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out an unimpeachable title both legal and moral. The legal title of the Parliament of Ontario to sit after February 2, can hardly be said to have been unimpeachable : there is an objection which evidently makes some impression on legal minds; and it is at least conceivable that a court not anxious to postpone the Ontario elections, might refuse to put upon any statute, or jumble of statutes, the construction for which the Government contend, and which would leave the Province possibly for six or eight months without any legislative power or any means of calling one istence, whatever the emergency might be; since pending the returr: to the Algoma writ, there would be a Parliament still in course of election, and capable neither of sitting nor of being dissolved. But be the legal title what it may, it is certain that tho moral title is utterly wanting. The period for which the members of the Parliament of Ontario were entrusted by the people with the legislative power has unquestionably expired; and their present exercise of the power is redeemed from the character of barefaced usurpation only by a technical quirk. A dissolution and an iminediate election would have set all right and cleared legislation from the cloud which now rests upon it.

for one religious man to differ from another. They are diametrically opposed to each other in opinion as to the very nature and source of spiritual life. The system of the High Churchman is sacramental and sacerdotal ; he believes that only through priests and tlie sacraments administered by priests can souls be saved. the system of the Low Churchman is anti-sacramental and anti-sacerdotal ; he believes that by reliance on sacraments and priests as the means of salva. tion souls will be destroyed. It must be admitted that both parties have an historical and documentary status in the Church of England. Those who reorganized that Church in the reign of Elizabeth, when its character was finally stamped, were politicians little concerned about religious truth, as the chief of them had shown by quietly conforming to Roman Catholi cism under Mary, while peasants and mechanics were going to the stake for the Protestant cause. Their real objects in forming their ecclesiastical polity were to preserve the unity of the nation, and, above all, the supremacy of the Crown. They built into the reconstructed edifice, with little regard for the consistency of its parts, fragments taken from the Church of Rome on one side and from the Church of Geneva on the other ; unity they sought to preserve, not by commending their ritual and doctrines to the convictions of all the people, but by legal coercion exercised through ecclesiastical courts. The discordant elements thus combined without being blended have not failed to give birth each to its natural offspring at successive periods in the history of the Church. If there has ever been an intermission of this strife, it has been at epochs, such as the middle of the last century, when the whole Church was torpid and spiritual life was in abeyance. In the mother country, the disruptive forces are restrained by the great mass of endow

By the election of a successor to the Bishop of Toronto attention is again called to the division of parties in the Church of England. The fact is, there are not merely two parties but two churches under one legal roof. Between the pronounced High Churchman and the pronounced Evangelicals there is, no doubt, a large floating element of undecided and perhaps uninstructed opinion. But the pronounced High Churchman differs from the pronounced Evangeli. cal not on any secondary point or on any mere question of degree, but vitally and fundamentally, as vitally and as fundamentally as it is possible

ments and the legal system of the Establishment; but in a country where there is no connection between the Church and the State, the divergencies of opinion have free play. That either party will succeed in eliminating the other is hardly to be ex

pected ; the clergy, as a body, will always lean to sacerdotalism, while the laity, as a body, will always be anti-sacerdotal. Practically, the choice appears to lie between everlasting combat and peaceful separation.


I THINK that a stranger, particu- therefore, fall back on their own taste

larly if he be an Englishman, can and ingenuity. There is in such rooms hardly fail to be struck, on his first a crowding of ornament, generally out introduction to Canadian society, by of keeping with the room and its furthe want of taste displayed by our niture, and a total absence not only of ladies, in the arrangement of their artistic aptness and unity of design, drawing-rooms. One misses the home- but of any attempt even at harmonious like comfort, combined with an indes- arrangement; and we must in sorrow cribable air of refinement and gentle confess that these characteristics are culture, which make an English draw- too often conspicuous in the dress of ing-room, above that of any other na- the ladies, as well as in the arrangetion, a feature of comfort and elegance. ment of their drawing-rooms. It must This result may be arrived at inde- be admitted that Torontonians of pendently of costliness of ornamenta- moderate means have an almost in. tion or richness of furniture. Such a superable difficulty to contend with in room, intended not for show, but for the design of the houses. The predaily use, is remembered after years of vailing custom of having the drawingabsence, with a touch of sentiment room and dining-room in one may somewhat akin to our tender recollec- have its advantages in the way of tion of the well-loved faces of its oc- economy of space and fuel, but it is cupants. How is it that our ladies surely not defensible on any other fail to impart this subtle charm to grounds. Nothing could be more their rooms ? The secret, I think, lies fatal to any harmiony of effect; the mainly in one defect, which may be chief characteristics of a dining-room briefly defined as a want of simplicity. should be subdued simplicity of furniThis feature is particularly noticeable ture, and absence of superfluous ornain the drawing-rooms of people of ment; that of a drawing-room, cheermoderate means, although it is by no fulness, tastefulness and comfort—and means altogether absent even from the how can such opposite qualities harreception rooms of the wealthy. I monize? By being placed in juxtashall not, however, attempt to criticise position the effect of the one and the the latter, but will confine my remarks other is lost. The 'parlour,' be it to the former, that is to say the rooms ever so pretty and graceful, is marred of those who have no wealth to expend by its incongruous extension, by the in handsome decoration, and must, big, square table and the stiff chairs,

by the ugly expanse of painted fold- graphs, prints, are all put up, pell mell, ing-doors, and by the association of and if a little picture with some preclattering plates and steaming dishes. tensions to artistic merit finds its way The dining.room, on the other hand, into the room, it is shabbily framed and loses all its inherent characteristics, ignominiously hung in some corner and becomes a nondescript room. A under a gaudy chromo in a ponderous worse result is attained, however, gilt frame. Now, there is no excuse when an attempt is being made to re- whatever for this. People will spend concile the irreconcilable, the dining- twenty-five or thirty dollars on some room is converted into an ugly half- dauh, when a charming water-colour and-half back-drawing-room : light drawing, by one of the many clever Canlittle ornaments are scattered over the adian artists, can be bought for half the chimney-piece, fancy chairs are placed money. It is a perfect disgrace to the about the room, and at the further country that paintings of real merit end is a sideboard laden with a med- should fetch the low prices they do. ley of plate, painful to behold. Why At the sale, the other day, of the Onpeople should fish out every bit of tario Society of Artists, it was posiplated ware which the house can boast tively distressing to see pictures, many of, from a sprawling epergne, owned of them


clever and conscientiousby the grandfather, to little trumpery ly painted, sold for a mere song. I articles, which are neither useful nor don't know how artists have the cour. ornamental, and spread them all out age to work at all, when the result of on a little square sideboard, is more

their labour is so little appreciated. than I can understand. They certainly It is probably only a want of educanever use one half the things, and no tion in artistic matters which causes room is improved by having one corner such a state of affairs, but if people of it got up like a shop-window. This would only consult those who are better combination of rooms, however, is not judges than themselves, and buy the the whole cause of the failure of pic- works of really good artists, the imturesque effect, and, moreover, there is provement in taste would come of ita decided desire to abandon this plan self, and a very marked difference would manifested by those who build their soon be perceptible in the general apown houses. It must be remembered, pearance of sitting-rooms. however, that I am speaking alto. It is not to be expected that every gether of those whose income obliges one can have an eye for colour, or be them to rent small houses proportion- capable of devising the most harmo. ate to their means, and who perhaps nious and artistic combination of the think that they are unjustly upbraided means at their disposal, but an attempt fur what they have no money to can always be made. For instance, a remedy. What I wish particularly to piece of scarlet needlework need not point out is, that it is not extrava- be placed on a crimson sofa, a gaudy gance of outlay which necessarily new chair need not be introduced makes a room charming, but the taste among old and faded furniture; and of those who arrange it.

In one re- much may be done by the disposal of spect, părticularly, is the absence of carefully chosen bits of colour, in the taste and artistic feeling especially flag. way of flowers, china and other ornarant- I refer to the pictures which are ments. I have seen a very small, used to decorate the walls. Anything simply furnished drawing-room, memore abominable than the medley of tamorphosed by the tasteful arrangepictures which the majority of people ment of a few pieces of old china ; and take pleasure in hanging in their another brightened and sweetened by rooms,

hardly conceive. some carefully tended plants or ferns. Chromos, lithographs, coloured photo- Such simple decorations are within



the rcach of all, and were the genuine of the untutored savage ? Feareth he desire once aroused, to improve on the that the free gaze of the uncivilized present style of household decoration, horde will cause his cultivated shrubs the ways and means would not be and plants to progress retrogressively found wanting

and take a step backward, perhaps S. T. ultimately to decline into absolute

wildness? Or is it the my.ism, the - I want to say a word about the his-house-his-castle idea that obtain offence of fences; and pray excuse, among so many that boast of British fellow-guests, the warmth of what I extraction ? I am rather inclined to egotistically call my righteous indig- think that the inordinate selfishness nation, for I must own I wax very that so often accompanies possession, wrath when I happen to be driving is the main reason why owners of land about the environs of Toronto to place those five and six feet obstruclearn only that I am not to be per- tions in the way of the lover of the mitted to discover what suggestions of picturesque, and thus deprive him pretty spots and places there are—to from a very decided and refined enbe seen, alas, only by the privileged joyment. few. On the removal of these objec- If an aspiring youth, who would tionable fences that enclose every gar- have been, perchance (had circumden and shrubbery of any pretensions,

stances favoured him), a sweet singer how delightful would one's drives and of flowers and verdure, should instead walks become !

devote his talents to parody and satire Are the owners of these enclosures --these fence-raisers, I affirm, will fearful of the contaminating eye of have to answer for much of the blame. the vulgar predestrian, or roving looks

A. R.



A superbo edition of Macaulay's

and the sumptuous character of the Englandin five

five noble volumes will endear them octavo volumes has just reached us. to all lovers of handsome and solid. It is an edition worthy of the eminent looking books. Macaulay's England historian, and highly creditable to the stands almost alone among the suctaste and enterprise of the publishers. cessful books of its class of the Uniform in size and style with Mr. century. It has steadily won its way Trevelyan's masterly life of Lord to the libraries of all scholars, and the Macaulay, this new issue of the great desks of all students, and it has ful. history presents many very attractive filled the early wish of its brilliant and salient features. Its pages pre

author, who hoped that it would evensent a beautiful and rich appearance,

tually 'supersede the last fashionable

novel on the tables of young ladies.' * The History of England from the accession of

Its success in the United States has James the Second, by Lord Macaulay, in five volumes, been almost as great as it has been in 8vo. New York: Harper & Brothers. Toronto :

the United Kingdom, and Macaulay

Hart & Rawlinson.

himself was much puzzled at this be- was only exceeded by the Bible and cause, as he wrote to the Hon. Edward one or two school books, universal in Everett, the book is quite insular in demand. spirit. There is nothing cosmopolitan The present edition of this fine about it. I can well understand that work is issued from new plates, well it might have an interest for a few printed on good paper and bound subhighly educated men in your country stantially in excellent library style. (the United States); but I do not It is in short the edition of Macaulay. at all understand how it should be No one should wish for any better. acceptable to the body of a people A steel portrait of the historian forms who have no king, no lords, no Es- the frontispiece to the first volume. tablished Church, no Tories, nay (I might say) no Whigs, in the English Mr. Holly has done excellent sersense of the word. The dispensing vice to housebuilders and architects power, the ecclesiastical supremacy, and lovers of tasteful residences by the doctrines of divine right and pas- the timely publication of some exceedsive obedience, must all, I should have ingly useful thoughts on Modern thought, seemed strange, unmeaning Dwellings* in Town and Country. As things to the vast majority of the in- its name implies or its title suggests, habitants of Boston and Philadelphia. his work is an intelligent discussion Indeed, so very English is my book, on the subject of comfortable homes that some Scotch critics, who have and their surroundings. The work praised me far beyond my deserts, while specially designed to suit have yet complained that I have said American wants and climate, will be 80 much of the crotchets of the An- found qnite applicable to the requireglican High Churchmen-crotchets ments of the Canadian housebuilder. which scarcely any Scotchman Over one hundred original designs, able to comprehend.' Readers of the comprising neat cottages, charming able Whig writer, however, and ad villas and stately mansions, tomirers of his terse and epigrammatic gether with an interesting treatise, periods have no difficulty in finding equally useful, on

, furniture and reasons why this famous English his- decorations accompany the book. tory should have found such warm Mr. Holly has in nowise exhausted acceptance with everybody. The his subject, but he has succeeded in passionate skill of Macaulay, his glow- presenting a large number of capital ing, flowing diction, his admirable hints and suggestions which cannot portraits, his artistic pictures, his de- fail in their object of affording much lightful colouring, and the splendid practical assistance to the builder. learning and analysis of character and The author has treated his topic in a motive which enrich every page of his sensible and practical way. He has work, readily enough tell the story. aimed at simplicity and beauty rather These statistics will interest many. than extravagance and useless ornaIn 1858, 12,024 copies of a single mentation. His aim has been to lesvolume of the history were put into sen the expenditure as much as poscirculation, and 22,925 copies in 1864. sible, and while his figures may be During the nine years ending with the taken only as a partial guide, for the 25th of June, 1857, 30,478 copies of cost of house building fluctuates conthe first volume were sold, and during siderably, they will serve fairly well the same period ending June, 1866, their purpose. More than one-half of the number reached 50,783, while in June, 1875, Macaulay's English publishers, the Messrs. Longmans, reported * Modern Dwellings in Town and Country, be H.

Hudson Holly. a sale of 52,392. In America its sale

New York: Harper & Brothers


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Toronto : Hart & Rawlinson.

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