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anxious with relation to the disrespect they accuse me of to my royal Mistress. All that can be wrested to my disadvantage is, that the Queen is concerned when any thing is to be imputed to her servants; but I deny that, and perlift in it, that it is no manner of diminution of the wisdom of a Prince, that he is obliged to act by the information of others.

If I might make an abrupt digreffion from great things to finall, I should on this occasion mention a little circumstance which happened to the late King William. He had a French, man who took care of the gun-dogs, whose bufiness it was also to charge and deliver the piece to the King. This minister forgot to bring out shot into the field; but did not think fit to let so passionate a man and eager a sportsman as the King know his offence, but gave his Majesty the gun loaded only with powder. When the King missed his aim, this impudent cur stood chattering, admiring, commending the King's skill in shooting, and, holding up his hands, " he had never seen sa Majesté miss before in his << whole life.” This circumstance was no manner of argument to those (who afterwards found out the fellow's iniquity) against the King's reputation for a quick eye, and shooting very finely. I am, with respect to the Borough and yourself, Sir, your most humble, and moit obedient servant,



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To Lieutenant-general CADOGAN +.


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[1713.) N the character of GUARDIAN, it behoves ine

to do honour to such as have deserved well of society, and laid out worthy and manly qualities in the service of the publick. No man has more eminently distinguished himself this way than Mr. Cadogan. With a contempt of pleasure, rest, and ease, when called to the duties of your glorious profession, you have lived in a familiarity with dangers, and, with a strict eye upon the final purpose of the attempt, have wholly disregarded what should befall yourself

* Prefixed to the first volume of “ The Guardian."

+ Wm. Cadogan, esq. (see p. 113.) Quarter-master-general in 1701; Colonel of a regiment of horse in 1703; Brigadier-general in 1704; Plenipotentiary to the Spanish Netherlands, and Majorgeneral, in 1706; Lieutenant-general in 1709; on the acceffion of King George, Master of the Robes, and Colonel of the second regiment of horse-guards ; Knight of the Thistle in 1715; Governor of the Isle of Wight, and Plenipotentiary to Holland, in 1716; created Lord Cadogan, June 21, that year; Baron Oakley, Viscount Caversham, and Earl. Cadogany, April 17, 1718. On the death of the Duke of Marlborough in 1722, he was made Malter general of the Ordnance, and Colonel of the first regiment of foot-guards. He died July 17, 1726.--No officer was ever so much relied on by the Duke of Marlborough as General Cadogan. He had the care of marking out almost every camp during the war in the Netherlands and Germany; which he executed so ikilfully, that, it was observed, the Duke was never surprized or attacked in his camp during the whole war, Сс


in the prosecution of it. Thus has life risen to you as fast as you resigned it; and every new hour, for having so frankly lent the preceding moments to the cause of justice and of liberty, has come home to you, improved with honour. This happy distinction, which is so very peculiar to you, with the addition of industry, vigilance, patience of labour, thirst and hunger, in common with the meanest soldier, has made your present fortune unenvied. For the publick always reap greater advantage from the example of successful merit, than the deserving man himself can possibly be possessed of; your country knows how eininently you excell in the several parts of military skill, whether in affigning the encampment, accommodating the troops,

leading to the charge, or pursuing the enemy: the retreat being the only part of the profeffion

which has not fallen within the experience of those who learned their warfare under the Duke of Marlborough. But the true and honest purpose of this epistle is, to desire a place in your friendship, without pretending to add any thing to your reputation, who, by your own gallant actions, have acquired that your name through

ages shall be read with honour, where-ever niention thall be made of that illustrious Captain. lam, Sir, your most obedient, and most humble servant,





[1713]. HE greatest honour of human life, is to

live well with men of merit ; and I hope you will pardon me the vanity of publishing, by this means, my happiness in being able to name you among my friends. The conversation of a gentleman, that has a refined taste of letters, and a disposition in which those letters


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* Prefixed to the second volume of « The Guardian.”

+ William Pulteney, esq. born in 1682, had early a feat in the House of Commons, and distinguished himself in opposition to Queen Anne's last ministry. On the accession of King George, he was appointed Secretary at War, Sept. 27, 1914; and afterward Cofferer of the Houshold. He was at this time the inti. mate friend of Sir Robert Walpole ; but in 1725, that Minister being suspected of a defire to extend the bounds of prerogative, Mr. Pulteney entered steadily into opposition; and at last becaine so obnoxious to the Crown, that, July 1, 1731, King George II. with his own hand, ftruck him out of the list of Privy Counsellors, and ordered him to be put out of the list of all commissions of the peace. "A proceeding so violent in the Ministry served only to inflame his resentment, and increase his popularity. Sir Robert resigning his employments in 1741, Mr. Pulteney was again sworn of the Privy Council ; and created Baron of Heydon, Viscount Pulteney, and Earl of Bath. From that moment his favour with the people was at an end; and the rest of his life was spent in contemning that applause which he no longer could secure. William Viscount Pulteney, his only fon, who was a Lord of the Bedchamber, Aid-de-camp to the King, and Colonel of the Royal Volunteers, going over with his regiment in the defence of Portugal, died Feb. 16, 1763 ; and the Earl dying July 7, 1764, the titles became extin&t. Сс 2


found nothing to correct, but very much to exert, is a good fortune too'uncommon to be en. joyed in fileuce: in others, the greatest business of learning is to weed the soil; in you, it had nothir else to do but to bring forth fruit. Affabilii, complacency, and generosity of heart, which are natural to you, wanted nothing from literature, but to refine and direct the application of thein. After I have boasted I had fome. share in your familiarity, I know not how to do you the justice of celebrating you for the choice of an elegant and worthy acquaintance, with whom you live in the happy communication of generous sentiments, which contribute, not only to your own mutual entertainment and improvement, but to the honour and service of your country. Zeal for the public good is the characteristick of a man of honour and a gentleman, and must take place of pleasures, profits, and all other private gratifications. Whoever wants this motive, is an open enemy, or an inglorious neuter, to mankind, in proportion to the misapplied advantages with which Nature and Fortune have blessed him. But you have a soul animated with nobler views, and know that the distinction of wealth and plenteous circumstances is a tax upon an honest nind, to endea. vour, as much as the occurrences of life willi give him leave, to guard the properties of



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