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half-past seven, Wilson was at and returned by a different route Hutchinson's door with his ca. to Paris, after an absence of sixbriolet, in which the fugitive was ty hours. soon seated, Hutchinson accom- From the official account pubpanying them on horseback, and lished by the French government, they passed the barrier of Clichy it appears, that the first proposal with little observation. Lavalette of assisting in saving Lavalette having very

marked features, was made to Mr. Bruce on Janusome alarm was excited at La ary 2d or 3d, when a person Chapelle, where they changed brought him an anonymous lethorses, by four gendarmes, who ter, acquainting him that Lavahovered about them ; but Hutch- lette was still in Paris, saying inson gave answers to their ques- that he (Bruce) alone could save tions which satisfied them. They him, and requesting an answer passed other gendarmes who had on the subject. This was sent; bills containing a description of and of all that followed, Sir R. Lavalette, which had been disper- Wilson was entirely ignorant, till sed throughout France. Some he was informed of the matter by grey hairs appearing from under Bruce, who prevailed upon tim his brown wig as they were ap- to contribute his efforts to effect proaching Compeigne, Wilson the escape of Lavalette. Captain with a pair of scissars acted as Hutchinson was associated in the his friseur. In that town they same project. These gentlemen were conducted to a retired quar- were influenced partly by comter, where they waited till the miseration of the unfortunate incarriage from Paris arrived with dividual, and partly by their poliElliston. Wilson caused the lamps tical sentiments. Of those of to be lighted, that they might ap- Wilson, conclusions were drawn pear without apprehensions, and from the correspondence between having taken leave of their friends, himself and his brother Edward they set out well armed; prepar- in London, of which the French ed to resist in case they should government obtained possession. experience any obstacle. Though The letter to Lord Grey, from much questioned at the stations which the preceding narrative is for relays, they were not detain- drawn, being intercepted by the ed, till they reached Cambray, police, occasioned the arrest of ihe when they were kept three hours three gentlemen who are the subat the gate through the fault of jects of this trial. Sir Charles the English guard. In passing Stuart, the British ambassador, Valenciennes they were three being informed of this circumtimes strictly examined ; and un- stance, wrote a note on the same derwent another and last exami- day, January 13th, to the Duke nation at some distance from that de Richelieu, intimating, that as garrison. They safely reached he had repeatedly manifested his Mons to dinner ; and after Sir deterniination to extend his proR. Wilson had made all suitable tection to no person whose conarrangements for the fugitive's duct endangered the safety of that further journey, he took his leave, governinent, he should have been


flattered by a communication of peal is maintained against the orthe motives for such a proceeding donnance on the legal argument against the individuals in ques- that the title of the accusation intion. The Duke, on the same dicated only correctional and not day, not as an answer, wrote a criminal penalties, and therefore note to Sir Charles Stuart, en- did not exclude bail. Of this no closing a letter from the minister notice was taken. They afterof police, which stated that Sir R. waru's made an application for the Wilson, Mr. Bruce, and another communication to their counsel of person, were accused of having the papers connected with the favoured the escape of Lavalette ; trial, which was refused in conadding, that their trial was going formity with the law; and thcy to commence, but that they would were transferred to the Concierfully enjoy all the facilities af- gerie. forded by the French laws for The result of the examinations their justification.

and inquiries was, that the TriOn that and four subsequent bunal of First Instance charged days Sir Robert Wilson was sub- Wilson with a plot directed genemitted to interrogatories from rally against the political system of commissioners of the police, Europe, with the particular obwhich he refused to answer, and ject of changing the French goon the 17th he was removed to vernment, and exciting the people the prison of la Force. Interro- to take up arms against the gatories were also put to Messrs. king's authority; also with effectBruce and Hutchinson, who were ing the escape of Lavalette. removed to the same prison. In Hutchinson and Bruce were chargthe subsequent examinations, the ed only with being his accomplices share taken by these gentlemen in the latter action. The Court, enin the escape of Lavalette from titled the Chamber of Accusation, France was freely admitted, as after its deliberations, published indeed it was rendered undeni- an arret, in which it was declared able by Sir R. Wilson's intercep- that upon due consideration of the ted letter to Lord Grey; but the documents produced, it not apcharge of conspiring against the pearing that sufficient evidence French government, which was existed against the three persons deduced from expressions in this accused, of a plot against the letter and other seized papers, was French government and the royal strenuously disavowed and refu- authority, there was no ground of ted

accusation in that respect; but The prisoners having demand- that there resulted from the docued to be released on bail, an ordon- ments a sufficient charge of their nance of the chamber of council being accessary to the concealwas made on January 30th, ment and escape of Lavalette. In which pronounced that there was consequence, the chamber comno ground at present for deter- mitted to the Court of Assize of the mining upon the said demand. Department of the Seine the trial This pruduced a memorial from of the prisoners for these offences. these gentlemen, in which an ap- Some Frenchmen were implica


ted in the same charge; but their of demanding a jury composed of trial does not belong to the pre- half foreigners, it appeared to gent narrative. It may, however, then that the same right, or fabe remarked, that the wife of La- vour, could not be refused to them valette was entirely discharged in France. The decision of sefron prosecution.

veral eminent lawyers of their The Assize Court sat on April own nation had strengthened 22, when the trial of the three them in this opinion ; but tho English prisoners, which attracted justice which had been rendered a very numerous auditory, among them by the Chamber of Accusawhom were many English gen- tion, in acquitting them of one tlemen and ladies,

commenced at charge, had determined them to eleven o'clock. The president renounce this right, and they was M. Romain de Seze, son of abandoned themselves without rethe person honourably distinguish- serve to a jury entirely composed eil by his defence of Louis XVI. of Frenchmen. Thut, however, M. Hua, advocate-general, acted no precedent might be drawn as public prosecutor. The advo- from their case against such of cite for the prisoners was M. Du- their countrymen who might herepin. Sir R. Wilson appeared in after be in the same situation, grand uniform, decorated with they had made a special declaraseven or eight orders of different tion of the purpose of their reEuropean States, one of which nunciation. was the cordon of the Russian or- M. Dupin moving the court der of St. Anne. (apt. Hutchiu- that this declaration might be enson wore the uniform of his mi- tered on the record, the Advocatelitary rank. When the accused general expressed his astonishwere called upon to give their ment at a claim in France, for an names, and qualities, Mr. Brnice offence co:nmitted in France, of said with energy, “I am an Eng. the p ivreges of a foreign legislish citizen." The president ob- lature, and opposed entering the served, that though relying on declaration. After s.me arguing their correct knowlerge of the on the subject, the court proFrench language, they did not nounced the following decision :: ask for an interpreter, yet the Because every offence commit. liw of France willed that the ac- ted in a territory is an object of cused should not be leprived of jurisiliction, and because the exal means of facilitating their ception demanded by the prisonj istification, ei en when unclaim- ers is not allowed by any conel; M. Robert was accordingly struction of the criminal code of nuell and sworn to that ollice. France, the court declares that

Mr. Bruce, speaking in French, there is no ground for recording, then said, that although he and at the request of the English his countrynen had submitte.) to prisoners, the declaration now the law of France, they hul not made by them; the court therelost he privilege of invoking the fore orders the trial to proceed." law of nations. Its principle was The arret of the act of accusa. reciprocity; anil as in England tion drawn up by the procureurFrench culprits enjoyed the right general was then read, which


took up more than two hours. she was scarcely able to articuThe Advocatc-general then briefly late; at length, being told by the recapitulated the facts in the in- president that she was summoned dictment, distinguishing them as only on account of some of the they applied to the different pri- accused, who had invokell her soners; and remarked that the testimony, she said, “I declare chamber had remitted to the three that the persons who have cal ed Englishmen the charge of having me contributed in no respect to conspired against the legitimate the escape of M. Lavalette (meangovernment of France. After the ing from prison): no one was in interrogatories of some of the my confidence; I alone did the other prisoners, the president ad whole."

whole." Being desired to say dressed himself to Mr. Bruce. whether she had ever seen or To the question, whether it was known the English gentlemen, not to him that the first overture she looked at them for a moment, was made of the plan of trans- and declared that she had never porting Lavalette out of France; known nor before seen them. he replied, “If possible I would After the examination of the have effected his escape alone ; witnesses, the advocate-general for I could not repulse a man made his address to the court. who had put his life into niy When he came to the agency of hands. 1, however, obtained his the three Englishmen in the consent to confide his secret to offence which was the subject of one of my friends. I spoke to the trial, he particularly directed one friend, who gave me a charge the attention of his auditors to to another, I will not

the point of the asylum given to these friends; they will name the culprit before his departure themselves." Captain Yutchin. from Paris, and that given upon son then declared it was himself the road, in a house at Coinwho received Lavalette at his peigne, which, in the language house previously to his escape, of the laus, constituteil what is and escorted him on horseback ; called a recelé. The simple fact, and Sir R. Wilson took upon him. said he, of concealing a CONself the whole measures adopted demned criminal is of itself a for his escape, and acknowledged crime: and he quoted Blackstiine all the facts related in the act of to shew that it is regarded as accusation. This open confession such not less in England than in rendered superfluous with res- France. This authority, howpect to them the testimony of any ever, he cited only in the chawitnesses; the appearance of racter of written reuson, for it Madame Lavalette was, however, was sufficiently understvod that too interesting to be passed over. there are no other laws in exer. At her entrance a general mur- cise regarding crimes committed mur of feeling or ouriosity was in France, than French laws. On heard, and the three gentlemen this idea he somewhat enlarged saluted her with a profound bow. by way of stricture upon Sir R. Overpowered by her emotions, Wilson's reference to the judicial



forms of England. Touching hence the law speaks of concealupon the head of accusation, by ing or causing to be concealed. which the three culprits were He who procures the asylum, charged with being accomplices who has made arrangements for in concealing Lavalette knowing procuring it, who facilitates his that he was condemned to die, entrance into it, are all abettors and as a consequence, that they and accomplices in this species of facilitated and consummated his crime. The advocate-general then escape, he said, he must here anti- applied these principles to the cipate a dispute about words. It facts acknowledged by the three would be alleged, that the escape prisoners, and endeavoured to inwas the act of issuing from clude them all equally in the crime prison, which was consummated of concealment, ne recelé), which when he was on the outside of was the essence of the accusation. the gates; wherefore it was false On a subsequent audience, to charge them with facilitating April 24th, M. Dupin opened his and consummating a thing al- defence of the English gentlemen. ready done. But the fact con- In the exordium, taking notice stituting the crime was the con- of Sir R. Wilson's resistance to cealment, and it did not signify the first interrogatories, he imwhether it did or did not aid the puted it solely to ignorance of escape; for had he been retaken the French laws. " But (said in the place which served as his he) the moment he had commu. asylum, the person who had pro- nicated with his anibassador, what cured it for him would not have frankness, what good faith, in all been the less guilty. Art. 248 of that was personal to himself! the penal code declares guilty and his two friends acted a simithose who have concealed or

lar part." He proceeded to recaused to be concealed. The na mark some serious errors, ture of the facts in this case was which had crept into the translasuch, that there was a moral cer- tion of Wilson's and his brother's tainty, that those who concerted letters, and which had called forth to get Lavalette out of France, severe animadversions from the also came to an understanding as advocate-general; and the interto the mode of its accomplish- preter was directed by the presiment the moment his escape from dent to amend the translation, prison took place. It has not when the advocate-general debeen asserted that they had any clared that he abandoned all the cominunication with the first asy- deductions which might be drawn lum in which he was secreted; from this correspondence. M. it was sufficient that they pro- Dupin then made some apolovided him with an intermediate getical observations on the poliasylum; and by his passing the tical sentiments disclosed in the night there, this became the place letters; and proceeded to a paneof concealment. A person may gyrical explanation of those hieconceal a man either in his own roglyphics of honour which Sir R. house, or in that of another; Wilson wore on his breast, in


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