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any person, in any place, and even the most musty, corn (on upon any quantity of grain, how. which ordinary kiln-drying had ever small.

been tried without effect) thus From my experiments 1 am became completely purified, whilst inclined to believe, that must is a the diminution of weight caused taint produced by damp upon the by the solution of the tainted part amylaceous part of the grain or was very inconsiderable. starch: that the portion of starch I have the honour to remain, nearest to the husk is that which

Dear Sir Joseph, is first tainted ; and that the I bour most faithful and greater or less degree of must is obedient servant, in proportion to the taint having

CHARLES HATCHETT." penetrated more or less into the Mount Clare, Roehampton, substance of the grain. In most Dec. 4, 1816. cases, however, the taint is only superficial; but, nevertheless, if not removed, it is sufficient to

THE COUNTRY POOR. contaminate the odour and flavour of the whole, especially when The two following interesting converted into flour.

stories are extracted from the “ After various experiments, I “ Report of the Society for betfound the following method to be tering the Condition of the Poor :" attended with success :

they are well worth the attention “ The wheat must be put into of those country gentlemen who any convenient vessel capable of have a sincere wish to ameliorate containing at least three times the condition of their indigent the quantity, and the vessel must labourers.--(Times.) if be subsequently filled with boiling Twenty years ago there stood a water; the grain should then be sinal) cottage by the road side, occasionally stirred, and the hol- near Tadcaster, which for its sin. low and decayed grains (which gular beauty, and the neatness of will float) may be removed; when its little garden, attracted the nothe water has become cold, ur, in tice of every traveller. The regeneral, when about half an hour markable propriety which appearhas elapsed, it is to be drawn off. ed in every part of this tenement It will be proper then to rince the made Sir Thomas Bernard curious corn with cold water, in order to to learn the history of the owner, remove any portion of the water and he obtained it from his own which had taken up the must; mouth. Britton' Abbott (such after which, the corn being com- was the owner's name) was pletely drained, is, without loss day-labourer: beginning to work of time, to be thinly spread on with a' farmer at nive years old, the floor of a kiln, and thoroughly' and being careful and industrious, dried, care being taken to stir and he had saved nearly 401. by the to turn it frequently during this time that'he was twó-arid-twenty. part of the process.

With this money he married and “ This is all that is required; took a' farm at 301. á year; but and I have constantly found that the farm was, too much for his



ineans, and before the end of the 4. Though my visit,' says Sir second year he found it necessary Thomas, k.wus uexpected, and to give it up, having exhausted he at the latter end of his Saturalmost all his little property. He day's work, his clothes were neat then removed to a cottage, where and sufficiently clean. His counwith two acres of land and his tenance was healthy and open; right of common he kept two he was a little lame in one leg, cows, and lived in comfort for the consequence of exposure to nine years : at the expiration of wet and weather. He said he that time the common was en- had always worked hard and well; closed, and he had to seek a new but he would not deny but that habitation with six children, and he had loved a mug of good ale his wife ready to lie-in again. In when he could get it. When I this state he applied to Mr. Fair- told him my object in inquiring fax, and told him that if he would after him, that it was in order let him have a little bit of ground that other poor persons might by the road side he would show have cottages and gardens as neat him the fashions on it.' The slip as his, and that he must tell me of land for which he asked was all his secret how it was to be exactly a rood; Mr. Fairfax, done, he seemed extremely pleas. after inquiring into his character, ed, and very much atfected he suffered him to have it; the said,

said, nothing will make poor neighbours lent him some little folks more happy than finding assistance in the carriage of his that great folks thought of them : materials; he built his house, en- that he wished every poor man closed the ground with a single had as comfortable a home as his row of quickset, which he out own,-pot but that he believed down six times when it was young, there might be a few thoughtless and planted the garden. The fellows who would not do good manner in which he set to work, in it.' and the way in which the work Britton Abbot was at this time was performed, pleased Mr. Fair- sixty-seven, and had lived happily fax so much, that he told him he with his wife for five and forty should be rent-free. His answer, years. He earned from twelve to as. Sir Thomas Bernard justly eighteen shillings a week by task says, deserves to be renrembered. work, but to be sure,' he said,

Now, Sir, you have a pleasure I hare a grand character in all in seeing my cottage and garden this country! Five of his children neat; and why should not other were living, and having been well squires have the same pleasure in brought up, were thriving in the seeing the cottages and gardens world. Upon his rood of ground as nice about them? The poor he had fifteen apple trees, one would then be happy, and would green-gage, two winesour plumlove them, and the place where trees, two apricot trees, currants, they lived: but now every nook gooseberries, and three beehives; of land is to be let to the great he reared also from this garden farmers, and nothing left for the abundance of common vegetables, poor but to go to the parish.' and about forty bushels of pota


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toes annually. When this man his house they would pull it was turned adrift upon the world down; upon this he applied a seby the enclosure of the cominon, cond time to the court, and obif he had been without hope, or tained a legal permission with if the rood of land for which he the assent of all the copyholders, asked had been denied, he and paying for the entry of his name his six children, and his pregnant on the court rolls, and sixpence wife, might have gone to the a year quit rent. And here we workhouse, and become a burden must do our country the justice to the public, instead of setting it to observe, that if a man of known an example, and teaching a most industry and good character, like important lesson to their supe- Joseph Austin or Britton Abbot, riors. We will transcribe Sir applies for an indulgence of this Thomas Bernard's words, and kind, there is very little probaprint them, as he has done, in a bility that the application will manner which may tend to excite be refused. Austin was at this the attention they deserve. “Five time about forty-two years of age; unsightly, unprofitable acres of he had a wife and four children, waste ground would afford habi- and his whole stock of worldly tation and comfort to twenty such riches amounted to fourteen shilfamilies as Britton Abbot's. The lings : but men who deserve quarter of an acre which was friends are seldom without them; granted him was not worth a and a master, with whom he shilling a year before it came into usually worked at harvest, sold his hands.

him an old cottage for nine gui

neas, which he was to work out. Joseph Austin, a bricklayer in He had for some time in bis leithe neighbourhood of Cambridge, sure hours been preparing bats, a had often looked with a longing sort of bricks made of clay and eye upon a bit of ground by the straw, well beaten together, eighroad side, part of what is called teen inches long, twelve wide, the Lord's Waste, by a term and four deep, not burnt, but which reflects little credit upon dried in the sun ; with these and manorial rights, or parochial ma- the materials of the old cottage nagement. Whenever he looked he went to work. The bats make at this spot he used to think what a better wall than lath and plaster a nice place it would be for a with a coating of clay, less wood house : and being a house-builder is required, and the house is by trade, and something of a stronger and warmer; but they castle-builder by nature, he used, must be protected from rain its as soon as he fell asleep at night, much as possible, and especially to dream that he was at work toward the bottom. As he had there with his bricks and his to live and support his family by trowel. At length he applied to his daily labour, this building the manor court, and got a verbal could only be carried on when his leave to build there. Two of his regular day's work was done ; he neighbours, moved by envy as he has often continued it by moonsays, threatened that if he began light, and heard the clock strike




twelve before he withdrew from with only 14s. in his pocket. an occupation in which his heart During that time his wife had was engaged; this, too, when he four children, and buried as many had to rise at four the next morn- more. The money which it cost ing, walk to Cambridge (nearly him was about 501., the whole of four miles distant) to his work, which was saved from the earnand return in the evening. If his ings of daily labour. The house constitution had not been un- and garden occupy about twenty usually strong, it must have sunk poles of ground; and the garden under these extraordinary exer- is as creditable as the house to tions--a fate more frequent than the industry and good sense of is generally supposed among the the owner ; one of the fences was industrious poor. But he seems made of sweetbriar and roses to have possessed an unweariable mixed with woodbine, another of frame of body, as well as an in- dwarf plum-trees, and against vincible spirit. When the build- the back of the house he had ing was one story high, and the planted a vine, a nectarine, and a beams were to be laid on, the peach-tree.' carpenter discovered that the timber from the old cottage would not serve for so large a place. This was

severe disappointment : nothing, however, discouraged binn; he covered it over [The following jeu-d'Esprit is with a few loads of hauin, and written with perfect goodimmediately began a small place humour, and we have no doubt in the same manner, at the end, will excite nothing but corresworking at this with such perse- ponding good-humour even in verance that he got his family in the persons against whom it is within four months after the foun- principally levelled. Every Camdations were laid. This great ob- bridge man, who has undergone ject being accomplished, he went the ordeal of an examination for on leisurely with the rest as he an university scholarship, will, could save money for what was we think, find amusement in wanting: after five years he raised reading this Parody of the usual the second story, and in ten it style of the Papers of Questions.was tiled and coated; the inside Times.] was not completed when Mr. Plumtre communicated the story

UTOPIA UNIVERSITY, to the society, but there was house

Undecember 9657. room for himself and his family, and another apartment was let 1. Give a comparative sketch for a guinea a year.

of the principal English Theatres, . In this manner,' says that with the dates of their erection, gentleman, ‘Joseph Austin, with and the names of the most emisingular industry and economy, nent Candle-snuffers at each. in the course of ten years built What were the Stage-boxes ! himself a house, which he began What were the Offices of Promp


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ter-Ballet-master-and Scene. Correct the solecism, and give the
shifter? In what part of the reason of your alteration.
Theatre was the one-shilling Gal- 7. Enumerate the roads on
lery? Distinguish accurately be- which double toll was taken on
tween Operas and Puppet-shews. Sundays. Did this custom ex-

2. Where was Downing-street? tend to Christmas Day and Good
Who was Prime Minister when Friday? Who was toll-taker
Crib defeated Molineux-and at Tyburn, when Mrs. Brown-
where did the battle take place? rigy was executeil ?
Explain the terms milling-fib- 8. Distinguish accurately be-
bing-cross-buttock-neck and tween Sculls and Oars-Boat and
crop-bang up-and--prime. Punt-Jack-ass and Donkey-

3. Give the dates of all the Gauger, Exciseman, and SuperParliaments from their first insti- visor Pantaloons, Trowsers, tution to the period of the hard Gaiters, and Over-allg“At what frost on the Thames. In what place of education were any of month of what year was Mr. Ab- these forbidden ? Which? and bot elected Speaker? Why was Why? he called the little man in the 9. Express the following words wig " When the Speaker was in the Lancashire, Derbyshire, out of the chair, where was the London, and Exmoor dialectsmace put?

Bacon-Poker-You-1-Doc4. Enumerate the principal tor—and Turnpike-gate. houses of call in and about Lon- 10. Mention the principal coach don, marking those of the Taj- Inns in London, with a correct lors, Bricklayers, and Shoe- list of the Coaches which set out makers, and stating from what from the Bolt-in-Tun. Where Brewery each house was supplied were the chief stands of Hackney with Brown Stout. Who was the Coaches?-and what was the numtutelary Saint of the Shoemakers? ber of that in which the Princess At what time was his feast cele- Charlotte drove to Connaught brated ? Who was Saint Swithin? House? To what stand do you Do you rememberany remarkable suppose this removed after it set English proverb respecting him? her down?

5. Give a ground plan of Gilead ll. Give a succinct account, House. Mention the leading to- with dates, of the following perpics of the Guide to Health, with sons-Belcher-Mr. Waithman some account of the Anti-Impe- Major Cartwright-Martin Van tigines-Daffy's Elixir-Blaine's Butchell--and Edmund Henry Distemper Powders — Ching's Barker. Worm Lozenges--and Ilooper's 12. Draw a Map of the Thames Female Pills.

with the surrounding country, 6. Give characters of Wat Ty- marking particularly Wapping, ler, Jack Cade, and Sir Francis Blackwall, Richmond, and the Burdett. Did the latter return Isle of Dogs. Distinguish befrom the Tower by water or land? tween Newsastle on Tyne, and On what occasion did Mr. Leth- Newcastle under Line-Gloncesbridge's “hair stand on ind?" ter and Double Gloucester-and l'or. LVIII.

2 R


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