Beyond Pug's Tour: National and Ethnic Stereotyping in Theory and Literary Practice
At a time when the world, Europe especially, is once more threatened by murderous conflicts between groups of people claiming ethnic and national identity as a basis for sovereignty over specific territories, it is timely to consider the part that literature has played and is playing in the creation of ethnic and national stereotypes. What role do such stereotypes have in literature? How are they created? From what materials are they constructed? What purpose do ethnic and national stereotypes serve? Can it ever be a useful one? Are they avoidable? Can we live without them? What can be done about the deleterious effects they may be thought to produce? Stereotyping is worldwide -- is there a tribe, race and nation in existence which escapes being stereotyped by its neighbours? In what sense are these stereotypes accurate? How are these stereotypes reflected in and reinforced by literature? Should and can literature do anything about them? In Beyond Pug's Tour: National and Ethnic Stereotyping in Theory and Literary Practice, literary scholars, as well as academics engaged in sociological and psychological research, consider these and other questions by examining the work of specific authors and the circumstances in which stereotyping plays such a crucial part.
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List of Illustrations
J P Vander Motten
Susan de Sola Rodstein
Nick Hopkins and Steve Reicher
Joseph L Soeters and Mireille van Twuyver
Notes on Contributors
American Arabs argue argument attitudes banal nationalism behaviour Billig Britain British Broadbent Cambridge cartoon century cognitive Colditz Colditz Story common concerning construction contemporary context criticism cultural Derek Edwards discourse discussion Dutch England English Englishman escape ethnic and national European example fact fiction French George Eliot German Henri Tajfel heritage Howell human idea Ideology Indian individual ingroup Irish James John Jonathan Potter Journal of Social King Kipling literary literature London March Violets Margaret Wetherell means Michael Michael Billig modern myth national character national history national identity national stereotypes nationhood nature novel outgroup Oxford particular play political popular prejudice reference representation Scotland Scots Scottish sense Sentimental Sentimental literature Serge Moscovici Shaw social categories social groups social identity Social Psychology social stereotypes society Spain Spaniard Spanish speaker SS-GB Steve Reicher story suggests T.S. Eliot theory tradition traveller York
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