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Buonaparte's stipulation to with- and Cortes, and representing that draw his armies from Spain, un- the alliance at present subsisting dertook to give his assistance in between his Royal Highness and expelling the English troops from his Catholic Majesty affords the the Spanish territory. Ferdinand most favourable opportunity for was set at liberty, and returning interposing the good offices of to bis own country, withdrew to Great Britain in their behalf with Valencia, keeping from him all the weight that belongs to her, good men and pairiots. He re- and to the sentiments of this fused to sign the constitution llouse, and of the people." framed by authorities legally con- Lord Castlereagh rose, and after stituied; and without doing any expressing his surprise at the exthing to revoke the treaty of Va. traordinary and novel nature of lency, employed himself in pro- the motion which had just been jects to get rid of the Cortes and read, he said, he regarded the pothe Regency. Troops in British licy now proposed to the House pay, and commanded by a British as extremely unwise, and calcuofficer in the Spanish service, lated to do much mischief, withwere sent against the Cortes, and out a chance of producing any that body, with the Regency, substantial benefit to the persons were obliged to surrender their whose cause it professed to esauthority, while lists were put pouse. He then remarked upon into the hands of the sovereign of the tendency of the hon. gentlethose who had taken the most ac- man's speech to excite jealousy tive part for their country. It and animosity, and to involve the was unnecessary to enter into de- two countries in mutual hostility; tails of the succeeding measures and was next led in the train of of the King of Spain, all directed argument, to make observations against the policy and interests of on the proper kind of interference Great Britain ; or of the cruel pu- which might be cxerted with renishments inflicted on those who spect to foreign countries. Dilud contended for his crown; since gressing to facts relative to France it was well known that twenty- at different periodis, he took occaseven members of the Cortes, and sion to censure the manner in two of the Regency, had become which individuals of this country victims to the animosity of Ferdi- had thought proper to interpose nand. After dwelling some time in the late religious differences of longer on these topics, and allud- that country, ailiring that the ing to the British interference in charges brought against
against the the internal affairs of France, the French sovereign and governhon. member conciuded with ment as encouraging persecution moving “ That an humble ad- were entirely groundless, and had dress be presented to his Royal Lean received with displeasure by Ilighness the Prince Regent, en
both parties. treating liis Royal Highness to Coming to the direct point, his take into his gracious conside- Lordship complained that the ration the sufferings of the mem- hon. gentleman had proceeded to bers of the late Spanish Regency allegations against the govern
ment for neglect of attempting to most of the calamities of the appease the violences in Spain, country had arisen. This was prinwithout enquiring into their truth. cipally owing to the party called His Majesty's ministers had never Liberales, who declared that they ceased to attend to the interest would not admit Ferdinand's right and fate of the individuals whom to the throne, unless he should the motion concerned; and he put his seal to the principles might claiın belief when he de- which they laid down, and among clared, upon his honour, that he the rest, that of the sovereignty was convinced that our govern- of the people. Their extremes ment had rather gone beyond, naturally produced a violent rethan fallen short of its duty, in its action, and the swing taken in zeal to serve the body of men al- the direction of Jacobinism had luded to. At the same time he now taken as violent a direction must disclaim all the necessity towards despotism. When the which the hon. gentleman wished constitution of the Cortes had to impose upon it so to act. It been destroyed by Ferdinand, was a mistake to suppose that the there was not a murmur in Spain; Cortes had been guided by us, in fact, the people were more atand that we were bound to rescue tached to some of those particuits members because all that they lars in their ancient constitution had done was hy our direction. which we thought defects, than The party called Liberales was the people of this country were to undoubtedly an Anti-French par- the most perfect part of our free ty, but in no other sense a British constitution.
He then charged party, and the term emploved by the Cortes with having shewn a ibe hon. gentleman of English determined disposition in many Cortes was entirely inapplicable. of the members to withdraw from Of this a better proof could not the Duke of Wellington the combe given than their refusal to ad- mand of the national troops, mit Lord Wellington into Cadiz, which had been conferred upon when he was desirous of obtain- him by a solemn act of the state, ing a point within the Spanish so that he retained it by the materritory previously to entrencii- jority only of six voies ; and the ing his army behind the lines of minority
all Liberales. Torres Vedras. Lord C. then pro Many of their acts had been of ceeded to a kind of comment on the most cruel kind, such as their the principles and conduct of the prosecutions and punishments of Cories, and a defence of the part the generals Palafox and Abisbal, taken by the court of Spain. He and their proceedings against the said, the Cortes thought they Bishop of Orense ; so that, were could best effect their purpose by their authority to be restored, he entirely overturning the ancient feared that Spain would not be system of the kingdom, and es- purged from all enormities. pecially by merging the whole when, however, a minister of class of nobility and clergy in the the crown stated to parliament third estate, after the example that the British government had of the French jacobins, whence interfered, and that the four great
powers of Europe had instructed liminary view of the state of things their ministers at the court of which terminated in the victory of Spain to interfere, to as great ex- Waterloo, and its consequences, tent as was consistent with pro- remarked, that there having been priety, in behalf of the unfortunate no specific engagement with the individuals, were the House now King of France, upon his being to lend itself to such a purpose as
restored by the arms of the allies, that intended by the hon. gentle- they were bound, by their duty to man, it would only prevent a their own subjects, to accompany chance of success.
that restoration with such condiSuch was the substance of a tions as would afford sufficient speech, curious as displaying the security for the peace of Europe. feelings of the ministry with re- The arrangement adopted for this spect to the present political state purpose was founded on three of Spain; to which may be added, principles : 1. the military occuas matter of observation, some re- pation of part of France by the marks from that side reprobating allied troops for a limited numthe language which was here so ber of years: 2. the pecuniary freely employed in degradation compensation which the allies and abuse of King Ferdinand. were entitled to exact from the The hon. mover in his reply was French government : 3. a terriready to aclmit that he was taken torial arrangement. Of the parby surprise by the noble lord's ticulars under these three heads declaration of the government's his lordship, then gave a general interference in favour of the per- view, with the reasons for cach, sons in question; but as no effects accompanied by arguments to had appeared, he might be ex- justify ihat interference in the incused in supposing that nothing ternal affairs of France which they had been done. The conclusion implied. He then took into conof the debate was a division, in sideration another arrangement which the Ayes were 42 ; Noes to which the papers on the table 123: Majority against the motion related, that respecting the lonian 31.
islands; and said tbat it was in On the 19th of February the compliance with the general views Earl of Liverpool mored the blouse of the allies and of Europe, that the of Lords on the subject of an ad- British governincnt had taken dress upon the treaties with fo- these islands under its protection. reign powers which had been He concludled with moving an laid before parliament. The cha- address to the Prince Regent, the racter of the debate on this occa- tenor of which was expressing an sinn being essentially a political entire satisfaction with the policy discussion relative to the merits adopted by his Royal Highness of measures already brought into and his allies in the recent peace, effect, a very concise summary of and approbation of the principles the arguments employed is all of justice and moderation disthat our report of parliamentary played in the councils of his transactions can require.
Royal Highness, with an assurThe noble mover, after a pre- ance of the support of the House in giving effect to the engage
which evil we were now involvments entered into.
ing ourselves to a dangerous and Lord Grenville expressed his ruinous degree. The conclusion entire concurrence with the noble of his speech was a motion for an earl on many points connected amendment to the proposed adwith the treaties before the House, dress, in which, at considerable but said, that there were others length, a strong sense of disapon which his difference of opi- probation was expressed at the nion had remained unaltered. vast military establishment with On our right, in concurrence which it was intended that this with our allies, to interfere in country should be burthened. the affairs of France for the pur- The original address was suppose of securing the repose of ported by the Earl of Harrowby, Europe, he spoke in the most de- who argued against the policy of termined manner; following up demanding from France the ceshis argument with a comprehen- sion of all French Flanders, sive view of the reasons which which the army of the Nethershould have urged the allies ma- lands would be in no capacity of terially to abridge the territory of occupying. France upon the conclusion of Several other speakers joined the peace. The security against in the debate, which was at French power ought to have been length terminated by a division, sought in depriving her of those in which the amendment was reterritories on her northern fron- jected by 104 votes against 40. tier, which had been gained by The original address was then the unjust aggressions of Louis agreed to, Loril Holland entering XIV. As thing's now stood, the his protest of disapproval. king of the Netherlands was left The same subject was taken in so unprotected a state, that his up in the House of Cominons on very capital could be taken by a Feb. 19th ; when the order of French army in a few days. In the day being read, Lord Castleanswer to the objection, that to reagh rose, and after a long poliexact such cessions would inflict tical narrative, moved an address an injury that would never be to the Prince Regent in approforgotten by the French people, bation of the treaties, of exactly his lordship argued, that quar- the same import with that moved tering foreign troops in the heart in the House of Lords. It was of their country for five years, to met by a similar motion for an be maintained at their expence, amendinent, introduced by Lord
a condition equally humi- Milton; and the sequel was a liating, and at the same tiine more debate continued to the second burthensome. This policy led day. In the speeches, all the him to the consideration of the eloquence and ingenuity of the great evil now prevailing in Eu- House in political discussion was rope of keeping up vast standing employed, and the final result was armies, which deprived the people a rejection of the amendment, and of the benefits to be expected adoption of the address, by a not from the restoration of peace, in less decisive majority than that
in the other House, the numbers that opinion respecting the subbeing 240 to 77.
serviency of the House of ComThe public opposition to the mons to the ministers, which he continuance of the property-tax, never hesitated to express in the already mentioned as having com- face of the house. He said, menced in the metropolis, spread “ The right hon. gentleman (the with so much rapidity through Chancellor of the Exchequer) had the nation, that the delivering of told them that they had all lapetitions against it to the House toured under a inistake, when of Commons, and the consequent they supposed that the propertydebates and discussions, occupied tax was not to be renewed after a large share of the attention of the termination of the war. He, the House during some succes- for one, was never mistaken on sive weeks. The topic was re- the subject ; for he never did besumed on Feb. 22d, by a nu- licre that ministers interded to merously-signed petition from the let the tax die away. He was inhabitants of Clerkenwell, pre- quite convinced, that the majorisented by Mr. Brougham. On this ties which supported the right occasion, Mr. Baring expressed hon. gentleman would not abanhis hope, that as petitions were don himn in consequence of any preparing on the subject in every expression of the public voice. part of the island, the ministers He despaired of making the mawould not hurry on the vote of a jority of that house, constituted large peace establishment.
as at present it was, feel for the On Feb. 26th, a great number distresses of the country : but he of petitions were presented, some hoped that the sentiments of the of them by members who de- people would be so expressed as clared, that their own opinions to compel ministers, and through did not agree with those of their them, their adherents, to abanconstituents. The Chancellor of don the measure." After the the Exchequer took this opportu- hon. baronet hed finished his nity of giving notice, that he speech, Lord Milton rose, and, demeant to propose this tax in the claring that be agreed in many committee of ways and means of the sentiments of the last on the 28th, and hoped that those speaker, said, that there was one members who had notices of mo- point in it, which, as he conceived, tions on the book would give way called for observation. This was, to him. Mr. Baring thereupon that the hon. baronet had exstrongly censured the indecency pressed a hope, that such a claof such precipitation, and de- mour and tumult would be made, clared, that he would oppose the as should prerent the Chancellor measure in every stage, and keep of the Exchequer from renewing it before the House as long as the tax.
He himself was perhe was able.
suaded, that if he abandoned it, he On the next discussion of the would do so, not from fear of subject, Sir F. Burdett, in an clamour out of doors, but for fear energetic specch against the con- of losing a majority of that house. tinuance of the tax, introduced Sir Francis B. appealed to the re