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UTILITARIANISM

BY

JOHN STUART MILL.

BEFKINTED FROM 'ibibeb'b MAGAZINE.'

LONDON:

PARKER, SON, AND BOURN, WEST STRAND.

1863.

[The Author reserves the right of Translation.]

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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

PAGI

GENERAL REMARKS 1

CHAPTER II.

WHAT UTILITARIANISM IS 8

CHAPTER III.

OF THE ULTIMATE SANCTION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF UTILITY. 38

CHAPTER IV.

OF WHAT SORT OF PROOF THE PRINCIPLE OF UTILITY IS

SUSCEPTIBLE 51

CHAPTER V.

ON THE CONNEXION BETWEEN JUSTICE AND UTILITY ... 61

UTILITARIANISM.

CHAPTER I.

GENERAL REMARKS.

THERE are few circumstances among those which make up the present condition of human knowledge, more unlike what might have been expected, or more significant of the backward state in which speculation on the most important subjects still lingers, than the little progress which has been made in the decision of the controversy respecting the criterion of righJL§ffid_WJQllg. Erom the dawn of philosophy, thei question concerning the summum_ bonum, or, what is the same thing, concerning the foundation of morality, i has been accounted the main problem in speculative thought, has occupied the most gifted intellects, and divided them into sects and schools, carrying on a vigorous warfare against one another. And after more than two thousand years the same discussions continue, philosophers are still ranged under the same contending banners, and neither thinkers nor mankind at large seem nearer to being unanimous on the subject, than when the youth Socrates listened to the old Protagoras, and asserted (if Plato's dialogue be grounded on a real conversation) the theory of utilitarianism against the popular morality of the so-called sophist.

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