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temporary application of this great sent condition of Ireland would military force, and may enable be expected from him. Geneus to proceed with active and un- rally speaking (he said) the ceasing energy to their complete north of Ireland was tranquil, investigation: That we have armi- no disturbance prevailing there ed the executive government with except what arose from. illicit all the means requisite to sup- distillation, and the consequent press tumult and punish outrage; opposition to the revenue laws in and we would now apply all our

certain districts. The extreme powers to a deliberate examinit- west, and tbe counties of Mayo, tion of the existing evils, and the Galway, and Carlow were comcauses from whence they origi- paratively tranquil; and the mate, as the surest foundation for

sitnje miglit be said of the south, affording to his Royal Highness of Cork, Wexford, &c. The eest the cordial and active concurrence was likewise so far tranquil, that of this llouse in such measures as no applications to government shall be proposed for their effec- for extraordinary police had been tual removal, and for adopting made from those counties. The such other wholesome and effica- courties in which disturland cious remedies, forined in the actually prevailed were Tipperary, spiiit of British constitutional King's County, Wl'estineath, and legislation, as may appear to our Limerick. The magistrates of dispassionate judgment most ade- King's County had requested the quate to effect the extirpation of application of the insurrection those evils with which Ireland is act, but had since petitioned for aflicted, and to rescue that fair its removal, asserting that tran. portion of the empire from its quillity was perfectly restored. present depresion and disorgan In Westmeath and Limerick a ization."

considerable iinprovement had Nr. Peel, on rising to explain taken place, but the insurrection and defend the measures pursuell act was still in force. The m by the governient with which he gistrates of Louth and Cavan had was condiciod, began with an petitioned the government for auknowledgment of the tone of ihe application, vot of the insuripoderation which the right hon. rection act, but of the extraordibaronet had in general displayed. nary police act. This was the liith certain pails of the address general state of the country; but which he had proposed it was his nothing was more dillicult than intention to concul,

but he to give a character of the precise thought it precipitate to pleilge nature of the disturbances non the Ilouse io a general inquiry agitating it. Formerly tumults without explaining the kind of and outrages inight be traced to inquiry which it was desired 10 particular causes ; but those institute, and how it was to be which now prevailed seemnel to conducted. Before following the he the effect of a general condetails into which he hud entcred, federacy in crime—a systematic the right hon. gentleman sup- opposition to all laws and muniposed a statement of the pre- cipal institutions. The right hon.


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gentleman adduced facts in proof votes for the amendment were of this position, and then proceed- 187, those against it, 103 : Maed to an examination of the state- jority in its favour 84. ments inade by the right hon. ba- On the same day, April 26th, ronet, and to a discussion of the on which this debate took place, alleged causes of the evils for a petition was presented to the which remedies might be adopted. House of Commons by Sir Henry

As we cannot give a concise Parnell, which, as making a comview of bis speech, we must con- mencement of the parliamentary tent ourselves with transcribing transactions of the year relative the amendment to the former to the Roman Catholics, may speaker's motion, with which he here be properly introduced, and concluded.

carried on without interruption “ That an humble address be to the close of the session. presented to his Royal Highness The hon. member said that he the Prince Regent, expressing rose to present a petition from our deep regret that the internal certain Roman Catholics of Irestate of Ireland in time of peace, land, which had been agreed to renders it necessary to maintain at a general meeting held at a large military force in that Dublin, and the proceedings of country for the present year, for which were entirely regular. the purpose of assisting in the There was another petition from execution of the law, and in the another description of persons of preservation of public tranquillity; the same persuasion which was and entreating that his Royal to be presented in a few days, Highness will be graciouslypleased and which had been considered to direet that there be laid before as a proof of difference of opinion this House a statement of the na- which might defeat the applicature and extent of the disturb- tion of the petitioners to parliaances which have recently pre- ment in the present session; but vailed in Ireland, and the mea- he thought that the difference, sures which have been adopted by upon examination, would not be the government of that country found one of a solid character. in consequence thereof."

The present petition abstained The competition between the entirely from the mention of all two addresses necessarily called ecclesiastical arrangement; the forth the exertions of the most other stated that the petitioners considerable speakers on topics were ready to submit to any rerelative to Ireland, on both sides gulations not incompatible with of the House ; among those of the principlesand discipline of their the opposition being numbered religion. It had hence been infer. Mr. Plunkett, Mr. Grattan, and red that there was a great degree Mr. Ponsonby ; among the sup- of difference between the parties; porters of government, Mr. Vesey but it could not correctly be supFitzgerald, and Lord Castlereagh. posed that the persons whose peThe debate was at length ternii. tition he now presented were so nated by a division, in which the unreasonable as to reject all mea. Vol. LVIII.



sures of temperate and proper stacle either to the succession of regulation.

the crown, as limited by parThe petition was then read, liament to his Majesty's family, the tenor of which was, That being protestants, or to the temthe petitioners are excluded from poral rights of the protestant esthe enjoyment of the free consti- tablishment as fixed by law : and tution of these realms; and that that in the prosecution of their they are subject to such ex- object they earnestly desire, neiclusion not on account of any ther in act nor expression, to imputed deficiency of disposition leave room for jealousy on the or inability to the service of the part of their protestant fellowcrown or the support of the state, subjects. They conclude with but solely on account of their humbly soliciting the House tu conscientious adherence to that take into its consideration the religion which was professed by state of the laws affecting the those princes and patriots of Roman Catholics, with a view to Great Britain who had originated the repeal of all of them which her justly boasted constitution: do not relate to the succession to and they again implored the House the crown, or to the continuance to grant them redress of the op- of the Protestant church estabpressive grievances of which they lishment. complained, and to restore them On May 21st, the Rt. Hon. to the full and unrestricted en- William Elliot rose to present to joyment of the rank of free sub- the House a petition from the jects of the empire.

English Roman-catholies, which The petition was ordered to lie he introduced by an energetic on the table.

speech that drew loud cheers from On May 15th the other petition all parts of the House. The subfrom the Irish Catholics was pre- stance of the petition, which was sented to the House of Commons expressed with all the temper and by Mr. Grattan. Its general pur- decorum which had characterized port, though expressed in more every application to the legisladiffuse language, was similar to ture from that respectable body, that of the former petition : its was to represent that although by diversity consisted in the follow- two acts of the present reign ing points. The petitioners stated many penal laws to which they their readiness to conform to any were subject have been repealed, regulations not incompatible with yet that many are still in force, the principles of their religion as which have a very distressing opethey respect their faith and disci- ration upon thein, to which they pline, and not threatening danger are exposed merely on account of to the purity and permanence of their refusal of certain religious its exercise : that they seek no tests ; that their objection to these alteration in the principles of is solely of a conscientious nature, the British constitution as now and not in the least degree consettled; for the principles of flicting with any moral, civil, or their religion interpose no ob- political duty; that they have at


different times presented petitions made out by those to whom it apto the House for relief from the pertained, of the candidates for a laws remaining in force against bishopric, should be presented to them, and are truly grateful for the King's ministers in order that the full and benign discussion they might expunge the name of their petitions have receivedl ; and any one whom they disliked or that they again approach the suspected. He (Mr. Grattan) had House with perfect reliance on often been asked what plan he its wisdom and humanity, hum- brought for the granting of emanbly praying that their case may cipation ; where are your securiagain be taken into consideration, ties? He would now say, Here and that there may be extended are my terms; they are the terms to them the enjoyment, in common on which you formerly wished to with their fellow-subjects, of the grant it, and will you now refuse blessings of the constitution. what you so anxiously sought for?

After this petition had been The hon. gentleman pursued to read, Mr. Grattan rose to make some length his reasoning upon his announced motion relative to this topic ; and concluded with the petition from Ireland, which moving “That this House will, he had presented. He said, his early in the next session of parhon. friend who had just address. liament, take into its most serious ed the House had argued the consideration the state of the laws question so justly and wisely, that affecting his Majesty's Roman-cahe had left him little to add on tholic subjects in Great Britain the subject. He confined himself and Ireland, with a view to such chiefly to the particular matter of a final and conciliatory adjustment the petition, which was signed by as may be conducive to the peace above 900 persons, among whom and strength of the United Kingwas a large portion of the Irish dom, to the stability of the Protesnobility. The petitioners had tant establishment, and to the gemade those declarations on the neral satisfaction and concord of all part of the catholics which the classes of his Majesty's subjects.” House had desired to have, and Sir Henry Parnell then rose to had complied with the terms speak in the capacity of the prewhich had been exacted from senter of the other catholic petithem. He hail a letter in his tion, and said, that although when hand, for the authenticity of first informed of the intended mowhich he could vouch, directed tion he was disposed to think it by the Pope to be written by not that which the circumstances Cardinal Litta to Dr. Poynter, of the case required, yet upon touching the conditions with consulting several members on which the legislature wished that the subject, and considering the any concessions to the catholics late period of the session, he was should be accompanied ; and the induced to change his opinion, forms of oaths which it permitted and willingly second the motion. were little different from those at He then entered into considerapresent taken by the catholics of tions of the policy of the repeal of Ireland, to which was added his the penal code, which he consiHoliness's permission that a list, dered as the principal cause of the



In con

discontents with which Ireland ceive the petition, inasmuch as it was now agitated.

professed to be from persons who As all that could be farther said called themselves the bishops, and on the topic of catholic emancipa- not the titular bishops, of Ireland, tion must be no more than reca- which was contrary to an Irish pitulation of arguments produced act, prohibiting all Popish eccleat former repeated discussions, siastics from assuming any ecclewe shall only remark in this de- siastical title within the realm. bate, that while the motion was It was affirmed in reply, that this supported by Lord Castlereagh, it act had been virtually repealed by was opposed by the secretary for a later statute; and a speech of Ireland, Mr. Peel. The question Bishop Horsley was quoted, who, being loudly called for, there ap- in referring to the Roman-cathopeared For the motion 141; a- lic prelacy of Ireland said, “My gainst it, 172: majority in the lords, they are as much bishops as negative, 31.

any of my reverend friends who On the 30th of May, Sir Henry now sit on this bench." Further Parnell rose in the House to pre- it was observed, that the petitionsent a petition from the bishops ers in their signatures had not and clergy professing the Roman- distinguished themselves by any catholic religion in Ireland, which, particular see, but merely by their he said, was signed by twenty- christian and surnames. three prelates, and1052 priests. He clusion, the petition was read, expatiated upon the character and and ordered to lie on the table. merits of the catholic clergy in On June 6th, Sir H. Parnell, Ireland, asserting that whatever pursuant to notice, called the at. there was of moral principle tention of the House to the petiamong the catholic people of that tions which he had presented, and country, was wholly to be attri- which, he said, contained the buted to their unabated zeal. The prayer of nine-tenths of the Irish petition which they had placed in Roman-catholics, including all his hands contained their unani- the clergy. After attempting to mous opinion on those ecclesias- shew that the time was now artical arrangements which some rived in which some farther conpersons had thought nocessary to cessions ought to be made to that be connected with the measure of elass of subjects, he said he should catholic emancipation, and it com- propose certain resolutions which, prized a very able argument to if agreed to, would form the subshew that no alteration was ne. ject matter of a bill for granting cessary in the present mode of those concessions. Ile then stated aprointing bishops. He the resolutions, the first of which cluded his speech with saying, he went to the laying open to the should give notice that evening, catholics various offices in the of a motion for that day se'nnight law, the army, revenue, and for the House to resolve itself into corporations, and this he proa committee to take the petitions posed. into consideration.

Mr. Peel desired that the standA doubt was subsequently start- ing order might be read, by which ed whether the House could re- it was declared that no bill which



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