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Youth on the prow, and Pleasure at the helm ; Regardless of the sweeping whirlwind's sway, 75 That, hush'd in grim repose, expects his ev'ning prey.

II. 3. “ Fill high the sparkling bowl, The rich repast prepare ;

Reft of a crown, he yet may share the feast: Close by the regal chair


V. 48:

“ The goodly London in her gallant trim,
on her shadow rides in floating gold.

Dryden. An. Mirab. 151.
V. 74. “ Ipse gubernabit residens in puppe Cupido,” Ov.
Heroid. Ep. xv. 215. And so Petrarch: “E al governo, siede
'l Signor, anzi 'l nimico mio,” Son. clvi.
V. 75. So in his Fragment on Education and Government,

6 And where the deluge burst with sweepy sway.The expression is from Dryden. See Virg. Georg. i. 483:

“ And rolling onwards with a sweepy sway.And in Granada, act v. sc. 1: 6 That wbirls along with an impetuous sway,

And like chain-shot sweeps all things in the way.”
And Ov. Met. “ Rushing onwards with a sweepy sway.
And Æn. vii. “ The branches bend before their sweepy sway.
V. 76. “ So like a lion that unheeded lay,

Dissembling sleep and watchful to betray,
With inward

he meditates his prey.

Dryden. Sig. and Guisc. · Fermenting tempest brew'd in the grim evening sky."

Thomson. V. 77. Richard the Second, as we are told by Archbishop Scroop and the confederate Lords in their manifesto, by Thomas of Walsingham, and all the older writers, was starved to death. The story of his assassination by Sir Piers of Exon is of much later date. Gray.

For the profusion of Richard II. see Harding. Chron. quoted in the Preface to Mason's Hoccleve, p. 5; Daniel. Civil Wars,

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Fell Thirst and Famine scowl

A baleful smile upon their baffled guest. Heard


the din of battle bray, Lance to lance, and horse to horse? Long years of havock urge their destined

course, And thro' the kindred squadrons mow their way.


Var. V. 82. A baleful smile] A smile of horror. Ms.

Üï. 87; and Pennant. London, p. 89, 4to. Dr. Berdmore compares this passage to the following lines of Virgil, Æn. vi. 603:

“ Lucent genialibus altis
Aurea fulcra toris, epulæque ante ora parate
Regifico luxu: Furiarum maxima juxta
Adcubat, et manibus prohibet contingere mensas,

Exsurgitque facem adtollens, atque intonat ore.”
V. 79. “ Such is the robe that kings must wear,
When death has reft their crown.'

Mallett. Will. and Marg. st. 3. W. V. 80. “Regales inter mensas. Virg. Æn. i. 686.

“ Sate Matilda in the regal chair.” Davenport. K. John and Matilda, p. 25, 4to.

V. 82. “ He ceas’d: for both seemed highly pleas'd; and Death

Grinn'd horrible a ghastly smile.Par. L. ii. 845. W. So Hom. Il. E. 212: Meldiówv Bhoovpoiol apooónaol. And other examples cited in the note of Newton to the Par. Lost.

V. 83. Ruinous wars of York and Lancaster. Gray.
V. 83. “ Arms on armour clashing brayed.”

Milt. Par. L. vi. 209. Luke. V. 84. “ Harry to Harry shall, not horse to horse." Shakes. Hen. IV. pt. i. act iv. sc. i. “ Man to man, and horse to horse.” Massing. M. of Honor. Rogers.

V. 86. “ Cognatasque acies,” Lucan. i. 4. W. — And so in Sidon. A pollin. xv. 28: “ Cognatam portans aciem.In Dryden, All for Love, act i. we find an expression similar to the text,

66 Mow them out a passage,
And entering where the foremost squadrons yield.”

Ye towers of Julius, London's lasting shame, With many a foul and midnight murder fed,

Revere his consorts faith, his father's fame, And spare the meek usurper's holy head. Above, below, the rose of snow,

Twin'd with her blushing foe, we spread :


Var. V. 87. Ye] Grim. Ms.

V. 90. Holy] Hallow'd. ms.

V. 87. Henry the Sixth, George Duke of Clarence, Edward the Fifth, Richard Duke of York, &c., believed to be murdered secretly in the Tower of London. The oldest part of that structure is vulgarly attributed to Julius Cæsar. Gray.

V. 89. Margaret of Anjou, a woman of heroic spirit, who struggled hard to save her husband and her crown.

Gray. Ibid. Henry the Fifth. Gray.

V. 90. Henry the Sixth, very near being canonized. The line of Lancaster had no right of inheritance to the crown.

Gray. V. 91. The white and red roses, devices of York and Lancaster. Gray.

no, Plantagenet,
'Tis not for fear, but anger — that thy cheeks
Blush for pure shame, to counterfeit our roses.'

Henry VI. pt. i. act ii. sc. 4. V.93. The silver boarl was the badge of Richard the Third; whence he was usually known in his own time by the name of the Boar. Gray.

66 Nor easier fate the bristled boar is lent."

1 The crest or bearing of a warrior (says Scott in his notes to the Lay of the Last Minstrel, p. 300) was often used as a “ nom de guerre.” Thus Richard III. acquired his wellknown epithet, -o the Boar of York." In the violent satire on Cardinal Wolsey, commonly but erroneously imputed to Dr. Bull, the Duke of Buckingham is called the Beautiful Swan; and the Duke of Norfolk, or Earl of Surrey, the White Lion. See Dr. Nott. Surrey. i. p. 302, 304. And see the

The bristled boar in infant-gore

Wallows beneath the thorny shade. Now, brothers, bending o'er the accursed loom, 95 Stamp we our vengeance deep, and ratify his doom.

III. 1. Edward, lo! to sudden fate (Weave we the woof. The thread is spun.)

Half of thy heart we consecrate.

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See Mirror for Magis. p. 417. Anon. 62, 69, 80. Again,

“ At Stonie Stratford being upon my way,

The bloodie bore my uncle that did aime." Mirror for Magis. p. 740. “ The bristled baptist boar," Dryden. The Princes are called the roses:

“Oh! noble Edward, from whose royal blood

Life to their infant bodies nature drew,

Thy roses both are cropt e'en in the bud." And p. 745, with the same allusion:

Why didst thou leave that bore in time tensue

To spoil those plants that in thy garden grew.” See also the Battle of Flodden Field, st. 255; and Ford. Perkin Warbeck, act i. sc. 1. p. 12. ed. Weber.

V. 96. “ If Fate weave common thread, I'll change the doom,

And with new purple weave a nobler loom.” Dryd. Seb. V. 98.

“ Yet rather let him live, and twine His woof of dayes with some thread stolen from mine." Cartwright. Poems, p. 239. 'Ayauéļvovl mótuov úpaível. Tryphiod. v. 409. Nonni. Dion. iv. 244.

V. 99. Eleanor of Castile died a few years after the conquest of Wales. The heroic proof she gave of her affection

Lay of the Last Minstrel, cant. iv. st. xxx;

6 Yet hear, quoth Howard, calmly hear,

Nor deem my words the words of fear;
For who, in field or foray slack,

Saw the Blanche Lion e'er fall back?" And so in Henry VI, part ii. act v. sc. 2. Warwick is called the Bear, from his father's badge, old Neville's crest:

“ The rampant Bear chained to the ragged staff.”



(The web is wove.

The work is done.) Stay, oh stay! nor thus forlorn Leave me unbless'd, unpitied, here to mourn: In yon bright track, that fires the western skies, They melt, they vanish from my eyes. But oh! what solemn scenes on Snowdon's height

Descending slow their glittering skirts unroll? Visions of glory, spare my aching sight!

Ye unborn ages, crowd not on my soul!
Var. V. 101. Thus] Here. MS.
V. 102. Me unbless'd, unpitied, here] Your despairing

Caradoc. Ms.
V. 103. Track] Clouds. MS.
V. 104. Melt] Sink. Ms.
V. 105. Solemn scenes] Scenes of Heaven. Ms.
V. 106. Glitlering] Golden. Ms.

for her lord is well known. The monuments of his regret and sorrow for the loss of her, are still to be seen at Northampton, Gaddington, Waltham, and other places. Gray.

V. 106. Milt. P. L. xi. 332. “ Though but his utmost skirts of glory.” Luke. V. 107. From Dryden. State of Innocence, act iv. sc. 1:

“ Their glory shoots upon my aching sight.V. 109. It was the common belief of the Welsh nation, that King Arthur was still alive in Fairyland, and would return again to reign over Britain.

V. 110. Both Merlin and Taliessin had prophesied that the Welsh should regain their sovereignty over this island; which seemed to be accomplished in the house of Tudor. Gray.

V. 111. “ Throngs of knights and barons bold,” Milton. L'Alleg. 119. Luke.

V. 112. “ His starry front low rooft beneath the skies," Milton. Ode on the Passion, iii. 18. “ Sideribus similes oculos, Ovid. Met. i. 499. - Heu! ubi siderei vultus,” Stat. Theb. v. 613. “Sidereo læta supercilio," Claud. xv. v. 58; and “ Sidereos oculos,” Manilius Ast. iv. 905; and, lastly, “Gli occhi sereni, et le stellanti ciglia,Petr. Son. clxvii. v. 9.

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