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as no one can tell where they may while their disgusting chaps seem be making their destructive bur- as gory as if they had been mangrows, perhaps through the thin ling a piece of raw flesh. plank that separates the whole The pepper-plant is a shrub crew from their eternity! whose root is small, fibrous, and

In these cases there is no me. flexible ; it rises into a stem thod of destroying thein, but by which requires a tree or prop to sinking the vessel in shallow water support it; its wood has the same for some days, until they are all sort of knots as the vine, and drowned.

when dry it exactly resembles the The principal useful trees, vine branch. The leaves which shrubs, and plants, on this island, have a strong smell and pungent are those that bear the cocoa-nut, taste, are of an oval shape, but areca-nut, pepper, and betel. they diminish towards the extreThe cocoa-nut tree is raised by mity, and end in a point. From burying the nut (stript of its fib- the flower buds, which are white, l'ous root) at some depth in the and sometimes placed in the midground; and it is very singular dle, sometimes at the extremities that the stem is nenrly as thick of the branches, are produced when it makes its appearance small bunches' resembling those above ground, as it ever becomes of the currant tree; each of these afterwards, though it sometimes contains from twenty to thirty rises to the height of fifty or sixty corns of pepper ; they are confeet.

monly gathered in October, and The areca-tree makes averyhand- exposed to the sun seven or eight some appearance; its branches days. The fruit, which is green are small, but its leaves are very at first, and afterwards red, when beautiful, forming a round tuft stripped of its covering, assumes at the top of the trunk, which the appearance it has when we grows as strait as an arrow to the see it; it is not sown, but plantheight of twenty-five or thirty ed; a great nicety is required in feet. The shell 'which contains the choice of the shoots ; it prothe fruit is about the size of a duces no fruit till the end of three wall-nut, and of a yellowish red years, but bear's so plentifully colour outside, and rough within; the three succeeding years, that when ripe it is astrigent, and not some plants yield six or seven unpleasant to the taste.

pounds of pepper in that period. It is neeciless to say how much The bark then begins to shririk, this nut (when mixed with leaves and in twelve years time it ceases of the betul and chunan) is used bearing. in chewing by all classes of the The culture of pepper is not natives. This composition is difficult; it is sufficient to plant called Penang (whence the name it in a rich soil, and carefully to of the island), and though it has pull up the weeds that yrow in an agreeable flavour, it gives the great abundance sound its routs, mouths of the natives, who use especially the three first years. it, a mort d abolical appearance, As the sun is highly necessary to rendering what few straggling the growth of the pepper plant, teeth they have as black as jet; when it is ready to bear, the trees

that

that support it must be lopped, tò couriers have crossed the deserts prevent their shade from injuring from 'Tunis to this city, disemithe fruit.

nating the plague in their way; The betel is a species of this and consequently the country genus. It is a climbing and creep- round us is every where infected ing plant like ivy: and its leaves Even the Moors now allow it ; a good deal resemble those of the but their precautions are rendered citron, though they are longer useless by not continuing them; and narrower at the extremity. for though from circumstances It grows in all parts of India, they are induced at one moment but thrives best in moist places; to check an indiscriminate in. the natives cultivate it as we do tercourse between the sick and the vine, placing props for it to healthy, they give way to it the run and climb upon; and it is a

next. common practice to plant it against the tree that bears the areca nut.

May 28, 1785. Fruits are plentifulon this beau- The prime minister, Mustapha tiful island; the pine-apple grows Serivan's house is at present az wild, while shaddocks, plantains, much in a state of quarantine as jack-frunt, oranges, lemons, &c. le can put it, consistent with the are reared with the greatest ease.

ideas of the Moors; yet he will Though Prince of Wales's 13. not admit to any one, nor to the land exports very little of its own Bushaw, the necessity of taking productions, except pepper and precautions at the castle, where wond, yet there is a very con

he alleges sovereignty is the siderable trade carried on here, greatest shield, and whence he from its being in a central situa- says it is necessary to give the tivn between India, China, and Moors an example, not to try tu the Eastern Islands,

resist the hand of fate. The merchants take advantage It is against the Mussulman's of the fleets passing and repassing, faith to nuniber the dead, they to export to China, &c. opium, are not, therefore, exactly aware betel, pepper, tin, rattans, and of the increasing mortality : but various other articles which they the castle, is much infected ; one have already collected ; and for of the princesses, a child of six which they receive either dollars, years olil, died two days since, and or the productions of China, and one of the three remaining queens tlie Eastern Isles, which they of the last sovereign was buried afterwards ship off to India, or to-tlay. By the Bashaw's orders, send home to Europe, whichever her funeral was attended by sethey may find nost advantageons. veral of the officers of state, and

by four black slaves, freed by him

in compliment to this relict of his THE PLAGUE.

father : she was buried in very rich (From Narrative of a ten Years Residence clothes, and with all the jewels in Tripoli.)

found in her possession. The

four enfranchised slaves who fol. April 1785.

lowed her were worth about four In the last few weeks several hundred pounds; they coat from

five to six hundred maboobs for a strict, and we fear, a long each. (A maboob is about seven quarantine. The terraces and shillings.)

windows fronting the street are A long succession of coffins, to be secured from the servants, purposely kept back for some and the halls prepared for a mode hours, were carried close after of receiving what is wanted with this queen's funeral, to profit by safety to the family. Should it the mass (much grander than be necessary to change servants, usual) that was to be performed or to take in additional ones, it for her. From the richness of can be done only on condition most of these coffins, they ap- that they relinquish the clothes peared in the bright glare of the they have on; go into a bath presun, a line of burnished gold, too pared for them in a skiffar or hall dazzling for the sight. The castle of the consular house; and subgates were for the first time mit to remain in one room a foriclosed to-day, allowirg only a night to ascertain their not barpartial adınittance. Four people ing the plague. Many jars, conwho were perfectly well in the taining several pounds each, are morning were taken ill there prepared with ingredients for fuyesterday afternoon; they were migating the apartments, twobrought out of the castle last thirds of which are bran, and the night at ten, and died at mid- rest equal parts of camphire, night. Two of them went raving myrrh and aloes. This perfume, mad, and they were all afflicted and small quantities of gunpoirwith large swellings on different der, are burnt daily throughout parts of the body when they the houses. All animals and fowls died.

whatever are sent out of the The symptoms of the plague at Christian houses, for fear of the present are, that of the person infection being communicated by being seized with a sort of stupor, their hair or feathers. which immediately increases to The present moment is the madness, and violent swellings inost yangerous period of the disand excruciating pains in a few order for the Christians. When hours terminated in death,

once the houses are shut, their The Bashaw expresses great safety will depend greatly on the regret at the thought of the Chris. strictness of the quarantine they tians shutting their houses so keep. No business is now transsoon, as the country is in so fa- acted but with a blaze of straw mished a state ; for, he says, that kept burning between tie person will declare it in a state of infec- admitted into the house and the tion, and prevent the arrival of one he is speaking to. A friend grain. The Christians' houses is admitted only into a matted will, however, all be closed in apartment, where he retires to about a week, each one hiring a the farther end of the room to a set of servants to remain with straw seat, which is not touched them imprisoned till the plague. after his departure till it is fumiis over. Halls, windows and ter- gated. The keys of all the wars races are undergoing a scrutiny into the house are kept by the

master

master of the family only. If gan before he sailed from the any of the Christian gentlemen harbour of Tripoli, have contiare obliged to go out on bu- nued to the present moment, and siness during this interval, be- are still augmenting from infore the houses are closed, a creasing deaths. At this awful guard walks before and one be- period, the care of Lilla Amnani, hind, to prevent any person ap- his wife, and his favourite eldest proaching too near; and, un re- daughter, devolves on his brother turning, the guards are put into Hadgi Mahmute, who is dying in quarantine for sonie days. With- torments unheard of, from the out these precautions, it would singular instance of the plague be impossible to escape this dread- having at first seized him in his ful disorder, the rage of which mouth, producing violent tuincreases every hour.

mours, by which he is now stary

ing: he is at times so raving that May 28, 1785.

many people are required to seIt is impossible to give you a cure him. Though none of his just description of this place at family were ill when his brother present; the general borror that sailed for Europe, his wife and prevails cannot be described. children (one already buried), Hargi Abderrahman sailed from with many more relations of Abthe harbour of Tripoli on the derrahman's family, are dying 20th of this month, as ambas- very fast. Lilla Amnani, Abdersador to Sweden and England, rahman's daughter, and his niece, From the state Tripoli is in, sink- are all the ladies that remain of ing under plague and famine, the his family. Of his slaves and atdeparture of the ambassador from tendants only an old black eunuch his handsome Greek, Amnani, and lives, who is confined with the her children was dreadful. He plague for the third time. In the made up his mind to see but few short space that has elapseri since of them again, and with reason : the ambassador left Tripoli, only the dire infection had entered his eight days, nearly one hundred walls, nor was it to be imagined, persons have died belonging to that even his own suite could em- him; and consequently, it is bark untainted with the same. thought, no: one will remain of If he is so fortunate as not to fall his family to give him an account a victim to the plague before he of these sad times. reaches Malta, he will perform The plague now depopulating there a heavy quarantine of ninety this place is said to be more sedays at least. They perceived be- vere than has been known at fore they quitted the harbour, one Constantinople for centuries past, of his people, a Jew bruker, se- and is proved by calculation to verely attacked with the plague; destroy twice the number of peoand they put himn on shore before ple in proportion to those who they sailel. Abderrahman is so died of the same disorder lately much beloved, that the people in at Tunis, when five hundred a general participate in his suffer- day were carried out of that city. ings, and the screams for the To-day upwards of two hundred calamity of his family, which be- have passed the town gate. The city of Tripoli contains 14,000 returns the key to his master; inhabitants, and the city of Tunis who has been present during the 30,000.

whole of these proceedings, lest Our house, the last of the any part of them should be neg. Christian houses that remained lected, as on the observance of in part open, on the 14th of this them it may safely be said the life month commenced a complete of every individual in the house quarantine. The hall on enter- depends. ing the house is parted into three Eight people in the last seven divisions, and the door leading days, who were employed as proto the street is never unlocked viders for the house, have taken but in the presence of the master the plague and died. He who of the house, who keeps the key was tuo ill to return with what in his own possession. It is he had brought, consigned the opened but once in the day, when articles to his next neighbour, he goes himself as far as the first who faithfully finishing his comhall, and sends a servant to un- mission, as has always been done, lock and unbolt the door. The of course succieded his unfortuservant returns, and the person nate friend in the same employ. in the street waits till he is de- ment, if he wished it, or recomsired to enter with the provisions mended another : it has happened he has been commissioned to buy. that Moors, quite above such em. He finds really placed for him a ployment, have with an earnest vessel with vinegar and water to charity delivered the provisions to receive the meat, and another the Christians who had sent for with water for the vegetables thein. The Moors perform acts

Among the very few articles of kindness at present, which if which may be brought in with. attended by such dreadful cirout this precaution is cold bread, cumstances, would be very rarely salt in bars, strax ropes, straw met with in most parts of Chris. baskets, oil poured out of the jar tendom. An instance very lately to prevent contagion from the occurred of their philanthropy. hemp with which it is covered, A Christian lay an object of misugar without paperor box. When sery, neglected and forsaken this person has brought in all the self-preservation having taught articles he has, he leaves by them every friend to fly from her pestithe account, and the change out lential bed, even her mother! of the money given him, and re- But she found in the barbarian a tiring shuts the door. Straw pre- paterunl hand : passing by he viously placed in the ha l is lighted heard her moans, and conclurled at a considerable distance, by she was the last of her family; means of a light at the end of a and finding that not the case, he stick, and no person sussered to beheld her with sentiments of enter the hall till it is thought compassion mixed with horror. sufliciently purified by fire; after He sought for assistance, and till which a servant with a long stick the plague had completed its ra• picks up the account and smokes vages and put an end tu her suf. it thoroughly over the straw still ferings he did not lose sight of burning, and locking the door her, disdaining her Christian

friends,

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