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turned to Algiers, with a view of lition of slavery, in order that inducing the Dey to sign a simi- the Grand Seignior might be conlar declaration; but after much culted on the subject. Lord Exaltercation, he persisted in de- mouth agreed to a suspension of clining it, on the ground that, three months; the frigate, as being a subject of the Ottoman above-mentioned, was then sent Porte, he could not consent to with the Ambassador to Constansuch a condition without the per- tinople; and the British Admiral, mission of the Sultan; but that after an interchange of the usual he would send a minister to Con- civilities with the Dey, set sail for stantinople to request it: and, in England. fact, an Algerine ambassador was In the French papers has been conveyed on board the Tagus fri- published a letter from Lord Exgate to Constantinople for that mouth to the King of Naples, purpose.
dated Algiers, April 6. In this To this summary relation, va- communication, Lord E. congrarious particulars may be added tulates his Majesty on the refrom the extract of a letter, which storation of peace with the rehas been printed in a public gency of Algiers--affirms that paper.
he has made the Dey perfectly It is there asserted, that upon understand, that upon his good the refusal of the Dey of Algiers faith and moderation would deto agree to the abolition of the pend the existence of his political slavery of captives, Lord Ex- power, and that, by departing mouth departed from the inter- from these principles, he would view with a determination to com- excite the resentment of all Eumence hostilities, and that the rope, which is ready to unite to Dey in consequence ordered the oppose the proceedings of the British consul (Mr. M‘Donald) Barbary powers-informs the to be placed under confinement, King, that he did not consider and the English vessels at Oran himself as authorised to compel to be seized. On the next day, the Dey to accept a less sum for the ships got under way ; but a the release of slaves, after his reviolent gale continuing till the af- fusal to grant the Dey the enorternoon, it was too late to take a mous sum demanded by him for favourable position alongside the the peace, and to furnish him batteries, and the ships anchored with naval and military stores in again. His lordship then dis- lieu of the annual tribute and patched a letter to the Dey, de- requests his Majesty to urge upon manding the release of the con- the Marquis of Circello the nesul, which he refused, without cessity of making with punctuthe payment of a large sum of ality the first payment, for which money, which he said was due to he has given his word. him. On the next day, the Dey There is subjoined a letter from sent a proposal, stating his wil- his Lordship to the above Marlingness to conclude a perpetual quis, dated April 19th, congratupeace; but requiring a delay of lating him upon the hope of six months, respecting the abo- seeing a speedy end put to Chris
tian slavery; and impressing him that they saw the soldiers pillage with the importance of remitting the house of the British viceas soon as possible, the money to consul, the magazines containing be paid for the release of the the provisions, and the coral slaves.
which had been fished up. By Before Lord Exmouth had the boats which escaped, intelliquitted the Barbary coast, a tra- gence was brought, that on the gical incident occurred, (which, arrival of a courier, hostilities however, did not come to his were suspended ; that the Viceknowledge) resulting from the consul was set at liberty, but not savage and perfidious disposition suffered to quit the town; and of a people trained to piracy, and that several masters of boats, and rendered furious by the appre- seamen, who had taken refuge in hension of being compelled to a magazine during the massacre, tenounce their most profitable were also liberated, and were adbranch of traffic. At Bona, on vised by the Vice-consul to put to the coast of Algiers, is an establish- sea, with the boats which were ment for carrying on a coral destitute of crews. A Turk, who fishery, under the protection of was asked the reason of this viothe British flag, which, at the lence, replied, that the Dey had proper season, is frequented by a declared war against the Enggreat number of boats from the lish, because the Adiniral had deCorsican, Neapolitan, and other manded the burning of the AlgeItalian ports. On the 23d of May, rine fleet. On the whole, it apthe festival of Ascension, at one pears probable, that this horrid in the morning, as the crews of act was perpetrated, rather in all the boats were preparing to consequence of the blind and unhear mass, a gun was fired from governable rage of a licentious the Castle, and at the same time soldiery, than of orders from the appeared about 2000 infantry and Dey and his Divan ; for although cavalry, consisting of Turks, Le- the firing from the forts might be vanters, and Moors. A part of construed as an authorised hostithese troops proceeded towards lity, there is no reason to suppose, the country, whilst another band that it would have been comadvanced towards the river, where manded by a regular government the fishing boats were lying at for the mere purpose of useless different distances from the sea; destruction. and firing, as did also the forts, Whatever was the direct cause upon the unfortunate fishers, who of this atrocity, it cannot be were partly on board and partly doubted, that the intelligence inon land, massacred almost the vigorated the determination of whole of them. They seized the the British cabinet to employ efEnglish flags, tore them in pieces, fectual measures for obtaining by and trampling them under foot, force from these barbarians, that dragged them on the ground in security for their future peaceful triumph. The men who hap- conduct which would be in vain pened to be in the country, saved expected from their regard to themselves by Alight, and declared justice or humanity. Immedi
ately, therefore, upon the arrival on both flanks of the city, but of Lord Exmouth, the most active immediately about the entrance preparations were made for plac- of the mole, and a large army ing under his command a naval had been assembled for its depower, which would be capable fence. A corvette which the adof overthrowing every defence miral had sent to endeavour to that the piratical states could get away the British consul, oppose to it. Some delay occurred joined the fleet off Cape de Gatte; in manning the additional ships and Captain Dashwood, its comdestined for the expedition, the mander, reported, that he had sucBritish sailors not readily enter- ceeded in bringing off under dising into the King's service, when guise the Consul's wife and daughthey can obtain more lucrative ter, leaving a boat to convey his employment in the trading ma- infant child; but that the child, rine. At length, however, the who was put in a basket, crying Admiral set sail with a fleet, 'in the gate-way, all the crew at"complete in all its points," tending, 18 in number, were consisting of his own ship, the seized and confined in dungeons : Queen Charlotte, of 110 guns, the Dey gave a solitary proof of the Impregnable of 98 guns, three humane feelings, by sending off of 70 guns, the Leander of 50 the poor child on the next mornguns, four more frigates, and ing. The Captain further said, several smaller armed vessels ; that about 40,000 men had been and having rendezvoused at Gib- called in from the interior, as raltar, and received there five well as all the Janissaries from gunboats, he departed from that distant garrisons, and that they port on the 14th of August. were indefatigably employed in Much had been said in foreign strengthening the sea defences, papers of an intended junction of and manning batteries. The ships the maritime force of other pow- were all in port, and between 40 ers, especially of such as were and 50 mortar and gun-boats particularly interested in abolish- were made ready, and others were ing the piratical system; but refitting. The Dey was fully apGreat Britain, perhapsfrom choice, prized, that the armament was undertook the glory and the destined against Algiers ; and he hazard alone, with the exception had closely confined the Consul, of a Dutch squadron of five fri- refusing either to give him up, gates and a sloop, which proved or to promise his personal safety. itself worthy of the honourable In consequence of calms and participation.
adverse winds, the fleet did not Before Lord Exmouth left Gib- arrive before the bay of Algiers raltar, he had received informa- till the 27th, Lord Exmouth on tion which prepared him to ex- the same day dispatched a boat pect a determined resistance in with a flag of truce, bearing the the quarter to which his expedi- demands he was enjoined to tion was
directed. At Algiers make on the part of the Prince very considerable works were con- Regent. These were, the immetinually throwing up, not only diate delivery of all Christian slaves without ransom : the resti- height. The batteries are one tution of the money which had above another, strongly constructbeen already received for the Sar-ed and fortified. Sweeping from dinian and Neapolitan captives : the western extreinity is a tongue a solemn declaration from the of land, which defends the enDey, that he bound himself, as trance to the inner part of the those of Tunis and Tripoly had harbour, and also the approach done, in future wars to treat pri- to it. Along the whole of this soners according to the usage of tongue was a range of strong European nations : and peace with batteries, which ships must pass the king of the Netherlands on to take their station near the the like terms as those with the town, in order to bombard it. Prince Regent of England. The A profound silence was preofficer who bore these demands, vailing, when a shot was fired at was directed to wait two or three thc Admiral's ship, which was hours for the Dey's answer, and then being lashed to the mainthen, if none was sent, to return mast of an Algerine brig close to to the flag-ship. He was met by the shore at the mouth of the the Captain of the port, whom he mole; and two more shots at the informed of the time allowed for ships following. The position of a reply to the requisitions; and the Queen Charlotte was at the after a delay of more than three extreme point of the tongue above hours, he returned with a signal described, by which she enfiladed flying, that no answer had been the whole line of batteries along received.
it; and she was so near, that The Admiral, who in the mean- every part of the mole, and what time had directed every prepara- is called the Marine, was visible tion to be made for an attack, now from the quarter-deck. Both instantly gave the signal to know these places were crowded with if all the ships were ready; spectators, who seemed as if they which being answered in the affir- expected no firing; which cirmative, he bore up in the Queen cumstance gave occasion to a disCharlotte, followed by the fleet, play of Lord Exmouth's humanity, for their appointed stations. The mentioned in a private narration. flag-ship was anchored at the Before he began the dreadful asentrance of the mole, at the dis- sault, standing upon the poop, he tance of about fifty yards; and waved his hat as a warning for at this moment not a gun had these people to retire ; but the been fired from the town; “ so signal was not attended to, and that, (says his lordship) I began the first broadside swept off some to suspect a full compliance with hundreds of them. The other the terms which had been so ships took their stations with admany hours in their hands." The mirable coolness and precision ; grand scene of action has been and a fire more tremendous than thus described. Algiers, contain- was perhaps ever before witnessed, ing a population of 80,000 souls, immediately commenced on both rises with an awful abruptness sides, and was maintained from a from the water's edge, to a great quarter before three, until nine
without intermission, and con- sisted the eager entreaties of his tinued partially for more than two officers, to make an attempt upon hours longer. At the beginning the outer frigate, lying about the of the action, the Dutch Vice- distance of 100 yards : at length admiral Van Capellen took his he yielded to the request of major assigned station, and was fol- Gossett, who was impatient to lowed by the remainder of his land his corps of miners, and perfrigates, keeping a well-supported mitted him to accompany Lieute
the flanking batteries. nant Richards to the attack, in About sun-set the Admiral re- the Queen Charlotte's barge. The ceived a message from rear-ad- frigate was instantly boarded, and miral Milne commanding the Im- within ten minutes was in a perpregnable, mentioning the severe fect blaze. The enterprise of a loss he had sustained, then gallant young midshipman is menamounting to 150 men killed and tioned, who although forbidden, wounded, and requesting that a followed the barge in a rocketfrigate might be sent to take off boat, but was desperately woundsome of the enemy's fire: the ed, and lost many of the crew, in Glasgow accordingly weighed, but his rash attempt. the wind having been laid by the The enemy's batteries around cannonade, she was only able to the Admiral's division were siobtain a more favourable position. lenced about ten o'clock, and reAt this time orders were sent for duced to a state of perfect ruin; the explosion vessel to be carried but a fort on the upper angle of within the mole, but the Rear- the city, on which the guns of the admiral thinking that he should fleet could not be brought to bear, receive more benefit by exploding continued to annoy the ships with it under the battery in his front, shot and shells during the whole this was directed and executed. combat. Indeed, there appeared
The flotilla of mortar, gun, and no want of steadiness and resorocket boats was ably conducted, lution on the part of the mussuland it was by its fire that all the man defenders, who fought whereships in the port, with the excep- ever they could mount a gun. tion of the outer frigate, were The usual land-wind from the involved in flames, which spread bay at length gave a desired oprapidly over the whole arsenal, portunity of withdrawing the store-house, and gun boats, af- ships from their still painful sifording a spectacle of awful gran- tuation, and all hands were emdeur beyond the power of descrip- ployed in warping and towing off, tion. The shells were directed till, about two in the morning, with so much precision, that the whole fleet came to anchor, though thrown across and over out of the reach of shells. the men of war, not an accident The behaviour of the noble Adoccurred in them. The burning miral, and of all the officers and of the enemy's ships so near the men acting under his command, British, produced several anxious on this trying day, deserved every moments to the assailants; and praise which has crowned the it was long that the Admiral re- exertions of the British navy.