From Child Abuse to Foster Care: Child Welfare Services Pathways and Placements

Передня обкладинка
AldineTransaction, 1 лист. 2010 р. - 297 стор.
0 Рецензії/відгуки

More than two million child abuse reports are filed annually on behalf of children in the United States. Each of the reported children becomes a concern, at least temporarily, of the professional who files the report, and each family is assessed by additional professionals. A substantial number of children in these families will subsequently enter foster care.

Until now, the relationships between the performance of our child welfare system and the growth and outcomes of foster care have not been understood. In an effort to clarify them, Barth and his colleagues have synthesized the results of their longitudinal study in California of the paths taken by children after the initial abuse report: foster care, a return to their homes, or placement for adoption.

Because the outcomes of child welfare services in California have national significance, this is far more than a regional study. It provides a comprehensive picture of children's experiences in the child welfare system and a gauge of the effectiveness of that system. The policy implications of the California study have bearing on major federal and state initiatives to prevent child abuse and reduce unnecessary foster and group home care.

 

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Зміст

Understanding Pathways to Permanency
3
TOWARD DYNAMIC DATA
9
OUR APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PATHWAYS AND PLACEMENTS
16
THE FUTURE OF PERMANENCY PLANNING
18
Growth in Child Abuse Reports and Child Welfare Services Caseloads
23
REFORM OF CALIFORNIA CHILD WELFARE SERVICES
24
TRENDS IN CALIFORNIAS EMERGENCY RESPONSE DISPOSITIONS
25
TRENDS IN CALIFORNIAS FAMILY MAINTENANCE CASELOAD
27
DISCUSSION
173
Child and Placement Characteristics
177
Specialized Foster Care A Home for Children With Special Needs
179
WHO IS THE PROFESSIONAL FOSTER PARENT?
183
WHY BE A SPECIALIZED FOSTER PARENT?
184
LENGTH OF STAY IN THE FIELD
185
SATISFACTION WITH THE EXPERIENCE
186
DISCUSSION
189

COMPARISON OF TRENDS
31
MODELING THE NUMBER OF CHILD ABUSE REPORTS
33
TIME SERIES RESULTS
41
SUMMARY AND IMPLICATIONS
43
THE SIMULATIONS
45
SUMMARY POLICY AND PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS
49
APPENDIX VARIABLE DEFINITIONS AND SOURCES
52
From Child Abuse Report to Child Welfare Services
55
SAMPLE SELECTION AND CHARACTERISTICS
56
THE REFERRAL PROCESS
58
TYPES AND SOURCES OF REFERRALS
59
REFERRALS NUMBER AND LENGTH OF TIME BETWEEN REFERRALS
65
DISPOSITION REASONS
68
SUMMARY AND POLICY OBJECTIVES
71
NOTES
74
Analyzing Foster Care Pathways
77
Rethinking and Researching Length of Stay in Foster Care
79
PREVIOUS RESEARCH ON DURATION OF FOSTER CARE
80
RETROSPECTIVE OR LONGITUDINAL STUDIES USING NON EVENTHISTORY METHODS
83
EVENTHISTORY ANALYSIS OF LENGTH OF STAY IN FOSTER CARE
90
CONCLUSION
100
NOTES
103
A PROPORTIONALHAZARDS MODEL
114
JUST ANOTHER PLACEMENT OPTION OR SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT?
122
SUMMARY
128
NOTES
132
Factors Associated with Entrance to Group Care
135
SAMPLE AND METHOD
138
LATER PLACEMENT IN GROUP CARE
143
SUMMARY
147
NOTES
152
Time to Adoption
153
ODDS OF ADOPTION
156
ODDS OF TIMELY ADOPTION AND ADOPTION LEGALIZATION
163
Kinship Care Rights and Responsibilities Services and Standards
195
STUDY FORMAT
200
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CAREGIVERS
203
THE PATH TOWARD PLACEMENT
208
CHARACTERISTICS
209
DISCUSSION
214
SUMMARY
216
NOTES
219
A SURVEY OF GROUP CARE PROVIDERS
223
THE FUTURE OF GROUP CARE
228
DISCUSSION
230
SUMMARY
232
Similarities and Differences in the Characteristics of Children in OutofHome Care
235
A COMPARATIVE LOOK AT CHILDREN IN OUTOFHOME CARE
237
DISCUSSION
248
NOTES
252
Implications
253
Trends and Recommendations for the Next Decade
255
CHILD ABUSE ASSESSMENTS ARE THE MOST COMMON CHILD WELFARE SERVICE
257
CHILD WELFARE SERVICES ARE FOCUSING ON INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN
258
KINSHIP FOSTER CARE SWELLS
259
FOSTER CARE IS GETTING HARDER TO ENTER AND HARDER TO LEAVE
261
SPECIALNEEDS ADOPTION GAINS AND LOSES PROMINENCE
262
GUARDIANSHIP WILL EXPAND
264
INTEGRATION OF FAMILY PRESERVATION ASSESSMENT AND REFERAL
265
THE LENGTH OF FOSTER CARE IS RISING AGAIN
266
THE EXPANSION OF SHARED FAMILY CARE
268
RATIONALIZING OUTOFHOME CARE
271
INDEPENDENT LIVING SKILLS PROGRAMS WILL EVOLVE
272
CONCLUSIONS
273
References
275
Author Index
288
Subject Index
291
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