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Preferential rates of duty under the Australian “South African Preference Act of 1906: — (1). Angora hair and unset diamonds
free Butter and cheese, per pound...
2-440 Confectionery, per pound
1-42d Fodder, per 100 pounds... ...
1s. 10-12d Hay and chaff, per cwt.
9d Grain: oats, per 100 pounds...
1-120 wheat, per 100 pounds
1-12d maize ... flour ... ... ...
1s. 10-12d Jams and jellies, per pound
1-480 Leather, ad valorem
11-940 Machinery : A. Agricultural, etc., and implements
including shares and plough plates
scoops, ad valorem ... ... ... 9-98 p.cent.
B. Mining machinery ... ... ... 9-38 p.cent. Meats, fish, poultry, game:
Fresh, smoked, or preserved by cold process,
1.ygd Milk, preserved, per pound
34d Timber: A. Architraves, mouldings, per 100 lineal
120 C. Raisins and other
1. See Cd. 8094 and also Cd. 7641, British Parliamentary Papers: for 1915, Volume 26; for 1914, Volume 25.
Feathers, dressed, ad valorem ... ... ... 20 p cent.
undressed ... ... ... ... ... 10 p.cent. Spirits had to pay a sum equal to the rates of
excise at the time plus 2-12 p.cent. Tobacco, manufactured, per pound ...
... 2s. 6d unmanufactured, per pound . ... maovurdi, per pouna
... 28. 60 Sugar The produce of the cane :
produced solely by white labour, per cwt....
per cwt. ... ... .. . Wine, fermented, etc. in bottles per gallon ...
other, per gallon ...
Rhodesia is governed by a chartered company — the British South African Company. It was founded in 1889. It is called after its founder, Cecil Rhodes. The origin 'of the Company is not quite clear.
The administration of Rhodesia (Southern) was regulated by the Matabeleland Order-in-Council of 1894. Previous to that date general powers of legislation were exercized by the High Commissioner for South Africa under the Order-in-Council of May 9, 1891. Under the Order-in-Council of 1894 the administration is conducted under the Crown by an administrator appointed and paid by the Company. There are an Executive and Legislative Council. The ordinances of the latter body require the assent of the High Commissioner for South Africa before they have the force of law. The Legislative Council was established in 1898. (1).
Southern Rhodesia has been in the South African Customs Union since 1903. Since 1910 the Union of South Africa and Southern Rhodesia entered upon customs agreements whenever such were required. For example, a customs agreement was entered into between the Government of the Union of South Africa and the Administration of Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia, on December 11, 1914, under which it was. provided that the customs tariff of the Union of South Africa, as it existed under the Union Tariff Act No. 26 of 1914, was to be adopted by Southern and Northern Rhodesia. Rhodesia was allowed to carry out the “Rhodes Clause." The agreement further provided that there was to be a free inter-change of the products and manufactures of the Union and those of Rhodesia, subject to certain conditions as to the imposition of countervailing duties on excisable articles, etc. The customs tariff in operation in Southern Rhodesia, under Ordinance No. 30 of 1914, as amended by Ordinance No. 15 of 1915, is classified in a manner practically identical with that in force in the Union of South Africa, but while the ratés leviable under the general tariff are the same, those levied under the British preferential tariff, in some instances, are lower than those operative in the Union, in consequence of the operation of the “Rhodes Clause" of the Rhodesian Order-in-Council of 1914. The same is true for Northern Rhodesia, which was divided into two zones for tariff purposes :
1. For the early customs history of Rhodesia, see "The Southern Rhodesian Customs Handbook.” (1899).
i. The Zambesi Basin.
ii. The Congo-Basin: no preference is granted on goods imported into this part of the territory, but this is provided for in the fact that the duties are lower. Preferences are accorded to British goods on importation into Barotziland (North-Western Rhodesia) since December 1, 1905. Rhodesia also grants a rebate to non-reciprocating British possessions on certain goods grown, produced or manufactured in such colony, possession or protectorate.
• In 1852 the Transvaal obtained its independence from Great Britain by the Sand River Convention, signed by the Transvaal delegates and Messrs. Hogge and Owen, the British delegates. (1). . On July 29, 1869, during the Presidency of M. W. Pretorius, a treaty of commerce and friendship was signed at Pretoria between Portugal and the Transvaal, whereby it was agreed amongst other things as follows: “The two contracting parties, wishing to place the commerce of the respective countries on the liberal basis of perfect equality and reciprocity, mutually agree that there shall be reciprocal freedom of commerce between their territories... This freedom of commerce... shall be
1. State Papers, Volume 54, p. 1,112, et seq.