« НазадПродовжити »
the great charges unhappily still perty. As speeches from the necessary, the first of all the throne may probably, in France means for meeting which is eco- as well as in England, be regarded nomy, which it has been his study as the language of the existing to render operative in all parts of ministers, the substance of the the administration. Speaking of preceding address will indicate his negociations with the Holy the principles of government See, and the state of the church adopted by the persons now at of France, he said, “You have no the helm. doubt been of opinion with me, Several important topics were that we ought—not to restore to brought into discussion at the divine worship that which the piety meetings of the chambers before of our fathers had bestowed upon the close of the year; but as we it, (that unfortunately would be do not profess to include the deimpossible) but—to ensure to the bates of foreign deliberating asministers of our holy religion an semblies in our historical sketch, independent income.” A resolu- and the results of those in question is then declared of the King's tion will affurd matter for the firm adherence to that fundamental ensuing year, we here terminate law of the Charter, which secures our summary of French affairs, to the faith of their ancestors the now, happily, interesting rather pre-eminence due, but guarantees as the domestic concerns of a to all a rational liberty, and to particular nation, than as exerteach the peaceable enjoyment of ing an influence on the politics of his rights, condition, and pro- Europe.
Affairs of the Netherlands.— Finances.- Debate in the States on Print
ing Speeches.-System of Weights and Measures.-Sacred Alliance.* Ecclesiastical _4ffairs.--Restriction on the Press.— Treaty with Algiers.
Discussions respecting Commerce and Manufactures.-King's Speech ut Brussels on the Finances.-- Treaty between the Netherlanıls and Hanover.- Fortifications on the Frontiers.--Debate on Exportation of Corn, and proposed Law.
TONE of the European go- no political considerations can be
vernments burdened by the more important than those which enormous expenses of the late relate to the means of remedygeneral war, appear to have ap- ing the evils every where pressing plied with more steadiness and upon the public finances, we trust wisdom the principles of order and we shall not be charged with economy, for extricating them- filling a page uselessly by transelves from financial difficulties, scribing a part of the budget than the new kingdom of the presented on the 29th of DecemNetherlands; in the practice of ber last to the second chamber which laudable policy, the cha- of the States-general of the Neracter of the Sovereign happily therlands, by Mr. Six Van Otterconcurred with that of the nation. leck, minister of finance. As in the present state of things,
The amount of the expenditure for 1816, he estimated as
follows: Royal Household
2,600,000 florins High Colleges--(expenses of the Chambers, &c.) 1,220,000 Department of the Secretary of State
330,000 Department for Foreign Affairs
890,000 Home Department
2,300,000 Department of Justice
4,000,000 Department of the Reformed and other Religious
Worship, that of the Roman Catholics excepted 1,010,000 Department of the Roman Catholic Worship 1,600,000 Department of Education, Arts, and Sciences 1,000,000 Department of Finance
23,500,000 Naval Service
6,150,000 War Department
29,000,000 Sea and River Dykes and other Public Works 5,000,000 Department of Commerce and Colonies
2,550,000 Unforeseen Expenses
Total 80,000,000 (N. B.-A Florin is equal to 20d.)
The Minister of Finance stated, difference, the Minister observes, that the above would be the max- “ that however improvident it imum of the expenditure for the might appear, in ordinary times, ensuing year, unless in the case to fix the expenditure of a year of the occurrence of new and without providing the ineans for unexpected events.
meeting the whole of it, yet it He had also to state, that under appeared inexpedient to his Mathe head of 23,500,000 forins jesty, in the present situation of for the department of finance, things, to propose to the Chamwere included two new items. ber any increase of the taxes or One of these was the sum of other burdens on the country, so 1,500,000 florins, as the share of long as there was a possibility the Netherlands for the payment that the difference would of itself of the interest and the extinction decrease either in whole or in of the Russian debt, in confor- part." He expressed his hope, mity to the Convention concluded that the restoration of general at London, on the 19th of May peace would leave a surplus, even last. The other was a sum of after all the necessary expenses 475,000 fl. for payment of in- of the State were defrayed. It terest on the Austro-Belgian debt, was impossible at present to state which the kingdom of the Ne- how far experience would justify therlands had taken upon itself this hope; but the question would by the Convention of the 11th of be decided long before this differOctober
ence of 6 millions could be felt The Minister next proceeded as a burthen upon the finances of to state the Ways and Means for the country. If, however, the meeting this expenditure. Among hope of some considerable dimithese were the Land Tax for all nution of the expenditure in vathe provinces of the kingdom, rious branches, which had been which is fixed at 16,132,540 fl.; fixed at the maximum, should be the tax on persons and movea- disappointed, together with the bles, fixed at 2,735,570 f ; and hope of the improvement of the the tax on doors and windows, at revenue from the restoration of 1,578,330.
general peace, then it would be Then follows an enumeration for the States General, at their of a variety of other taxes, direct next sitting, to consider of the and indirect, the produce of which means of covering this unlookedis not stated in the speech of the for deficit.” Minister, though subjoined in As few particulars of the asschedules annexed to the plan of sembly of the states have been law.
brought before the public, there The total produce of the Ways is reason to suppose, that it and Means is estimated by the passed with general tranquillity : Minister at 75į millions of florins. we find however in a Dutch The amount of the expenditure is paper the report of a discussion, estimated at 82 millions, thus which, as relating to the forms creating a difference of 61 mil- of a representative body, may be lions. On the subject of this regarded with interest. At the
sitting of the second chamber on it might hear and report their
Art. 1. As soon as circum-
shall permit, and at nault, in opposition, said, that furthest by the 1st of January the meetings of the chamber be- 1920, the same weights and meaing public, every one who chose sures shall be introduced through
out the whole interest of the and measures as come nearest to kingdom.
them. 2. After their introduction, no 9. The length mentioned in one shall be permitted to make art. 6, is the foundation or eleuse of other weights and mea- ment of all length-measure, and
shall bear the name of ell. 3. Commencing from the 1st 10. The unity of all measures January after the year of intro- of distance shall be the ell multiduction, no claims whatever which plied a thonsand times. become the subject of legal dis- 11. The foundation of all supute shall be pronounced lawful; perficial measure is the square of unless in the deeds, books, and the ell, or the ell square. documents on which they are 12. For land measure the square founded, and which shall be of a multiple of the ell by ten brought to prove their legitimacy, shall form the unity of measure. the new system shall be used, and 13. The foundation of all meaform the groundwork of the cal- sures of contents in the great culation.
shall be the cube of the ell. 4. From the enactment in the 14. The cube of the tenth of preceding articles are excepted the ell shall be the unity of the transactions entered into abroad
measure of contents for retail with the subjects of other powers. articles.
5. Moreover, after the 1st of 15. The foundation of weights January, 1917, in all the schools shall be the weight of a quantity of this kingdom, without excep- of purely distilled water reduced tion, where arithmetic is taught, to its greatest solidity, contained elementary instruction must be in the cube of the tenth part of communicated according to this the ell, and shall bear the name established system of weights and of pound. measures ; and after that time no 16. The cube of the ten-thousone shall be admitted into them andth part of the pound shall be as teacher, who is not sufliciently the unity for the weight of vaacquainted with the same to be luable wares. able to give instruction to others. 17. The direction and form of
6. The new system of weights the new weights and measures, and measures for this kingdom, together with their multiples and shall have for foundation a length aliquot parts, as also the names which is the forty-millionth part of every measure and weight, toof a meriilian-circle of the earth, gether with their multiples and which passes through Paris. aliquot parts, in conformity to
7. All measures and weights what is contained in art. 8, shall shall stand in connexion with this afterwards be fixed by us. length, and all its multiples and The so-termed Sacred Alliance aliquot parts shall be decimal. entered into by the three con
6. To them shall be given none federate potentates was acceded other but the usual Dutch names; to on June 21st by the king of and such, by preference, shall be the Netherlands, which act was employed of the present weights notified by a message to the States