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done away,

declared, that the covenant, of these remarks, I must refer you which this rite was the token, to the volume itself. ... was not to be made with him While circumcision is called, but with Isaac. What, then, in one place, a seal of the righcould it be considered as seal-teousness of faith, it is called ing to Ishmael ?

elsewhere a token of God's coIf, on the other hand, we venant. I show with what proview circumcision as a seal priety these expressions are ap- . of the general truth, that who plied to the same object, and soever believeth, his faith is how completely they harmoimputed to him for righteous- nize, if the former expression ness; the difficulties which em- be understood, as a seal of the barrass the subject on the other general truth, that whosoever interpretation, are completely believeth, his faith shall be

counted to him for righteousFirst, As a seal of general ness. truth, there is no difficulty It is in connexion with this arising from the various classes remark, I request your attento be circumcised. As a seal, tion to Numb. xvi. 38. 6. The in this sense, it was equally censers of these sinners against efficacious in the body of an their own souls, let them make infant, or a slave, as in that of them broad plates for a coverAbraham himself.

ing of the altar; for they of. Second, This interpretation fered thein before the Lord, best accords with the scope of therefore they are hallowed : Paul's reasoning, Rom. iv. It and they shall be a sign unto is there plainly his design to the children of Israel.” show, that.faith is necessary to have here an example of the justification, both in Jew and same word which is applied to Gentile. But this can only be circumcision, when it is called maintained by viewing circum- the token of God's covenant. cision as a seal of this truth, Now if it appear that what is that whosoever believes as Abra- here called a sign or token, is ham did, shall be justified. If an exhibition or memorial of a it be viewed as sealing some certain truth, by means of its thing to the individuals circum- recalling to men's recollection cised, as most of these were the origin of the event, or instiinfants, it would rather show tution, to which the name of that faith was not necessary to token or sign is given, it will the enjoyment of the blessing tend considerably to confirm of which circumcision was the the view I have given of cira seal, as on this supposition, the cumcision when called a token blessing was enjoyed by those of God's covenant, or, in other quite incapable of exercising words, a seal of the righteous faith.

ness of faith, viz. that it be Third, I show that this view comes so, as being a confirma. of the expression best accords tion or memorial of a certaid with Abraham's history. But, truth by the origin of the instifor the particular illustration of tution being recollected,

We

The incident contained in the Now here you will remark, immediately preceding part of first, they word rendered sign, the Jewish history is shortly and in ver. 20, the word niew this e Korali, Dathan, and Abi- morial? is applied to the same ram, with two hundred and fifty object) is the same word that of the princes, hecame jealous is applied in Gen. xvii. to cirof Moses and Aaron, and thus cumcision, when it is called provoked the Lord. To decide the token of God's - covenant. this contest for the superiority: This observation' is applicable between these rebels and the both to the original Hebrew appointed servants of Jehovah, and to the lxx translation. In they were called to take every the former it is w, in the latter man his censer,

and to put

ini σημειον. . cense therein, and the Lord Second, In what way were would declarewho were his. these censers, when converted The ringleaders and their fami- into broad plates to cover the lies were destroyed by the earth altar, a sign unto the children opening - and swallowing them of Israel of the displeasure of up, and the two hundred and Jehovah, against those who in fifty princes were consumed by truded into the office, that was fire from heaven. Then it is peculiar to the sons of Aaron said, “ And the Lord spake how did they serve this purpose untó Moses, saying, Speak more than any other plates of unto Eleazar-the son of Aaron the same metal? It was simthe priest, that he take up the ply by the recollection of the censers out of the burning, and occasion of their being thus scatter thou the fire yonder; for employed. Whenever the orithey are hallowed. The cen- gin of these plates being thus sers of these sinners against put on the altar : was remem their own souls, let them make bered, theỹ would be a sign, a them broad plates for a covering token, or memorial of the divine of the altar; for they offered displeasure against iniquity. them before the Lord, there. Now it is precisely in the same fore they are hallowed: and sense, I understand circumcithey shall be a sign unto the sion to be a token of God'st children of Israel. And Elea-covenant, or a seal of the righ

the priest took the brazen teousness of faith. It became censers, wherewith they that such, by the origin of the instius were burnt had offered; and tution being recollected; by its they were made broad plates being remembered, that Abrafor a covering of

altar, to ham believed, and that circum. be a memorial unto the children cision was appointed a seal or of Israel, that no stranger which memorial, that his faith was is inot of the seed of Aaron, counted to him for righteouscome near to offer incense be- ness. '. While circumcision was fore the Lord, that he be not thusa token of that covenanti as Korah, and as his company; in which: 'this truth was exhias the Lord said to him by the bited, it became interesting to hand of Moses," ver, 36-40. all, because it contained an ex

zar

hibition of the general truth, on the cover of the Evanges that whosoever believeth, his lical Magazine. While the faith shall, in like manner, be advertisement mentions, that, imputed to him for righteous among other topics contained ness.

in them, there will be found a I have only farther to notice, particular examination of the that this quite accords with the evidence in support of proseview given, both by Parkhurst lyte baptism, especially as lately and Buxtorf, of the use of the brought forward by Mr. Wal. original word here used. The ker, of Dublin; it is so printed former thus explains its import. as to represent Mr. W. as the A sign or token, in general any author of this publication. The thing that shows, or causeth to more effectually to correct this come, in the mind any other mistake, and as it cannot interthing, whether past or future, fere with the wishes of my which might not otherwise ap- friend, Eugenio, I take the pear. Buxtorf's explanation liberty of substituting, in the of it is precisely to the same room of Epenetus, the name of effect. “Signum quod even- the author of his part, at least, turum aliquid portendit vel ali- in these conversations, while I quid in mentem. vel memoriam beg leave to subscribe myself, venire facit.

Yours, &c. I shall now leave you and Edinburgh. WILLIAM INNES. your readers to judge how far this passage furnishes a con

ORDINATION firmation of the view I have given in the volume referred to,

PASTORAL OFFICE, of circumcision, not as a seal of some blessing to the indivi- Administration of the Lord's Supper. dual circumcised, and independent of faith, but as a seal of We have received a Query this general truth, that who- on the above subject, in which soever believeth shall be jus- our correspondent mentions, tified by bis faith, as Abraham that some young ministers, who was by his.

have not received ordination, The volume to which these had administered the Lord's observations relate, is anony- supper in a destitute church, mous. The reason is partly where they were employed in given in the publication itself. preaching ; and wishes to know, My friend, Eugenio, who fa- if this be consistent with the voured me with the remarks word of God. that occurred to him on my The following letter to a reasoning, (and they were re- young minister, from the late marks stated in genuine con- Mr. Fuller, in answer to a simiversations,) wished that no al- lar question, will, we hope, salusion whatever should be made tisfy our correspondent. to his name. An awkward mis- “My dear brother, take, however, has occurred in Relative to your question, advertising these conversations I must say, it appears to me

TO THE

NECESSARY TO THE

ON THE

то

WHEN

DESTITUTE OF A PASTOR.

very wrong, to administer the Lord's supper without ordina

DUTY OF A CHURCH tion, as it goes to render void that ordinance. Ordination of Partake of the Lord's Supper, elders, in every church, was a practice of the first churches, Acts, xiv. 23, and we should not make light of it. It is calculated to keep out unworthy To the Editors of the Baptist Magazine, characters from the churches. The appearance of the

“ There was a Mr. that Query, in your Magazine for would have settled at if April last, relative to “ the we, as ministers, would have duty of a church in reference been at his ordination; but we to the Lord's supper, when knew the man to be of a bad their pastor is laid aside by afcharacter, and refused it. The fiction," was gratifying to many consequence was, he stopped of your readers; but, I have awhile, and then left, and went observed, that the answer of into

where he made T. F. published in the following great havock of some of their month, has not had the effect churches,

of composing their minds. The “ Ordination seems originally conciseness of that reply, preintended for guarding against vented the writer from paying bad characters, 1 Tim. v. 22. much attention to the arguI have, therefore, been much "ments employed by those who concerned, to see the practice are of a different opinion. of administering the Lord's sup- It has been noticed, that per obtain prior to it; which those who think with Dr. Gill tends to set it aside ; and will, on this subject, generally make I am persuaded, be a source of use of his observations in de many mischiefs in the churches. fence of their opinion; or,

“ I am told of a very re-what, perhaps, is more comspectable church, which has mon, content themselves with lately fallen a prey to a design- referring you to his “ Body of ing man, whom they have or- Divinity,"* without presuming dained. As none of the neigh- to discuss the subject. This bouring ministers would attend, has induced me to trouble they determined to do without you with a few remarks on the them. The consequence, I principal arguments that occur doubt not, will be mischiefs in- in the work already mentioned; calculable.—I do not suppose for, much as I venerate that these would occur in your case; learned and indefatigable man, but you should not make light. I cannot but consider it the of an ordinance of Christ, and duty of every person to think which, in other cases, may be for himself. We are called of great importance.

upon to search the scriptures, • Affectionately Kettering,

“ your's, May 9, 1815. “ A. FULLER." * Body of Div. vol. ii. p. 256

and this should be done indi-conduct is by no means to be vidually, with integrity and hu- guided by such an inferior and mility, looking up unto God, imperfect example, Thus, if earnestly inquiring what is truth? we allow, with the venerable The opinions of the best of Doctor, that a church of Christ men should ever be compared " is a body corporate in a spiri, with the word of God, before tual sense,” it does not follow, we adopt them as our own; for that its officers can only act the greatest of men are fallible, as such within it and no other," and their errors are dangerous, unless it can be shown, that the in proportion to their reputation divine laws, which regulate the and influence.

duties of the officers in the Dr. Gill, in the work refer- church of Christ, exactly coinred to, after expressing the cide with the human laws that query, says, “ As well may it regulate the duties of officers be asked, Whether the Lord in a city or borough. Mayor of London can exercise The fitness of things is a dehis power in the jurisdiction of licate and, perhaps, dangerous the Mayor of York, or of Bris- argument to apply in religious tol," &c. Though it will be inquiry. Our discernment is readily admitted,“ no officer so imperfect, our prejudices so in a corporation can exercise strong, and our reason so perhis office in another corpora- verted, that we are very apt to tion;" yet, it by no means fol- err in employing it; yet, if we lows, that a pastor cannot ad- might venture here to do so, it minister the ordinances in an- might be remarked, that there other church! The analogy does not exist the same neçesbetween a corporate body and sity for the officer of a body a church of Christ; between a corporate being permitted to mayor and a Christian pastor, exercise his authority in another is too faint to decide a Chris- jurisdiction, as for a pastor to tian duty. The privileges of a be privileged to administer this corporate body, and the duties ordinance under peculiar cirof its officiers, are decided by cumstances, which is rather a certain human charters and benevolent than an authoritative laws, and the

mayor cannot ex- act. The place of a civil ofercise his authority beyond the ficer is easily supplied; nor is bounds, prescribed in the char- the administration of justice ters and laws alluded to; but, impeded, or any material loss he could, if it pleased those sustained by society on the who have the power of granting removal of any officer. It is charters and making laws so to far otherwise in the church of allow, Thus, if it has pleased Christ. It is often years beGod not to prohibit the pastor fore a successor is found to the of one church from adminis- pastor, and to suspend a positering the ordinances in another, tive ordinance of divine authos whatever may be the restrictions rity, without positive permission, of any civil officer is of no but only upon implied, or.conavail,' the Christian pastor's jectural evidence,is truly serious

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