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Denis in great solemnity, the with much suspicion since the princes of the blood attending, restoration of the Bourbons, and with deputations of the two cham- many of them have been arbers, and of other public bodies. rested. The same solemnization was also At Tarascon on the Rhone, disobserved in the capital at the me- turbances broke out in the early tropolitan and the other churches, part of February, which are afand the temples of the Protes- firmed to have had no connection tants; and it is affirmed, that on with any plan of revolt, but to the whole day, the most impres- have originated in popular effersive tokens were given of the vescence. They were, however, public sorrow.

of sufficient consequence to ocAbout this time, however, in- casion a royal ordinance, dated surrectionary movements Feb. 22d. In this it is declared, taking place at and near Lyons. that the laws have been violated The following details appeared in at Tarascon ; seditious persons the Paris papers. The commands have rendered necessary the inant-general of the department fiction of a legal punishment by sent to the police for examination the magistrates : prisoners leon Jan. 20th, a subaltern officer, gally apprehended have been who made several discoveries ; in wrested from the hands of jusconsequence of which, three sus- tice : the national guard, when pected persons were arrested at called upon to preserve order, Lyons, and one of their adherents have stood motionless ; and the at Roanne. On the night be- sub-prefect himself was obliged tween the 230 and 24th, fifty of to withdraw, in order to escape the national guard mounted were the violence with which he was conducted to Condrieux, whence threatened. By way of punishthey brought 140 muskets. Lyons ment for these criminal disorders, remained afterwards in a state of the ordinance decrees, that the tranquillity, though arrests fre- seat of the sub-prefecture and quently occurred. With respect tribunal of Tarascon be transto the cause and origin of this ferred to the city of Arles, and commotion, it is affirmed, that a the prisoners, forcibly released on party hostile to the existing go- the 13th, be conducted to the vernment arose at the time of prisons of Arles, to be proceeded Buonaparte's landing froin Elba, against according to the laws; of which the professed object was and that proceedings be immedithe preservation of the country ately instituted against the au from the incursions of a foreign thors of the outrages committed enemy. For this purpose, five at Tarascon. These vigorous meathousand of the citizens of Lyons appear to have entirely met in the hall of St. Clare, and suppressed the commotions in entered into certain resolutions that quarter. for bringing it to effect Their In the beginning of March a association was termed La Federa- royal ordinance was published on tion; and all the persons com- the important subject of national posing it have been regarded education. The plan adopted was

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the establishment of cantonal basis of which is partly monarschools under the superintend- chical, partly popular. As the ence of local gratuitous commit- Whigs and Tories of England tees, and subject to the visitation have always divided on the prinof the superior clergy and ma- ciple of regal authority, one degistrates. The children of the riving its origin from national poor are to be taught gratuitously. choice, the other from indefeasiThe system of instruction is to ble hereditary right, so, after the proceed in gradation from the restoration of the Bourbon dyfirst elements of reading, writ- nasty, there was a party in France ing, and arithmetic, to those at- which chose to regard Louis tainments which may be useful XVIII. as reigning by the authoin ordinary life, such as mensura- rization of the people, and on tion, surveying, &c. Masters are conditions settled by a national to be employed at salaries propor- constitution ; and another, which tioned to their abilities in three considered him as the heir of le. distinct classes. Moral and reli- gitimacy, as the term is applied, gious principles are particularly and regarded as null every claim to be attended to; and provision which was the product of the reis made for the instruction of volution. The latter were Protestant children, under the cordingly eminently monarchical superintendence of their own in their principles, and were inclergy, or conjointly with those vidiously branded with the title of in the general schools where there ultra-royalists; whilst the former, are no separate establishments for under the name of constitutionthem. Besides the public funds alists, were charged with a leandestined to the support of this ing to republicanism. A zealous system, private donations and be- attachment to the established requests are encouraged. This plan, ligion, as in other countries, was if duly carried into effect, seems a feature of the votaries of mowell calculated to remedy that narchy; while the greater part of ignorance which has long been those who embraced revolution the reproach of the lower orders politics, were supposed to be of people in France.

more than indifferent to the inOf the party differences pre- terests of religion. vailing in the French legislature, The contests of these opposite some notice was taken in the his- parties afford a leading topic for tory of the last year. They were the domestic history of France in such as might with certainty be the present year. An important expected from the political state docuinent connected with it, apof the country, and the rapid and peared in an English paper, with extraordinary changes it had un- the title of “ Declaration of the dergone in the system of public principles of the majority of the authority; and independently of Chamber of Deputies, Jan. 20th, peculiar circumstances, they might 1816." Considering it as a real exin great part be referred to those position of the views and principles diversities of opinion, which are avowed by the royalist party, we always found in constitutions the shall give it without abridgment.

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We, the members composing which may secure that independthe majority of the Chamber of ence, and finally a civil establishDeputies, are united on principles; ment, associating them at the of which we here make a formal same time with the dearest indeclaration.

terests of the state, by making 1. We are invariably attached them participate in public educato the monarchical government, tion, and in the management of and to the legitimate 'succession institutions consecrated to the in the reigning house.

solace and the welfare of man2. We fully adopt the princi- kind. ples of the constitutional charter, 5. In pursuance of the same and the division of powers which principles, we are desirous of it establishes. We will maintain placing the laws under a higher the spirit, and follow up the con- moral influence--of effacing whatsequences of that system, as the ever is contrary to religion or opmost rational substitution of our posed to public morality; and, ancient institutions, liberties, and in fine, whatever does not accord franchises.

with the spirit of the monarchy. 3. We look back to the past On these grounds we demand the only for the purpose of drawing revision of the civil and criminal therefrom lessons for the future, laws, and wish at the same time and between which we wish to to see the magistracy invested erect a wall of brass.

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with a greater degree of consicordingly our opinion, that all deration. the interests created by the revo- 6. We believe that the police lution, and which are completed, ought neither to be an odious inshall be irrevocably assured ; we quisition nor an agent of despowill maintain the abolition of pri- tism, but a guarantee for the vileges and privileged orders as throne, and a magistracy serving political bodies, the equality of to make known to the governrights and admission to all em- ment public opinion, and through ployments, the liberty of worship, that opinion its true interests the alienation of the property that the press ought to be free, sold during the revolution, what- but that its offences should be ever may be its origin; but we repressed by severe laws. will not hereafter admit the ap- 7. We wish France to recover plication of the principles which the complete independence of her created these interests, and we territory, and the first means for regard them as destructive of all attaining that object is, we congovernment.

ceive, the full and entire execu4. We are of opinion that the tion of the engagements new institutions ought to be tracted with the allied powers ; placed on the ancient and im- we are equally desirous of premutable bases of religion and mo- serving honourable alliances, and rality. It is therefore our wish we regard the prosperity of the to give to the clergy an honoura- nations which surround us as the ble independence, the administra- best pledge of that of France. tion of property or revenues 8. Free from all spirit of con



quest, we wish for a national it is our wish that there should army, which, notwithstanding its be formed in the different classes narrow frame in time of peace, of arts and manufactures, free may be capable, in the case of associations for securing their inwar, of opening its ranks to nu- terests, and maintaining a useful merous soldiers: and we do not discipline among the members, regard as lost to France the war- but so that these establishments riors, who, being led away by ex- may not restrain the independtraordinary circumstances, were ence of industry. obliged to be disbanded, but who 12. We define what we mean will, by their talents and their by purification. It is the removbravery, contribute to the secu- ing from public employment, rity of the country, as they have men who, since the restoration, contributed to its glory.

have established themselves in a 9. We are of opinion, that the state of war with the legitimacy interests of the people ought, in of the throne, and the principles a great measure, to be contided to of morality; to this we add cerlocal administrations, either mu- tain restrictions : We demand nicipal, departmental, or provin- that offices of the first order, such cial; that the centralisation of all as those of ministers, governors, affairs and all decisions in the directors-general, and counsellors ministry is an abuse, and that it of state, should not be filled, exought to cease by confiding powers cept by those who, since the remore extensive to the superior storation, and particularly during agents delegated by the ministers. the three months of usurpation, On these principles we demand have given to the King and the the revision of the administrative country positive pledges of their laws.

attachment-that offices of the 10. We place within our pros- second order, such as those of the pect the hope of diminishing the prefects, commandants, head maland-tax, and regulating its re- gistrates, and chiefs of boards of partition-of imposing the indi- administration, and receivers-gerect taxes in a manner less uni- neral, should be confided to those form, but better adapted to the only who at least cannot be reinterests and habitudes of the proached with any act against the different parts of the territory, royal authority since the restoraand so as to make them fall more tion in 1814-finally, that in inupon the consumption of the rich ferior offices all persons should be than on that of the poor-finally, removed whose conduct is conof establishing a good system of trary to morality and probity. public credit.

13. In stating these principles, 11. We shall neglect no op- and these wishes, the majority of portunity for promoting the in- the Chamber of Deputies does not terests of commerce, of develop- lose sight of the bounds within ing all the branches of industry which the part which it might and every kind of production, take in their fulfilment is conand of diffusing all the knowledge fined; they desire, therefore, that capable of perfecting them; and the King's ministry, united in the same principles, should propose which they had augmented his to them, as times and circum- establishment, to mitigating the stances may permit, the means of calamities that pressed upon many their application. In that case parts of France. they will find in the majority of The session of the chambers the Chamber a perfectly frank was adjourned on April 29th. and disinterested concurrence, but At the time when nothing but also a firm and constant opposi- mutual kindness between Prince tion to the application of any and people appeared in the interprinciples of a contrary nature." course between the court and the


The devotion of the chamber to legislative body, an insurrection the Royal Family was manifested was secretly forming, which too at the sitting of March 27th, plainly proved, that a dangerous when the order of the day was mass of disaffection to the gothe discussion on the plan rela- vernment was still existing in tive to the Duke of Berri's esta- the nation at large. It had for blishment at his approaching mar- some time been observed at Greriage. The resolutions of the noble and its environs, that cercommittee nominated for this pur- tain persons known for their repose were unanimously adopted, volution principles, and for the and thereby the reduction of active part they had taken on late 500,000 francs for the first five occasions, made excursions around years from his annual dotation, that town, for a circuit of several proposed by the ministers, was leagues, assembled, and wandered not accepted: the marriage ex- about the streets of Grenoble, penses also, fixed in their pro- with an air of leisure which at. posal at one million, were raised tracted the attention of the maby the chamber to 1,500,000 gistracy. They also circulated francs. The Duke of Richelieu incendiary writings, and by letters then addressing the assembly said, without signatures, invited solthat his Majesty, who anticipated diers on half-pay to repair to their sentiments, ordered him, Grenoble on Sundays. In the when he expressed his sense of morning of May 4th, the prefect them, to add to his acceptance of was informed, that there were the offer, that, resolved to main- assemblages of people at Vizille, tain the principles of strict eco- and Mure, communes near Grenorny, and to strip the happy noble. The peasantry had been event which was about to con- instigated to rise, by telling them, sole France of all useless pomp that all Languedoc was in a state and superfluous ostentation, he of insurrection, that Paris was in destined the 500,000 francs which full revolt, and that the garrison they had voted, to the immediate of Grenoble had marched to ocrelief of the departments which cupy the line through which the had suffered most by the two in- Duchess of Berri and her retinue vasions. The Duke of Berri, was to pass. General Donadieu, also, by the same channel de- commandant of the department, clared his intention of devoting informed of these proceedings, annually the 500,000 francs with immediately took measures for


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