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mans, and inveterate in their ha- exceed twenty or thirty: they are tred and enmity against the Shee- commonly discriminated by a tias, under which persuasion, I am tular prefix, such as Umeerde, convinced, it would be more dan- Daodée, Surdaree, &c. to the gerous to appear in Beloochistan, word Kheil, as the Umeeree than even as a Christian.

Kheil, the noble society, Daodée The hospitality of a Belooche is Kheil, David's society, &c. &c. proverbial, and I found it equally This complicated subdivision of conspicuous in every part of the the tribes into Kheils, is likely to coʻintry which I visited. Among confuse a casual observer, and them pilfering is considered a more especially from their changmost despicable act; and when ing, as they often do, their disthey once offer, or promise to tinguishing titles with their places aford protection to a person who of residence. For example, when may require or solicit it, they will I was at Nooshky, on the borders die before they fail in their trust. of the desert, there was a Kheil They obey their chiefs with alac- of Mingull Braheoés, (a people rity and willingness, but this obe- whose country is to the southdience seemed to ine rather to ward of Kelat,) encamped about result from a confidence placed two miles off; and, on my asking on the propriety of what they are one of them his tribe, he replied, ordered to perform, and a wish to Mingull, and his Kheil, Nooshuphold the respectability of their kyée, or the society of Nooshky. tribes, which depends much on It is right to add, that some of that of the Surdars or chiefs, the Belooches, particularly the than from any feelings of defer- Nharooé clans, prefer mud houses ence and respect that they enter to tents, and even live in forts; tain towards the latter ; for I ob- nor is it uncommon, in the westserved, that in many instances, ern parts of Beloochistan, to find even under their immediate eye, one half the Kheil residing in they acted as if they held them- Ghedans, and the other in huts ; selves scarcely amenable to their I believe that the preference which authority. In their domestic ha- is shewn to the latter, is on acbits, the Belooches are almost all count of the cold. pastoral; they usually reside in Their reception of guests is “ Ghedans," or tents, made of simple, yet impressive. When black felt, or

blanket, visitor arrives at a Toomun, : stretched over a frame of wicker- carpet is spread in front of the work, formed from the branches door of the Mihman Khanu, or of the Guz (Tamarisk) bush : an house for guests, of which there asseinblage of these Ghedans con- is one in every town or village in stitute a Toomun, or village, and Beloochistan; the Sirdar, or head the inbabitants of it a Kheil, or of the Kheil, immediately appears, society, of which, from the nature and he and the stranger having of their formation, it is clear embraced, and mutually kissed there may be an unlimited num- hands, the followers of the latter ber in one tribe ; and I know half successively approach, and the a dozen of instances where they Sirdar gives them his hand, which they press to their foreheads and roast or stew in butter, raw or lips. So far the reception is con- clarified. They usually limit ducted in profound silence and the themselves to one or two wives, parties now sit down, on which the and their chiefs four ; but this chief addresses the stranger, and totally depends on choice. I saw asks him, four several times, how men of the lowest station, who he does, to which the other an- had seven or eight living, and swers in the usual complimentary Mihrab Khan, chief of the Rukhterms; he then inquires in the shanees, had just espoused his same manner for his family and sixteenth when I was at his capifriends, and even for the health tal. They treat their women with of his followers who are present, attention and respect, and are not to whom the visitor turns, as if so scrupulous about their being to appeal for information; they seen by strangers as most other all nod assent to being in good Moosulmans, although they by health ; and the ceremony con

they

coarse

no means allow them to appear in cludes, by the new-comer making public at all times. an equal number of inquiries for The Belooches keep great numthe welfare of the family, Kheilbers of slaves of both sexes, the or society, followers, and friends fruits of their Chupaos, whom of the Sirdar. By nature the they treat with a kindness and liBelooches are extremely indolent, berality that is quite gratifying to and, unless occupied by some fa- see. When first taken, they look vourite amusement, they will upon themselves as the most unspend whole days in lounging fortunate beings in existence, from one Ghedan to another, and, to say the truth, the treatsmoking and gambling; many of ment they then experience, is of them are addicted to the pernici- the harshest and most discouragous custom of chewing opium and ing description ; they are blindBhung, but I neither met with, folded and tied on camels, and in or heard of a single instance of that manner transported, to prehabitual ebriety, from spirituous vent the possibility of their knowliquors or wine; in fact that spe- ing how to return; the women's cies of the vice of drunkenness hair, and men's beards, are also seems to be unknown amongst shaved off, and the roots entirely them. Their various foods are destroyed by a preparation of wheaten and barley cakes, rice, quicklime, to deter them from dates, cheese, sweet and sour any wish to revisit their native milk, which last they infinitely soil ; but they shortly get reconprefer ; soup made from dholl, or ciled to their fate, and become peas, and seasoned with red pep- very faithful servants. I shall reper, and other heating herbs, and late an anecdote, which will best flesh-meat whenever they can exemplify the footing on which procure it, including that of young they live with their masters. Capcamels, and every kind of game: tain Christie, speaking on this of vegetables they prize onions, subject, expressed his surprize to garlic, and the leaves and stalk of Eidel Khan Rukhshanee, the Sirthe asafoetida plant, which they darof Nooshky, that the numerous slaves which he had, should work on their heads they seldom wear so diligently, without any person any thing except a small silk or to look after them. “Why not,” cotton quilted cap, which is made said he, “they are clothed, fed, to sit to the shape of the skull, and treated like the other mem- and over this, when in full dress, bers of my family, and if they do they add a turband, either checknot labour, they are well aware ed or blue, and a Kummurbund that bread will be scarce, and or sashi, of the same colour, round they must then suffer as well as their waists. The chiefs and their ourselves; it is their interest to relatives likewise appear in winter have plenty, because they know with an Ulkhaliq, or tunic, of whatever may fall to my lot, they chintz, lined and stuffed with get a share of it." Captain Chris- cotton; and the poorer classes, tie assented to the ju-tness of when out of doors, wrap themthese observations, but added, selves up in a surtout made of a that he should have thought them peculiar kind of cloth, manufaclikely to run away. Nothing tured from a mixture of goat's of the kind,” replied the old Sir- hair and sheep's wool. The wo. dar, “ they are too wise to at- men's attire is very similar to that tempt it: in the first place, they of the men, their shifts are usual. don't know the way to their own ly cotton cloth, dyed red or brown, country; but even admitting they very long, quite down to the did, why should they wish to re- heels, open in front below the turn? They are much happier bosom, and as they wear nothing here, and have less worldly cares; under them, their persons are were they at hon e, they must considerably exposed; their trow. toil full as hard as they now do; sers are preposterously wide, and beside which, they would have to made of silk, or a fabrication think of their clothes, their houses from that and cotton mixed. The and their foud, situated as they young women, both inarried and now are, they look to me for all unmarried, have a very ingenious those necessaries; and, in short, method of fastening their hair up, that you may judge yourself of by dividing it into different locks, their feelings, I need only in- twisting them round the head, form you, that the severest pu- and inserting all the ends in a nishment we can inflict on one of knot on the crown; it looks very them, is to turn him about his tidy, and at a short distance I rebusiness."

peatedly mistook it for a cap. The common dress of the Be- The old women tie handkerchiefs looches is a coarse white or blue round their heads, flowered with calico shirt, open about fourteen worsted or silk. When they go inches down the front, buttoning abroad, both young and old mufroud the neck, and reaching be

up their faces so as not to be low the knee; their trowsers are seen, but in their houses they made of the same cloth, or are not, as I have already stated, striped kind of stuff called Soosee, at all particular ; and when I and puckered round the ancles: was at the village of Nooshky, I

was

fle

a

was frequently in the Sirdar's

ter purpose, they bestow a vast Ghedan, when his whole family deal of attention on the training was present.

of their greyhounds : a good one A Belvoche soldier, when arm- is valued at two or three camels, ed cap-a-pee, makes a very for- or even more, and I was informed midable display. He carries a that the Khan of Kelat has been matchlock, sword, spear, dagger, known to pay to the value of four and shield, besides a unultiplicity hundred

rupees for

one dog. Fir. of powder flasks, priming horns, ing at marks, cudgelling, wrestand pouches; the latter crammedling, practising with swords, and with balls, slugs, flints, tinder throwing the spear, are likewise, boxes, anil other warlike appara- all favourite diversions with them; tus, which, on active service, must and neighbouring Kheils cupe encu:nber hina beyond conception; with each other at these exercises; they do not, however, seem to the four latter they understand mind it, and a warrior's prowess scientifically, and at the former, is often estimated by the weight some of thein are so incredibly of his accoutrements. They are expert, that I am assured they all capital marksmen, and on that can invariably hit a target, not account in battle, avoid as much more than six inches square, off a as possible, coming to close com- horse at full gallop ; and I can bat; but when they have no al- positively affirm, that the different ternative, they either throw away guides I had during my journey their fire-arms, or sling them by killed,' at the distance of fifty or the side of the camel, or horse on sixty yards, every small bird, such which they are mounted. The as larks, sparrows, &c. they fi: ed best and most prized warlike at with a single ball ; nor did weapons they have, are of foreign they appear to consider this as manufacture. Matchlocks, swords, any signal proof of their dexterity and daggers, they get foom Per- as marksmen. Before I close this sia, Khorasan, and Hindoostan : enuineration of their diversions, shields from the latter country; I may describe a very hazardous, and for spears they are generally though popular one among all indebted to their neighbours the classes, which they perform on Sindians. At Kelat there is an horseback, and call Nezuh Baarmoury for matchlocks, swords, zee, or spear play. A wooden and spears, belonging exclusively stake of molerate thickness is to the Khan, but the workman- driven into the ground, and a ship I saw from it was bad and horseman at full speed, pierces it clumsy.

with the point of his spear in such The amusements of the Be- a manner, as to force it out of the looches are such as we should ex- earth, and carry it along with pect to find among a wild and un- him; the difficulty and danger in civilized people : they are enthu- accomplishing this feat, is evisiastically fond of every species of dently augmented or decreased, field sports; and much of their according to the depth that the time is passed in shooting, hunt- stake is in the ground; but in its ing, and coursing, for which lat- easiest form, it requires a violent Vol. LVIII.

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and

THE BRAHOOE.

and dexterous exertion of the arm resemblance, for numbers of them and wrist, combined with the have brown hair and beards. In most critical management of the husbandry and other domestic ochorse and spear at the same in- cupations, they are laborious hard stant.

workers, and those who reside in the vicinity of the plains to the southward of Kelat, till large tracts of land, and dispose of the

produce for exportation to the (From the same.)

Hindoos of Kelat, Bela, and The Brahooé or second great Khozdar; this and the sale of the class of the natives of Beloochis- cheese and Ghee, made from the tan now remains to be spoken of, flocks, with a few coarse blankets, but as I have been obliged to carpets, and felts, form the only characterize it in most instances, traffic the Brahooés enter into, while contrasting the Belooches Their food is the same as the Beand that people, I have but a few looches, except that they prefer brief particulars to add regarding flesh-meat to every thing else, them. They are, as the Beloo- and devour it in a half dressed ches, divided into an indefinite state, without bread, salt, or venumber of tribes and Kheils, and getables ; they are famous for are a still more unsettled wander- having most voracious appetites, ing nation, always residing in one and their flocks of sheep and part of the country during the goats, being very numerous and summer, and emigrating to an- prolific, enable them to indulge other for the winter season: they their inclination for meat by conlikewise change their immediate suming a greater quantity. They places of abode many times every affirm, perhaps with truth, that year in quest of pasturage for in the cold mountains which they their flocks, a practice which is inhabit, it would be impossible to rare amongst the Belooches. In survive during the winter without activity, strength, and hardiness a certain portion of animal food, few people surpass the Brahooés; which they deem not only nutrithey are alike inured to the cold tious, but to have the same heatof the mountainous regions of ing properties that are attributed Beloochistan, and the heat of the to spirituous liquors in Europe, low plain of Kutch Gundava. and to serve for this consumption They differ so much from the they accordingly cure a supply of Belooches in external appearance, meat the latter end of Autumn, that it is impossible to mistake a by drying it in the sun and then man of one class for a member of smoking it over a fire of green the other. The Brahooés, instead wood: the meat thus prepared of the tall figure, long visage, has by no means a disagreeable and raised features of their fel-. flavour, and its taste may be very low-countrymen, have short thick aptly compared to that of the bones, with round faces, and flat reindeer's tongues exported from lincaments ; in fact, I may assert, Russia ; it will keep for several that I have not seen any other months, and when they store it Asiatics to whom they bear any up for the cold weather, the only

precaution

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