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A circumstance apparently of Mr. Tierney expressed his conno great moment of itself, but viction that these frequent miliimportant as connected with the tary parades were contrived by jealousy of military authority in the ministers for the purpose of herent in the British constitution, making some excuse to the House and now rendered peculiarly vigi- for the increase in the household lant by the rank assumed by this troops. country among military powers, Mr. Wynn affirmed that the was brought before both houses present system was totally new. of parliament in the early part He himself had on that day seen of the sessiorr.
soldiers waving their swords, On April 4th Lord Milton rose galloping this way and that, stopin the House of Commons, and ping and endangering passengers, stated that he was passing through without the least constitutional the streets on that day with a authority for such alarming connoble friend in an open carriage, duct. when, at the corner of a street, Several other members exin the neighbourhood of St. claimed against this intervention James's, he was stopped by one of the military, and contended of the horse-guards, and pre- that the practice, as now followvented from proceeding. On re- ed, was an innovation, and not monstrating with the man on his justified by any necessity, but a conduct, and requiring his nane mrere imitation of the continental and authority, he refused to give courts. them, struck the horses with his Lord Nugent, remarking that naked sword, and said to his it was important both for the frieni, “ I will strike yon too, if soldier and the public, that the you attempt to go on.”' This question concerning their interwas in Pall Mall, at which time ference should be settled, made a there were not above ten carriages motion, “That there be laid bein the street. Ilis lordship thoughtfore this House a copy of the inthat the introduction of such structions issued to such of the means of preserving the peace of life-guards as were on duty this the metropolis was well worthy day in the city of Westminster." of the attention of the House : Lord Castlereagh opposed the he could view the practice in no motion, on the ground that other light than a desire to ac- enough had been done to cause custoin the people to see soldiers an inquiry to be made into the employed in situations where, ac- eircumstance of the case, and to cording to the principles of the prevent a recurrence of the inconconstitution, peace officers had venience complained of. hitherto been deemed sufficient. The House dividing, there ap
Lord Castlereagh absolutely dis- peared, For the motion 31; Against avowed such an intention, and it 48. said it was by no means unusual On April 5th the subject was on court days to employ the introduced in the House of Lords horse-guards to clear the avenues by the Earl of Esser, who had to the court,
been Lord Milton's companion in
the outrage received. The earl saw in his place, whether he was gave a narrative of the occurrence prepared to give any assurance to to the same effect as that of the the House that in future the other nolile lord, but somewhat practice should be discontinued of more at large. He said that the employing the military power to soldier told him, that unless he perform the duty of peace officers. turned back, he would not only If he would give such assurances, cut his horse down, but cut him he should think it unnecessary to down too; and that some gentle- go further; if not, he should men who happened to be near, think it his duty to move arr adgave their names, and offered to dress to the Prince Regent. testify as to the insolent behaviour Viscount Sidmouth said, that no of the man; but he did not think orders were issued from the Secreproper to take any legal steps, tary of State's office on such occonceiving that it would be more casions, nor had he any thing to for the public benefit to lay the do with it. In consequence, how.' case before their lordships, ever, of what had been stated in
The Earl of Liverpool acknow. another place, he had thought it ledged the candid manner in which his duty to interfere ; and he asthe noble earl had made his state, sured the House that upon future ment, and said, that he by no occasions of a like nature peacemeans intended to aflirm that a officers should be stationed, in military force ought to be allowed order that the military might only to act, except in aid of the civil act in aid of the civil power. power. But with regard to the The Marquis of Buckingham represent occasions, as far as he garded this assurance as perfectly could recollect, the military had satisfactory; but observed, that always been stationed as now de. the case was aggravated by the scribed, only with this difference, circumstance of the military being that formerly, from the frequency employed without the concurrence of drawing-rooms and levees, it of the Secretary of State. only became necessary to resort The same subject was again to these precautions on the birth- brought before the notice of the days; whilst their rarity at this House of Lords, on May 13th, time rendered the same precau- when the Earl of Esser made 'a tions necessary at each of them. complaint of another improper
Lord Grenville affirmed that the interference of the military, exnoble earl was certainly mistaken, perienced on that day by himself. for the whole practice was of As his lordship was attempting to ' comparatively modern date ; and enter Pall Mall, he was stopped he forcibly dwelt upon the viola- by the soldiery, who insisted that tion of the law and constitution he shouk! not go along that in such an employment of the street'; and on his calling for a military as that complained of. constable, he was answered by
The Marquis of Buckingham one of the military, “We have wished to know of the secretary, nothing to do with constables of state for the liome department here.” He then inquired for the (l'iscount Sidmouth) whom he officer of the guard, and was told
that he was at Carlton-house. cnquire after the authority under He had since learned that the oc- which this had been done. casion of this military parade was, In the course of the debate, Lord that the Lord Mayor and Corpo- Sidmouth having held, that when ration of London had been to the it was necessary to call out the miPrince Regent with an address; litary for the preservation of the but was this a reason for blocking public peace, it ought to be done up, the streets and interrupting only in subordination to the civil peaceable citizens ? Ile was ex. power; but that in cases where tremely surpriscil at this occur- they were merely called out for rence, after the pledge which had purposes of state, or public congiven by the Secretary of State ; venience, this obligation did not and he thought it his duty to apply: some of the lords in opmove for a copy of the order un- position regarded this doctrine as der which the inilitary were au- a serious matter, tending to a thorised to act this day in Pall violation of the constitution, and Mall and its vicinity.
partaking of a military despotism. . Lord Sidmouth, in opposing the After thic debate had proceeded to motion, stated that the military some length, a division took place, were not called out under the in which there appeared, For the order of the secretary of state; motion 16; Against it 33. but that whenever they were called The Marquis of Buckingham out for the purpose of individual then give notice, that he would accommodation or public conve- on an ensuing duy move an adnience, he thought it right that dress to the Prince Regent on the an adequate nuuber of peace subject. officers should be in attendance, On the saine day Lord Milton and that accordingly positive di- rose in the House of Commons ;. rections had been issued from his and after stating the circumstance office to the magistrates of West- which had occurred to his friend minster to have peace officers at the Earl of Essex, and dwelt upon tending upon all such occasions. the recurrence of such a subject There appeared, however, to be of complaint, he moved, “That a want of the communication ne. there be laid before the llouse a cessary for informing the civil copy of the orders issued to such power in these cases; and in the of his Majesty's life-guards is present instiunce no such had been were on duty this day within the made.
city and liberties of Westminster." Earl Fitzwilliani contended that As the arguments in the debate what had been advanced by the on this occasion necessarily took noble secretary went directly in the same turn with those cinployfavour of the motion ; since from ell in the other House, it would be his own statement it was clear useless to advert to particulars. that he had known nothing of the Lord Castlerengh, who, it may be military being called out on this remarked, chielly ained at repreday, and it therefore was the senting the question as trifling more incumbent on the House to frivolous, moved upon it the
previous question, which was car- als of parliament and the records ried against the motion by 112 of his office, and had found no votes against 58.
instance of communication on On the 17th the Marquis of these occasions. Such had been Buckingham rose in the House of the practice; whether legal or Lords to submit his proposition not he had not stated. He acrespecting military obstructions knowledged, however, that the in the streets; and after stating paramount authority was the the case in question, declared his civil, and that the military ought intended motion to be, “ That an only to be used in cases of neceshumble address be presented to sity, or as auxiliary to the civil his Royal Highness the Prince power in these matters of police. Regent, praying that he would He admitted that there ought inform the House by whose or- to be a public responsible person, ders the military had been called and that the Secretary of State out on the 13th of this month, ought to be consulted, though it and what was the nature of the had never been so. Now when orders under which they acted.” the subject had been brought beThe marquis then said, he thoughtfore their lordships, he did say it right to state that he had watch- that some effectual arrangement ed the conduct of the military ought to be made. The Marquis yesterday, and was happy to say would use his discretion whether that it was highly exemplary, and or not to withdraw his motion. that the police officers had been in The Marquis of Buckingham was attendance. If, therefore, the extremely happy to hear the denoble viscount (Sidmouth) would claration of the Viscount, and assure the House that the power thought himself not only justified and control over the military on in withdrawing his motion, but these occasions would be placed called upon to do so. in the hands of ministers and the Lord Sidmouth being asked by civil power, he should be ready the Earl of Essex as to the manto withdraw the motion.
ner in which the duty of the sole Lord Silmouth, in reply, en- management and control upon tered into a statement of his con- these occasions was assigned to duct on this and the former oc- the home department, answered, currence of a similar kind. He that he had received the Prince said, lie tuok no blame to himself Regent's commands to take this for not having sooner made the duty upon himself as secretary of proper arrangement in this mat- state for the home department. ter. He had examined the journ- The motion was withdrawn.
CHAPTER CHAPTER IV,
Motion concerning the State of Ireland.-Petitions from Irish and
English Roman Catholics, and Proceedings respecting them.--New Alien Bill.
N the 26th of April Sir J. be made to trace to their source of Commons to submit a motion and endanger the empire, it will concerning the state of Ireland. be my duty to bow to their deciHe commenced his preliminary sion, but I shall then deeply despeech with a historical view of plore the day which connected those errors of government which Ireland to this country by legishad brought it to its present con- lative union." The right hon. dition, and began with the period member concluded with a motion of James I. in which the luminous which we copy at length. work of Sir John Davis affords an “ That an humble address be excellent guide. From this work presented to his Royal Highness he quoted the following passage, the Prince Regent, humbly to which inay be considered as the represent, that the necessity of basis of the right hon. baronet's providing an army of 25,000 men idea of meliorating the state of in time of profound peace, to sethe country. “There is no na- cure the internal tranquillity of tion under the sun that doth love Ireland, obliges us to consider equal and impartial justice better the state of that great, valuable, than the Irish, or will rest bet. and interesting portion of the ter satisfied with the execution united kingdom, as most distressthereof, although it be against ing and afllicting to the legislathemselves, so as they may have ture, and dangerous in an exthe protection and benefit of the treme degree to the well-being of law, when upon just cause they the empire: That we feel ourdo desire it."
selves imperiously called upon by He then passed through all the a sense of public duty to direct systems and principal measures to the consideration of this imof Irish government from that portant subject our carnest and age down to the present time, undivided attention: with a rapidity which precludes therefore pray his Royal Highabridgment: and after touching ness may be pleased to order, upon the existing evils of the that there be laid before us, with country, he said, “We are now
convenient speed, such docuarrived at a season of profound ments as may put us fully in postranquillity; ind if the House session of the extent and nature shall decide that no attempt shall of the evils which demand the