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it under you, at the same time that it height-
ened her Majesty's favour to all who had the
happiness of having it conveyed through your
hands. A Secretary of State, in the interest of
mankind, joined with that of his fellow-sub-
jects, accomplished with a great facility and
elegance in all the modern as well as antient
languages, was a happy and proper member of
a Ministry, by whose services your Sovereign
is in so high and flourishing a condition, as
makes all other Princes and Potentates powerful
or inconsiderable in Europe, as they are friends
or enemies to Great-Britain. The importance
of those great events which happened during
that Administration, in which your Lordship
bore so important a charge, will be acknow-
ledged as long as time shall endure. I shall not,
therefore, attempt to rehearse those illustrious
passages; but give this application a more pri-
vate and particular turn, in deliring your Lord-
ship would continue

your favour and patronage
to me, as you are a gentleman of the most po-
lite literature, and perfectly accomplished in the
knowledge of books * and men, which makes it
necessary to beseech your indulgence to the
following leaves, and the Author of them : who
is, with the greatest truth and respect, my Lord,
your Lordship's obliged, obedient, and humble

* His Lordship was the founder of the splendid and truly valu-
able library at Althorpe

at Brankrein. The dibrary

T F *

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the year 1989 Jean



A a 4


Dr. Swift to Mr. ADDISON.



May 13, 1713. WAS told yesterday, by several persons,

that Mr. Steele had reflected upon me in his Guardian ; which I could hardly believe, until, sending for the paper of the day, I found he had, in several parts of it, infinuated with the utmost malice, that I was Author of the ExaMINER *; and abused me in the groffest manner he could possibly invent, and set his name to what he had written. Now, Sir, if I am not Author of the Examiner, how will Mr. Steele be able to defend himself from the imputation of the highest degree of baseness, ingratitude, and injustice? is he so ignorant of my temper, and of my style ? has he never heard that the Author of the Examiner (to whom I am altoge

* In the Guardian, No LIII. Mr. Steele says, “ Though ** sometimes I have been told by familiar friends, that they saw “ me such a time talking to the Examiner; others, who have “ raillied me for the sins of my youth, telline, it is credibly re« ported that I have formerly lain with the Examiner I have carried my point; and it is nothing to me whether the Exa56 miner writes in the character of an estranged friend, or an ex« asperated mistress.--By the first of these appellations, Dr. Swift is to be understood; by the latter, Mrs. Manley, authoress of the Atalantis, who likewise, in conjunction with Oldisworth, wrote in the Examiner, often under the direction, and with the affiftance, of Swift, but oftener without leading-strings.


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ther a stranger*) did, a month or two ago, vindicate me from having any concern in it? should not Mr. Steele have first expoftulated with me as a friend? have I deserved this usage from Mr. Steele, who knows very well that my Lord Treasurer ph has kept him in his employment upon my intreaty and interceffion I? My


* The reader will please to recollect the received opinion, 'that Dr. Swift never wrote any Examiners after June 7, 1911. The curious may see an accurate and satisfactory account of the Examiner, and of this circumstance particularly, in the new edision of the TATLER with notes, vol. V. N° 210, p. 307, note. + Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford,

“ I sat till ten in the evening with Addison and Steele : " Steele will certainly lose his Gazetteer's place, all the world “ deresting his engaging in parties.” Swift, Journal to Stella, Sept. 10, 1710.

“ I was this morning with Mr. Lewis, the under-secretary "to Lord Dartmouth, two hours, talking politics, and contriv6 ing to keep Steele in his office of stampe paper : he has lost “ his place of Gazetteer, three hundred pounds a year, for writ

ing a Tatler, some months ago, against Mr. Harley, who

gave it him at first, and raised the salary from sixty to three “ hundred pounds. This was devilih ungrateful; and Lewis “ was telling me the particulars : but I had a hint given me, " that I might fave him in the other employment; and leave “ was given me to clear matters with Steele. Well, I dined so with Sir Matthew Dudley, and in the evening went to fit with Mr. Addison, and offer the matter at distance to him as the - discreeter person ; but found party had so possessed him, that « he talked as if he suspected me, and would not fall in with

any thing I said. So I stopt short in my overture, and we “parted very dryly; and I shall say nothing to Steele, and let " them do as they will; but if things stand as they are, he will

certainly lose it, unless I save him; and therefore I will not “ speak to him, that I may not report to his difadvantage. Is not this vexatious ? and is there so much in the proverb of

“ proffered

Lord Chancellor* and Lord Bolingbroke will be witnesses how I was reproached by my Lord Treasurer, upon the ill returns Mr. Steele made to his Lordship’s indulgence, &c. Jon. Swift.



May 19, 1713
R. ADDISON shewed me your letter,

wherein you mention me. They laugh at you, if they make you believe your interpo


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“ proffered service? When shall I grow wise ? I endeavour to « act in the most exact points of honour and confcience, and

my nearest friends will not underfiand it so. What must a “ man expect from his enemies? This would vex me, but it fall not; and so I bid you good night, &c.” Ibid. Oct. 22.

“ Lewis told me a pure thing. I had been hankering with Mr. Harley to save Steele his other employment, and have a “ little mercy on him, and I had been saying the same thing to " Lewis, who is Mr. Harley's chief farourite. Lewis tells Mr. “ Harley, how kindly I fould take it, if he would he reconciled “ to Steele, &c. Mr. Harley, on my account, falls in with it, “ and appoints Steele a time to let him attend him; which Steele " accepts with great fubmiffion, but never comes, nor fends any “ excuse. Whether it was blundering, fullenness, insolence, or “ rancour of party, I cannot tell ; but I shall trouble myfélf no " more about him. I believe Addison hindered him out of

meer spite, being grated to the soul to think he hould ever “ want my help to save his friend; yet now he is foliciting

me to make another of his friends Queen's Secretary at Ge

neva; and I will do it if I can ; it is poor Pastoral Philips.” Ibid. Dec. 16.

One story is good till another is heard. See a very different aecount of the whole transaction pointed out in a note on the new edition of the TaTLER, ut fupra, vol. VI. N° 228, p. 95, 6 jeg. * Lord Harcourt.

fition has kept me thus long in my office. If you have spoken in my behalf at any time, I am glad I have always treated you with respect; though I believe you an accomplice of the Examiner. In the letter you are angry at, you

see I have no reason for being so merciful to him, but out of regard to the imputation you lie under. You do not in direct terms say you are not concerned with him : but make it an argument of your innocence, that the Examiner has declared you have nothing to do with him. I be. lieve I could prevail upon the Guardian to say there was a mistake in putting my name in his paper: but the English would laugh at us, should we argue in so Irish a manner. heartily glad of your being made Dean of St. Patrick's. I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant,


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*I may probably know better, when they are


which was

* “ It has unluckily happened that two or three lines have been corn by accident from the beginoing of this letter; and, by the fame accident, two or three lines are missing towards the latter part, which were written on the back part of the torn off. But what remains of this letter will, I presume, be very satisfactory to the intelligent reader, upon many accounts.” For this note, and for the letter itself, we are indebted to the late Deane Switt, efq.


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