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And unknown regions dare descry:
And snatch a fearful joy.
Gay hope is theirs by fancy fed,
Less pleasing when possest;
The sunshine of the breast :
And lively cheer, of vigour born;
V. 30. “ The senator at cricket urge the ball.”
Pope. Dun. iv. 592. V. 37. This line is taken from Cowley. Pindarique Ode to Hobbes, iv. 7. p. 223: “Till unknown regions it descries.'
V. 40. “ Magnaque post lachrymas etiamnum gaudia pallent.” Stat. Theb. i. 620. For other expressions of this nature, see Wakefield's note. Add Sil. Ital. xvi. 432, “ lætoque pavore.” Luke.
V. 44. “ Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind." Pope. Eloisa, ver. 209. Add Essay on Man, iv. 167, “ The soul's calm sunshine."
V. 47. “In either cheeke depeyncten lively cheere,” Spenser. Hobbinol's Dittie, ver. 33. W. See Milton. Ps. Ixxxiv. 5. “With joy and gladsome cheer.” Luke.
V. 49. “ The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air.” Pope. Im. of Horace, I. 73; Hor. Od. ii. xi. 7. “ facilemque somnum: ” and Par. L. v. 3:
Alas! regardless of their doom,
The little victims play ;
Nor care beyond to-day:
And black Misfortune's baleful train!
Ah, tell them, they are men!
These shall the fury Passions tear,
The vultures of the mind,
And Shame that sculks behind ;
V. 51. “E'en now, regardless of his doom,
Applauding honour haunts his tomb.” Collins. Ode on the Death of Col. Ross, 4th stanza of his first manuscript.
V. 55. These two lines resemble two in Broome. Ode on Melancholy, p.
“ While round, stern ministers of fate,
Pain, and Disease, and Sorrow wait.” And Otway. Alcib. act v. sc. 2. p. 84: “Then enter, ye grim ministers of fate.”
V. 61. “The fury Passions from that flood began.” See Pope. Essay on Man, iii. 167.
V. 63. “ Exsanguisque Metus,” Stat. Theb. vii. 49. And from him Milton, Quint. Novemb. 148: “ Exsanguisque Horror.” Pers. Sat. iii. v. 115, “ Timor albus.” V. 66. “ But gnawing Jealousy out of their sight, Sitting alone, his bitter lips did bite."
Spenser. F. Q. vi. 23.
That inly gnaws the secret heart; And Envy wan, and faded Care, Grim-visag'd comfortless Despair,
And Sorrow's piercing dart.
Ambition this shall tempt to rise,
Then whirl the wretch from high,
And grinning Infamy,
That mocks the tear it forc'd to flow;
Amid severest woe.
Lo! in the vale of
beneath A grisly troop are seen,
V. 68. “With praise enough for Envy to look wan.” Milton. Son. to Lawes, xiii. 6. W. Par. L. i. 601, “ Care sate on his faded cheek.” Luke.
V. 69. Gray has here imitated Shakespeare. Richard III. act i. sc. 1: “Grim-visag'd War," and Com. of Err. act v. sc. 1: “A moody and dull melancholy kinsman to grim and comfortless Despair.” Yarrington (Two Trag. in one) “ Grimvisag'd Despair.” Todd.
V. 76. “ Affected Kindness with an alter'd face,” Dryden. Hind. and Panth. part iii.
V. 79. “ Madness laughing in his ireful mood,” Dryden. Pal. and Arc. (b. ii. p. 43. ed. Aik.) Gray. And so K. Hen. VI.
p. 1. act iv. sc. 2: “ But rather moody mad.” And act iii. sc. 1: “Moody fury.” Chaucer. Knyghte's Tale, 1162.
V. 81. “Declin’d into the vale of years,” Othello, act iii. sc. 3. Compare also Virg. Æn. vi. 275.
The painful family of Death,
More hideous than their queen:
Those in the deeper vitals rage :
And slow-consuming Age.
To each his suff'rings: all are men,
Th’ unfeeling for his own.
V. 83. “ Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain,” Pope. Essay on Man, ii. 118. Dryden, State of Innoc. act v. sc. 1: “ With all the numerous family of Death.” Claudian uses language not dissimilar: Cons. Honor. vi. 323: “Inferno stridentes agmine Morbi.” And Juv. Sat. x. 218: “ Circumsedit agmine facto Morborum omne genus.” Hor. Od. 1. iii. 30, " Nova febrium terris incubuit cohors.”
V. 84. See T. Warton's Milt. p. 432, 434, 511. V. 90. “His slow-consuming fires.” Shenstone. Love and Honour.
V. 95. We meet with the same thought in Milton. Com. ver.
“ Peace, brother; be not over-exquisite
To cast the fashion of uncertain evils;
What need a man forestall his date of grief?” W.
“From ignorance our comfort flows,
The only wretched are the wise.” – Luke. Add Davenant. Just Italian, p. 32, “Since knowledge is but
Since sorrow never comes too late,
And happiness too swiftly flies?
- where ignorance is bliss,
HYMN TO ADVERSITY.*
Τον φρονείν Βρoτους οδώ-
ÆSCH. AGAM, Ver. 181.
[This Ode, suggested by Dionysius' Ode to Nemesis. v. Ara
tus. ed. Oxford, p. 51, translated by S. Meyrick, in Bell's Fug. Poetry, vol. xviii. p. 161.]
DAUGHTER of Jove, relentless power,
Thou tamer of the human breast,
sorrow's spy, it is not safe to know.” And Dodsley. Old
- “ Ignorance is safe;
To wake me into judgment.”
V. 1. 'Atn, who may be called the goddess of Adversity, is