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LONDON MAGAZINE. For JA NU A RY, 1757.

AR

honour.

honour of the nation, and the liberties of The following Extract from the CON.

mankind, were superior to all other contiTEST, No 7, will not improperly derations. accompany the HEAD of the illufirious

This was his invariable conduct whilft Gentleman which fronts our Title.

in employmeut, and, at length, he gloriEING born of a ously relinquished this subordinate power good family, and A rather than co-operate with weak or wickallied to several no- ed men, in schemes prejudicial, in any de

bleones, he thought gree, to the common interest of his counB it incumbent upon try. He then retired, a while, to enjoy un

him to preserve the tainted honour in unenvied obscurity; but luitre derived from when the united voice of a perishing peo

both, whether in ple called upon him for assistance, he was

H private or publick B willing, ready, and able, and I hope will llife. In the former he was always fru- perlift, in spite of the mean opposition of gal, temperate, honest, fincere, and be- a faction, or the dark arrow of calumny, nevolent; and was thereby naturally free, which flies by night, in his endeavours to brave, and uncorrupt, in the latter. Be- restore this kingdom to its antient virtue, ing possessed only of a small fortune, he and consequently to its peace, plenty, and virtuously circumscribed his expences within the limits of his income; and therefore, C when corruption stooped fo low as to take

A faithful Account of the Siege of St. the standard out of the hands of a cornet

Philip's Fort, in the Isand of MI(as he himself emphatically expressed it) on

NORCA (See our last Volume, account of inflexible integrity, he was en

p. 409, and the Maps and Plans at abled to fublist without publick pay, and

P. 104, 208.) had re

alarmed with news of large the liberties of his country, thro' his perfon. fleet of French transports being in fight.

At length, when in the viciffitude of On the 18th it was certified that the French affairs it became necessary to have the ex- had landed at Ciudadella, upon which all ternal affectation of employing more men proper precautions were taken for defence, of undoubted honesty and abilities, and he and nothing left undone which could be was advanced to a very profitable port, of suggested by wisdom, or inspired by cougreat importance, he conspicuously indicat. E rage, and a fixed and firm refolution aped, that a disinterested desire to restore deco- peared in all, to make the best and ableit nomy in publick offices, a benevolence in defence they could: Thence, till the 30th, redressing the grievances of the helpless in the morning, the French were taken up and oppressed, and a sincere love for the in marching to Mahon, in making various January, 1757

A 2

move

venge the unconftitutional infult offered to DO April 17, the garrison was first

a

4 JOURNAL of the SIEGE of Fort St. PHILIP. Jan. movements, both with their army and on May 4, to play our cannon and mor. fleet, and the brave general and his garri- tars, for the firit time, at the enemy, who, son were as properly employed in provid. continuing their works had advanced ing for their security, and the annoyance pretty far, and obliged them a second time of the enemy; several mesages paired on to abandon their works. Capt. Theoboth sides, and some polite complements dore, with cight Greeks, joined us, in orbetween gen. Blakeney and the duke de A der to do duty; and the day concluded Richlieu. On the 30th, in the morning, with firing some bombs at the enemy, as the first gun was fired from the garrison, they returned to their works. On Wed(being the first on either side) at a party neiday, May 5, their batteries being now of the enemy who advanced to a point of

very conspicuous, we continued a brisk land called Phillipit, which stands in the firing, which did great execution among middle of the harbour, fronting the gar- the men, and destroyed a great part of rison : Some of them were killed, and the B their works : Our centinels firing from rest escaped. We now received orders to the Marlborough guard, at some of the fire at the enemy wherever we saw chem

enemy who came to view that fort, killed within foot of the garrison; nothing more one of their engineers, disguised in a Sparemarkable this day. On the morrow, njih babit, which concluded the execution Saturday, May 1, the French general sent of this day. On the 6th, we perceived a druminer with a message to the governor, the enemy had finished a five gun battery, who returned the same day with his answer. C and a three mortar battery : We received The governor sent capt. Chisell to the op- orders to cannonade them without interponte lide of the harbour, to examine if mission, which was executed with great the enemy were erecting any works there, bravery, from Charles-fort, Cumberlandbut perceived nothing. Dar centinel , who battery, and Queen's-redoubt; but Charlesfaced the town, kept a smart firing ail fort only continued their fire the whole night, fupponing great numbers of the night. On the 7th, in the morning, the enemy there, who gave however but thiee D enemy's ficet appeared in sight, which had or four thot in exchange. May 2, the not been seen for two days before. They governor sent a drummer with a letter were now 24 in number, and because to to the French generi, who returned the encreasëri we were apprehensive they had same day with an ensiver. The French fallen in with, and taken fome English fleet appearc! fore leagues to the west, merchantmen, which apprehenfion arose and in the afeinoon a large party of the from our having heard a great firing, at a enernyadvanced, with implements foreredi. E considerable dittance at sea. This night ing batieries, on the other side of the wa- a party was detached into town to learn, ter toward: Cape Molz; but our fire from if pofiible, whether the enemy were erecta, the fort put them into great confusion, and ing any works there; when ferjeant Young, killing a number of their men, the rest and a private soldier of the royal Welch were compelled to take thelter behind the fuzileers, were made prisoners, whose caprocks, until, by favour of the niyni, ar- tivity lasted as long as the liege. On Sariving at their destination, they began to F turday, May 8, the enemy opened the two erect their works, notwithstanding ve kept batteries already mentioned, and cach fide a brisk fire towards the Cape, for the major feenied to exert great ipirit and resolution, part of the night. On the morning of by an incesant fire the whole day. That May 3, the enemy's fleet was scarce percep. of the garrison killed fome of the enemy's tible ; but between 2 and 3000 men were ginrers, and did otherwise great injury very discernable at Cape Mola, erecting a to their batteries; while we, on our part, gun and bomb-batteries. The governor G were not altogether excluded from the ordered a continual fire from the castle, common events of war, having, however, and Queen's Redoubt, wliich greatly im- but one man wounded by the enemy, whose peded and drove them from their works shots

grazing along the touch-hole of a loadfor some time. We did great execution eil gun discharged it, levelled as it was, at among them, particularly of those em- their own baitery. Accident was at this ployed in carrying fascines ; a deserter time more an enemy than the French; før from the enemy was killed on the glacis H two additional gunners loading a cannon by the continels ; each firing at him, who not well spunged, thro' eagerness of anseeing him fall, fupposed he only meant to roying the enemy, the latent fire caused a fhelter himself from the fire of the garrison, discharge, which cost them both their lives; till the contrary was found, by a hoy they were of lord Effingham's regiment. whom they dispatched in quest of him, In the night a party of the enemy advanwho rsturned with his hat. We began ced, almost as near as our palisadocs, who

1

1757. EXECUTION of RAVAILL A C.

5 with undaunted bravery stood and return- made him a very fit tool for the Romilh ed our fire for about 10 minutes, when priests to work upon. He declared, his they thought proper to retire, the darknels main motive tor killing the king was, that of the night preventing the discovery of he had not, as he was able to do, brought their loss, it any ; there was none on our back the followers of the pretended retorfide. On the oth, they renewed their at- mation to the Catholick, Apoftolick, and tack with the dawn ; and had the fuccess A Roman church. Upon his trial, he perto beat down one of our embrasures on filted in acquitting every one of having the castle, and wounded one man by the any concern in the murder, and in affirmsplinters of their shells. The vane of our ing he himself was the sole contriver and flag-staff was also shot away by one of perpetiator of it ; nor could the most extheir cannon-balls. We fired without in- cruciating tortures force the secret of his termiffion for the whole day, and in the accomplices from him; tho'it is not to be night a detached party of the enemy at. B doubteil he was incited to the commiftacked Marlborough-fort; they were about

lion of the fact by the priests, who alone, 500, who were so bravely repulsed by a

by their artful insinuations, promises, and captain's guard of 50 men only, that they wiles, can work a man up to such a pitch retired with foune loss, and great precipita- of desperation and resolution. tion, after two hours almost incredible re

At three o'clock, on May 27, 1610, sistance, with very little loss to us; after when he was taken from the prison of the which the remainder of the night pafed C Conciergerie, and put into the tumbril, undisturbed by any further action. On the the crowd was so great, that it was with 10:h, an incesant firing was again renew

the utmost difficulty the archers and offied and kept up, with great spirit and re- cers of justice could force themselves a solution on both sides ; one woman only,

paisage ; and as foon as the prisoner apa follower of col. Rich's regiment, had peared, that vast multitude began to cry the ill fortune to be wounded on this day. out, Wicked wretch, traitor, &c. The enemy having erected two mortar bat. D The enraged populace continued their reries in the town, our mortars and co

cries and exclamations, till he arrived at the horns were directed to keep a continual Greve, where, before he was taken out of fire upon that part of it. Lieut. Kennedy, the tumbril to mount the fcaffold, he was of col. Rich's regiment, was detached, by again exhorted to reveal his accomplices ; water, round Cape Mola, to make his ob- but he persisted in his former declaration, fervation of the enemy's works. On the

that he had none ; again imploring par11th, nothing material happened on either E don of the young king, the queen, and fide, the firing was continued with the the whole kingdom, for the crime he had usual briskness, and we had one man

committed. wounded : We continued our fire the

When he had ascended the scaffold, the whole night to annoy their works ; and

two doctors comforted him, and exhorted the enemy observing the briskness of our him to acknowledge the truth ; and after fire upon the town, continued theirs with performing the duties of their function, their utrnost efforts from Cape Mola, for F the clerk approached him, and urged him the whole night.

to think of his salvation now at the close of [To be continued in our next.]

his life, and to confess all he knew ; to

which he only answered as he had done The following Account of the dreadful before.

Execution of FRANCIS RAVALILAC, The fire being put to his right hand, for the Murder of HENRY IV. King of holding the knife with which he had ftab. France, by ftabbing him in bis Coach, G bed the king; he cried out, Oh God! and will not be unpleasing to our curicus often repeated felie Marie ! While his Readers, as the fame Torrents may PP- breast, &c. were tearing with red-hot fibly be experienced by the Wretch who pincers, he renewed his cries and prayers ; male an Attempt upon the Life of the during which, being often adınonihed to present French King. (See p. 45.) acknowledge the truth, he persisted in de"RANCIS Ravaillac was born at nying that he had any accomplices. The

Angoulême, and was in the thirty- H fúrious crowd continued to load him with Second year of his age when he commit- execrations, crying, that he ought not to ted this horrid murder. He had been a have a moment's respite. Afterwards, by kind of pettifogger or sollicitor for 14 intervals, melted lead, and scalding oil, years before. He was of a superstitious were poured upon his wounds ; during and contemplative disposition, much given which he Mhrieked aloud, and continued to vapours and fancies, and often imagin- his cries and exclamations. ing he saw visions and revelations, which

The

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