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Rapin. 663


for repealing the Septennial

89 Edward V.



Sir John St. Aubin. 616 90 Character of Richard III. Hume. 664

40 The Minister's Reply to Ditto Walpole. 619 91 Another

Smollett. 664

41 Speech on Repeal of the Jew Bill Lytt, 621 92 Character of Henry VII. Hume. 664

42 LORD CHATHAM on Taxing America 623 93 Another

Smollett. 665


on a charge brought

94 Character of Henry VIII. Hume. 665

against certain Members of the

95 Another

Smollett. 666

House, as giving birth to Sedition

96 Character of Edward VI. Burnet, 666

in America

623 97 Another

Hume. 667


on the Bill for quar-

98 Another

Smollett, 667

tering Soldiers in America

624 99 Character of Mary

Hume. 667


His Speech for the

100 Another

Smollett. 668

immediate removal of the Troops

101 Character of Queen Elizabeth Rapin. 668

from Boston, in America

625 | 102 Another

Hume. 669


on moving an A-

103 Another

Smollett. 670

mendment to the Address

627 | 104 Character of James I. Macauley. 670


on Lord Suffolk's

105 Another

Smollett. 671

Proposal to employ Indians in

106 Another

Hume. 671

the War

629 | 107 Another

Rapin. 672

48 MR. Bunke's Conclusion of his

108 Character of Charles I. Smollett. 672

Speech to the Electors of Bristol 629 | 109 Another

Hume. 673

49 Speech in defence of Lady Pamela

110 Another

Macauley. 674

Fitzgerald, and her infant chil-

111 Character of Oliver Cromwell Noble. 674


J. P. Curran. 630 | 112 Character of Charles II. Hume. 675

50 Speeches on the Functions of Ju-

113 Another

Smollett. 675

ries in Cases of Libel.

114 Another

Burnet. 676

Mr. Fox's Speech

635 | 115 Another

Macpherson. 676

MR. Erskine's Speech on the

116 Character of James II.


vame subject

644 | 117 Another

Macauley. 678

51 Character of Martin Luther Roberts. 647 118 Character of William III.

Smollett. 680

52 Character of Alfred K.of England Hume 649 | 119 Another

Macpherson. 681

53 Another

Smollett. 649 120 Character of Mary, Queen Consort

54 Character of William the Conqneror

of William III.

Smollett. 681

Hume. 650 | 121 Character of Anne


55 Another

Smollett. 650 | 122 Another

Chamberlaine. 682

56 Another

Lyttelton. 650 123 Another

Macpherson. 682

57 Character of William Rufus Hume. 652 124 Character of Mary Queen of Scots

58 Another

Smollett. 652

Robertson. 689

59 Character of Henry I.
Hume. 653 | 125 Character of Francis I.


60 Another

Smollett. 653 | 126

Charles V.


61 Character of Stephen

Hume, 653 127

Epaminondas Leland. 686

62 Another

Smollett. 653 | 128 Comparison of Political Principles and
63 Character of Henry IL.

Hume. 654 Conduct of Cato, Atticus, and Cicero.

64 Another

Smollett. 654

Middleton. 687

65 Character of Richard I. Hume. 655 | 129 Character of Lord Townsend Chesterf. 688

66 Another

Smollett., 655 130

Mr. Pope


67 Character of John

Hume. 656 131

Lord Bolingbroke 689

68 Another

Smollett. 656 132

Mr. Pulteney


69 Character of Henry III. Hume. 656 133

Sir Robert Walpole 691

70 Another

Smollett. 657 | 134

Lord Granville


71 Character of Edward I. Hume, 657 | 135

Mr. Pelham


72 Another

Smollett. 657 136

Earl of Scarborough


73 Character of Edward II.

Hume. 658 137

Lord Hardwicke


74 Another

Smollett. 658 138

Duke of Newcastle


75 Character of Edward III. Hume. 658 139

Duke of Bedford


76 Another

Smollett. 659 | 140 Another Character of him Junius. 696

77 Character of Richard II. Hume. 659 141 Character of Mr. Henry Fox Chesterf, 696

78 Another

Smollett. 660 | 142

Mr. Pitt


179 Another

Henry. 660143 Another Character of him Smollett. 698

80 Character of Henry IV. Hume. 660 | 144 Another

Anon, 698

81 Another

Smollett. 661 145 Another

Burke. 699




BOOK IV. Narratives, Dialogues, &c. with other humourous, facetious, and

entertaining Pieces.

Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Pag.
ITVE Story of Le Fevre Sterne. 701 47 Example, its Prevalence

Boling. 767


Torick's Death


dangerous when copied without

9 Alcander and Septimius Byzant. Hist. 706



4 The Monk

Sterne. 707 48 Exile only an imaginary Evil


5 Sir Bertrand : a Fragment Aikin. 709

cannot hurt a reflecting Man 768

6 On Human Grandeur Goldsmith. 710 49 Love of Fame

Fitzosb. 768

7 Dialogue between Mr. Addison and Dr. 50 Enthusiasm



Dialogues of the Dead. 712 51 Free-thinking, Abuse of Connoiss. 770

8 The Hill of Science; a Vision Aikin. 713

the Unbeliever's Creed


9 On the Love of Life

Golds. 715 52 Fortune not to be trusted Boling. 771

10 The Canal and the Brook Aikin. 717

her Evils disarmed by Patience 772

11 The Story of a disabled Soldier Goldsm. 718 53 Delicacy constitutional Hume. 772

12 Ulysses and Circe

Dial. Dead. 720

of Taste desirable


13 Live and Joy; a Tale

Aikin. 722

teaches us to select our Company 773

14 Scene between Col. Rivers and Sir Harry 723 54 Detraction a detestable Vice Rambler. 773

15 On Dignity of Manners Chesterf. 724 55 Learning, its Application


16 O. Valgarity


its Progress

Hume, 774

17 On Good-breeding


useless without Taste


13 Dialogue betwixt Mercury, an English

its Obstructions

Idler. 775

Duellist, and a North American 56 Mankind, a Portrait of Sterne. 776

Savage Dialogues of the Dead. 727 57 Manors, their Origin, &c. Blackstone. 777

19 Bayes's Rules for Composition Bucking. 729 58 Hard Words defended

Idler. 780

20 The Art of Pleasing Chesterf. 730 59 Discontent, its common Lot Rambler. 781

21 Dialogue between the Plinys Dial. Dead. 730 60 Feodal System, History of Blackstone. 782

22 Scene between Boniface and Aimwell 61 Of British Juries

Orrery. 785

Farquhar. 732 62 Justice, its Nature, &c. defined Goldsm. 786.

IS Endeavours to please are scarcely un- 63 Habit, Dificulty of Conquering Idler. 786


Chesterf. 733 64 Halfpenny, its Adventures Adventurer. 787

9. A Dialogue between M. Apicius and 65 History, our natural Fondness for it, and


Dial. Dead, 734 its true Use

Boling. 788

25 Scene between lago and Cassio Shakes. 737 66 Human Nature, its Dignity Hume. 789

26 Dialogue between Mercury and a Mo- 67 Operations of considered Orrery. 789

dern fine Lady

Dial. Dead, 738 68 Economy, Want of it no Mark of

27 Scene between Shylock and Tubal Shakes. 739 Genius

Adventurer. 790

98 Scene between P. Henry and Falstaff- 740 69 Operas ridiculed

Lyttleton. 791

29 Scene between Moody and Manly 741 | 70 Patience recommended Bolingbroke. 792

50 Management of Wit Chesterf. 742 71 exemplified in the Story of an

51 Egotism to be avoided



Sterne, 792

32 Letter to Lord ****

Boling. 744 72 Players in a Country Town described

Conn. 793

33 The Birth of Martinus Scriblerus Pope. 745 73 often mistake the Effect


The Doctor and his Shield

745 74 True Pleasure defined

Seed. 795

The Nutrition of Scriblerus 747 75 Politeness, how manifested

Hume. 795

Play Things

747 76 Poet, Business and Qualifications of de-


749 scribed

Johnson. 796


75077 - Remarks on some of the best, both

The Seat of the Soul

750 Ancient and Modern Dryden. 797

The Soul a Quality

75178 Remarks on some of the best Eng-

lish Dramatic ones


S4 Diversity of Geniuses

751 79 Property, Origin and Right of, ex-

The Advancement of the Bathos- 752 plained

Blackstone. 799

Dedications and Panegyrics 75380 Retirement of no l'se to some Boling. 803

A Recipe to make an Epic Poem- 753 81 Revolution of 1688, its Consequences


To make an Epic Poem

754 | 82 Riddles defended

Fitzosb. 803

83 Senses perverted by Fashion Smollett. 804

35 The Duty of a Clerk

755 84 Simplicity, its Beauty in Writing Brown. 806

36 Cruelty to Animals

755 85 conspicuous in the Scriptures 806

57 Pastoral Comedy

756 86 preferable to Refinement in Wri-

58 Dogs

757 ting

Hume, 807

I Lady Mary Wortley Montagu 75787 Suicide, Essay on

Connoiss. 809

40 The Manners of a Bookseller

758 88 Enumeration of Superstitions observed

41 Description of a Country Seat

760 in the Country


42 Apology for his Religious Tenets 762 89 Swearing, indelicate and wicked 813

43 Defence against a Noble Lord's Reflec- 90 Sympathy,a Source of the Sublime Burke. 814


763 91 Effects in the Distresses

44 The Death of Mr. Gay

765 others


45 Envy

Rambler. 765 | 92 Tears not unworthy of an Hero Dryden. 815

46 Epicurus's Character Orrery. 766 | 93 Terror, a Source of the Sublime Burke. 816

94 Tragedy



Authors. Pag. ( Sect.

Authors. Pag.

94 Tragedy compared with Epic Poetry 133 Persons of Quality proved Traders

Dryden. 816

Thornton. 853

95 Translations, History of Idler. 817 | 134 On Pedantry


96 Talents to form a good Translator, Dryd. 819 | 135 A Sunday in the Country

97 Wit, the Nature of in Writing 821 136 On the Militia


98 Examples that Words may effect

137 On going to Bath, &c.


without raising Images Burke, 822 138 The faint-hearted Lover


99 Characteristics of Whig and Tory 139 Coronation, Detail of



Hume. 823 140 Letter from a successful Adventurer

100 Painting disagreeable in Women Connoiss. 824 in the Lottery


101 Advantages of Satire pointed out Fitzosb. 825 141 Characters of Camilla and Flora Grerille. 867

102 Juvenal and Horace compared Dryden. 825 142 A Fable, by Linnæus Thornton. 863

103 Delicate Satire not easily hit off 827 | 143 Mercy recommended

Sterne. 869

104 Works of Art defective Spect. 827 | 144 The Starling


Advantage from their Si-

145 The Captive


milarity to those of Nature 828 146 Trim's Explanation of the Fifth

105 On the Progress of the Arts Idler. 828



106 Astronomy, Study of, delightful Tatler. 829 | 147 Health

107 The Planetary and Terrestrial Worlds

comparatively considered Spect. 829 148 A Voyage to LILLIPUT. Swist.

108 Character of Toby Bumper Connoiss. 830 Chap. I. Author's Account of himself 870

109 Causes of National Characters Hume. 831

II. The Emperor of Lilliput visits

110 Chastity an Ornament to Beauty Spect. 832

the Author in his Confinement 875

111 a valuable Virtue in a Man Guard. 832

III. The Emperor and his No-

112 Characters of Gamesters Connoiss. 833

bility diverted by him


113 Tatler's Advice to his Sister Tatler. 834

IV. Metropolis described


114 On Curiosity

Sterne. 835

V. Author prevents an Invasion 885

115 Controversy seldom decently con-

VI. Inbabitants of Lilliput 888


Browne. 837

VII. Author's Escape to Blefuscu 892

116 Conversation, how to please in Rambler. 837

VIII. Return to his Native Country 896


various faults in Connoiss. 837

118 Citizen's Country House described 839 149 A Voyage to BROBDINGNAG.
119 Humourous Scene between Dennis the

Chap. I. A great Storm described 893

Critic and the Doctor

Swift, 840

II. Description of the Farmer's

120 The Two Bees

Anon, 842



121 Pleasant Scene of Anger Spect. 842

III. Author sent for to Court 907

122 Falstaff's Encomiums on Sack Shakes. 842

IV. The Country described 911

123 Hotspur reading a Letter


V. Adventures that happened to

124 Falstaff's Soliloquy on Honour


the Author


125 The Perfect Speaker


VI. Contrivances of the Author

196 Distempers of the Mind cured Thornton. 844 to please the King and Queen 918

127 Character of a Choice Spirit


VII. Author's Love of his Country 921

128 A Citizen's Family setting out for

VIII. His Return to England 924



129 Character of a mighty good Kind

150 Detached Sentences

Various. 930

of Man

847 151 Proverbs


130 Character of a mighty good Sort

152 Old Italian Proverbs


of Woman

- 849 153 Old Spanish Proverbs


131 On the affected Strangeness of

154 The Way to Wealth Franklin. 952

some Men of Quality

851 155 In Praise of Virtue

Price. 956

132 On the Arrogance of younger Bro-

156 On Cruelty to Inferior Animals Jenyns. 956

thers of Quality

851 | 157 On the Duties of School Boys Rollin. 958

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4 Dog


5 -

Wild Cat


6- Domestic Cat 983

7 Explanation of Terms

in Ornithology 984

8 The Pigeon


9 Blackbird


10 Bulfinch


11 Goldfinch


12 Linnet


13 - Canary Bird 988

34 Chub


of Swallows

992 35 Bleak


20 Of small Birds of

36 White Bait 1010

Flight Barrington. 994 37 Minow

21 — Singing Birds 997 38 Gold Fish


22 The Eel Pennant. 1002

23 Perch

1004 Chronological Table of

24 · Trout

1004 remarkable Events,

25 Pike or Jack 1006 Discoveries, and In-

26 Carp


ventions Guthrie. 1011

27 Barbel

1007 Men of Learning and Ge-

28 Tench

1008 nius








$1. The Vision of Mirza, exhibiting a

he played, to taste the pleasures of his con

versation, as I looked upon him like one Picture of Human Life.

astonished, he beckoned to me, and, by N the fifth day of the moon, which, the waving of his hand, directed me to apaccording to the custom of my

fore. proach the place where he sat. I drew near fathers, I always keep holy, after having with that reverence which is due to a supewashed myself, and offered up my morn- rior nature; and as my heart was entirely ing devotions, I ascended the high hills of subdued by the captivating strains I had Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of the day heard, I fell down at his feet, and wept. in meditation and prayer. As I was here The genius 'smiled upon me with a look of airing myself on the tops of the mountains, compassion and affability that familiarized I fell into a profound contemplation on him to my imagination, and at once disthe fanity of human life ; and passing from pelled all the fears and apprehensions with one thought to another, Surely, said I, which I approached him. He lifted me man is but a shadow, and life a dream. from the ground, and taking me by the Whilst I was thus musing, I cast my eyes hand, Mirza, said he, I have heard thee towards the summit of a rock that was not in thy soliloquies ; follow me. far from me, where I discovered one in He then led me to the highest pinnacle the habit of a shepherd, with a little mu. of the rock, and placing me on the top of écal instrument in his hand. As I looked it, Cast thy eyes eastward, said he, and tell upon him, he applied it to his lips, and be- nie what thou seest. I see, said I, a huge gan to play upon it. The sound of it was ex- valley, and a prodigious tide of water rollceeding sweet, and wrought into a variety ing through it. The valley that thou seest, of tunes that were inexpressibly melodious, said he, is the vale of misery; and the tide and altogether different from any thing I of water that thou seest, is part of the great had ever heard : they put me in mind of tide of eternity. What is the reason, said those heavenly airs that are played to the I, that the tide I see rises out of a thick departed souls of good men upon their first mist at one end, and again loses itself in a arrival in Paradise, to wear out the impres- thick mist at the other? What thou seest, ciods of the last agonies, and qualify them said he, is that portion of eternity, which is for the pleasures of that happy place. My called Time, measured out by the sun, and heart melted away in secret raptures. reaching from the beginning of the world

I had been often told, that the rock be. to its consummation. Examine now, said fore me was the haunt of a genius; and he, this sea, that is bounded with darkness that several had been entertained with that at both ends, and tell me what thou disco. music, who had passed by it, but never verest in it. I see a bridge, said I, standheard that the musician had before made ing in the midst of the tide. The bridge - himself visible. When he had raised my thou seest, said he, is human life; consider thoughts, by those transporting airs which it attentively. Upon a more leisurely survey of it, I found that it consisted of three- The genius seeing me indulge myself score and ten entire arches, with several in this melancholy prospect, told me I broken arches, which, added to those that had dwelt long enough upon it : Take were entire, made up the number about thine eyes off the bridge, said he, and tell an hundred. As I was counting the arch- me if thou seest any thing thou dost not es, the genius told me that this bridge comprehend. Upon looking up, What consisted at first of a thousand arches; but mean, said I, those great flights of birds that a great food swept away the rest, and that are perpetually hovering about the left the bridge in the ruinous condition I bridge, and settling upon it from time to now beheld it: but tell me further, said time? I see vultures, harpies, ravens, corhe, what thou discoverest on it. I see mul morants, and, among many other feathertitudes of people passing over it, said I, ed creatures, several little winged boys, and a black cloud hanging on each end that perch in great numbers upon

the of it. As I looked more attentively, I saw middle arches. These, said the genius, several of the passengers dropping through are envy, avarice, superstition, despair, the bridge into the great tide that flowed love, with the like cares and passions that underneath it; and, upon further examina. infest human life. tion, perceived there were innumerable I here fetched a deep sigh: Alas, said I, trap-doors that lay concealed in the bridge, man was made in vain! how is he given which the passengers no sooner trod upon, away to misery and mortality! tortured in but they fell through them into the tide, life, and swallowed up in death! The and immediately disappeared. These hid- genius being moved with compassion toden pit-falls were set very thick at the en- wards me, bid me quit so uncomfortable a trance of the bridge, so that throngs of prospect. Look no more, said he, on man people no sooner broke through the in the first stage of his existence, in his setcloud, but many of them fell into them. ting out for eternity; but cast thine eye They grew thinner towards the middle, on that thick mist into which the tide bears but multiplied and lay closer together the several generations of mortals that fall towards the end of the arches that were into it. I directed my sight as I was orentire.

dered, and (whether or no the good genius There were indeed some persons, but strengthened it with any supernatural force, their number was very small, that conti- or dissipated part of the mist that was benued a kind of hobbling march on the fore too thick for the eye to penetrate) I broken arches, but fell through one after saw the valley opening at the farther end, another, being quite tired and spent with and spreading forth into an immense ocean, so long a walk.

that had a huge rock of adamant running passed some time in the contempla- through the midst of it, and dividing it tion of this wonderful structure, and the into two equal parts. The clouds still great variety of objects which it presented. rested on one half of it, insomuch that I My heart was filled with a deep melancho- could discover nothing in it: but the other ly, to see several dropping unexpectedly appeared to me a vast ocean, planted with in the midst of mirth and jollity, and catch- innumerable islands, that were covered ing at every thing that stood by them, to with fruits and Aowers, and interwoven save themselves. Some were looking up with a thousand little shining seas that ran towards the heavens in a thoughtful pos- among them. I could see persons dressed ture, and, in the midst of a speculation, in glorious habits, with garlands upon stumbled and fell out of sight. Multitudes their heads, passing among the trees, lying were very busy in the pursuit of bubbles, dow'n by the sides of fountains, or resting that glittered in their eyes, and danced be. on beds of flowers; and could hear a confore them: but often, when they thought fused harmony of singing birds, falling themselves within the reach of them, their waters, human voices, and musical instrufooring failed, and down they sunk. In ments. Gladness grew in me at the disthis confusion of objects, I observed some covery

of so delighiful a scene. I wished with scimitars in their hands, and others for the wings of an eagle, that I might fiy with urinals, who ran to and fro upon the away to those happy seats ; but the genius bridge, thrusting several persons on trap- told me there was no passage to them doors which did not seem to lie in their except through the gates of death tha way, and which they might have escaped I saw opening every moment upon th had they not been thus forced upon them. bridge. The islands, said he, that li

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