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brought up to the Irish bar, and a variety of works, among which became professor of the civil law Letters on the prevalence in the University of Dublin; but of Christianity before its civil esentering into parliament, he chiefly tablishment, with Observations on engaged in political life, and, Mr. Gibbon's History of the Dethough descended from a Roman cline of the Roman empire.” Catholic family, distinguished This work is respectably men. himself by his violent opposition tioned by the historian, who, to the Catholic claims. He pub- however, speaks of it as only prelished various tracts on Irish po- paratory to a notice of himself. lities, and from the places which Another of his publications was, he obtainerl, appears to have been “ Discourses on the Prophecies,” regarded as an useful auxiliary in preached at Dr. Warburton's the government of that island. Lecture.

14. Richard Malone, Lord Sun- 18. Lord Arthur J. Hen. Somerderlin, of Ireland. After sitting in set, M. P. for Monmouth, and parliament for two Irish counties, brother to the Duke of Beaufort, he was raised to the peerage in in his 37th year. 1785. The title became extinct 23. Thomas Johnes, esq. of at his death,

Hafod, M. P. for Cardigan, and 15. Sir Simon Le Blanc, a Lord-lieut. of the county, aged Judge of the Court of King's 67. This gentleman rendered himBench, in his 68th year. He was self well known by his creations of high reputation in his legal of picturesque beauty, and his exand judicial capacity.

tensive improvements around his 17. East Apthorp, D. D. Pre- mansion, and by the treasures of bendary of Finsbury, in his 84th art and literature which he collectyear. This learned divine was a ed in it, and which induced him native of Boston, in New Eng- to give to the public translations land, whence he was sent foredu- of Froissart's and Monstrelet's cation to Jesus college Cambridge. Chronicles, and the travels of He returned to America as a mis- Brocquiere and Joinville, illussionary, and founded an episco- trated by many curious appenpalian church at Cambridge N. E. dages. He published there several ser- 26. Geo. Hardinge, esq. Justice mons, and having at length quit- for the counties of Glamorgan, ted his church and returned to Brecknock, and Radnor, F. R. S. England, he engnged, under the and F. S. A. in luis 72d year. He sanction of Archb Secker, in a was distinguished for his wit controversy with Dr. Mayhew of and learning, which last he acBoston, on the mission of bishops quired at Eton and Trinity colto North America, and on the lege, Cambridge; and was much conduct of the society for propa- admired both at the bar and from gating the gospel in foreign parts. the bench. He largely contriHe was collated by the primate buted to the “ Literary Anecdotes to the vicarage of Croydon, where of the Eighteenth Century," with he diligently performed the duties many of the subjects of which he of a parish priest, and published was intimately acquainted. He


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also published separately some Lately, Ann Viscountess Bar. miscellaneous pieces.

rington. 27. At Paris, where he had General John Dixon, aged 76. long resided, the Rev. Sir Herbert The lady of Sir Henry Harrey Croft, bart.in his 66th yenr. He was Bruce, bart. the author of a great variety of publications, some of which were

June. amusing and popular ; as well as of schemes for others of a more 4. At Naples, Sign. Paesiello, solid kind, which were not brought celebrated for his writings in to effect. He will probably be music and history, in his 84th most remembered by his Life of year. Dr. Young, adopted by Dr. John- 6. At Petersburg, Field-marshal son in his Lives of the English Prince Nicholas Sollikoff, aged 83. Poets. Sir H. C. succeeded to the Dowager Lady Asgill. baronetage by collateral descent. 8. Lord Frederick Campbell,

29. Charles Philip, Lord Stourton, aged 87, brother of the late Duke a Roman Catholic Peer,

of Argyle. Sir John Stuart, bart. of Allan- 12. Lady Eliz. Tynte, aged 86. bank.

14. Hon. Allan Maconochie, of May,

Meadow-bank, Lord Commis

sioner of Justiciary, Edinburgh. 1. Mrs. Cleucer, wife of the 15. Ellen, Countess Conyngham, archbishop of Dublin.

widow of Henry E. Conyngham, 9. George Greville, Earl of War- aged 97. wick and Brooke, aged 70.

16. Ludy Pearson, relict of Sir 4. Lieut. Gen. Sontag, in his Rich.Pearson, aged 72.

17. Charles Pierrepont, Earl 5. Dowager Lady Bellhaven and Marvers, in his 69th year. Stenton.

18. Right Ilon. Lady Mary 11. Sir T. Lighton, bart.

Parker. 12. The Lady of Major-Gen. In his sed year, Mr. Thomas Sir Edward Butler.

Henry, long a much esteenied 14. Barrington Pope Blachford, practitioner of medicine at Man

chester. He also obtained great 17. Dorothy Eliz. wife of Sir reputation for his scientific acBrook W. Bridges, bart.

quirements, especially in practi21. Rt. Hon. Lady Ribblesdale, cal chemistry. He was the first in her 44th year.

who treated philosophically on 28. At the age of 116, in Cold- a subject highly important to Bath-square, Mrs. Jane Lewson,

the improvement of the cotton the widow of a wealthy person,

manufacture, the employment of owner of the house she lived in, mordants in dyeing, and was likeand as singular in her dress and wise an early promoter of the manner of living, as remarkable new method of bleaching. His for the length of her years.

character as a man of science, 29. James Slope Johnston, Earl maintained by various writings, of Hopetoun, aged 75.

obtained for him admission to the


69th year.

esq. M. P.

Royal Society, and to several 3. Hon. Wm. Augustus Townsother learned bodies ; and he was hend, M. P. for Whitchurch. arnong the first founders of the Lieut. Gen. the Hon. Sir Brydges Literary and Philosophical So- I'recothick Henniker, bart, son of ciety of Manchester, of which he the late Lord Herniker. became president. This truly re- 4. At Paris, of an apoplectic spectable person was not less dis- attack, Arthur Annesley Earl of tinguished by qualities of the Mountnorris, aged 70. heart and mind, which warmly Richard Watson, D. D. Bishop attached to hiin all his acquaint- of Llandaff, aged 79. This emiance, and rendered him in ad gent prelate was born at Hevervanced age an object of equal sham near Kendal, in Westmoreaffection and veneration. He re- land, where his father, a clergytained the capacity of enjoying man, was master of the free the best pleasures of life to its grammar school. After domestic very extremity, and sunk without instruction, he was entered at å struggle under the inevitable Trinity college, Cambridge, where decay of nature.

he distinguished himself by assi29. General Cunningham, aged duous application to his studies. 60.

He was elected a fellow in 1760, Lady Wray, relict of Sir W.U. took the degree of M. A. in 1762, Wray, bart.

and was elected professor of cheSir Aler. Mackdonald Lockhart, mistry in 1764. He became one aged 40.

of the head tutors of the college, 24. Sir Rob. Staples, bart. Tree and in 1771 obtained the proland, in his 76th year.

fessorship of divinity, to which 27. John Peachey, Lord Selsey, the valuable rectory of Somerin his 68th year.

sham is annexed. This acadeLately. Lady Diana Fleming, mical elevation was entirely the widow of Sir M. le Fleming, bart. result of his industry and talents, Vice-Adm. James Alms.

and during his residence in the university, no member of it con

ferred more reputation on that July.

scat of learning than himself. As

moderator at academical exercises, 2. Sir John Dyer, Lieut. Col. he equally displayed his urbaof Artillery, whose death was oc- nity, and his acuteness, and plecasioned, whilst on field duty, gant nse of the Latin language. hy endeavouring to stop the car- He rendered his chemical lecriage of a brother officer whose tures highly interesting by clear horses had taken fright in the ab- explanations of the principles sence of the coachman. He was of the science as then received, struck on the breast by the pole, and by ingenious and useful exand the carriage ran over him. periments. In the divinity chair

Mary Baroness Nolken, the wi. he exhibited great extent of redow of Baron Nolken, the Swedish search, with a candid and liberal, plenipotentiary, in her 75th year. spirit of these qualities he gave

a signal

A signal proof in his “ Apology Society. These velumes were for Christianity ;" being a series of very favourably received, and are letters addressed to Jr. Gibbon yet perused with advantage, notas a reply to his attacks on that withstanding the great change in religion in his Decline and Fall, the theory of the seience. which the historian himself de- His open and zealous attachclared to be the most polite and ment to the political principles of liberal of all those by which he was the whigs was probably the eause encountered, and a perfect con- why, during a long possession of trast to the polemical exertions of the prelacy, he was never transsome of his antagonists. His lated from Landaff when the in“ Collection of Theological Tracts fluence of that party had dechinselected from various Authors for ed. His episcopal functions could the use of the younger Students scarcely be exercised in a see in the University,” likewise dis- where there was no place of resiplayed the enlargement of his denee for a bishop, yet he delisentiments with respect to con- vered and published occasional troverted points of Christian doc- charges to his clergy. He also trine.

continued to give to the world Dr. Watson, who published tracts on important subjects, afa sermon entitled “ The Princi- fording matter for literary and ples of the Revolution Vindicated,” political memoirs which would fill had openly taken his part in the an interesting volume. The high state as well as in the church; regard with which he inspired his and when the Rockingham admi- academic pupils, was evinced by nistration was formed in 1782, he a considerable accession to his was raised through the recom- fortone from a bequest of Mr. mendation of the Duke of Rut- Luther, of Essex, to whom he land, to whom he had been tutor had been tutor. He passed the at college, to the episcopal bench evening of his life chiefly at his in the see of Landaff. With this sent of Calgarth in Westmorland, bishopric, the poorest in the king- where he actively employed himdom, he was allowed to hold his self in rural decorations and agriother preferments, among which cultural improvements. His manwas a valuable rectory presented ners were simple, with much by the Duke of Kutland; and requality of temper. He left a upon the whole, his church emo- numerous family. luments were considerable. He 5. At St. Cloud, near Paris, Mrs. now entirely renounced his che- Jordan, a celebrated actiess, .conmical pursuits, as a sacrifice to sidered as unrivalled on the Enghis prelatic dignity; but he col- lish stage for perfect nature with lected in five small volumes all , arch simplicity in comic charachis essays and experiments rela- térs. With foibles in her conduct, tive to the subject, some of which she possessed a generous and bewere papers in the Philosophical pevolent heart. Transactions communicated by : 7. Richard Brimsley Sheridan, him as a member of the Royal whose character and talents have


for a long course of years kept in the Drury-lane patent, and him in the eye of the public as brought on the stage an altered one of the most remarkable per- play of Vanburgh's. In 1777 his sons of his time. He was born dramatic powers were exhibited in 1751, at or near Dublin, and in their full lustre by the compowas the fourth son of Thomas sition of “ The School for ScanSheridan, known for his powers dal," a comedy which, perhaps of declamation as an actor, and as more than any other of the moa successful instructor in elocu- dern drama, revived the witty age tion. Richard passed the early of the English theatre. It was years of education at Dublin, performed with the most comwhence he was removed to Har- plete success, and still commands row. He appears to have ob- crowded audiences in its turn of tained no particular distinction at representation as a stock play school, being naturally disposed The “Critic," written upon the to indolence, and trusting more model of The Rehearsal, exhito the impulse of genius than the bited a very amusing specimen of habit of application. His con- his talent in humorous satire. nections naturally familiarized him Although he derived considerable with the theatre; and the attrac- profit from his productions, and tions of Miss Linley operated with from his share in the theatre, his so much force upon him, that stile of living always went beafter having won her by a duel, yond his resources, his expenses from a rival, he was rewarded being entirely unrestrained by with her hand. She quitted the economy, or by any delicacy in stage on this union; and it does contracting debts which he had not appear what was Sheridan's no means of discharging. By plan for maintaining a family, till friends who thought highly of his in 1775 he brought out his plea- abilities, he was therefore advised sant comedy of “The Rivals,” at to exercise them in the more ferCovent-Garden. Its first recep- tile and extensive field of politics. tion was like a failure; but by By his efforts he obtained a seat judicious alterations it gained the in parliament for the borough of public favour, and gave the au- Stafford, and he closely attached thor precedence above the ordi- himself to the opposition against nary p'ay-wrights of the time. the ministryof Lord North. When The “ Duenna," which soon fol that was overthrown in 1782, and lowed, obtained a popularity even was succeeded by the Rockingham beyond that of the Beggar's Opera, administration, Sheridan was grabeing performed 75 nights during tified with the post of underthe season. He now pushed his secretary to Mr. Fox. His friends connexions in fashionable life; being shortly unseated by the and the brilliancy of his wit, with death of their leader, he lost his the charms of Mrs. Sheridan's place; but when the Shelburne conversation, brought ready visi- party was defeated by the Coalitors to their convivial table. To tion, he re-entered the official support this expence, he joined in corps as secretary to the treasury. the purchase of Garrick's share As a parliamentary orator he had


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