The Naturalist as Interpreter and Seer ...
Doubleday, Page, 1902 - 173 стор.
The origin of species in summary / Charles Darwin -- How "The origin of species" came to be written / Charles Darwin -- The descent of man: the argument in brief / Charles Darwin -- Mimicry and other protective resemblances among animals / Alfred R. Wallace -- Evolution of the horse / Thomas H. Huxley -- Fighting pests with insect allies / Leland O. Howard -- The strange story of the flowers: a chapter in modern botany / George Iles.
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able action adaptation admit advance ages American animals appeared Asa Gray beauty become bees beetle believe birds blossoms bone causes characters closely colour common complete conceal conclusion creation creature descended developed discovered distinct doubt early earth effect evidence evolution exactly existence facts female flowers follow forms genus give given green groups habits horse important individuals inherited insects instincts Italy kind known latter laws leaf leaves less living look males manner marked means mind modification namely natural selection naturalists never observation once organic Origin past period plants powers present principle probably produced Professor protective races reason relation remains resemble rest result scale seems seen similar slight soon species structure success teeth tend theory tints tion trees variation varieties various whole widely wild wings wonderful
Сторінка 37 - I happened to read for amusement 'Malthus on Population,' and being well prepared to appreciate the struggle for existence which everywhere goes on from long-continued observation of the habits of animals and plants, it at once struck me that under these circumstances favourable variations would tend to be preserved, and unfavourable ones to be destroyed. The result of this would be the formation of new species. Here then I had at last got a theory by which to work...
Сторінка 34 - There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.
Сторінка 68 - Important as the struggle for existence ha^s been and even still is, yet as far as the highest part of man's nature is concerned there are other agencies more important. For the moral qualities are advanced, either directly or indirectly, much more through the effects of habit, the reasoning powers, instruction, religion, etc., than through natural selection ; though to this latter agency the social instincts, which afforded the basis for the development of the moral sense, may be safely attributed.
Сторінка 33 - These laws, taken in the largest sense, being Growth with Reproduction; Inheritance which is almost implied by reproduction, Variability from the indirect and direct action of the external conditions of life, and from use and disuse...
Сторінка 29 - ... the summing up of the labour, the experience, the reason, and even the blunders of numerous workmen; when we thus view each organic being, how far more interesting — I speak from experience — does the study of natural history become!
Сторінка 46 - ... man is descended from some less highly organized form. The grounds upon which this conclusion rests will never be shaken, for the close similarity between man and the lower animals in embryonic development, as well as in innumerable points of structure and constitution, both of high and of the most trifling importance — the rudiments which he retains, and the abnormal reversions to which he is occasionally liable — are facts which cannot be disputed.
Сторінка 29 - We possess no pedigree or armorial bearings; and we have to discover and trace the many diverging lines of descent in our natural genealogies, by characters of any kind which have long been inherited. Rudimentary organs will speak infallibly with respect to the nature of long-lost structures. Species and groups of species which are called aberrant, and which may fancifully be called living fossils, will aid us in forming a picture of the ancient forms of life. Embryology will often reveal to us the...
Сторінка 41 - I had, also, during many years followed a golden rule, namely, that whenever a published fact, a new observation or thought came across me, which was opposed to my general results, to make a memorandum of it without fail and at once; for I had found by experience that such facts and thoughts were far more apt to escape from the memory than favorable ones. Owing to this habit, very few objections were raised against my views which I had not at least noticed and attempted to answer.
Сторінка 32 - In the distant future I see open fields for far more important researches. Psychology will be based on a new foundation, that of the necessary acquirement of each mental power and capacity by gradation. Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history.