History of Civilization in England, Том 1

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From Egypt 7584
75
From Central America 8485
84
And from Mexico and Peru 86
92
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
108
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 115118
115
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
142
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing
143
Failure of these methods 150152
150
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual 158159
158
And intellectual truths are constantly changing 164165
164
The diminution of religious persecution is owing to the progress
171
Illustrations from Russia and Turkey 177179
177
The invention of gunpowder 185190
185
The discoveries made by political economists 191200
191
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 200203
200
CHAPTER V
207
This being as yet little understood historians have not collected
210
With that of Germany 217219
217
Much may be gained in that respect from studying the histories
223
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity s34
227
Influence of religion on the progress of society 232244
232
And from Sweden and Scotland 242244
242
Influence of government on the progress of society 250264
250
Legislators have caused smuggling with all its attendant crimes 256257
256
England has been less interfered with in these ways than other
263
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
298
Also in the work of Dr Horst on the Golden Tooth 304305
304
Origin of religious toleration in England
310
This tendency displayed in Chillingworth 319321
319
Great advantage of this 327329
327
Influence of this spirit upon Sir Thomas Browne 334337
334
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
340
Legislative improvements in the reign of Charles II in spite
348
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 354355
354
The clergy to recover their ground allied themselves with James II 361362
361
But the clergy regretted it and repented of their own act
369
Hence a schism in the church 375377
375
The church rallied for a moment under Anne 382383
382
Rapid succession of sceptical controversies 389391
389
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
396
Hence liberal opinions in France which the government attempted
403
Ignorance of George III
405
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 414418
414
He supported the new secular scheme of government against
489
His liberal treatinent of the Protestants 496500
496
Hence the French Protestants being headed by the clergy become
504
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
525
Analogy between Descartes and Richelieu 543544
543
It was also seen in the wars of the Fronde 549552
549
But notwithstanding all this there was a great difference between
552
CHAPTER IX
558
And were glad to ally themselves with the people against
565
Centralization was in France the natural successor of feudality 571574
571
Illustration from the history of chivalry 579583
579
The pride of Englishmen encouraged the Reformation
585
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power 594595
594
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
606
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
613
But the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632636
632
Also in zoology and in chemistry
640
Illustrations from the history of French art 648650
648
CHAPTER XII
655
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen 668669
668
Consequent persecution of literary men by the French government 671682
671
Violence of the government 682685
682
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 693697
693
CHAPTER XIII
701
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 708710
708
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 718721
718
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire 730750
730
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Welly Villaret Duclos
738
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians 745746
745
His vast labours were aided by Montesquieu
751
The discourses of Turgot and their influence e 757758
757
The intellect of France began to attack the state about 1750 763764
763
And to favour religious toleration 770772
770
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
779
Connexion between this movement and the rise of atheism 786788
786
And in Condillac 792795
792
Also on chemistry and geology 799807
799
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
808
Connexion between these views and subsequent discoveries 816819
816
Bichats work on life 823827
823
And in mineralogy by De Lisle and Haüy 831834
831
Physical science is essentially democratic 837840
837
And in the establishment of clubs 843845
843
General reflections 850854
850

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