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went to make an alteration in the of the duty of parliament to endeareligion of the country, should be vour by a conciliatory policy to discussed in that House until the bind together our fellow-subjects proposition had been first con- of whatever religious persuasion, sidered by a committee, or agreed and that this House will accordto by the House.

ingly, in the next session of parliaThis being done, the Speaker ment, take into its early considerasaid that in matters of this nature tion those disabling statutes which it was the practice to begin with a still press upon the Roman-cacommittee of the whole House, tholics of Great Britain and Irebut at the same time he did not land. In the subsequent debate, know that any member was pre- the resolution was opposed on the cluded from moving abstract re- ground of the impropriety of fetsolutions. After some further tering the discretion of the House conversation on the subject, Lord by such an engagement; and also Castlereagh spoke warınly respect- by the arguments so often before ing the injury the hon. baronet urged relative to the dangers of was doing to the cause by the the constitution in church and course he was taking; and put it state, from the catholic claims, to himself if many friends to the especially as the clergy of that question had not withdrawn them- persuasion in Ireland had expliselves on this account. He him- citly declared a determination of self could not give it his support, standing independent of the Briand he hoped the hon. baronet tish crown. The supporters of would not persevere in his mo- the resolution, on the other hand, tion.

argued in its favour from those Sir H. Parnell, after defending principles of the equality of civil his conduct on the ground of pub- rights amidst all differences of lic duty, consented to withdraw religion not hostile to civil governhis resolutions.

ment, which they had always In the House of Lords, on June maintained. These discussions 11th, the petitions of the catholics could afford no novelty requiring of Ireland were presented by the notice; but the liberal opinion Earl of Donoughmore, and read; declared by the Bishop of Norwich and his motion for taking them respecting the church of which he into consideration on the 21st, is a dignitary, appears to us too was agreed to. At the same time interesting to be passed over. Earl Grey presented the petition “It had been asked (said his of the catholics of England, which lordship) as a triumphant objecwas also read and laid upon the tion, would we pull down the table.

bulwarks of our faith? would we The catholic question was taken remove the defensive guard of into consideration on the 21st, our religion ? would we shake when the Earl of Donoughmore, the pillars of our church? Im. in calling the attention of their pressed with those feelings that lordships to the petitions before became his situation, he would them, stated a resolution which he give a short answer. The only intended to propose to the House. way to secure permanently the Its substance was a declaration existence of any establishment,

civil or ecclesiastical, was to upon the application of any evince liberal and conciliatory foreign minister ;" which was neconduct to those who differed gatived by S2 against 31. from us, and to lay its foundation The second reading of the in the love, affection, and esteem Alien Bill was moved for by Lord of all within its influence. This Castlereugh on May 10th, when was the true bulwark of our Lord Archibald Hamilton began church : with this it was secure the attack upon it by arguing that against all danger : without this its enactments were at this time every other security was futile totally unnecessary, and that its and fallacious."

powers were oppressive and danThe division on the resolution gerous ; and he moved as an gave, Contents 69 ; Non-contents amendment, that the bill be read 73: Majority against it 4. a second time on that day three

On April 25th Lord Castlereagh months. rose in the House of Commons . There is less occasion to enter to move the repeal of the present into the particulars of the subAlien Bill, for the purpose of in sequent debate, as the bill was troducing a measure more calcu- stated to be a precise counterpart lated for the circumstances of the of that which passed two years country, and similar to that adopt. before. The ground for its reed after the peace of Paris. He newal was distinctly declared by said, that although tranquillity Lord Castlereagh. He would in Europe had been restored, the ask, (said he) the learned and situation of Great Britain was still hon. geetleman who had opposed such as to require precautions it, if he would recommend goagainst the possibility of the dis- vernment and parliament to throw turbance of internal security. The open the country to all those noble lord then moved for leave violent and troubled spirits who to bring in a bill to repeal the act assembled about Buonaparte when of the last session respecting he made his last and desperate aliens, and to substitute other effort to disturb the peace of the provisions for a time to be limited. world ?” As it was not obvious

Some conversation ensued con- that any peculiar danger accrued cerning the necessity of such a to this country from the presence bill, which terininated in the re- of such emigrants, the speakers quested leave being obtained, in opposition regarded the mea

Complaint being made of preci- sure as rather subservient to the pitation in carrying on the bill, for policy of the French court, than which haste the reason.given was, called for by the circumstances that the existing bill would expire of England; and the debate inon May 12th, a postponement of volved much discussion, both the second reading to May 1st legal and political. The House was agreed to. On that day Sir dividing upon the question, the Sumuel Romilly moved, “That second reading was carried by there be laid before the House an 141 votes against 47. account of the number of aliens The bill having gone into a sent out of the country under committee, the order of the day any of the acts relating to aliens, for receiving its report stood for

May

May 20th.

The debate having Lord Castlereagh objected to it been resumed, the question was as too much narrowing the opecalled for with some impatience, ration of the bill. After a debate when, upon a division, it was on the subject, Lord Althorp determined for admitting the re- having amended his clause by port by a majority of 143 to 48. substituting the 1st of January,

Sir S. Romilly then moved that 1813, it was put to the rote, the bill should be renewed for one when the numbers for the clause year only, instead of two years as were 33 ; against it 76. proposed. This amendment was The debate on the third readrejected by 124 votes to 44. ing being resumed on the 31st,

Sir James Mackintosh then pro- Lord Milton observed, that by posed a new clause for the pur- its provisions as they now stood, pose of giving effect to that right an alien woman married to a of appeal to the privy-coụncil, natural-born subject, might be which the bill held out to aliens sent out of the kingdom. He as a security, but which a certain wished to guard against such an decision had rendered perfectly abuse by a clause for the purpose. nugatory. The resolution on the Lord Castlereagh thought that a clause being moved and seconded, discretion upon that point might an adjournment was moved by safely be left in the hands of gothe opposition to give an oppor- vernment, and that the insertion tunity for its full discussion of the clause would only be emLord Castlereagh, on the other barrassing the operations of the hand, moved that the bill should bill. This being his lordship's be engrossed, wbich would be pre only argument against it, he was cluding all farther amendments in charged with opposing it solely this stage; but at length he yield- because he wished to have the ed to the adjourpinent.

entire direction and control over When the motion was read on the bill. The clause was rejected May 28th for the third reading by 91 votes to 31. of the bill, Lord Althorp said, It would be useless to menthat seeing no prospect of its re- tion other amendments which jection, he wished to do all the were proposed for the mitigation practical good in his power by of the rigour of the bill: all guarding against its abusive exer- which were negatived. The bill cise; he therefore proposed a then passed. clause to exempt from the opera- The alien bill being introduced tion of the bill any aliens who into the House of Lords, the dewere resident in this country be- bạtes upon it took the same turn as fore January lst, 1816, intima- those in the other House, and the ting that he would be willing to fate of proposed clauses of amendadopt any other date the Housement was exactly similar. The should think proper, his object reading of the bill a third time was being only to protect those aliens carried on June 18th, after a diwho had been long resident in vision of Contents, 108; Non-conthis country.

tents, 46 : Majority 60. The question having been put,

CHAPTER CHAPTER V.

Bill for Regulation of the Civil List.--Motion on Salaries and Emolu

ments in Public Offices.-Consolidation of English and Irish Exchequers.-Bill for a new Silver Coinage.

O

NE of It is obvious, that these heads

the parliamentary transac- could only be treated of by means tions of the present year, was

of minute statements of accounts, the passing of a bill for the regu- which do nut aduit of abridge lation of the Civil List. On May ment. Under that of regulations, 3d, the order of the day being for however, the appointment of a taking into consideration the re- new officer, on whom the control port made in June 1815, by the of the expenditure is in a great select committee appointed to measure vested, affords an interconsider the account presented to esting object of information. The the House, by command of the noble lord said, that for the purPrince Regent, relative to the pose of bringing the expenditure civil list, Lord Castlereagh rose, under some direct control, it was pursuant to notice, for leave to necessary to create a new officer, bring in a bill for the purpose who should act as the represenabove-stated.

tative of the treasury in the suThe noble lord, after an intro- perintendance of this expendiduction, stating the delicacy of ture. He was to have all facilithe subject, and the mistaken no- ties of communicating with the tions which had prevailed con- different departments, and of callcerning it, divided the topic, ing the officers before him, and which it was his intention to inspecting the accounts. Thus treat of, into the following heads : he would be able to observe any 1. a retrospective view of the expenditure as it was going on, civil list expenditure for a series and make representations to the of years, compared with its re- treasury on any thing which should venues : 2. a prospective view of appear like extravagance. The the probable future expenditure salary annexed to this office was of the civil list, with a considera- 15001. a year. tion of the adequacy of the funds His lordship closed the subappropriated to it, and the most ject, with saying, that “ The economical mode of augmenting crown had been most unfairly, them : 3. the prospective : regu- unjustly, and unfortunately, aclations which would be necessary cused of profusion and extrafor upholding the proper splendor vagance; from which charge it of the crown, paying at the same was his duty to rescue the Sovetime all due regard to economy: reign, and he hoped he had suc

ceeded."

was

ceeded." He informed the mein- founded on the particulars of the bers, that there would be placed accounts, cannot be understood in their hands the documents ne. in a detached form. The House cessary for a just understanding at length divided, when the numof the question, and he concluded ber's were, For Mr. Tierney's by moving for leave to bring in motion 192; Against it 219 : the proposed bill, which Majority 91. granted.

The report of the civil list On May 6th, Mr. Tierney rose, bill being brought up on May According to notice, for the pur- 24th, Mi. Tierney rose again to pose of calling the attention of call the attention of the House the House to the subject of the to it. He said, the present bill civil list. Going through at length professed to afford a remedy for the details of the accounts which the constantly recurring excesses had been laid before the House, of the civil list, which consisted he deduced from them very dif- in separating the ordinary exferent results from those which penses from those which were had been stated by the noble lord, less immediately connected with and which were far from justi- the splendor of the crown, and fying his encomiums on the eco- throwing the latter, partly on the nomy displayed by the crown, or consolidated fund, and partly inspiring confidence in the effect leaving them to be provided for of his prospective arrangements. · by the votes of the House. The He concluded an able speech, but whole of the annual charge for of which no summary can be these purposes would amount given, by moving, “ That a se- to 1,338,000l., of which parlialect committee be appointed, to ment must make good 255,0001.; take into consideration the several this was therefore a most imaccounts and papers which have portant bill, and it wouldl well been presented to this House, re- become the House, before they lating to his Majesty's civil list, assented to it, to consider, whewith power to send for persons ther means might not be found papers, and records." If this of paring down the civil list, beinotion were carried, he declared fore they resorted to other reThis intention to move, “ That it sources. On this point, he had be an instruction to the said nothing to say: having repeatcommittee, to report on the ques. edly directed the attention of the tion of the droits of Admiralty." House to it, they had always re

Lord Castlereagh, in answer, fused to appoint a committee. went into an examination of some The right hon. gentleman then of the statements of the right proceeded to consider the estihon. gentleman, premising, that mate as it had been laid on the he had never heard a speech less table; and made a number of conciliatory, or more calculated observations, to show that parliato inflame a jealousy of the royalment ought not to be called upon expenditure. Several other gen- to make good any deficiency in tlemen joined in the debate on the civil list, till proof had been each side, whose arguments being given, that all the resources of

the

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