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acre ad quod damnum allowed amount apothecary army artillery Bank Bank of Ireland bill Catholic Cavalry charge charitable classes clause College Commissariat Commissioners Committee companies Consolidated Fund corporations cost council county Armagh court custom district Dublin duties effect England English established estimate examination Exchequer expenditure farm give houses improvements in-coming tenant income increase infantry instances Ireland Irish poor labour land landlord lease licensing Lord LOYAL NATIONAL REPEAL ment military militia Mortmain Muscovado NATIONAL REPEAL ASSOCIATION non-commissioned officers officers Ordnance out-going tenant paid parish Parliament parochial board pauper payment persons physician Poor Law practice practitioners present profession provisions purchase Reading Room recognised regiments removal rent REPEAL ASSOCIATION Report revenue Royal Scotland Section sell settlement statute statute of Mortmain sugar Surgeons surgery taxes tenant tenant-right testator tion troops United Kingdom workhouse
Сторінка 7 - The certainty of what each individual ought to pay is, in taxation, a matter of so great importance, that a very considerable degree of inequality, it appears, I believe, from the experience of all nations, is not near so great an evil as a very small degree of uncertainty.
Сторінка 6 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities ; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Сторінка 7 - Thirdly, by the forfeitures and other penalties which those unfortunate individuals incur who attempt unsuccessfully to evade the tax, it may frequently ruin them, and thereby put an end to the benefit which the community might have received from the employment of their capitals.
Сторінка 7 - A tax may either take out or keep out of the Dockets of the people a great deal more than it brings into the public treasury, in the four following ways. First, the levying of it may require a great number of officers, whose salaries may eat up the greater part of the produce of the tax, and whose perquisites may impose another additional tax upon the people.
Сторінка 7 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain, and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person...
Сторінка 54 - In a land of liberty it is extremely dangerous to make a distinct order of the profession of arms.
Сторінка 7 - Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible, over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state.
Сторінка 8 - An injudicious tax offers a great temptation to smuggling. But the penalties of smuggling must rise in proportion to the temptation. The law, contrary to all the ordinary principles of justice, first creates the temptation, and then punishes those who yield to it; and it commonly enhances the punishment too in proportion to the very circumstance which ought certainly to alleviate it, the temptation to commit the crime.
Сторінка 8 - Fourthly, by subjecting the people to the frequent visits and the odious examination of the tax-gatherers, it may expose them to much unnecessary trouble, vexation, and oppression...
Сторінка lxxxi - In fact, it is one of the sacred rights of the country which cannot be touched with impunity ; and if systematic efforts were made amongst the proprietors of Ulster to invade tenant-right, I do not believe there is a force at the disposal of the Horse Guards sufficient to keep the peace of the province...