Principles of Political Economy (Abridged): With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy
Stephen Nathanson's clear-sighted abridgement of Principles of Political Economy, Mill's first major work in moral and political philosophy, provides a challenging, sometimes surprising account of Mill's views on many important topics: socialism, population, the status of women, the cultural bases of economic productivity, the causes and possible cures of poverty, the nature of property rights, taxation, and the legitimate functions of government. Nathanson cuts through the dated and less relevant sections of this large work and includes significant material omitted in other editions, making it possible to see the connections between the views Mills expressed in Principles of Political Economy and the ideas he defended in his later works, particularly On Liberty. Indeed, studying Principles of Political Economy, Nathanson argues in his general Introduction, can help to resolve the apparent contradiction between Mill's views in On Liberty and those in Utilitarianism, making it a key text for understanding Mill's philosophy as a whole.
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Adam Smith advantage afford agriculture amount benefit capital causes Chapter circulating capital circumstances commodities competition condition considerable consumers cottier cultivation David Ricardo degree depends diminish direct taxes effect employed employment England equal exertion exist expense favour greater habits human important improvement income increase individual industry interest J. S. Mill James Mill John Stuart Mill kind labouring class land less liberty limited Lionel Robbins mankind manufacture means ment metayer Mill Mill’s mode moral motives nature necessary nomical object obtained operations opinion peasant pecuniary persons Political Economy poor Poor Law population portion possess practical present Principles of Political production progress proportion proprietor protection question rate of profit reason remuneration render rent saving social society subsistence sufficient supposed taxation things tion trade unless utilitarian wages wealth whole
Сторінка 51 - Those ten persons, therefore, could make among them upwards of forty-eight thousand pins in a day. Each person, therefore, making a tenth part of forty-eight thousand pins, might be considered as making four thousand eight hundred pins in a day. But if they had all wrought separately and independently, and without any of them having been educated to this peculiar business, they certainly could not each of them have made twenty, perhaps not one pin in a day...
Сторінка xxv - I confess I am not charmed with the ideal of life held out by those who think that the normal state of human beings is that of struggling to get on; that the trampling; crushing, elbowing, and treading on each other's heels, which form the existing type of social life, are the most desirable lot of human kind, or anything but the disagreeable symptoms of one of the phases of industrial progress.
Сторінка 51 - One man draws out the wire; another straights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head...
Сторінка 51 - A man commonly saunters a little in turning his hand from one sort of employment to another. When he first begins the new work, he is seldom very keen and hearty; his mind, as they say, does not go to it, and for some time he rather trifles than applies to good purpose.