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out an unimpeachable title both legal for one religious man to differ from and moral. "The legal title of the another. They are diametrically opParliament of Ontario to sit after posed to each other in opinion as to February 2, can hardly be said to have the very nature and source of spirbeen unimpeachable : there is an ob- itual life. The system of the High jection which evidently makes some Churchman is sacramental and sacerimpression on legal minds; and it is dotal; he believes that only through at least conceivable that a court not priests and tlie sacraments adminisapxious to postpone the Ontario elec- tered by priests can souls be saved. tions, might refuse to put upon any the system of the Low Churchman is statute, or jumble of statutes, the anti-sacramental and anti-sacerdotal ; construction for which the Govern- he believes that by reliance on sacrament contend, and which would leave ments and priests as the means of salvathe Province possibly for six or eight tion souls will be destroyed. It must months without any legislative power be admitted that both parties have or any means of calling one into ex- an historical and documentary status istence, whatever the emergency might in the Church of England. Those be; since pending the return to the who reorganized that Church in the Algoma writ, there would be a Par- reign of Elizabeth, when its character liament still in course of election, and was finally stamped, were politicians capable neither of sitting nor of being little concerned about religious truth, dissolved. But be the legal title what as the chief of them had shown by it may, it is certain that tho moral

quietly conforming to Roman Catholititle is utterly wanting. The period cism under Mary, while peasants and for which the members of the Parlia. mechanics were going to the stake for ment of Ontario were entrusted by the Protestant cause. Their real obthe people with the legislative power jects in forming their ecclesiastical has unquestionably expired ; and their polity were to preserve the unity of present exercise of the power is re- the nation, and, above all, the supredeemed from the character of bare- macy of the Crown. They built infaced usurpation only by a technical to the reconstructed edifice, with litquirk. A dissolution and an imme- tle regard for the consistency of its diate election would have set all right parts, fragments taken from the and cleared legislation from the cloud Church of Rome on one side and from which now rests upon it.

the Church of Geneva on the other ;

unity they sought to preserve, not by By the election of a successor to commending their ritual and docthe Bishop of Toronto attention is trines to the convictions of all the again called to the division of parties people, but by legal coercion exerin the Church of England. The fact cised through ecclesiastical courts. is, there are not merely two parties The discordant elements thus combut two churches under one legal bined without being blended have roof. Between the pronounced High not failed to give birth each to Churchman and the pronounced its natural offspring at succes. Evangelicals there is, no doubt, a large sive periods in the history of floating element of undecided and the Church. If there has ever been perhaps uninstructed opinion. But an intermission of this strife, it has the pronounced High Churchman been at epochs, such as the middle of differs from the pronounced Evangeli. the last century, when the whole cal not on any secondary point or on Church was torpid and spiritual life any mere question of degree, but vi- was in abeyance. In the mother tally and fundamentally, as vitally country, the disruptive forces are and as fundamentally as it is possible restrained by the great mass of endowments and the legal system of the Establishment; but in a country where there is no connection between the Church and the State, the divergrncies of opinion have free play. That either party will succeed in eliminating the other is hardly to be ex

pected ; the clergy, as a body, will always lean to sacerdotalism, while the laity, as a body, will always be anti-sacerdotal. Practically, the choice appears to lie between everlasting combat and peaceful separation.


THINK that a stranger, particu- therefore, fall back on their own taste

larly if he be an Englishman, can and ingenuity. There is in such rooms hardly fail to be struck, on his first a crowding of ornament, generally out introduction to Canadian society, by of keeping with the room and its furthe want of taste displayed by our niture, and a total absence not only of ladies, in the arrangement of their artistic aptness and unity of design, drawing-rooms. One misses the home- but of any attempt even at harmonious like comfort, combined with an indes

arrangement; and we must in sorrow cribable air of refinement and gentle confess that these characteristics are culture, which make an English draw- too often conspicuous in the dress of ing-room, above that of any other na- the ladies, as well as in the arrangetion, a feature of comfort and elegance. ment of their drawing-rooms. It must This result may be arrived at inde- be admitted that Torontonians of pendently of costliness of ornamenta- moderate means have an almost in. tion or richness of furniture. Such a superable difficulty to contend with in room, intended not for show, but for the design of the houses. The predaily use, is remembered after years of vailing custom of having the drawingabsence, with a touch of sentiment room and dining-room in one may somewhat akin to our tender recollec- have its advantages in the way of tion of the well-loved faces of its oc- economy of space and fuel, but it is cupants. How is it that our ladies surely not defensible on any other fail to impart this subtle charm to grounds. Nothing could be more their rooms ? The secret, I think, lies fatal to any harmony of effect; the mainly in one defect, which may be chief characteristics of a dining-room briefly defined as a want of simplicity. should be subdued simplicity of furniThis feature is particularly noticeable ture, and absence of superfluous ornain the drawing-rooms of people of ment; that of a drawing-room, cheermoderate means, although it is by no fulness, tastefulness and comfort-and means altogether absent even from the how can such opposite qualities harreception rooms of the wealthy. I monize? By being placed in juxtashall not, however, attempt to criticise position the effect of the one and the the latter, but will confine my remarks other is lost. The 'parlour,' be it to the former, that is to say the rooms ever so pretty and graceful, is marred of those who have no wealth to expend by its incongruous extension, by the in handsome decoration, and must, big, square table and the stiff chairs,

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by the ugly expanse of painted fold- graphs, prints, are all put up, pell mell, ing-doors, and by the association of and if a little picture with some preclattering plates and steaming dishes. tensions to artistic merit finds its way The dining-room, on the other hand, into the room, it is shabbily framed and loses all its inherent characteristics, ignominiously hung in some corner and becomes a nondescript room. A under a gaudy chromo in a ponderous worse result is attained, however, gilt frame. Now, there is no excuse when an attempt is being made to re- whatever for this. People will spend concile the irreconcilable, the dining- twenty-five or thirty dollars on some room is converted into an ugly half- danh, when a charming water-colour and-half back-drawing-room: light drawing, by one of the many clever Canlittle ornaments are scattered over the adian artists, can be bought for half the chimney-piece, fancy chairs are placed money. It is a perfect disgrace to the about the room, and at the further country that paintings of real merit end is a sideboard laden with a med- should fetch the low prices they do. ley of plate, painful to behold. Why At the sale, the other day, of the Onpeople should fish out every bit of tario Society of Artists, it was posiplated ware which the house can boast tively distressing to see pictures, many of, from a sprawling epergne, owned of them very clever and conscientiousby the grand father, to little trumpery ly painted, sold for a mere song. I articles, which are neither useful nor don't know how artists have the courornamental, and spread them all out age to work at all, when the result of on a little square sideboard, is more their labour is so little appreciated. than I can understand. They certainly It is probably only a want of educanever use one half the things, and no tion in artistic matters which causes room is improved by having one corner such a state of affairs, but if people of it got up like a shop-window. This would only consult those whoare better combination of rooms, however, is not judges than themselves, and buy the the whole cause of the failure of pic- works of really good artists, the imturesque effect, and, moreover, there is provement in taste would come of ita decided desire to abandon this plan self, and a very marked difference would manifested by those who build their soon be perceptible in the general apown houses. It must be remembered, pearance of sitting-rooms. however, that I am speaking alto It is not to be expected that every gether of those whose income obliges one can have an eye for colour, or be them to rent small houses proportion capable of devising the most harmo. ate to their means, and who perhaps nious and artistic combination of the think that they are unjustly upbraided means at their disposal, but an attempt for what they have no money to can always be made. For instance, a remedy. What I wish particularly to piece of scarlet needlework need not point out is, that it is not extrava- be placed on a crimson sofa, a gaudy gance of outlay which necessarily new chair need not be introduced makes a room charming, but the taste among old and faded furniture; and of those who arrange it. In one re- much may be done by the disposal of spect, përticularly, is the absence of carefully chosen bits of colour, in the taste and artistic feeling especially flag- way of flowers, china and other ornarant- I refer to the pictures which are ments. I have seen a very small, used to decorate the walls. Anything simply furnished drawing-room, memore abominable than the medley of tamorphosed by the tasteful arrangepictures which the majority of people ment of a few pieces of old china ; and take pleasure in hanging in their another brightened and sweetened by rooms, can hardly conceive. some carefully tended plants or ferns. Chromos, lithographs, coloured photo- Such simple decorations are within


the rcach of all, and were the genuine of the untutored savage ? Feareth he desire once aroused, to improve on the that the free gaze of the uncivilized present style of household decoration, horde will cause his cultivated shrubs the ways and means would not be and plants to progress retrogressively found wanting

and take a step backward, perhaps S. T. ultimately to decline into absolute

wildness? Or is it the my-ism, the I want to say a word about the his-house-his-castle idea that obtain offence of fences; and pray excuse, among so many that boast of British fellow-guests, the warmth of what i extraction ? I am rather inclined to egotistically call my righteous indig- think that the inordinate selfishness nation, for I must own I wax very that so often accompanies possession, wrath when I happen to be driving is the main reason why owners of land about the environs of Toronto to place those five and six feet obstruclearn only that I am not to be per- tions in the way of the lover of the mitted to discover what suggestions of picturesque, and thus deprive him pretty spots and places there are—to from a very decided and refined enbe seen, alas, only by the privileged joyment. few. On the removal of these objec- If an aspiring youth, who would tionable fences that enclose every gar- have been, perchance (had circumden and shrubbery of any pretensions,

stances favoured him), a sweet singer how delightful would one's drives and of flowers and verdure, should instead walks become !

devote his talents to parody and satire Are the owners of these enclosures --these fence-raisers, I affirm, will fearful of the contaminating eye of have to answer for much of the blame. the vulgar predestrian, or roving looks

A. R.


A superbe edition of Macaulay's and the sumptuous character of the in

five noble volumes will endear them octavo volumes has just reached us. to all lovers of handsome and solidIt is an edition worthy of the eminent looking books. Macaulay's England historian, and highly creditable to the stands almost alone among the suctaste and enterprise of the publishers. cessful books of its class of the present Uniform in size and style with Mr. century. It has steadily won its way Trevelyan's masterly life of Lord to the libraries of all scholars, and the Macaulay, this new issue of the great desks of all students, and it has ful. history presents many very attractive filled the early wish of its brilliant and salient features. Its pages pre- author, who hoped that it would evensent a beautiful and rich appearance, tually 'supersede the last fashionable

novel on the tables of young ladies.' * The History of England from the accession of

Its success in the United States has James the Second, by Lord Macaulay, in five volumes, been almost as great as it has been in Svo. New York: Harper & Brothers. Toronto: Hart & Rawlinson.

the United Kingdom, and Macaulay

himself was much puzzled at this be- was only exceeded by the Bible and
cause, as he wrote to the Hon. Edward one or two school books, universal in
Everett, the book is quite insular in demand.
spirit. There is nothing cosmopolitan The present edition of this fine
about it. I can well understand that work is issued from new plates, well
it might have an interest for a few printed on good paper and bound sub-
highly educated men in your country stantially in excellent library style.
(the United States); but I do not It is in short the edition of Macaulay.
at all understand how it should be No one should wish for any better.
acceptable to the body of a people A steel portrait of the historian forms
who have no king, no lords, no Es- the frontispiece to the first volume.
tablished Church, no Tories, nay (I
might say) no Whigs, in the English Mr. Holly has done excellent ser-
sense of the word. The dispensing vice to housebuilders and architects
power, the ecclesiastical supremacy, and lovers of tasteful residences by
the doctrines of divine right and pas- the timely publication of some exceed-
sive obedience, must all, I should have ingly useful thoughts on Modern
thought, seemed strange, unmeaning Dwellings* in Town and Country. As
things to the vast majority of the in- its name implies or its title suggests,
habitants of Boston and Philadelphia. his work is an intelligent discussion
Indeed, so very English is my book, on the subject of comfortable homes
that some Scotch critics, who have and their surroundings. The work
praised me far beyond my deserts, while specially designed to suit
have yet complained that I have said American wants and climate, will be
so much of the crotchets of the An- found quite applicable to the require-
glican High Churchmen-crotchets ments of the Canadian housebuilder.
which scarcely any Scotchman seems Over one hundred original designs,
able to comprehend.' Readers of the comprising neat cottages, charming
able Whig writer, however, and ad villas and stately mansions, to-
mirers of his terse and epigrammatic gether with an interesting treatise,
periods have no difficulty in finding equally useful, on furniture and
reasons why this famous English his- decorations accompany the book.
tory should have found such warm Mr. Holly has in nowise exhausted
acceptance with everybody. The his subject, but he has succeeded in
passionate skill of Macaulay, his glow | presenting a large number of capital
ing, flowing diction, his admirable hints and suggestions which cannot
portraits, his artistic pictures, his de- fail in their object of affording much
lightful colouring, and the splendid practical assistance to the builder.
learning and analysis of character and The author has treated his topic in &
motive which enrich every page of his sensible and practical way. He has
work, readily enough tell the story. aimed at simplicity and beauty rather
These statistics will interest many. than extravagance and useless orna-
In 1858, 12,024 copies of a single mentation. His aim has been to les-
volume of the history were put into sen the expenditure as much as pos-
circulation, and 22,925 copies in 1864. sible, and while his figures may be
During the nine years ending with the taken only as a partial guide, for the
25th of June, 1857, 30,478 copies of cost of house building fluctuates con-
the first volume were sold, and during siderably, they will serve fairly well
the same period ending June, 1866, their purpose. More than one-half of
the number reached 50,783, while in
June, 1875, Macaulay's English pub-
lishers, the Messrs. Longmans, reported * Modern Dwellings in Town and Country, by H.
a sale of 52,392. In America its sale

Hudson Holly. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Toronto: Hart & Rawlinson.

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