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Or, GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer

For MARCH 1757.

To be continued. (Price Six Pence each Month.) Contain ing (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, itin any Monthly Book of :!e fume Price. ) I. Method to cure Tleh Meat for Sea. XXII. POETRY: Prologue and Epilogue H. Account of DOUGLAS, a Tragedy. to Douglas ; Llegies, by Mr. WhiteIII. Utility of the Marine Society. head; Progress of Love ; Advice to IV. Query about the Old and New Stile. the Ladies ; Mils Courtney to Mits V. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Po- Conolly ; Picture of Couriihip; to

litical CLUB, duc. continued : Contain- Miss Pr-ce ; Advice to Calipto, Abing the SPEECHES of A. Bæculonius, fence ; Songs, Epigram, Epitaph ; a Cn. Genucius, and Cn. Fulvius, on the new Song fet to Mutic, a Minutt, &c. Bil for the better Encouragement of

&c. &c. Seanen.

XXIII. The Monthly CHRONOVI. Queries on the Council of War. LUGER. King's Messages Sessions at: VII. Anecdotes of French Officers. the Old-Bailey ; Society to encourage VIIT. Of Anachronisins in Painting. Arts and Sciences ; propos d Bill in IX. Story of the tamous Giotto.

favor of Byng rejected · Fleets fail ; X. Preteivative from malignant Diseases, high Winds ; Pott Boy robbed ; ColXI. Account of the AUTHOR, a Farce. lections ; Proclamations ; Bravery of XII. Defence of a late Pamphlet.

Capt. Wriglt ; Iland of St. BartholoXIII. Essay on the Jews, by Voltaire. mew taken ; Fires, &c. &c. &c. XIV. Colours produced from Shell-- XXIV. Marriages and Birtlis ; Deaths ; Fils.

Promotions ; Bankrupts. XV. Hint on the publick Rords.

XXV. Alterations in the Lift of ParliaXVI. Examination of the Rcfolutions, &c. of the Court-Martial.

XXVI. Course of Exchange. XVII. Defence of Admiral Byng. XXVII. FORDIGN AFFAIRS. XVIII. Full Account of his Execution. XXVIIT. Catalogue of Bcolis. XIX. Paper he lett behind hira.

XXIX. Prites of Stocks ; Wind, WeaXX. Mathematical Questions.

ther. XXI. GENERAL INDEX proposed.

xxx. Monthly Bill of Mortality. With elegant VIEWS of the Pofitions of the ENGLISH and FRENCH . FLEETS, under Admiral Bing and Admiral GALISSONIERE, on May 20, 1756, curiously engraved on three Copper Plates.

MULTUM IN PARV 0. LONDON: Printed for R. Baldwin, at the Role in Pater. Noiter-Row ; Of whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Year 1733 to this Time, neatly Bound or

Stitchid, or any single Month to compleat Sets.





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C O N T E N T S.
ETHOD to rectify mistakes at the And the admiral defended

135 107 Copious remarks on their zoch resolution Case of Mr. Thoinpson, of the pickle

136 yard

108 Byng could not relieve Fort St. Philip 137 Account of the tragedy of Douglas 109

References to the third Plate

138 An affecting discovery

Mathematical questions

ibid. And unfortunate catastrophe

GENERAL INDEX to the London MagaMarine Society recommended

zine proposed

139 Query in regard to the alteration of the Full account of admiral Byng's execution stile ibid.

145, 146 References to Plate I. of the position of The paper he left behind him 146

the English and French fleets ibid. POETRY. The Blush, a new song, set to JOURNAL of the proceedings and De- musick

140 BATes in the Political CLUB, &c. A new minuet

141 continued 113119 Prologue and epilogue to Douglas

139. SPEECH of A. Bæculonius in the debate Elegy on the mausoleum of Augustus 141

on the bill for the encouragement of And another, written at Rome, by Mr.


142 SPEECH of Cn. Genucius in support of The progress of love

ibid. the bill

Advice to the ladies

ibid. SPEECH of Cn. Fulvius, in reply 117-119 Miss Courtney to Mifs Anne Conolly 143 Qneries on the minutes of a council of A picture of courtship

To Mifs Prece, &c.

ibid. Bravery of French officers

Advice to Calypso, French and English Their behaviour different from that of our

144 officers

Ablence, to Miss Wife

ibid. Of anachronisms in painting


ibid. Instances thereof ibid. Epigram-Epitaph

ibid. Remarkable story of Giotto, the painter 123 The MoNTHLY CHRONOLOGÉR

145 Of the origin of crucifixes

ibid. King's message about Byng ibid. Extract from Huxham, on the ulcerous Sessions at the Old-Bailey

ibid. fore throat


Society for encouraging arts ibid. Being a preservative from malignant dil- The lords reject the bill about Mr. Byng ibid.

ibid. Alcaline falts productive of them

Fleets fail

ibid. Account of the Author, a new farce 126 Fires

ibid, Remarks on the piece and the performers Damages from the late high winds

147 127 Poft-boy robbed

ibid. References to the second Plate ibid. Collection for the London hospital ibid. Defence of a late pamphlet

128 Proclamations about seamen ibid. Voltaire's essay on the Jews continued 129 Bravery of capt. Wright

ibid. Their captivities

ibid. Iland of St. Bartholomew taken ov, 148 And various afflictions 130 Marriages and births

ibid. Gain the favour of the Romans ibid. Deaths

ibid. Follow a false Melliah

Ecclefiaftical preferments

149 Why they are not extinguished ibid. Promotions civil and military ibid. Their idolatries

ibid. Alterations in the list of parliament ibid. Idolatry of the ancients accounted for 132 Bankrupts

ibid. Character of the Jews ibid. Course of Exchange

ibid. Of colours produced from Mell-fish


190 Hint in relation to the publick roads ibid. Catalogue of books

IST Examination of the resolutions and fen- Prices of stocks

152 tence of the court-martial on admiral Monthly bill of mortality

ibida Byng

134 We acknowledge the receipt of many more ingenious productions in prose and verse, and bope, next month, we shall oblige most of their autbors, by inserting them. Mr. C. of Oxó foret's lines will be considered. The Account of America, and lift of capt es, will be 617tinued in our next.




For MARCH, 1757

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weather, during the whole flaughtering There has been lately published a very extra

season, and one, two, or three months, ordinary Pamphlet, entitled, The Royal ufually expiring before they are coopered Navy Men's Advocate, wherein are

and made tight, not only hurts the casks, fully set forth the corrupt Practices of but the flesh also: For as in strong winds Victualling the Royal Navy, &c. By and funs the casks shrink (the joints being William Tbompson, Citizen, in Little

A then more open) the wind and sun more Tower-Street , and late Inspecting

Cooper forcibly conveying themselves into the flesh, of the Pickle.Yard of his Majesty's which dries up iis juices, and makes it Villualling-Office, London.

misty ; so when Inow or rain falls, the HE author prefixes a de- wider the joints of the casks are, the faster claration, in confirmation the firow and rain will penetrate, and gra

of the truth of which, it dually render the fleth somewhat freth by T seems, he received the fa- B divesting it of its falt : This makes it

crament, that all the ma- foft and Aabby, and hastens its decay. terial corrupt practices, It is necessary the labourers Mould take mentioned in his pam

the calks to and from the coopers as they phlet, were true, and matters of fact. hoop them. This will be a means to

As we have no opportunity to examine, enable the coopers to perform much more nor any authority to determine, whether work with less fatigue, and will be a great the facts he mentions be true or false, we C step towards preventing the casks being fhall not presume to publish any of them, exposed to the weather. It would be allo but from a paper presented by him to the advisable to set alide many superfluous commissioners, fome time before his ad- hoops, several of them being not only mission into the Vietualling-office as in- useless, but a walieful expence to the specting cooper, he seems to have been a crown, and a loss of time to the coopera man who very well understood his busi- A very material advantage will thereby ness, which paper is entitled, A Method D accrue to the flesh, if as soon as the cooper 10 rectify fome Mifokes in the flesh Branch, has finished his cask, the labourer, on takand is as follows : “ Salters provided with ing it immediately away, should draw larger packing cloths will prevent the dirt the bung, and lay it down to drain. Then of their shoes mixing with the flesh ; and it will easily be perceived whether the caík when mistaken in their tale, by having has a clear vent ; for if a piece of meat fail-cloths to turn the flesh out upon, will should lodge in the hung-hole (as it often prevent much nastinets being shovelled up E does) the deficiency will be better known, with the flesh, as is the case when turned and more readily rectified. Besides, every out upon a dirty floor.

cask must, by lo doing, be well drained; Casks fhould be well made, and of for ninety or one hundred of them being good found timber, and hoops free from laid down together, it will be impossible mould, or putrid filthy stenches; and to discover an accident of this soit. If when filled, hould be placed under co- the bung-holes should chance to be clear, ver.. For by being kept dry, they will F yet the drains may be, and often are be hooped with lefe fatigue to the cooper, itopped, by the wells they discharge themand will be less subject to leak, than when selves into being full of itinking brine, sodden with rain and snow, and besineared which choaks up the bung-loles of many with dirt, blood, and the excrements of of them, the brine in the drains reaching oxen and hogs. What is Atill worse, thereto: And for want of air, casks are many hundred casks being exposed to the not half drained, foine not at all, the

O 2


March, 1757



MISTAKES in the Viêtualling-Omice reflified. March labourers leaving them without any far- all, to the loss of great quantities of the ther care. Oitentimes labourers

pickle. them up for pickling before they have lain Caiks Tould be sent to the Red-House, long enough to drain, yet it is taken for a according as the itore-houses become full. general rule, that when they are runned They should also be always kept under up, tho' with all the above faults, they cover; otherwise the fun and winds acting are fufficiently prepared to be filled up A without, and the strength of the pickle with pickle, By the le mistakes the bloody within the caks, mult compress the pores brine reinuins in the caks, and, in propor. of the timber, and caute leaks, to the tion to its quantity, fiags, by its fofter and great wate of much pickle, and damage raw juices, the strength of the pickle, and of the flesh; which lat, by lofing its nugives it a furong and rank finell, to the triment, becomes dry and rufty, diminishes prejudice of the Herh. But they had bet- in weight, and is more unwholesome to ter not be drained at all, than be wrought B the consumer. In short, the hell and salt up again out of finking putrified recepta- of fiesh must therehy occanon inveterate cles, to be made pickle of, which no fcorbutick disorders in the feamen belongpractice can prevent, but by having thein ing to the royal navy. well leaded, and cmptying and cleanling The offals should be taken out of the the same once a weck ; because the timber Naughter house as soon as the slaughter is of the wells are so impregnated with foul over ; for being suffered to remain till they ftenches, as scarce ever to he radically ex- C stink, the purer air infected, infufes its fra&ed. . Another reason for the unfitness morbid qualities into the fresh-killed carof the pickle made out of these wells, and cafies of the oxen and hogs, the heat of the cause of their intolerable stench, is which serving also to attract the corrupt the filth of pot-icummings, urine, and air, the same remains lodged therein when naitiness of various forts fiowing into they grow cold. This in part may be athem, and mixing with the brine : Add scribed as one of the causes of the itinking to this, the want of air to make these D of 1500 hogs in 1743. The yards of the noxious smells evaporate. It is likewile daughter-houses should likewise be kept observable, that pickle made of this brine, clean, so much the more, as the blood and when boiled, produces a large and heavy excrements of oxen and hogs not being form, and if not carefully attended to, cleared away in due time, produce abomiwhen the scum begins to rise, it suddenly nable stenches. falls and lets too, giving the pickle a Imell Labourers frould be appointed to dislike burnt milk: At the best, it is of a E charge particular forts of work, which if thick and whey colour, and has been any one of them neglected, or ablented known to flink in the backs before it was himself, it might eatily be known who he used (May 17, 1745,) being but fourteen

was, by a flight view of those that were dayz standing. Bing brine would be free

present on their appointed Aation. By this from ary inconveniences, was there a well means, none would complain of doing made neucr. This brine being only com- more work than another, or skreen himposed of the entire juices of the fielh and F felt from his duty, under the pretence of lalt, when boiled, rife's with a light loum, being elsewhere employed in private feris of a tweet fuell, and quite transparent. vices of clerks, &c. to the great neglect

The ftillings cleared every say, will of the king's bufiness; but each in his prevent any cooper charging moie work province would do his duty, and know than he has performed; and for want of when it was done. a due obfervance of the aforetaid methods, Hoops, twigs, &c. (lavishly and unnemany wore mistakes arise, such as pickled, G cessarily waited) by proper meatures might unpickled, and undrained casas rolled as be prevented." way together, which, before stoved up However, his services were not, it for forrice, gre examined, and if


calls fecms, agreeable to the commissioners, are in peted to have lott their pickle, they for in little more than half a year be was are again Flled up. Deficiences of this diliniiled, on account of a complaint, fit ac ofian judgeu leaks, but have too that defective or bad pickie had been made often been obterved to be the reglect of H ute of in curing beef, which had been cured pickling, orci are often stowed up un- many months before he had been appointpickled, without any due regard to theie ed intpecting cooper of the pickle-yard, overnieki. Orien times casks that are And he applyed firt to the commissioners pickiri are left on the stilling and thru' of the victuailing office, and afterwards to huny, or a diferent set of men, have the lords commillioners of the admiralty, been laid down to drain a fccond time, for a hearing, in order to justify his conwith thc e that have not been diained at


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109 duct, and to shew, that the complaint no The youthful warrior, is a clod of clay." way related to him, yet he never could Thus tall the prime of either hapless land; obtain that favour, much lets that of be- And such the fruit of Scotch and English ing reitored.


Upon lord Randolph's exit, Anna enA new TRAGEDY, entitled, DOUGLAS, having been lately exhibited at Covent- A the whole tecret of her first marriage, and

ters, to whom lady Randolph discovers Garden Theatre, arú well received by

how it had happened, to wit, That there the Town, we fhall give our Readers a had long been an irreconcileable feud beshort Account of it as follows. (See po tween her father's family and the family 139.)

of Douglas į but a strict friendihip had T was written by the Rev. Mr. Hume, accidentally been contracted between her

a minister of the Kirk of Scotland, brother and young Douglas. That the and first exhibited at Edinburgh for seve- B latter came under a borrowed name to pay ral nights running with great applause. a vilit to her brother, by which means The persons of the drama are

they law and fell deeply in love with one Lord Randolph, a great baron of the another, and as they could not expect her fouth of Scotland, by Mr. Ridout.-Gle. father's content, they were married prinalvon, his near kinsman and next heir, vately in her brother's presence. That in by Mr. Smith.-Norval, supposed to be a a few weeks after their marriage, both her fariner's fon, but found to be the son of C brother and husband, together with the Matilda, by a younger brother of lord priest that had married her, were killed in Douglas, to whom she had been first pri- a battle. That in due time she was privately married, by Mr. Barry.--A tian- vately brought to bed of a son, whom ger, by Mr. Sparks. Servants, &c. the committed to the care of her nurse, Matilda, lady Randolph, by Mrs. Wof- who set out with it that night, but that fington.-Anna, her confidante, by Mis. The had never since heard either of the Vincent.

D nurse or the child ; And that she was at: The scene thro' the first four acts is the terwards compelled to wed Randolph, who court of a castle, lurrounded with woods. had snatched her from a villain's arms.

A& I. Scene I. Lady Randolph in a After which, upon feeing Glenalvon apsoliloquy discovers, that her sorrow and

proaching, the retires, having first given tears, which had continued for so many him the character of a cunning, dillemyears, were for her husband Douglas, thó' bling knave ; and he, after a thort diaThe had alaways pretended they were for E logue with Anna, in a soliloquy discovers, her brother, who with him had been killed that he was the villain unknown, from in a battle before her marriage with Ran- whose arms lord Randolph had snatched dolph ; upon Randolph's coming in the her, that he had even fince her marriage ftops, and is informed by hiin of an ex- made love to her, and that he was then pected invafion from the Danes, which meditating the death of lord Randolph. the wishes may be prevented by adverse Act II. Scene I. A strange fellow winds, but he wishes for their landing. F comes running in, fo frightened that be Whereupon the fays,

could not speak, after which enter lord War I detest : but war with foreign foes, Randolph, and a young man, with their Whose manners, language, and whose swords drawn and bloody, and lord Rana looks are strange,

dolph tells his lady, that he had been at: Is not fo horrid, nor to me so hateful, tacked by four ruffians who would have As that which with our neighbours oit we murdered him, if that young man had wage.

G not come accidentally to his relief, by A river here, there an ideal line

whom two of them had been killed, and By fancy drawn, divides the fifter kingdoms. the other two had filed. Then they alk On each side dwells a people limilar, the young man his name, and what he As twins are to each other, valiant both, was, whereupon he tells them, that his Both fortheir valour famous thro’the world. name was Norval, that his father fed his Yet will they not unite their kindred arms, flocks upon the Grampian hills, that a And, if they must have war, wage distant H few days before he had defeated a party of war,

men who came to rob his father, and had But with each other fight in cruel conflict. killed their chief, whose arms he then wore, Gallant in strife, and noble in their ire, and with which he set out for the camp, The battle is their paltime. They go forth with only one fervant, that treinbling Gay in the morning, as to suinmer sport : coward who forsook his master. Scene Il. When ev'ning comes, the glory of the Lady Randolph discovers to' Anna than


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