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---Lady artists play a distinguished Close to the peaches' is a picture part in this year's Exhibition of the of a fair girl with a kitten in her arms; Ontario Society of Artists. Two pic- beside her is a table on which is a tures, by the Princess Louise, head the saucer of steaming bread and milk, catalogue and fairly challenge atten- which the struggling kitten devours tion. Her Royal Highness makes her with greedy eyes; the whole picture first public appearance in Toronto, as says, without looking at the title in the an artist in the rooms of the Society, catalogue,"Patience Puss, too hot.' and can afford to be judged by her Here again is expression, with admirwork, independent of any claims to able drawing, delicate colour and high indulgence as a lady, or as the daugh- finish. We do not need to look at the tor of our sovereign. She exhibits name of the artist to know that it is two pictures, 'A Study of a Female Mrs. Schreiber's, and to recognise those Head,' and 'A Study of Peaches. We qualities which give such value to her commend these pictures, or rather teaching in the school of art. Ansketches in oil,—for they have the ap- other of her pictures, further on, and pearance of having been blocked in' entitled ' A box on the Ear,' is better at one sitting,—to the attention of our still, but as the artists have secured it amateurs : to artists they commend for the Ontario collection, there will themselves. They have just these be opportunities enough to enjoy it qualities which in amateur work are by the sight of the eye, which is better generally wanting, decision, force and than the hearing of the ear. expression. In the female head there

ART. is no attempt at finish, but the character is given ; you feel that there is - It is curious to notice with what an individual soul looking out from tenacity we cling to shreds and patches the face, this is the first and highest of superstition long after we have characteristic of true portraiture, and learned to boast of our deliverance it is the rarest.

from such a degrading thraldom. A The study of peaches' is evidently not inapt illustration of this occurred a sketch from nature, rapid and mas- the other day, when one of our best terly. The drawing is free, bold and Judges felt bound to reject eviagain expressive. Notice the poise of dence which was tendered in a case of the leaves, their foreshortening and some literary interest, on the ground force of light and shade. There are that the witness did not possess the no pretty meaningless flourishes or amount of religious belief required by blotches (called suggestive, because law to warrant its acceptance. I am they suggest nothing), but in every not at all impugning the correctness line and tint there is intention, pur- of the law thus laid down, but I pose- see that peach, the rich dark should like to expose its fallacy. side showing in full light and the Blindness itself cannot refuse to see light yellow side in shadow; note how that the number of intelligent, eduby presentation of true colour the

cated men of good morals and well dark side of fruit expresses sunlight, conducted lives, who refuse to believe and the light side expresses shade. in a future state of existence or a We see some admirable and highly- superintending Providence, is on the finished fruit-pieces on the walls, but increase. I am not discussing the nothing so graphic and true as this religious aspect of this vital question, sketch

an opinion in which nine- nor giving any opinion whether it is a tenths of the public, who look first for thing to be glad or sorry at; but, I finish will not concur, but which the ask, is this growing and already imfew, who really see nature and care for portant class to be kept under a truth, will recognise as being correct. stigma and a ban, and to be denied

the privileges of citizenship even in gained and paid for, on discovering the smallest particular ?

Such con

that he intended to deliver a freeduct, disguise it as we may, is but thinking discourse. This appears to persecution after all, and, like all per- me a contradiction in terms. Can that secution, is apt to recoil upon those be law which cannot be enforced in its who inflict it. Who knows but your entirety? The dicta and statutes, to dearest interests, my fellow-guest- the contrary, were framed in the spirit you who feel inclined to uphold the of the 'good old times when the present law in all its bare absurdity- Church could enforce its claims with may not depend some day on the testi- the Statute de hoeretico comburendo and mony of such a man as I have de- a net-work of Courts of Conscience; scribed? You may be accused of the when its hierarchy were barons of the foulest crime, charged with the grossest realm, and heresy was practically unfraud, attacked by the vilest extor- known. Thanks to the long struggle tioner, and the only man who could ex- of our fathers against an infallible pose the conspiracy against you may Church, Church Catholic or Church perchance be your moral, respectable Anglican, those days are past. We neighbour, who lives much like other are content to live in one empire, men, except that he does not attend Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Mussulchurch or chapel. The basest hypo- men, Buddhists and even the despised crite may “kiss the book' against you Atheist all abiding under the same --a priest-ridden slave, who believes laws. Parsee youths study at English his next absolution will wipe away Universities. Jews have sat, since his premeditated perjury, may appear 1858, in the House of Commons, and in the box to condemn you—even the have adorned the English judicial degraded being who holds belief in bench. Surely it is time that all this transmigration of souls will pass the childishness were swept away and test, and his word be thrown into the town councils left to protect themselves opposing balance.

But the most in- in their bargains without calling in the telligent, straightforward atheist who, aid of a foreign, obsolete and barbarwhile denying Our Saviour, does his ous law to excuse them from an intenbest to carry out His moral precepts tional breach of a deliberate contract. and imitate His blameless lifehe

F. R. may not be heard !

By all means keep the temporal ! –That the clash of moods known as punishments for perjury; even relax, good-humour and peevishness, merri. if you will, those restrictions by which ment and the blues,' lies at the root a conviction for that crime is rendered of much of society's wretchedness almost unattainable, but if a witness will be readily conceded to the writer refuses to pledge his faith in a future of the note on Moods ’ in last month's state of rewards and punishments, let • Round the Table.' It may be true him be asked no more than this— Do that family harmony and fireside hapyou believe it wrong to tell an untruth, piness are not dollars and cents ; but will you, do you now, promise to tell the abundance or scarcity of the latter the truth between these parties ?' has a vast deal to do with the pre

A kindred subject suggests itself to sence or absence of the former, so far me. I mean the decision of our Court as these are influenced by the mood of Queen’s Bench in Pringle v. Town of of paterfamilias. A good day's busiNapanee, in which it was held that ness, or a series of “bad debts,' will Christianity was part of the law of the often make in his case all the differland, and consequently thatatown coun- ence between a cheery home circle or cil that had let their hall to a lecturer, an atmosphere for the evening of sulcould refuse him the right he had bar- lenness and gloom.

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To make a happy fireside clime

! drive a Frenchman crazed; in business
For weans and wife,
That's the true pathos and sublime matters we dissipate profits in expen-
Of human life.'

ses that would bankrupt a German ; Such homely felicity is often uncon- in our charities, in our civic matters, sciously reached when the rosy light in our very amusements, we are proof unembarrassed success tinges all a digal of money to a degree that frightman's surroundings with brightness. ens the Scotch and even the English. But wife and weans are generally the This extravagance is at the bottom first to suffer when business difficul- of much of the dejection under which ties obscure his sky, and when mental commercial men and matters are laworry has 'unstrung his nerves of bouring the world over. Overprofiner fibres.'

duction, to fill wants created by an That the recent, and indeed the pre- artificial and wasteful mode of life, sent, condition of the financial and has been succeeded by glut and stagcommercial world bas occasioned nation. Then the mercantile host and sombre moods in many fathers of the mercantile machinery are, in this families whose merchandise, like An- country at any rate, too great for the tonio's, ordinarily made them not sad, trade to be done. As an American needs not occasion surprise. Reverses humorist said of us, referring to Dunof fortune have been many and start- dreary's conundrum : 'It is a case of ling amongst us in the past five years. the tail wagging the dog, and the dog And who shall tell the aggregate of is getting fatigued.' the household miseries brought about If the dictum of Swift be accurate, by these ? Not alone the change of that economy is the parent of liberty home and station, stepping down from and ease, then the freedom and comaffluence to almost indigence, which is fort of the present generation must be one of the hardest trials for human the offspring of the economy of our nature to bear. But the lesser wor- forefathers, for assuredly economy ries, not the less truly miseries, of such as ours of the present day is growing impecuniosity, the frettings barren. "Give us the luxuries of life over expenses, the repinings for ac- and we will dispense with its necescustomed luxuries which the ruin that saries' had become the cry of the age. impends must surely deny,--these True it may be that in some quiet may, to a philosophic mind, appear farm houses, and in not a few frugal unworthy causes of distress, neverthe- families, prudence, and the sense of less, they are very common ones. fitness, have been able to preserve the

It may be interesting to see how even tenor of their lives and of their far such reverses are the fruit of expenditures, unvexed by a desire for wrong methods and false economy, dainties beyond their means. But the and also to ask whether the last estate, idea is wide-spread upon this contihumbler though it be, of many who nent of the inalienable right of every suffer these vicissitudes, is not better body to eat, drink, wear the like artithan the first, so far as rational and cles, and to engage in the pursuit of sober enjoyment is concerned.

happiness by the like expensive modes Let no one take offence when we with any one else, no matter what that say that we are an extravagant peo- one's station or his income. If Fitz ple ; vainly expensive, wasteful, pro- Herbert, who inherits ancestral blocks fuse,'such is the definition of the word. and marries money, takes his bride to It is a prevailing fault of this continent, Quebec and Cape May for a wedding and we are no worse in that respect trip, returning via New York (Brethan our American neighbours, if we voort House or Fifth Avenue underare as bad as they. In our domestic stood), Smifkins must take his Susan economy we waste at a rate that would a similar round, doing the swell'

places with equal expense if less ele- should, for there are many ways in gance, and regardless of the bills he which life has been made easier' of owes his livery man or his washerwo- late years, and that not in the sense man, whom he avows his inability to with which Mr. Craggs found faultpay because of this very marriage the reaper, the thresher, the sewing jaunt.

machine, the street car, the locomoIt is no uncommon experience, we tive, are real blessings. As for the are told, of those unpleasant and un- genuinely rich amongst us, save for popular functionaries whose business

the force of their example, it does not it is to take possession of one's effects matter how freely they spend their when one is no longer solvent, to find money or their time. Or rather, inthat the sum of the debts due by small deed, as Geo. Wm. Curtis lately said, tradesmen or retail shopkeepers to pic- 'Mockery as it may seem, we doubt ture dealers, booksellers, jewellers, and if, in such a straightened period, the wine merchants, form a rather surpris- rich can spend too much, can burn ing proportion of the total of their their candle at both ends too fast, for obligations. Even the farmer, that when the rich cease spending great bone and sinewy personage, whose in- enterprises languish and die, and with terest has been studied, whose prosper- them those whom these influences keep ity promised, and whose vote cajoled at work.' by Grit and Tory alike, has succumbed Still, a little more consistency and to the prevailing rage for finery. The wholesome self-denial in the use of our story is told of one, who, when his modern privileges, would tend in a land was being sold under mortgage, marked degree to the financial comand his creditor wonderingly asked fort, and the rational happiness as well, how he came to have spent $600 for a of our middle class. We carry hapChickering upright piano, instead of piness into our condition, but must paying his debt, answered : Well, not hope to find it there,' says the my gurl went to the 'Cademy a huli • Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,' year, an' she can whip the Squire's whose contented man's sentiment was : daughter all round the stump singin' and playin', an' I jest thought she was

I only ask that fortune send,

A litile more than I shall spend, entitled to a first-rate pianny a durned sight more'n that high flyer of a girl There was political and social econthat hadn't no voice at all.” The ques- omy, as well as deep morality, in the tion whether he could afford the in. advice of that man of experience in strument seemed never to have en- difficulties, Mr. Micawber, when he tered his mind.

stated that if your expenditure exceed We cannot go back to the simpli- your income by even over one-eighth city of the good old days, as some of one per cent.—to translate from would have us; the conditions of mod- his florid language into the phrase of ern life are too much changed by re- 'the street-the result is misery, 'and cent discovery and invention. Nor, in short you are floored.' is it in every sense desirable that we

ALEX.

BOOK REVIEWS

and effective and occasionally very forcible in their execution. The plate showing the curious “lasso cells” of some of the Actinia, with their wonderful arrangement of noose and coiled filament, is delicately executed. It is, we suppose, to save work for the engraver that this and similar plates appear in the form of white lines on a black ground, but this is to be regretted both on account of the heavy and unsightly appearance it gives to the page, and also because of the smaller amount of detail of which it is susceptible.

While referring to this page (12) we would draw attention to the fact that the name of the sub-kingdom to which these anemones belong is spelt Cælenterata, not Colenterata.

The Fairy Land of Science, illustrated ;

By ARABELLA B. BUCKLEY. New York, D. Appleton & Co. ; Toronto, Hart & Rawlinson. 1879.

Ocean Wonders, a Companion for the Sea

side. By WILLIAM E. DANON. New York : D. Appleton & Company ; Toronto : Hart & Rawlinson, This is a very readable book on an ex

tremely interesting subject. Putinto the hands of the holiday school-boy, who is about to inhale his first sniff of sea air at some of the Gulf watering places, it may be the means of exciting him to habits of enquiry and research that would otherwise have remained latent, and may even prove the slight but effectual cause of development of some future Gosse.

Mr. Damon has found, in a rather extended experience, that kindred works written by English naturalists are hardly adapted for use in the different climate and amidst the varying forms of life that obtain on the east coast of the United States.

The present work may be said to be open, in some measure, to a similar objection here, for the marine animals, fishes and plants which he describes so graphically are chiefly those of the New York coast, varied by the addition of the group which is found on the rocky shores of the Bermudas. Yet even with this draw-back Mr. Damon gives us much material of considerable assistance to the amateur, and notably the very practical and sensible chapter on the constructing, stocking, and management, of fresh and salt water aquaria. We must also have a good word for the freedom of conceit which appears in this book. If Mr. Damon does not know the scientific name of such or such a plant or crustacean, he simply says so, describes it and passes on. Readers of books of popularised information will agree with us that this is a feature as pleasant as it is rarely met with.

The book is profusely illustrated, but the cuts are by no means of equal merit. They vary from that of the Sea-Anemones on page 8, which is about as bad as it well can be, to some of the draw. ings of fishes and shells, which are clear

When we mention that Miss Buckley occupied for some time the enviable post of secretary to the late Sir Charles Lyell, our readers will be prepared to hear that this little work shows a very intimate acquaintance with modern science. But while the author, no doubt, owes her knowledge in no small degree to her scientific

surroundings, her power of easy and graphic explanation is altogether her own.

It would perhaps be almost as difficult for some of the great scientists whose discoveries Miss Buckley lays under contribution, to adapt their teaching to a child's understanding, as it would be for the lady to make such researches for herself into the mysteries of nature. There is however a very noticeable and marked improvement in the style of writing employed by scientific men now-adays over the stilted and elaborately ill-constructed sentences which were too often the literary garb that clothed the thoughts of great philosophers in the last century ; and if our Huxleys and Tyndalls continue to improve at the same

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