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IRISH INDUSTRIES .
J. G. SWIFT MAC NEILL, M.A.,
CHRIST CHURCH, OXFORD; BARRISTER-AT-LAW, PROFESSOR OF CONSTITUTIONAL AND CRIMINAL
OF THE IRISH PARLIAMENT: WHAT IT WAS, AND WHAT IT DID."
CASSELL & COMPANY, LIMITED :
LONDON, PARIS, NEW YORK & MELBOURNE,
(ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.)
AGRICULTURE is at the present time almost the only industry in Ireland. This fact has frequently been noticed and deplored. Public men of widely different views on other matters agree in their estimate of Ireland's economic condition, of which they give but one explanation. Thus Mr. Gladstone, on the introduction of the Irish Land Bill in April, 1881, spoke of “that old and standing evil of Ireland, that land-hunger, which must not be described as if it were merely an infirmity of the people for it, and really means land scarcity.”*
" In Ireland,” says Mr. Bright, “land, from certain causes that are not difficult to discover, is the only thing for the employment of the people, with the exception of some portion of the country in the North ; the income for the maintenance of their homes, and whatever comfort they have, or prospect of saving money for themselves or their families, comes from the cultivation of the soil, and scarcely at all from those various resources to which the people of England have recourse in the course of their industrial lives.”+
* Hansard, 260, Third Series, p. 893.