The Emergence of Crack Cocaine Abuse

Передня обкладинка
Nova Publishers, 2002 - 106 стор.
Cocaine was once considered the elite's drug, with a price so high that only the very wealthy could afford it, and thought by many to be 'safe'. But during the 1980s, a dangerous and cheap derivative began appearing on the street. This drug, crack, is a cocaine free-base produced relatively safely and easily. Because of its low production costs, crack became popular among the lower classes, leading to an epidemic in the late 1980s, with estimates that over one million people used crack cocaine. The drug's name became synonymous with gangs, crime, and violence. Because of the intensity and apparent suddenness of the crack crisis, people began to wonder if there were any warning signs public officials missed and how exactly crack spread across the nation. Some even floated the theory that agencies like the CIA and FBI encouraged the use of crack in inner cities. No matter where it came from, crack is a menace that, though no longer 'epidemic', must be combated along with all other illegal drugs. This book makes a close examination of the development, responses to, and effect of the crack cocaine crisis in the United States. Included are descriptions of cocaine, crack, and the free-basing process. Also examined are the health questions surrounding the abuse problems and the allegations that governmental authorities had advance knowledge of crack. With the war on drugs a perpetual and critical battle in America, the facts and analyses presented here are of paramount importance to the understanding of a major issue of society's safety.
 

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Зміст

Introduction
1
The Origin of Cocaine Powder and Smokable Cocaine
3
The Evolution of Smokable Cocaine to SocialRecreational Use
7
Warning Signs of Possible Harm from Cocaine Freebase Abuse
11
Medical Community Alerted
13
The US Congress Alerted
14
Press Coverage About the Hazards of Using Cocaine Freebase
17
The Richard Pryor Incident
18
Congressional and Executive Response to the Cocaine Problem
55
Executive Branch Response to Drug Abuse Particularly Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Abuse
65
Conclusions and Observations
71
Scientific Research on Cocaine and Smokable Cocaine Conducted in the 1970s
79
Preclinical Laboratory Studies on SmokableCocaine Abuse
81
Clinical Studies of Possible Smokable Abuse
82
Chronology of Events in the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Abuse in the United States
85
Warnings About Smokable Cocaine
88

The Arrival of Crack Cocaine Use in the Nation
21
How Crack Cocaine Abuse Spread Nationwide
27
The Extent of Nationwide Crack Cocaine Abuse
35
Epidemic Defined and Examined
37
The Arrival of Crack Cocaine
91
Increased Crack Abuse
96
Index
103
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