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the unusua ly high prices of the made either in the standard of precious metals, and other cir- fineness or in the denominations cumstances arising out of a state of the coins; but they think it of war, had obliged them to sus- will be advisalile to diminish the pend ; and they now take leave weight of the pieces, in order to hui to represent to your R yal prevent a recurrence of those inHighness, ihat an immediate conveniencies which have bither to coinage of gold and silver monies arisen fiom the melting of the would be of great public benefit : new and pe fect silver cuins as but that if your Royal Highness soon is hey have appeared in should be pleased to give direc- c.rculation, for the purpose of tions for carrying the same into converting them into bulion, in effect, they do not conce ve it which stare they have generally woull be advisa le to make any been more valuable than as cuin: alteration either in the standard, the committee are therefine of Heieht, or denominations of the opinion, that it should he jogold coins. The committee are, po-ed to parlian ert to anthorize however, of opinion that it should his Jajes y to direct, that in all forthwith be proposed to parlia future coinages of silver, sixty. ment, to pa's an act declaring the six-billin's (and ither coins in gold coin alone to be the standard proportion) shall be struck from coin of this realm ; and that the each poun' weigit tioy of standsilver coins are hereafter to be ard silver, instead of sixti-two. considered inerely as representa

It has hithertu been the practive coins, and to be a legal ten- tice in his Majesty's Mint to leder only in payment of sumns not turn to those who import silver exceeding two guineas

for the purpo-e of having it conThe committee do not think it verted into coin, a quantity of necessary to state to your Royal coin equal in weight tv i he quanHighness the reasons which have tity of standard silver so inportled them to recommend that the ed, the expense of coining being gold coin alone should be declared borne by the public. So long as to be the standard coin of the the silver coins were considered realm, bec:iuse they conceive that to be the standard coin of the such a declaration by parliament realm, this principle appears to would in truth be merely in con- this committee to have been a firmation of a principle already wise one, and they conceive that established by the universal con- it should still be adhered to in resent and practice of his Majesty's spect of the gold coin, which is subjects, and which appears to he now to he declared the standard in a great measure recognised by coin of the realm ; but the comthe act of 38 Geo. II. chap. 59. mittee are of opinion that the

With respect to the silver coins, charge of coining the -ilver coins, of which an immediate supply ap- as well as a small allow ance for pears to be more indispensably seignorage, ought to be deducted; necessary for the public conveni. and that his Majesty should le ence, the committee are of opini- authorized to direct the Master of on, that no alteration should be his Mint to retain four shillings


out of each pound weight troy of weight of such coins, arising out silver coin hereafter to be coined, of the acts of 18 Charles II. for the charge of brassage and ch.5 ; 7 and 8 William 111. ch. 1, seignorage ; and that the money sec. 1 and 2 ; 14 George III. ch. received for the same should be 42, sec. 1 ; 38 George III. ch 59, applied to the public service, in sec. 2, should be repealed; and discharge of the interest of the with this view, the committee sum expended in the erection of take leave to recommend, that in the new Mint, and in defraying the bill to be proposed to parliathe general expenses of the mint ment provision should be made establishment. In thus stating for the removal of those probibithe number of pieces to be struck tions. When that shall have been fiom each pound of silver, and effected, the committee will prothe amount of the sum to be de- ceed humbly to recommend to ducted for brassage and seignor- your Royal Highness the regulaage the coinmitiee have, to the tions which they conceive will be best of their judgment, endea- necessary with respeet to the voured to fix on such a rate as time and mode of calling in the will on the one hand be suffi- silver coins now in currency; as cie tly high tu protect the new well as with respect to the allowcoins, by a small increase of their ance (if any) to be made hereafter nominal value, from the dinger for reasonable wear, in each deof being melted down and con- nomination of the proposed new verted into bullion when the mar- coins. The committee think it ket price of silver rises; while, right, however, now to state as on the other, it will, they trust, their opinion, with respect to the not be found to be so low as to silver coins at present in circulaatford any encouragement to the tion, that it should be proposed issue of counterfeit coin, if the to parliament to authorize his marhet price of silver should fall. Majesty, whenever he shall see

Should your Royal Higness fit to call in such silver coins, to think fit to adopt the plan which direct that all such pieces as shall the committee have thus recom- be judged by the officers of the mended, they think it would be Mint to have been actually coined advisable that a sum of not less in his Majesty's Mint, should be than 2,500,000l. in silver coin received by tale, and that the should actually be coined, before hulders of the same should receive any issue of new coin takes place ; in return an equal value by tale viz. 2,000,0001. for the use of of the new silver coins. Great Britain, and 500,00.jl, for the use of Ireland.

It will, however, be necessary, Report from the Select Committee before any further progress can

on Tithes. be made in the execution of a new silver coinage on the above prin- 1. Resolved, That it is the opiciples, that the legal prohibitions nion of this committee, that it is against coining any silver coins expedient to enable ecclesiastical of the realm, or altering the proprietors of tithes to grant

leases should

leases thereof, so as to bind their lessee of the tithe rent, or a just successors under due regulations. proportion thereof.

2. That it is the opinion of 8. That it is the opinion of this committee, that the term of this committee, that in case of a such leases should not exceed 14 voidance of the living, by death years.

or otherwise, a proportion of the 3. That it is the opinion of this rent should be paid to the incum. committee, that such leases should bent, or his representative, up to only be granted with the previous the time of such a voidance. consent of the patron and the bi- 9. That it is the opinion of shop of the diocese.

this committee, that the said tithe4. That it is the opinion of rent or composition should be this committee, that the consent recoverable by distress, as if the of the bishop should not be given same were a rent-charge upon until he has been furnished with the lands; and that the lessee of a certificate upon nath, by a com- the tithes shall have a remedy by petent surveyor, to be named by distress for the tithe-rent against such bishop, and to be paid by the occupier agreeing to retain the contracting parties, that the the tithe. tithe rent, or composition pro- 10. That it is the opinion of posed, is a fair and just equiva- this committee, that the tithelent for the tithes so to be leased proprietor should have the option during the term to be granted. of voiding the lease, in case the

5. That it is the opinion of this tithe-rent be in arrear for three committee, that such leases should calendar months, after notice in only be granted to the proprietors writing demanding the same from of the land.

the lessee, and the rent not paid, 6. That it is the opinion of nor sufficient distress found upon this committee, that in any new the premises. law to be enacted for this pur- 11. That it is the opinion of pose, it would be expedient to this committee, that the tithedefine who should be considered proprietor should not be restrictthe proprietors of the land, for ed from recovering the tithe-rent the purpose of taking such leases. or composition by due course of

7. That it is the opinion of law, in the same manner as he this committee, that the leases to

may now recover the value of or such proprietors of lands should composition for tithes, where subbe appurtenant to, and run with tracted. the land in the nature of a real 12. That it is the opinion of covenant; and that the occupier this committee, that a general of under leases now existing shall form of a lease or grant have the option and the right, be framed ; and that no stamp on a notice within a year after duty should be payable on such the date of ihe lease of the lease or grant, unless the titletithes, of retaining the tithes du rent or composition exceed ring the continuance of his lease pounds a year. in the land, on payment to the 13. That it is the opinion of

this committee, that the lay-own- to their professed object; their ers of impropriate tithes, being policy and justice ; and their eftenants for life and for years, de- fects upon the habits and morals terminable on a life or lives, or of the lower orders of the comtenants in tail, or tenants in fee, munity. In considering the exsubject to be determined by exe- isting state of the law upon this cutory devise or shifting use, subject, their attention was nahave the like power of leasing turally directed, in the first place, such tithes for any term not ex- to its state in the early periods of ceeding 14 years.

the common law; and in that 14. That it is the opinion of your committee finds concurrent this comunittee, that a like power

and undisturbed authorities for be given to all corporate bodies, contemplating game as the exwhether lay or spiritual, being clusive right of the proprietor of owners of impropriate tithes. the land ratione soli. In a law of

15. That it is the opinion of Canute's (vide 4th Institutes, this committee, that no lease shall p. 230,) your committee find that be valid to bind the successor, he thus expresses himself : Prereversioner, or remainder-man, terea autem concedo ut in propriis where any other consideration is ipsius prædiis quisque tam in agris given than the annual tithe-rent quam in sylvis excitet agitetque feor composition declared in such rris; and in Blackstone II. p. 415, lease.

Sit quilibet homo dignus venatione 16. That it is the opinion of sua in sylra et in agris situ propiis this committee, that the power

ct in dominio suo. In the preamof leasing tithes, as it at present ble of the statutes 11th Hen. VII. by law exists, should not be taken c. 17, a parliamentary recogniaway or diminished.

tion of the common law is most June 18, 1816.

distinctly made, and in unequivocal language. It states, that

persons of little substance destroy Report from the Committee on the pheasants and partridges upon Game Lau's.

the lordships, manors, lands, and

tenements of divers owners and The Committee appointed to take possessioners of the same, with

into consideration the laws re- out license, consent, or agreelating to Game, and to report ment of the same possessioners, their observations and opinion by which the same lose not only thereupon froin time to time to their pleasure and disport, that the llouse, bave considered they, their friends, and servants the matters to them referred, should have about hawking, huntand agreed upon the following ing, and taking of the same, but Report:

also they lose the profit and avail Your committee, in i:vesti- that should grow to their housegating thisimportant subject, pro- hold, &c. ceeded to the consideration of the In the 4th Institutes, p. 804, present existing laws for the pre- it is laid down, that seeing the servation of game; their adequacy wild beasts do belong to the pur

who may

lieu-men ratione soli, so long as James I. c. 13, the qualification to
they remain in his grounds he kill game was increased to 40l. in
may kill them, for the property land, and 200l. in personal pro-
ratione soli is in him. In 11 perty.
Coke's Reports, p. 376, it is laid By the 22d and 23d C. II. cap.
do that for hawking, hunt- 25. lords of manors, not under
ing, &c. there needeth not any the degree of esquire, may by
licence, but every one may, in writing under their hands and
his own land, use them at his seals appoint gamekeepers within
pleasure, without any restraint to their respective manors,
be made, if not by parliament, as kill conies, hares, &c. and other
appears by the statutes 11 Hen. game, and by the warrant of a
VII. c. 17, 23 Eliz. c. 10, and 3 justice may search houses of per-
James I. c. 13.

sons prohibited to kill game.
In Sutton and Moody's 5 Modern It appears to your committee,
Reports, p. 375, Holt, C. Jus- that the statute 24 and 23 C. ll.is
tice, says, the conies are as much the first instance, either in our
his, in his ground, as if they were statutes, reports, or law treatises,
in a warren, and the property is in which lords of manors are
ratione soli. Soin the Year-book, distinguished from other land-
12 Hen. VII. pl. 10, if a man owners, in regard to game.
start a hare in his own ground, The same statute, section 3,
he has a property in it rativne soli. confines the qualification to kill

In limitation, and to a certain game to persons having lands of degree in derogation of the com- inheritance of 100l. per annum, mon law, a variety of statutes has or leases of 1501. (to which are subjected to penalties persons added other descriptions of perwho, not having certain qualifi- sonal qualifications ;) and per:ons cations, shall even upon their not having such qualifications are own lands kill any of those wild declared to be persons not allowed animals which come under the to have or keep game-clogs, &c. denomination of game.

The 22 and 23 C. ll. c. 25, By the 13 Richard II. stat. 1, was followed by 4 and 5 W. and c. 13, laymen not having 40s. N. c. 23, and the 28 Geo. II. c. per annum, and priests not having 12, which enacted penalties against 1ol. per annum, are prohibited unqualified, and, finally, against from taking or destroying conies, qualitied persons, who shall buy, hares, &c. under pain of a year's sell, or offer to sell, any hare, imprisonment (this statute ap- pheasant, partridge, &c. Similar pears to be the first introduction penalti.'s are therein enacted of a qualification to kill game.) against unqualified persons having By the 32 Henry VIII. c. 8, a game in their possession. penalty upon selling game was Such appears to your commitfirst enacted, but this was a tem. tee to be the state of the laws reporary law, which was suffered specting game, as they at present to expire, and the sale of game stand. The various and numwas not again restrained till the berless statutes which have been 1st James 1. c. 27. By the 3d enacted upon the subject, and to

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