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quence, mentions that they were resolved to act towards one anosent back to Poloczk, where they ther, and towards their subjects, were settled till the reign of the according to the precepts of that Emperor Paul.
holy religion. They promise, inA private accourt of this trans- deed, on all occasions, and in action communicated from Pe- all places, to lend each other aid tersburgh, refers its origin to the and assistance ;” but lest this obinfluence of Prince Galitzin, the ligation should give umbrage to minister of public worship, who other sovereigns, they declare was greatly exasperated at the their readiness to admit into their conversion to the Romish faith of alliance all other powers who his nephew, a youth educated at. shall avow the same principles ; the Jesuit's academy. The ge- and it will appear in the parlianeral of the Jesuits was sent for mentary history, that the Emby the minister on the occasion, peror of Russia communicated to and severely reprehended; and Lord Castlereagh the substance although the society employed all of the treaty before it was signed, their caution to avoid giving far- in order to be transmitted to the ther umbrage to government, and Prince Regent of England, with determined to admit none but the hope of his concurrence. As Catholics in future into their in- politicians could scarcely constitution, they could not recon- ceive of a convention between cile the Prince, who continually powerful princes, the sole pururged their expulsion from the pose of which should be to put capital. The restoration of their into practice those maxims of order by the Pope augmented the universal justice, charity, and suspicions against them; the con- good-will, which have always version of some ladies more in- been held forth in the declara. flamed the public mind; and on tions of sovereigns, but never the return of the Emperor from acted upon, a variety of conjechis long absence he was pre- tures were on float respecting its vailed upon to issue the ukase real and secret object; but the above cited.
tenor of its language, and the Alexander is generally re- total want of all diplomatic etigarded as the principal promoter quette, seem to denote it the proof that remarkable convention duct of feeling rather than of
treaty between the sove- design. The manifesto issued by reigns of Austria, Russia, and the Emperor Alexander on ChristPrussia, signed first at Paris on mas day, accompanying a copy September 26th, 1815, and pub- of the alliance, and ordered to lished at Petersburgh in the be- be read in all the churches, ginning of 1916, which has borne bears every mark of sincere in. the name of the Sacred or Chris- tention. tian league. By its articles (see The vast empire of Russia has State Papers) the parties recipro- afforded few memorable incidents cally bind themselves to consider during the present year. The each other as brethren united in Emperor, with his babitual actithe principles of Christianity, and vity, undertook in the summer
a progress through those parts of those of the second come into his dominion which has been the their places. principu sufferers in the war, for Froin the Conscription are exthe purpose of affording every empt.-Foreigners and their sons practical relief. Moscow, the an- born abroad, only sons, one son cient capital of the empire, was out of each family, bruthers as the first object of his survey, and guardians of their minor brothers, he found it rising fast from its widowers who have children, the ruins, and putting on the appear- officers of state, those married ance of a splendid and populous before this decree was published, city. He was received with all or who shall be married in future due honours at the Kremlin, before the age of 20, the clergy, whence he issued a manifesto professors, lawyers, physicians, highly laudatory of the inhabi- surgeons, manufacturers, artists, tants of MoscuW, which was de- with their journeymeni. and posited in its archives. In Sep- among the Jews, a rabbi in every tember, from the quarters of the commune. Substitutes are alregiment of Iletzki, he issued an lowed. The conscripts of the first ordinance, directing, that on ac- reserve must appear at their depôt count of the general peace in every year on the 15th of April, Europe, the annual recruiting and exercise till the 5th of June. through the empire should cease, It is a circumstance well worthy and the sixth corps of the army, of notice, though its final consewhich was to be broken up, should quences cannot be foreseen, that be employed for completing the an official journal, published at land and naval forces.
Petersburgh in the Russian lanThat his Majesty, however, has guage, contains an article expano intention to diminish the mi- tiating in the warmest terms on litary force of his territories ca- the benefits resulting to states pable of being called into action from a free press, to which the when occasion requires, is appa- noble energy and patriotical en rent from the following article of thusiasm by which England has intelligence published at Warsaw been so much distinguished, are on November 21st.
ascribed. The Emperor's visit to By a decree of his Majesty the this island, we may therefore hope, Emperor our King, of the 17th has made a durable impression. of last month, relative to the mi- The Republic of the Ionian Islitary conscription, which was lands, rendered on yarious ac. published the day before yester- counts interesting to Great Briday in 60 articles, every person tain, appears destined to attain in the kingdom of Poland, with prosperity under her protection, out distinction of rank, origin, One evil to which it is exposed or religion, is for ten years a by its situation will probably soldier, viz. from his 20th to his continue its occasional ravages ; 30th year. Two corps of reserve and while the government of are to be formed; the conscripts Turkey neglects every effectual of the first are destined to com- precaution against the contagion plete the troops of the line, and of the plague, its immediate
neighbours will always be liable ed them to military and other to share in that dreadful calamity. uses. He had further underThe isle of Corfu, the centre of stood, from a report lately made the insular administration, was to him by the high police, that visited by a pestilential infection some officers of that department at the beginning of the present had entered a church in pursuit year, which was not extirpated of a person suspected of a heinduring some months, though its ous offence. In consequence, his devastations were confined within Excellency directed, 1st, That a narrow limit.
every place of public worship An eloquent oration, highly shall be evacuated and given up laudatory of the English, and pre- to the head of the religion to dicting the happiest results from which it belonged : 2. That no the connection entered into be- soldier, officer of police, or other tween the republic and this na- person, shall pursue any sustion, was pronounced at Corfu on pected offender into the sancthe 23d of April, before a great tuary or interior of any church, concourse in the church of the but shall confine himself to placpatron saint, by the Baron Theo- ing sentinels round it to prevent loky, President of the senate of his escape, at the same time girCorfu. Sir Thomas Maitland, ing an account of the circumhis Britannic Majesty's Commis- stance to the governor. sioner, is mentioned with sin- Sir Thomas Maitland afterwards gular eulogy for his liberal con- issued a proclamation to the induct towards the islanders, in habitants of the Ionian isles, inrespect to their religion, com- forming them, that he was going merce, and other objects tending to England for the purpose of to improve their condition. Sir receiving instructions respecting Thomas, who soon after returned the definitive formation of a confrom a voyage to the other islands, stitution for the island : desiring was received with every demon- that no innovation might be made stration of respect.
during his absence; and expressOne of the measures which ing his hope, that nothing would doubtless particularly ingratiated prevent his calling together the rehiin with the Greek natives, was presentative body on his return. a proclamation issued by him re- Turkey. The Porte, after its lative to the rights and privileges long and sanguinary contests with of the dominant church. After the Servians, concluded a treaty, affirming it to be a fixed maxim of which the following were the of the policy of Great Britain principal articles : with respect to all foreign coun- Ist. Servia recognises the Grand tries under her sovereignty or Signior as Sovereign. protection, to guarantee their re- ' 2d. It retains the liberty of ligious establishments, he said, exercising its religion. he had observed that the French 3d. Every chief of a family had forcibly taken away many pays annually a ducat, and, beof the piaces of worship in the sides that, a piastre per head. city of Corfu, and convert- 4th. No Servian can settle in
Turkey, but he is allowed to be paid to him on board the fleet by there on commercial business. the Governor of the city, Hadgi
5th. The fortress of Belgrade Mahomet Kialep Oglou, the latter remains occupied
by Valipy was arrested by his order, decaPasha.
pitated on the same evening, and 6th. In time of peace the Grand his head sent by a Tartar to ConSignior has the free disposal of a stantinople. The event threw all corps of 12,000 Servian troops. the Europeans in Smyrna into
7th. Servia is always to have great consternation, the governor an accredited agent to the Divan, having protected them by a very at Constantinople.
rigorous police ; but the Captain A French ambassador was re- Pashaw, being informed of their ceived with distinction at Con- alarm, sent word to the consuls stantinople, and the most ami- that he would strictly maintain cable sentiments were expressed the general tranquillity. Among towards Louis XVIII.
the crimes imputed to Oglou was In August the Porte exercised his enriching himself by illicit its usual mode of calling to ac- trade; but it is supposed, that count one of the great officers of the favour shewn by him to the the Empire. On the 25th, the government of Algiers, and the fleet of the Captain Pashaw or violences which he exercised in Grand Admiral, 44 sail in num- dispatching recruits to the Dey, ber, cast anchor in the road of were the real causes of his punishSmyrna, On the second visit ment.
CHAPTER CHAPTER XV.
Unitod States of America.–Opposition to the Commercial Bill with
England.— Treaties with the Indians.-Disputes with the Spanish Government.—Decline of Manufactures.- Measures for restoring Payment in legal Currency.--Hostility on the Gulf of Mexico.-President's Message.
"HE bill for carrying into of Representatives three docu
effect the commercial treaty ments, consisting of two letters with Great Britain, which had from the Spanish minister to the passed the House of Representa- American secretary of state, and tives, was rejected in the Senate the secretary's reply. In the first on January 19th, by a majority of these, a demand is made of the of 21 to 10. The objections made restitution to Spain of the territo it had no reference to the tory in Florida, west of the Per. mei its of the treaty, but took the dido which was taken possession ground 1st, that it was unneces- of by the United States in consary, since the sanction the treaty sequence of the Louisiana treaty, had received by the President and intimating, however, tht after two thirds of the Senate gave it it has been given up, the two gothe full force of a law: 2dly, that vernments may discuss the right to re-enact it by way of bill to it. Complaint is also made tended to confer on the House of of the arniaments fitted out in Representatives a concurrence in Louisiana against the Spanish the ratification of treaties which possessions; and it is required, the constitution had denied to it, that the revolutionary flag of and in effect gave it a power of South Apierica shall not be adcancelling arrangements with fo. mitted into the ports of the reign states constitutionally con- United States. The second letter cluced and ratified.
complains, that two bodies of The treaties of peace with the troops of iono men each, raised Indian tribes on the north-west in Kentucky and commanded by frontier were ratified ; and orders American citizens, were to join were issued, that such subjects of the expedition-fitting out at New the United States as, without con- Orleans by the traitor Toledo. sent, had settled within the Indian The American secretary in his territories, should in meiliately answer, speaks of injuries rewithdraw from them on pain of ceived by them from the Spanish military compulsion.
government, which the latter In the same mo th the Presi. ought to redress rather than make dent communicated to the House demands upon the American go