER, SPECTATOR, and GUARDIAN. These he generally, though not always, diftinguished from his own by certain figna. tures; and as he ordinarily bought them, he had, unquestionably, a right to publish and to vend them. Addison was paid, probably very amply, for his papers; and Dr. JOHNSON says, he received his payments for them with “avidity and great eagerness."--It apo pears, on the testimony of the Bishop's son, that Bp. Berkeley had always one guinea and a dinner with Sir Richard Steele for every paper

of his in the Guardian ; and there is little doubt but chas, in all Steele's publications, the affiftances he had from others, when they would accept of pecuniary gratifications for them, were well rewarded by a man who fometimes perhaps might be vainly profuse, and too often imprudently generous. See more of this in a note on the new TATLER, vol. VI. N° 271, p. 451, & feq.

+ Daniel Finch, eldest son to Daniel Earl of Nottingham. He was elected one of the Knights of the Shire for the county of Rucland in the ninth of Queen Anne, and served for the same county in all parliaments whilft he continued a commoner. On the ac. cession of King George I. he was appointed one of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, our late Sovereign, when his father was declared Lord President of the Council ; also on O&tober 10, 1715, was constituced one of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury; and resigned all his employments February 29, 1715-16. His Lordship was made Comptroller of His Majesty's Houfhold, May 25, 1725; which office he voluntarily resigned, after he succeeded his father as Earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham (Jan. 1, 1929-30). On June , 1725, he was sworn of his Majesty's most honourable Privyo council. On March 16, 1741, his Lordship was constituted First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty; and on April 15, 1743, was appointed one of the Lords Justices on his Majesty's absence DI 3.


secret paffages, joined to an account of the ce. remony of the last inauguration of Saints, by his Holiness the Pope.

It displays the utmost abuse of Christianity, and that to the most fantastical degree. After the See of Rome has usurped the dominion over the whole earth, it goes on to dispose of Heaven also, and to name the inhabitants of those blessed manfions. These she employs to receive the importunities of mortals, before they come at the Alinighty. Is this for His ease who is all-sufficient,-for His information who is omniscient? Gross!-prophane!-ridiculous!

This account gives us a lively idea of the pageantry used in that Church to strike the ima: ginations of the vulgar, and needs only to be repeated, to give every serious man, an abhorrence as well as contempt of their idolatry. I take the liberty to address it to your Lordship, in regard that you are by birth, and imitation

in his German dominions. His Lordship was one of the assistants to the Duke of Somerset, chief mourner at the funeral of Frederick, Prince of Wales, April 13, 1751. On March 13, 1954 he was elected Knight Companion of the most noble order of the Garter, and inftalled on June 4 following. His Lordship, on April 6, 1757, was a second time appointed First Lord of the Admiralty ; but resigned in June following. At the accession of the present King, he was continued a member of the Privy.coun cil, and constituted President thereof on July 12, 1965, which ofice he resigned July 30, 5766. His Lordship was also one of the Elder Brethren of the Trinity-house. He departed this life, at his house on Parson's-green, Middlesex, August 2, 1769, in the S:t year


of his age.

of your predeceffors, obliged to exert a firm and unskaken zeal to our Church, which is reformed from such absurdities, and retains every thing that is consistent with gravity, good sense, true religion, virtue, and piety. Descriptions wherein men, dedicated to the service of God, bear a part, are never to be made to the derogation of such his servants, except in cases wherein they apparently abuse that respect which the Laity have , for them, as conductors to a better life, to ferve their own power, vanity, and ambition in this. When that happens to be the case, it is our business to obviate such injuries in the first attempts of imposing them on mankind : for we neglect our duty to Heaven when we permit its interests to be prostituted to ends unworthy. For this reason, I dare acknowledge that any power affected by Clergymen, above what the laws of our country allow thein, or independent of the Sovereignty of it, is to me Popery. I cannot think the endeavour at temporal power from the service at the altar a less guilt, than building a false superstructure upon that foundation, which only can be laid for spiritual and holy purposes.

Your noble Father has, in all his actions, maintained so unbiassed an affection to the Church of England, that to his zeal, more than to that of any other man, it owes the inhibition, " that any who difsent from her shall bear office

o in


“ in these realms *.” None can defire more, who do not think it reasonable that they should alfo be excluded from property, and deprived of life itself, for Nonconformity.

I have often asserted, that they who affect profeffing their zeal for the Church on all occafions, reduced themselves to an absurdity, and betrayed the weakness of their cause, when they ranked his Lordship among those whom they call Whigs. By this one circumstance they acknowledge it is not care of Religion, say, it is not respect to Religion, or to the persons of Clergymen, but joining in a combination with the least known for virtue and piety among them; and adding the cry of the Church to their common projects for power and domination, which constitutes those (whom they call) Churchmen.

Your Lordship has too good a discerning, to want that these things should be pointed to you; and it is to the frank spirit of men of your age and abilities among the nobility and gentry, we must owe the amendment of such inveterate evils.

I congratulate your Lordship upon the early conspicuous figure you make in the business of

* To this noble Earl the Church was afterwards indebted for an Auswer to a' pamphlet of Whiston's, 1721; for which his Lordship was complimented by addresses from both the Univers sities, and from the London Clergy:


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