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cach face, and two in the northern are here highly respected, and one; but on the whole it is very alone possess capital contemptible as a fortification. vernment is sensible of their va
Fromeach gate Bilzurslead to the lue, and they have in consequence “Char Soobh," or market-place, much influence. They live in the in the centre of the town, which best Suraés, and have gardens are spacious and well lined with outside, but do not venture to shops; the principal one extends bring their families with them to from the south gate to the Gumje this cilv. Bazar, or cattle market, in front Heerat is a city of more trade of the ciiadil, and is covered in than perhaps iny other in Asia with a vaulted roof of the whole under a native government; it is length. These streets and the called by distinction the Bunder, Char Soobh are so Glled with the or port, and is the emporirim becrowd of people on Thursday (the tween Kabool, Kandahar, HinBuzar day), is to be almost im• doostan, Kashmeer, and Persia, passable. On either sive ils you Bagdad, &c From the four forgo along are large spacious Su- mer it receives shawls, indigo, suraés, where the merchants have gar, chintz, muslin, bafta, kintheir Kothees, or factories; the coh, nides, and leather, which are city is well supplied with water, exported to Mushid, Yezd, Tehevery Suraé having a Houz, or raun, Bayiladi, and Kirman ; recistern, independent of the public ceiving in return, dollars, tea, ones ou either side the Bazar sugar-candy, china ware, broadstreets. The meanest building in cloth, chintz, silk, copper, pepappearance, is the residence of the per, a!d all kinds of spices, dates, prince, of which you see no inore shawls, numuds, and carpets. than a common gate-way, over
The hides which are imported which is a wretched building, and from Hindoostan return a profit in front an open square, with gal- of one hundred per cent. nett; leries in the centre, for the Nu- indeed the whole trade is unconihurah Khana, or kettle-drums. monly advantageous to any one
The Musjidé Jooma, or frin possessing capital. The currency day's Vosque, was once a grand here is that of Muhmood Shahee building, comprising anarea eight rupees, but accounts are kept in bundred yaris square, but this is Kureem Khanee, at one hundred fast going to decay. The private and i wenty-five per hundred Muhbuildings in Heerat are by no mood Shalees. mcans in this state, for no city The staples of Heerat are silk, has less ground unoccupied, and saffron, and assafætida, which are nune, for its extent, can boast of exported to Hindoostan; the silk a greater population. Ileerat and cloths are not equal to the manuits suburbs are computed to con
facture of Persia. The gardens tain above one hundred thousand are full of mulberry trees reared inhabitants, of whom ten thous solely for the sake of the silksand are Ullyhans, the rest are worm, and all the plains and hills Moghuls, a few Jers, md six round Heerat, particularly to the humire: Ilindoon." The Hindoos westward, produce ássafætida. It
grows to the height of two or colts are highly prized, and are three feet, the stem two inches in often sold for from one to four diameter, and the head, when thousand mupces (1251. to 5001.) ripe, is yellow and resembles a each. The tolls at Heerai are cauliflower ; the Hindoos and the two rupees on every camel load Belooches are fond of it, they eat going out of the city, and one it by roasting the stem in the anna, or sixteenth of a rupee on ashes, and stewing the head of it every twenty rupees' worth of like other greens.
It still, how- merchandize sold in it. This is ever, preserves its fætid taste and leried from the purchaser by the smell.
Suraédar, or t:x-gatherer, who The gardens of Heerat are ex- farms the tolls froin government. tensive, the Oordooé Bagh, be- Although the toll on camels aplonging to the Prince and Baghé pears so very trivial, it is avoided Shahee, planted by Tymoor Shah by every means to a large ex(this being his' favourite seat) tent, of which I had an opportuare the only publicones, and now nity of knowing two or three inonly attended to for their annual stances. The revenues are estiproduče, which is sold in the Ba- mated at four and a half lacs of zar. Leading to the latier is an rupees, and are levied on the Suavenue one mile in length, be- raes, shops and gardens ; à part tween fir trees; and adjoining are is taken in kind, or grain and catfour minarets of a mosque that tle; and from the total amount was intended for the tomb of the the prince pays fifty thousand Imam Moosa Allee Reza, who, rupees annually to the King of however, was disappointed of his Persia. visit to Heerat by dying at Mus- The government of Heerat is bid.
in the hands of the Shahzadah The villages in the neighbour Hadjee Fejroozoodeen Khan, hood of Heerat are numerous, third son of the late Tymoor Shah, and nothing can exceed the ferti. and full brother to the present lity of this valley; wheat and bar. Muhmond Shah. He is about ley are most abundant, and fruit fifty years of age, appears to take of all kinds amazingly cheap. little active participation in pubWhen I was at Heerat, the horses lic affairs, but leaves every thing were all at Bagh, up a place one to Hadjee Aga Khan, his minisstage over the mountains, for the ter. In the present distracted benefit of the fine grass procura- state of Khorasan, he endeavours ble there. They are generally to remain neutral, without incur: half bred, but the merchants from ring the displeasure of either of Bokhara bring. Toorkumance the contending parties. The horses, that sell'in proportion to prince has two wives, the one a their height. The most celebra- Moghul lady, the other a daugited breeder in this country is Boo. ter of Shakoor Khan Douranee, niad Beg of the tribe of Huzaree; by each of whom he has two sons. he resides in the mountains to- Kasim Khan, the eldest, is a good wards Mushid, and has large looking young man, about twentyherds of horses and mares: his two years of age. The reins of government being in the hands and as their interest and importof a Moghul excites a great de ance to England is considerably gree of jealousy in the minds of increased by the Treaty of Peace the Uffghans, but the prince gives of 1814, we have great satisfacthe former a decided preference tion in subjoining an accurate over his own tribe, as he finds account of them, taken on a surthat the rapacious exactions of vey in the year 1811, by a most the former from the subject, are intelligent and enterprizing offmore enforced to enrich his cof- cer of His Majesty's Navy :fers, than they could possibly be This archipelago derives its through his countrymen, who name from Monsieur Moreau de being accustomed to free and in- Seychelle, a principal officer of dependent tenure of the land, are the French East-India Company not so likely to assist in that sys- at the time of its discovery, and tem of plunder for which the Mo- consists of about a dozen small ghuls are proverbial.
islands, and as many more islets The police of Heerat is strict, and rocks, scattered upon a large not so much for the sake of mo- coral and sand bank, extending rality, as for the fines which come S. E. and N. W. full seventy in to government; and no one leagues ; its breadth various, becan appear in the streets after ing broadest to the N. W., where dark. This city is, of all others it may be about thirty leagues ; in Khorasan, celebrated for and thence gradually diminishing cheats, who allure the unsuspect- to the S. E., where it does not ing stranger into their houses to exceed as many miles. There are partake of an entertainment, and soundings and anchorage on althen lay him by the heels on a most every part of it, the former false charge of seduction of their very irregular, but, generally female relatives, and breach of speaking, between twelve and hospitality, for which the accused forty fathoms, except on the eastperson may think himself fortu- ern edge, in the parallel of the nate to escape with a mulet of five middle of Mahć, where there is hundred rupees. On these occa- only seven and a half, and on the sions they previously inform
previously inform western limit, in the latitude of themselves of the state and con- Silhauet, where there is only dition of the person, and levy ac- three fathoms and a half; at cordingly; half of this fine goes least, less than that has not yet been to the informer as a reward for discovered. There are scarcely his ingenuity, and the other half any dangers on it that do not to the minister and government. show themselves.
The harbour of Mahé is very
good, and no sea nor wind enn An Account of the Seychelle Islands hurt you, when in the entrance ;
and Bank, and Admiralty Is- to the inner harbour it is narrow, lands.
and you must warp or tow in, As very little is generally known should you not have a leading relative to the Seychelle Islands, wind.
Three Three only of the islands are To give an idea of the present inhabited, Mahé, Praslin, and La state of the population and cultiDigue.
vation of these islands, at one Mahé, named after Monsieur view, I transcribe a general reNahé de la Bourdonnais, is the turn for the last year :largest, most populous, and of
White Population.-Men, course best cultivated of the whole; it is sixteen or seventeen
97; Women, 59; Boys, miles in length, and generally Free People of Colour.
107; Girls, 77
340 - about four broad. It has two good harbours ; that of Mahé on
Men, 18; Women, 39; the N. E, side of the island, where
Boys, 54; Girls, 30 .. 141
Slaves.-Males, 3,533; Feis the principal, indeed, the only
6,066 village, and the residence of the commandant; and another on the S.W. side, both perfectly secure.
Total ...6,547 Its population amounts to about 2,648 persons.
Cultivation.-Acres in proviPraslin (from the minister of sions, 2,432 ; ditto in cotton, that name), is the next island, in 2,720; ditto in sugar canes, 220; size and population, to that of total, 5,372.- Feet in coffee, Mahé; and it has an excellent 4,000; ditto in cloves, 3,000 ; harbour on its north side, shel- total, 7,000. tered by the Isle Curieuse. The Cattle, &c.-Horned cattle, population of this island amounts 300; sheep, 200; goats, 150; to 261 persons.
hogs, 800; total, 1,450. Besides La Digue, so called from a turkeys, geese, ducks, fowls, ship of that name, has only pigeons, vegetables and fruit in seventy-one inhabitants.
great abundance. These three islands are high You may purchase stock at the and rocky, and, generally speak following prices:--four fowls a ing, poor, steril, and barren, save Spanish dollar ; two ducks a only where a small valley or Spanish dollar; eight turkeys sheltered glen inay have secured for twelve dollars ; a sheep for the soil from being washed down four to six dollars. Good beef its steep declivities, by the heavy was killed and sold, ten pounds, rains, in the wet season.
for one Spanish dollar. There are about six decked ves- These islands do not appear fit sels belonging to the inhabitants for the cultivation of any article of these islands; the largest of export but cotton, and but for about eighty, and the smallest very little of that. There is not about twenty tons; by means of an acre of level ground upon the which they exchange their pro- whole island, and hardly any soil; ductions with the inhabitants of it is all mountainous, full of the Isles of France and Bourbon, rocks and trees, and the heavy and trade to Madagascar and the rains wash down the mountain's Mozambique coast, and occasion- the principal part of the mould. ally to either coast of India.
The annual produce of cotton upon Mahé and Praslin at present the price of these is five dollars is about 350 to 400 bales, each each, smaller ones three each, bale weighing about 301) pounds, but there is no demand for them; and the islands are not capable of were they wanted in quantity, producing more than twenty per you would have occasion to give cent. above this, nor are they ca- them some days notice to catch pable of producing any thing else them. as a matter of commerce. The. The inhabitants say, that they inhabitants have begun to plant used to have very fine land-turcoffee, and will have sufficient for tles, in great abundance, but that their own consumption in twelve they are nearly all consumed, and or eighteen months; there it only now and then can be got, must rest, as it never can be an two or three at a time. article of exportation. Cloves and Oysters are here in abundance, cinnamon thrive here uncom- and the inhabitants say they are monly well, and, were there are very wholesome, but they are too any soil to plant them in, would small to take the trouble to eat turn to account.
them; they are picked off small There are no kitchen vegeta- trees within the flood mark; there bles here of any kind, unless you are likewise sea-crabs here, very so call the sweet potatoes of large, but not very good. Mameck, or some bad French- Tortoise-shell, there is a few beans. There is no reason for pounds to be picked up occasionthis, but the negligence of the ally, but not sufficient to consider inhabitants, and the little inter- it as an article of commerce. course they have with the world, These islands have been inbawhich render's them extremely bited about forty years, and the indifferent about most comforts oldest inhabitant says, that he of this kind.
does not remember a gale of Fruit does not appear to be wind: it is a phenomenon unplentiful or goodd; pine apples, known to them; they therefore plantains, and bad mangoes seem afford security, at a particular to be the principal; there are a season of the year, to vessels that few grapes and a few melons : might be otherwise exposed to this must be owing to the ex- the destructive hurricanes off the treme indolence of the inhabi. Isles of France and Bourbon. tants.
Cuts and even gun-shot wounds There is some very good wood heal uncommonly well here, and for furniture and different pur- the cliniate, though necessarily poses, such as have building, hot, from its proximity to the Sheathing for ships, and ship- equator, may be reckoned very beams, all of which would be at healthy. a very moderate price, but for The inhabitants have very few the difficulty of transporting it wants, and are in general very out amongst the rocks to the poor; they have no money, and water side.
the little traffic they have is car. Turile are all large, in general rying on in cotton, at so many about tive to six hundred weight; pounds to the dollar ; conse.