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“ The whole, (says Lord Ex- ed, in the English fileet, to 128 mouth in his dispatch) was con- killed, and 690 wounded. Among ducted in perfect silence, and these was a full proportion of such a thing as a cheer I never officers, but none of high rank heard in any part of the line ; were in the list of killed. The and that the guns were well Dutch numbered 13 killed, and worked and directed, will be seen
52 wounded : Grand total 883. for many years to come, and re- A summary of the destruction inmembered by these barbarians curred by the enemy, enumerates for ever."' " Not an officer nor four large frigates of 44 guns; man confined his exertions within five large corvettes, from 24 to 30 the precise limits of his own guns; all the gun and mortar duty: all were eager to attempt boats, except seven ; several merservices, which I found more diffi- chant brigs and schooners; a great cult to restrain than excite.” The number of small vessels of various modesty of the commander has descriptions; all the pontoons, left his own actions to be related lighters, &c.; the store-houses by others; and they have met and arsenal, and a large quantity with a truly liberal encomiast in of different marine articles. Their his brother-admiral of the Dutch loss in killed and wounded is comsquadron. “Till nine o'clock (says puted at between 6 and 7000 ; Van Capellen) Lord Exmouth re- but this was probably much bemained with the Queen Char- yond the reality. lotte in the same position, in the Although the close of the comhottest of the fire, thereby encou- bat seemed to display a deterraging every one not to give up mined spirit of resistance on the the begun work until the whole part of the Algerines, its events was completed, and thus displaywere so decisive, that they fully ing such perseverance, that all justified the British commander were animated with the same in assuming the tone of a conspirit. Shortly afterwards, the queror. Accordingly, on the folQueen Charlotte, by the loosen- lowing day, Lord Exmouth dising of the burning wreck, being patched a letter to the Dey, the in the greatest danger, we were,
tenor of which was, to represent under the heaviest fire, only anx- the atrocities committed at Bona, ious for the fate of our noble and the disregard with which leader; but, upon offering him the demands made in the name the assistance of all the boats of of the Prince Regent had been the squadron, his reply was- treated, as the motives for that That 'having calculated every signal chastisement which had thing, it behoved us by no means been inflicted upon him to to be alarmed for his safety, but offer him the same terms of only to continue our fire with peace as before; but with the redoubled zeal.”
proviso, that neither the British The loss sustained in such an consul, nor the detained naval action, could not but be very con- officers and men, should have siderable compared to the magni- been treated with cruelty, and tude of the armament. It amount- that they should be sent off to the
fleet-and to require a signal for other, the Vice-consul of that his acceding to these conditions, nation, were still held by the Dey without which his lordship would in rigid custody, on pretence that renew his operations at his con- they were prisoners for debt. venience. After a consideration His Lordship's inquiries satisof three hours, the token of ac- fied him, that the confinement of ceptance, the firing of three guns, the Vice-consul was without just was heard ; and a conference was grounds; and that the merchant held on board the flag-ship, with was confined for an alleged debt, two persons empowered by the on account of a contract with the Dey, in the presence of the Dutch Algerine government, which had Admiral, and Admiral Milne and been forced upon him, and caused Captain Brisbane. On the 30th, him to be used with great seveLord Exmouth announced to his rity. He therefore thought himfleet the signature of peace, under self authorised to demand the rea salute of 21 guns, on the fol- lease of these persons, on the arlowing conditions : The abolition, ticle in the treaty for the liberafor ever, of Christian slavery: tion of all Christian prisoners ; the delivery, to his Lordship's and on requesting it from the flag, of all slaves in the domi- Dey, he offered himself as guanions of the Dey, to whatever rantee for any suin which the nation they may belong, at noon merchant should be found into-morrow: to deliver also, to debted to his Highness. This apthe same flag, all money received plication being rejected, his Lordby him for the redemption of ship proposed, that they should slaves since the commencement of be freed from irons, and suffered this year, at noon also to-morrow: to quit their dungeons, and be reparation to be made to the Bri- placed in the custody of the tish Consul for all losses he may Spanish consul. The peremptory have sustained in consequence of refusal of this request likewise, his confinement: a public ac- was considered by Lord Exmouth knowledgment to be made by the as bringing to issue the question Dey, in presence of his ministers of the continuance, or the total and officers, and pardon begged abolition, of Christian slavery, of the Consul, in terms dictated and he determined to decide it by the Captain of the Queen without delay. Demanding a poCharlotte. On Sept. 1st, his Lord- sitive answer, yes or no, respectship had the satisfaction of in- ing the release of the two Spaforming the secretary of the Ad- niards, with the assurance of immiralty, that all the slaves in the mediately commencing hostilities city of Algiers and its immediate in case of a negative, his firmvicinity were embarked ; as also ness produced the desired effect, 357,000 dollars for Naples, and and the sufferers were discharged 25,000 for Sardinia.
from their long and severe capAfter the treaties had been ne- tivity. The noble Admiral, at his gociated, it came to the know- departure with his whole fleet on ledge of Lord Exmouth, that two Sept. 3d, was gratified with the Spaniards, one a merchant, the heart-felt triumph, that he had
not left a single Christian prisoner neral benefit of mankind, in in Algiers.
putting down with a strong hand Such was the termination of an a system of rapacity and cruelty. enterprise, than which, perhaps, With the generosity characteristic no one more truly honourable to of Great Britain, she has perthe British navy and nation is formed this great public service recorded in the kingdom's an- entirely at her own expense ; nals. With an exertion of valour abandoning even the restitutions scarcely surpassed, it has exhi- which her arms compelled to the bited an example of the rare sufferers ; bargaining for no salmoral merit, of national supe- vage or indemnity, but freely riority employed for no interested imparting what she gloriously purpose; but purely for the ge- gained. .
CHAI'TER CHAPTER X.
Affairs of France. - Position of the Army of Occupation. --State of
Things at Nismes.-Law of Amnesty.- Obsequies of Louis XVI. and his Queen.— Insurrectionary Movements at Lyons.-Disturbances at Tarrascon.—Plan of National Education.-Parties in the Legislature. -Declaration of the Majority in the Chamber of Deputies.-Establishment of the Duke of Berri. — Insurrection at Grenoble.--Malcontents at Paris.— Tumult at Nismes.--Affair of the Abbe Vinson.—Dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, and Convocation of a new Suppression of Chateaubriand's Work.-Ministerial Influence in the Election.— Anniversary in Memory of Marie Antoinette.-Opening of the Chambers, and King's Speech - Conclusion of the Year.
TN the beginning of this year, things at Nismes. In that town, I the right wing of the army of it was said, the ordinance of Nooccupation in France began to vember 21st had been received extend its line further than the with respect and submission, and limits marked out by the treaty although the assassin of General of Paris, from Charlemont to Lagarde had not yet been appreAmiens, in which last town an hended, he had neither asylum allied garrison was placed. This
nor protection there. The church wing is stated as being composed of the Protestants was open, and of 25,000 English troops, 16,000 they enjoyed all the security Russians, 5,000 Hanoverians, and which was guaranteed to them by 5,000 Belgians, all on a complete the laws. After so marked a rewar establishment, with pro- turn to order, the King would no portionate reserve of artillery, longer postpone the revocation of always ready to march on a sum- the rigorous measures which had These measures
been drawn from him by necesthought to be adopted in concert sity; he therefore by the present with the French government, for ordinance enjoined, that the troops the maintenance of order and in garrison, or quartered on the tranquillity; and it could not be inhabitants of Nismes,should withdoubted, that in many parts of out delay be withdrawn, and disFrance, the minds of the people tributed in the barracks, and in were inflamed by distresses and such parts of the department of the party divisions, threatening to Gard as the Commander might break out into dangerous commo- judge necessary; and that the tions. A royal ordinance, dated prefect should declare to the inJanuary 10th, gave, however, a habitants of Nismes, that the favourable report of the state of King is satisfied with the zeal with which they have concurred month, under the penalties spein the re-establishment of tran- cified in the 91st article of the quillity and good order.
Penal Code. They cannot enjoy The long debated law of am- any civil right in France, nor nesty was at length passed, and possess any property whatsoever, was sanctioned by the royal as- any title or pension granted to sent on Jan. 12th. Its articles them of favour; and they shall are stated in the following terms, be bound to sell, within six in the Gazette Officielle.
months, all the property that they Art. 1. A full and an entire hold in France by purchase. Amnesty is accorded to all those 5. The present Amnesty is not who directly or indirectly took applicable to those persons against part in the rebellion and usur- whom prosecutions have been dipation of Napoleon Buonaparte, rected, or against whom judgsaving the exceptions hereinafter ments have been pronounced, named.
prior to the promulgation of the 2. The ordinance of the 26th present law; such prosecutions of July will continue to be exe. shall be continued, and such judgcuted with respect to the indivi- ments executed conformably to duals named in the first article of the laws. that Ordinance.
6. Are not comprised in the 3. The King can, in the space present Amnesty crimes or ofof two months from the promul- fences against individuals, at whatgation of the present law, exile ever period they may have been from France such of the indivi- committed. The persons charged duals comprised in the 2d article with such crimes may be always of the said ordinance as he shall prosecuted according to the laws. keep on it, and as shall not have 7. Those of the regicides, who, been previously brought before in contempt of a clemency almost the Tribunals; and in that case boundless, voted for the Addi. such parties shall quit France tional Act, or accepted offices or within the time fixed for them, employments from the Usurper, and shall not return without the and who, by so doing, declared express permission of his Majesty, themselves irreconcileable enemies under pain of transportation. of France, and of the lawful Go
The King may, in like manner, vernment, are for ever excluded deprive them of all property and the realm, and are bound to quit all pensions granted to them on it in the space of one month, grounds of favour.
under pain of the punishment en4. The relatives of Napoleon acted by the 33d article of the Buonaparte, in ascending and de- Penal Code. They cannot possess scending line-his uncles, aunts, any civil right in France, nor any nephews, nieces; his brothers, property, title or pension granted their wives, and their issue ; his to them of favour. sisters and their husbands, are On Jan. 20th, the anniversary excluded for ever from the king- service of the obsequies of Louis dom. All are bound to depart XVI. and his consort was celetherefrom in the space of one brated at the Abbey church of St.