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a curiosity of literature which it parent evil; and the truth of this possesses. The national library, aphorism is exemplified by the formerly the library of Mr. Jeffer- late calamity which the city exson, is an object calculated to at- perienced from the invasion of the tract the attention and gratify the late enemy. Great prejudices had curiosity of the enlightened tra- existed in the legislative branch veller. It contains almost all the of the Government against this rare and valuable works in litera- place, and many powerful efforts ture and science; and though had been made to remove the seat much has been objected to it by of Government without success. iguorunt men, it is not perhaps The shock it received by its resurpassed in literary value, selec- cent destruction had a tendency tion and arrangement by any in- to further the object of its enestitution of the same character mies. An attempt was therefore and extent in Europe. This li- made with every prospect of sucbrary was purchased of Mr. Jef- cess; but that att pt also failferson for a sum trifling in com- ed, and now there scarcely reparison with the real value of the mains a single doubt of its stabicollection, to supply the loss of lity, or of the disposition of Conthe former library of Government, gress to abandon every effort that destroyed by the British. While may lead to the removal of the the liberality of Congress was so seat of Government. The invamunificently extended to them- sion and destruction of the city, selves, it ought not to have esca- though an event in itself to be deped them, that an institution like plored, has yet been productive of this, so beneficial in its moral and much benefit, by begetting a conintellectual tendencies, was enti- fidence in the permanency of the tled to their most serious atten- seat of Government, and production. It became them, in a pecu- ing a disposition, on the part of liar manner, as a body of enlight- Congress, to afford it every assistened men, to foster and encou- ance and encouragement within rage, by every possible means, an

their power.

It is not necessary establishment calculated to re- to look far forward to see this the flect so much honour on the coun- most flourishing city in the Unitry: and, instead of the petty ap- ted States. From the rapidity propriation now made, at least with which it has recently infive thousand dollars should have creased, in the value of its probeen annually bestowed, in order perty, the number and respectato increase the establishment, and bility of its population, and exrender it worthy of a free and en- tension of its internal conimerce, lightened nation.

we cannot avoid beholding the It rests with us now to make a brilliant destiny to which it is few remarks on the prospects of hastening; and in its progress to future greatness, prosperity, and that elevation to which it is verpermanence held out to this city. tain, at no distant period, to atIt has been said, that much good tain, it has our warmest and most often originates from much ap- cordial wishes.

JOURNEY

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brick wall. The side facing the JOURNET ACROSS THE DESERT. wind slopes off with a gradual (From Pottinger's Travels.)

declivity to the base (ar near it)

of the next windward waye. - It March 31st. We were on our again ascends in a straight line, camels this morning by four in the same extraordinary manner o'clock, and moved five miles as above described, so as to form west by south to a well, where a hollow or path between them. we filled every thing that would I kept as much in these paths az contain water preparatory to en- the direction I had to travel in countering the desert. This well would admit of, but has neverwas at least one hundred and fifty theless exceeding difficulty and feet deep, nearly square, and not fatigue in urging the camels over more than six feet in diameter : the waves when it was requisite the sides of it, for two fathoms to do so, and more particularly below the surface, at which depth where we had to clamber up the the strata became firm and hard, leeward or perpendicular face of were propped by split date trees them, in which attempt we were vertically placed, and held in that many times defeated, and reduced situation by the pressure of the to go round until an easier place ends of pieces of the same wood or turn in the wave offered. On running horizontally across the the oblique or shelving side the pit. An aperture was left at one camels got up pretty well, as their corner to admit a small bucket or broad feet saved them from sinkcopper vessel for drawing the ing deeper than we did ourselves, water, which I was both sur- and the instant they found the prized and disappointed, consi- top of the wave giving way from dering the deepness of the well, their weight, they most expertly to find so brackish as to be barely dropt on their knees, and in that palatable.

posture gently slid down with the We quitted this well just as sand, which was luckily so unthe sun rose, and proceeded the connected, that the learling camel greater part of the way on foot, usually caused a sufficient breach twenty-seven miles farther, over for the others to follow on foot. a desert of red sand, the parti- All symptoms of vegetation bad cles of which were so light, that ceased for the latter ten miles of when taken in the hand they were niy journey this day, except a few scarcely more than palpable : the stunted bushes of the Taghuz whole is thrown by winds into an and a hardy little plant called by irregular mass of waves princi- the Belooches Sirrikoh, bearing a pally running east and west, and purple fower with a very powervarying in height from ten to ful odoriferous smell. My guide twenty feet; most of these rise appeared to be chiefly regulated perpendicularly on the opposite in his movements by a chain of side to that from which the pre- mountains that were at tinies just vailing wind blows (north-west), discernible to the southward. I and might readily be fancied, at did not halt until it was almost à distance, to resemble a new dark, being desirous of getting

through

was

through the desert as quickly as ing from experience, I should

in my power. We spent the night pronounce this idea to be partly | under shelter of one of the sand- correct, as I can aver that this · waves, where the atmosphere was sandy ccean only visible uncommonly hot and close. during the hottest part of the

1st April. fi travelled to-day day. To prevent the supposition twenty miles across 'a desert of of my having been’deceived in its the same description as yesterday, reality, I may here add, that I and consequently the like impe. have seen this phenomenon and diments opposed me, which were the Suhrab, or watery illusion, so trifling, however, compared with frequent in deserts, called by the distress suffered, not only by French travellers the Mirage, in myself and people, but even the opposite quarters at the same precamels, from the floating parti- cise moment, and that they were cles of sund; a phenomenon which to my sight perfectly distinct; I am still at a loss to account for. the former having a cloudy and When I first observed it, about dim aspect, whilst the latter is ten a. m,. the desert seemed at luminous, and can only be misthe distance of half a mile or less, taken for water. to corroborate to have an elevated and flat sur- what I have advanced, I may like

face from six to twelve inches wise state that I afterwards was - higher than the summits of the joined by a Fakeer from Kabool,

waves. This vapour appeared to who had come through the desert recede as we advanced, and once from Seistan, and told me that or twice completely encircled us, he had witnessed the moving limiting the horizon to a very sands to a much greater degree confined space, and conveying a than I had described (or was wilmost gloomy and unnatural sen- ling to give him credit for), as he sation to the mind of the beholder: talked of being forced to sit down at the same moment we were im- in consequence of the density of perceptibly covered with innume- the cloud which enveloped him. rable atoms of small sand, which To proceed with my journal. getting into our eyes, mouths, Sisteen miles from our last haltand nostrils, caused excessive ir- ing-place, we reached the eastern ritation attended with extreme bank of a lry river called the thirst, that was increased in no Boodoor: it was at least five hun.' small degree by the intense heat dred yards in breadth, running in of the sun. On questioning iny

a south-south-east direction to. Brabooé guide who, though a wards the coast; the bed of it perfectly wild savage, bad more in many places impervious from local knowledge than any other a thick jungul of different kinds person of the party, he said that of trees and brush-wood, the this annoyance was supposed by haunt of wolves, jackalls, and his countrymen and himself to other wild animals. We turned originate in the solar beams caus- to the right, and proceeded five ing the dust of the desert (as be miles north-wes riy up the river emphatically styled it) to rise and bed to a spot where there had a float through the air; and, judg- few months before been a village

aptly

aptly called Regan, whose inha- few small clouds in the northbitants had gone to Gurinsylwest quarter, and the only ante(which district lies north-north- cedent warning it afforded, was west of this place) owing to the the oppressive sultriness of the scarcity. Here we halted on the air and a vast number of whirl. western brink, and with much winds springing up on all sides; digging and difficulty procured the moment the Brahooé saw two Mushks, or skins, of water. these whirlwinds disperse, which I imagine the direct course from they did as if by magic, and a the well we left yesterday morn- cloud of dust approaching, he ading to Regan, would have been vised us to dismount, and we had about west; but our guide, fear- hardly time to do so and lodgeour, ing to lose himself, kept to the selves snugly behind the camels, southward, where he could at in- when the storm burst upon us tervals descry the mountains. with a furious blast of wind: the

2d April. I set out from Regan rain fell in the largest drops I just as the day began to dawn, ever remember to have seen, and and having made a westerly march the air was so completely darkof twenty-one miles, halted at ened, that I was absolutely unable three in the afternoon. The de- to discern any thing at the dissert was not near so sandy, and tance of even five yards. Moorad in many places was composed of happened to place himself about so a hard black gravel without a many paces in front of me, and trace of verdure, or even a bush when I looked up, during the to be seen. In the latter part of height of the tempest, I saw my route I could distinctly trace nothing of him, and therefore with my eye, a chain of lofty concluded he had shifted his pomountains stretching all round in sition, but when it was over I front from south-west to north- found him still in the same spot. west: and when we alighted off These bursts are by no means the camels, my guide shewed me rare, and though unpleasant at the break in them through which the instant, have their attendant we were to gain egress from this advantages, as they cool and puinhospitable waste.

rify the atmosphere, which would I experienced this forenoon a otherwise be quite intolerable at violent tornado or gust of wind, any season, and is so notwithstandaccompanied by a torrent of rain ing their prevalence, throughout which continued for half an hour, the hot months from June to and was absorbed by the earth as September. it fell. It came on most unex- Within that period, the winds pectedly, and had the guide not in this desert are often so scorchapprized me of its strength, we ing and destructive, as to kill any should probably have fared worse thing', either animal or vegetable, than we diil, for it would have that may be exposed to them, and been an act of temerity to have the route by which I travelled is tried to sit on the camels during then deemed impassable. This its impetuous fury. Before it

Before it wind is distinguished every where began, the sky was clear, save a in Beloochistan, by the different

names

names of Julot or Julo, the flame, mountains, and contiguous to the and Badé Sumoom, the pestilen- northern ridge, which separates tial wind. So powerfully search- it from the country of Bokhara, ing is its nature, that it has been The valley extends at least thirty known to kill camels or other miles, from east to west, and is hardy animals, and its effects on about fifteen broad, watered by a the human frame were related to river rising in the mountains and me by those who had been eye- running through the centre; it is witnesses of them, as the most highly cultivated, and the whole dreadful that can be imagined; face of it is covered with villages the muscles of the unhappy suf- and gardens. The approach to ferer become rigid and contracted; Herat from the Zearutgah, lies the skin shrivels, an agonizing four iniles between orchards, with sensation, as if the flesh was on a capital road ; at the end of this fire, pervades the whole frame, road we came to the river, over and in the last stage it cracks into which there is a very ancient deep gashes, producing hemorr- bridge, four hundred yards in hage, that quickly ends this mi- length, built of burnt brick, and sery. In some instances life is said to have been erected by an annihilated instantaneously, and oil woman at her own private exin others the unfortunate victim pence; it is now, however, milingers for hours, or perhaps days, serably decayed, and will soon in the excruciating tortures I have tumble to pieces unless the godescribed. To render this ter- vernment repair it. Previous to rible scourge still more baneful, the building of this bridge the its approach is seldom, if ever communication between the city foreseen; and among all the Be- and the country was yearly cut looches with whom I have con- off, on the melting of the snow versed regarding it, no one as- in the mountains, and the conseserted more than that they had quent swell of the river. When heard it was indicated by an unu- we had passed the bridge, we rode sual oppression in the air, and a four miles through the suburbs degree of heat that affected the along a good road, to the city eyes; the precaution then adopted, gate. is to cover themselves over, and The city covers an area of four

ate on the earth. A square miles, and is fortified by a curious fact is established by this lofty mud wall, with towers and custom, that any cloth, however a wet ditch ; in the northern face thin, will obviate the deleterious is a citadel elevated on a mound effects of the Badé Sumoom on above the wall ; this is a small the human body.

square castle with towers at the angles, built of burnt brick, and the whole in line with the wall, and encompassed by a wet ditch,

lie pro

over which is a draw-bridge. Be(From the same.)

yond this, there is also a recently The city of Herat is situated in constructed outer wall and dry 2 valley, surrounded by Jofty diteh. The city has e gate in

each

THE CITY OF HERAT.

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