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When the report of the Address were by no incans uniform as to was brought up on the following the best mode of bringing it to day, some conversation occurred effect. The motion, however, respecting the burthens and dis- was carried unanimąously. tresses of the people ; and Mr. Of several preparatory motions Biring, from his knowledge of for future proceedings it is not commerce, made soine observa- necessary to take notice; but a tions calling in question the fa- motion by Mr. Brougham on Feb. vourable view of public pros- 9th, referred to so singular an perity held forth in the speech : occurrence in general politics, the address, however, passed with that although it had no public reout opposition.
sult, the record of it will be inThe several treaties and con- teresting as a matter of history, ventions of the past year were The hon. member rose to move then laid before parliament. They for the production of a copy of formed a very voluminous collec- the treaty concluded at Paris on tion, of which a summary will be Sept. 26th, between Austria, Rusfound under the head of State sia, and Prussia. By the tenor of Papers.
this treaty, expressed in the most On Feb. 5th, Lord Castlereagh devout and solemn language, the rose in pursuance of notice to three potentates, members of call the attention of the House of three different Christian churches, Commons to the propriety of declared in the face of the world adopting some signal mode of their resolution both in the adexpressing the national gratitude ministration of their own states, to the navy for the great services and in their political relations performed by it during the late with other governments, to take war; and he concluded a pre- for their sole guide the precepts liminary speech by moving an ad- of the holy religion taught by our dress to the Prince Regent, re- Saviour. In consequence, they questing that he would be pleased signed an agreement to three to give directions that a national articles, the first of which bound monument be erected in honour them to a fraternity of mutual of the ever-memorable victory of friendship and assistance, and the Trafalgar, and to commemorate conimon protection of religion, the fame of Lord Nelson and the peace, and justice; which in the other officers, seamen, &c. who second was explained in a kind of died gloriously in their country's mystical strain, to notify that they cause on that occasion.
regarded themselves as delegated This motion, obviously supple- by Providence to govern three mentary to that which had con- branches of one and the same ferred so much honour on the Christian nation, of which the Diarmy by a resolution for a mag- vine Being under his three chanificent monument to record the racters was the sole real sove. battle of Waterloo, brought on a reign ; and the third declared a conversation in which, with a ge- readiness to receive into this honeral concurrence in the inten- ly alliance all the powers who tion, it appeared that opinions should solemnly avow the sacred
principles which had dictated an address to the Prince Regent, it.
that he would be pleased to give Politicians were much at a loss directions that a copy of the treaty to conceive the occasion and pur should be laid before the House. pose of a treaty, at the same time Lord Castlereagh, who had preso serious and so indefinite, which viously admitted the authenticity appeared to bind the subscribers of the document moved for, after to nothing more than to act upon adducing, from the result of the those general principles which, as preceding union of these soveChristian princes, they had always reigns, arguments against regardheld forth as the rule of their con- ing them with suspicion, informduct. It was understood that ed the hon. gentleman, that inits immediate cause was an im- stead of any secrecy in their propression made upon the mind of ceedings on the present occasion, the emperor Alexander, whose pe- the emperor of Russia had comculiar zeal in the project was dis municated to him a draft of the played by a manifesto issued on purposed treaty, he believed, beChristmas day, and signed by his fore it had been communicated to own hand, in which he inade the other sovereigns ; and that public the engagement which the after its signature, a joint letter three powers had entered into, had been addressed by them to and which he interpreted to be it the Prince Regent, stating the reciprocal league of peace and grounds on which it had been amity upon Christian principles concluded, and anxiously desiring for the general good.
his accession to it :--that his Mr. Brougham prefaced his mo- Royal Highness in reply had extion with reasons why he thought pressed his satisfaction at the nait material that inquiry should be ture of the treaty, and his assurmade respecting the above treaty; ance that the British government instancing the circumstances of would not be the one least disits having been contracted by posed to act up to its principles. three powers, our allies, without His lordship then went into a our participation ; of its having panegyric of the emperor of Rusreceived the signatures of the sia; and finally characterised the sovereigns themselves, whereas motion as wholly unnecessary, all other treaties had been ratifi- and of dangerous tendency if the ed by the medium of diplomatic confederacy could be shaken by agents; of being apparently un- attempts to degrade the sovereigns called for, since the attachinent of of Europe by unfounded imputathe contracting powers to the tions. Christian religion had never been On a division of the House, the questioned. He adverted to the motion was rejected by a majority union of the same powers for the of 104 to 30. partition of Poland, on which oc- The public opinion concerning casion the empress Catharine had this extraordinary treaty, seems to employed in her proclamations have corresponded with that exlanguage similar to that of the pressed by the hon. Mr. Bennet treaty. He concluded by moving in his speech ; " that the only motive which the noble lord could more. The noble lord had not have for refusing its production denied that a treaty was actually was, that he was ashamed of it signed with France and Austria, and of our allies.”
without the participation of RusMr. Brougham next moved for sia, and, he believed, of Prussia, an address to the Prince Regent, and to which he was himself a requesting a copy of a treaty be- contracting party. The House tween Austria, France, and Great ought to be put in possession of Britain, signed at Vienna in Ja- the document. If the noble lord nuary 1815.
could show that the causes which Lord Castlereagh, in stating his gave birth to the treaty of Jaobjections to the production of nuary 1815 no longer existed, it this treaty, alluded to it as one would be well ; otherwise it would which, being intended to be car- be impossible for him to believe, ried into execution only in cer- that there was a cordial commutain conjunctures which never nity of feeling among the allies. happened, and parliament never This transaction, however, was having been called upon to sup- still kept a state secret, for the port the executive power in mak- motion was negatived by 92 votes ing good its engagements, it against 25. might be considered in the nature On Feb. 12th, the House of of an unfinished transaction, a Commons sitting in a committee mere historical fact, which could of supply, the Chancellor of the have no influence on our actual Erchequer introduced that importaffairs,
ant subject, his Financia) ExposiIt appearing on the further dis- tion. He began with a brief excussion of the question, that this planation of the vote with which was a treaty from which Russia, he intended to conclude, the purrepresented as our most faithful pose of which was to provide for ally, was excluded, Lord Castle- the payment of different outreagh endeavoured to divert fur- standing exchequer bills, the ther inquiry by saying, that not amount of which he stated, for three months afterwards, there the year 1814 and 1815, at was evinced the most cordial con- 35,600,0001. He then proceeded cert and co-operation among the to make some general observaallies; and that if, as the gentle- tions as to the probable extent of men in opposition maintained, the supply, and the ways and there existed dis-union at one means to meet that supply. Betinie, reciprocal confidence had ginning with a statement of the subsequently been restored. different branches of revenue, he
In answer to this observation, gave an amount of 66,443,8021. Mr. Tierney said, that the allied for the year 1915, exceeding by powers did certainly unite against more than a million that of 1814, their common enemy, Buona- which itself was greater than that parte ; but what he wanted to of any former year. In the apknow was, how they were affected plication of this sum, 21 millions to each other, when this common had been employed in the payenemy was supposed to be no ment of arrears, by which the whole unfunded debt had been proceeded to a summary of the brought down from upwards of principal heads of the public ex644 millions to 47,700,000. He penditure for the present year. then took into .consideration the lle began with remarking, that commercial state of the country, he wished not to be understood respecting which he said he could us laying down the outlines of a only give a statement of our 'ex- permanent peace establishment, portation for the three quarters as he was confident that he could ending October 10th, 1813, the point out in future years reduclatest period to which the ac- tions to the amount of several counts had been made up. Of millions; and no one could be these the amount was 42,425,357, surprised, that in the first year an increase of about 51 millions after so long and extensive a war, beyond the parallel period of it was impossible to carry all 1814. This prosperous situation those retrenchments into immedid not prevent our labouring diate effect. There would be on under temporary embarrassments, that night a vote proposed for which he attributed chiefly to the 33,000 seamen, which was 10,000 depreciation of agricultural pro- more than were contemplated for duce; and he then proceeded to a peace establishment; and the the remedies which he had to whole expense for that departpropose, of which there were two ment was stated at seven millions. classes ; a diminution of taxa- With respect to the army, he did tion, and a system of measures not intend to propose a vote for for the support of public credit. that service at present, but he The tendency of the Chancellor's would give a general view of the reasoning upon this subject in subject. The following were the general went to show, that the principal beads : forces for home public distresses would be much service, including Guernsey and more effectually relieved by ah- Jersey, 25,000; for Ireland, an staining from borrowing money eqnal number ; and for the relief in the present year, and, on the of garrisons abroad 3,000: for the contrary, relieving the stocks by garrisons of Gibraltar, Malta, and the operation of the sinking fund, the Ionian isles, 11,000 : for than by a great dininution of America 10,000 : for the West taxation. Government did not, Indies, 13,000 : for the Cape of however, propose to omit the Good Hope, the Mauritins, Ceylatter relief to a certain extent; lon, St. Helena, &c. 12,000 : on and a reduction of the property. the whole, upon the British and tax to five per cent. would imme. Irish establishments, 99,000. The diately take off seven millions of force serving in France for a taxes, of which sum the share of limited time was stated at 30,000, four millions would fall to the the expense of which, however, agricultural interest, which he
was to be defrayed out of the also hoped further to relieve by contributions of the French go. the remission of other taxes to vernment, which had hitherto the amount of one million. been punctually paid. He beThe right hon. gentleman "next lieved, that in point of law, these
contributions were of the saine Having concluded his general nature with the droits of the exposition, the Chancellor of the crown, and became the personal Exchequer moved, that the sum property of the sovereign ; but of 16,024, 1001. be granted for the Prince Regent had deter- the discharge of outstanding exmined, that it should be applied chequer bills. solely to the public service, with In the discussions which enthe exception of a donation to the sued, and in which many memarmy of the Duke of Wellington bers on both sides took a part, a as prize-money, estimated at one variety of topics was entered million. For the 20,000 forces upon, particularly those of the in India, the Company was to income tax, and the peace estaprovide. The whole amount of blishment of the army; but these the military charges for the year, being afterwards directly made including ordnance and miscella- the subject of debate, the notice
service, was stated at of them will be reserved to the 29,398,000l. from which was to
proper occasion. The resolutions be deducted the Irish proportion now moved, were put from the of 2 millions.
chair and agreed to. The ways and means by which The alarm excited by announcit was proposed to meet this ex- ing a proposed continuance of penditure were the concluding the property tax was now beginsubject of the Chancellor's speech; ning to operate ; and the city of and he began with a ' very novel London commenced an opposition and satisfactory item,' namely a by presenting to parliament, on surplus of three millions remain- Feb. 13th, two petitions against ing of the unapplied grants of the tax, one from the Lord Mayor, the preceding year, applicable to Aldermen,and Commons, the other the service of the present year. from the Lord Mayor and LiveryThe next was of the consolidated men, both expressed in strong fund, which he estimated at 2 language respecting the odious millions. The ordinary annual and inquisitorial nature of the tax. taxes he took at 3 millions, and On the resumption of the comsaid that he intended to propose mittee of supply, the financial the prolongation of some of the plan of the Chancellor of the war taxes on customs and ex- Exchequer underwent attack, and cise. The next items were a 5 the subjects of the propertyper cent. property tax estimated tax, and the military establishat 6 millions, and a lottery at ment, were again brought into 200,000l. The last article was debate; the second resolutions an advance of 6 millions from the were however passed. On a moBank, at the interest of 4 per tion from Mr. Horner, acquiesced cent., of which, however, 14 mil- in by the minister, an address lion was to be deducted for the was ordered to be presented to re-payment of a former advance. the Prince Regent, praying, that The total amount of ways and he would order to be laid before means he therefore stated at the House, a copy of any agree26,700,0001.
ment entered into by the allied