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his errors, and to increase human pu- / when touched by the spear of Ithurity and happiness, may be expected riel, starts up, surprised at himself, to refer to it the language of revela- and discovered to the world. tion: “ Peace be within thy walls, Our honest friend, Jeremiah Rinand prosperity within thy palaces." oletub, without any ceremony, exBut before he opens his bosom to the poses the sins of this history-writing full impression of such a sentiment, Cushion : its sectarianism, its misin reference to a particular sect, he tating and discolouring of facts, its should possess the best reasons for defamation, its denial of the right of its adoption ; and should be all vigi- private judgment, its justifying the lance while he cherishes it, lest some extortion of payment for religious evil temper toward others should instruction, which we neither apenter" his heart, as Satan did the prove nor attend; its artful and inplace in which the children of God jurious representation of the characwere assembled together. The man ter, conduct, and death, of Charles who can, with an approving con- the First; with several other historiscience, style the episcopal church in cal iniquities. Nor has our author this country, a truly spiritual one,” failed to reprobate that ecclesiastical may certainly be forgiven by those pomp and circumstance which

many who dissent from his opinion, if he so much admire. He gives a lumiis zealous in her cause. But let him nous history of its origin, and conrejoice when true religion is pro- trasts it with the pure simplicity and moted, even in “ barns;" and let him spirituality of the religion of Christ. do ample justice to the excellencies National establishments of religion of men, who belong to the household he clearly proves to be unscriptural, of God, although they do not to the and not beneficial. The dissenters, “ religion of houses ;” and all that too, receive a due portion of notice. tends to raise suspicions of their mo- They are justly represented as genetives, and opposition to their holy rally acting on the defensive, as not exertions, let him with anxiety avoid. chargeable with Charles's death, and Every man should have liberty to as benefactors to their country, in worship God according to the doc- preserving her expiring liberties by trines and mandates of divine reve- great and generous sacrifices. Nor Jation, of which he is to be the is it the least valuable part of this judge; and to disseminate his opi- work, in which the great principles nions as far as his ability extends, of toleration are laid down, the evils if they affect not the civil rights of of persecution described, the prostithe community at large. To enforce tution of the Lord's supper lamentsuch principles as these, and to op- ed, the injustice of the corporation pose those of an opposite nature, were and test acts proved, the folly of atthe reasons why our author appears to tempting to force uniformity in relihave written the Legend of the Velvet gion exhibited, the character and Cushion; a performance which we conduct of Charles the First justly recommend every one to peruse with painted, and the causes and the auattention, who desires to possess just thors of his death clearly ascertained. views of religious liberty, of noncon- Much, however, as we admire this formity, and of some of the most im- work, justice requires that we refer portant events recorded in the his- to its faults. The allusion in the tory of his country. We have to 34th page is vulgar, and, in another thank the Velvet Cushion (for, if it respect, objectionable, Sometimes could write its own history, it can | there is a coarseness in the language receive our gratitude) for being the and illustration, as in page 42. The occasion of producing this masterly scriptures are now and then quoted, and useful book. But it has hap- in places that render the passages pened, in this case, as in every other ludicrous. The puns, we think, are in which truth has had to contend not beauties; and the picture of with error, that the good cause has Charles, and the defence of the putriumphed. He who, like Satan ritans, might have been shorter: at the ear of Eve, forms fantasms and, as a general remark, we think and dreams to serve his own party, that, while justice shinos in every


page, the writer, when he wrote his | Diary of Mfr. Joseph Williams, edited Letters, was not, at least on one by the Rev. B. Fawcett, M. A. in side, much given to tenderness and 1779.” Nor can a more just and merey. But, beside its other good correct analysis of the work be gnalities, and which, indeed, are so given, than that which the very remany, as to render its few blemishes spectable editor has furnished in his comparatively trifling, it has exam- preface. ples of very able and fine writing. “ Here, it is humbly hoped, ChrisWe give the following passage as a tians, of very different attainments in specimen of the style and spirit of the divine life, whether weak or the work :-“ The church of Eng- strong in faith; whether engaged in land cannot be happy, while other painful conflicts with their spiritual churches flourish around her; she enemies, or triumphing over them ; affects to tremble for the ark of God; may see reason to conclude, that, but what is this but the cowardly as in water face answereth to face, apprehensions of a man who doubts so the heart of man to man.--Here, the divine origin of the gospel ; or the men of trade and worldly busiwho thinks that the Almighty being ness may learn, the perfect consisfeels ņo peculiar solicitude for its tence between the duties of life and success, and that he only can for- of godliness; between their minding ward it by means of human power earth, and making sure of heaven; and human policy, superadded to and how absurd and iniquitous it is, the energies of his truth and the in- to make light of religion, and go fuence of his Spirit. The great bar- their ways, in the neglect of it, one rier to the success of trae religion, to his farm, another to his merchanI have no doubt, must be thrown dize. They may here perceive, how down. All that opposes unsophisti- rational and scriptural it is, to accated Christianity, and all that would knowledge God in all their ways,' pervert and corrupt it, must be swept and thereby turn success or disapaway, that the universal church may pointment, prosperity or adversity, arise purified and glorious, decked into occasions of greater nearness as a bride, to meet her descending and devotedness to God, more cor-... Lord! The church of Rome, the dial delight in him, and-fuller enchurch of France, the hierarchy of joyment of him. Here, the lovers of England, and every other secular learning and science may trace the religious establishment, will then labours necessary for attaining selflose their distinctive, excluding, and knowledge. Here, the proud and persecuting character; the living passionate may discern, that the difstones will be gathered from their ficulties of being clothed with huruins; and all together, with the my- mility,' and of putting on the incorriads of the redeemed in every clime, ruptible ornament of a meek and form one vast temple, to be a recep- quiet spirit,' are not insurmountable. tacle of the Divine Majesty for Here, the indolent and slothful have

a convincing proof, that' the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence,

and the violent take it by force.' An enlarged Series of Extracts from Here, they “ who did run well, but the Diary, Meditations, and Letters,

were easily • hindered, that they of Mr. Joseph Williams, of Kid- should not obey the truth,' are taught derminster; with Notes, biographi- both the duty and happiness of becal and explanatory. To which are ing steadfast, unmovable, always anncxed, some original Letters from abounding in the work of the Lord.' Ministers, 8c. occasioned by his Here, doubting and trembling souls, death; and an Index ; embellished with all their load of perplexity and with a Portrait. By Benjamin uneasiness concerning their eternal Hanbury,a descendant of the Author. state, have before them an example

We cordially subscribe to the de- of one, who, in some seasons of his claration of the present editor, that lite, exactly resembled themselves; " few books have been more accept though, at other times, he rejoiced able to the religious public, than the with joy unspeakable, and full of

ever !"

glory.' Here, parents and heads of happiness and external comfort of families are prompted to try them- man; by imparting light and expanselves, whether they are manifesting sion to his mind, by giving a potheir own piety, by earnest endea- lish to his manners, and by introduvours, to “ form Christ in' their chil-cing and perfocting the arts. These dren and servants, and what disinte- advantages, for we allude to the rested, zealous, and prudent mea- sciences of this world, however, sures they are pursuing, for the pre- terminate with life; and, if we would sent and everlasting happiness of the possess knowledge that will serve next generation; that when they to direct our steps on earth, that themselves die, their successors may will gild the dark clouds that hover rise up, and call them blessed.' — over the valley of the shadow of Even the most devout and heavenly death, and that will accompany us minds will here have the pleasure to into eternity, for ever to regulate and see, what they themselves feel, that delight the mind, we must turn to Mr. Williams never thought himself the discoveries of the glorious gosalready perfect; but was ever rest- pel of the blessed God. The apostle, less in his desires and endeavoars to who was so correctly informed on love God more ardently, to have the subject, has said, “I count all greater zeal and success in doing things but loss, for the excellency good to others, and that he might of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my win Christ, and be found in him!” Lord.” Man is born in sin, and in

In the present edition, besides the sin he grows up, and in iniquity he addition of much new matter, to give lives, and under the condemnation the greater interest to the work, the of it he passes into eternity, a menames of the several parties alluded lancholy tormented spirit, to exist to, (which prudence might require for ever in despair and torture, if not the compiler of the first edition to delivered by the salvation of the omit) are now nearly all intro- gospel. This light of life is, thereduced; and, in most instances too, fore, necessary to the Greek and the the superscriptions to the epistolary barbarian: all the human race have matter are given; and several bio- sinned, and must be brought nigh graphical notes are also added. unto God, by Him who died, the just

To the numerous descendants of for the unjust, or perish everlastingMr. W. and their connections, this ly. The ordinary means of commucomplete edition of his Diary and nicating this saving health to a disLetters, cannot but prove a most eased and dying world, are found in acceptable present. To such as are the gospel ministry; for whosoever acquainted with his character and shall call upon the name of the writings, we need say nothing in Lord shall be saved: How then their favour. To others, we hesitate shall they call on him in wliom they not to recommend the book; and have not believed? and how shail doubt not but they will find them- they believe in him of whom they selves, as we have been, most amply have not heard? and how shall they rewarded by the perusal of it. hear without a preacher?”

And, as the Christian ministry has

been employed, from the beginning, Advice and Encouragement to Young in the dissemination of the truth of

Ministers; Two Sermons, addressed God, and is to be so used down to principally to the Students of the the end of time, it is greatly imporTwo Baptist Academies, at Stepney tant that those who engage in its and at Bristol: the First, preached duties should be entirely fitted to June 23d, 1814, at the Rev. Dr. discharge them; hence it is, that Rippon's Meeting, Carter - Lane, pious and enlightened men have Southwark; the Second, August 3d, united to impart to young ministers, 1814, at the Rev. Dr. Ryland's, as much as possible of useful and Broad-Mead, Bristol. By Joseph sacred knowledge; ignorance is not Kinghorn.

the mother of Christian devotion, The sciences have contributed, in and a ministry, sound in learning and a high degree, to the intellectual piety, is the glory of the church of God.


Seminaries, into which pious young war a good warfare.” These weighty men enter, whose ministerial gifts matters of the divine law, respecthave been previously ascertained, ing the motives, studies, and labours in order to acquire necessary and of Christian ministers, are explained useful information, and to form a with perspicuity, and enforced with habit of close application to study, a direct and honest energy. The are among the wisest and best of man of God appears to feel a paterhuman institutions. Moses, and nal solicitude for the competency, Isaiah, and Paul, who were princi- zeal, activity, usefulness, purity, and pal men among the prophets and the general excellence of the young miapostles, were possessed of much nisters to whom the sermons were learning. The scriptures allude to particularly addressed. With a prothe sciences, to ancient and long per zeal, he urges them to attain indeparted customs and manners, and formation, and, with his eye on the in them are things hard to be un- tribunal of God, he entreats them to derstood, so that an expounder of acquire these mental riches, to be these divine oracles had need to used, in future years of exertion, in be a laborious student, and a well- the erection and beautifying of the informed man. Knowledge, and a living temples of God. The tendency habit of laborious study, he should, of these discourses, like that of the at the very least, possess, if he is doctrines of revelation, is to increase destitute of what is usually styled the wisdom and purity of these rising learning; and these, when add- servants of our God. It blesses them, ed to ardent piety, will not fail, and, if properly regarded, will make through the divine benediction, to them a blessing. Cold, formal, ethimake him an able minister of the cal distributers of erudition, pretty New Testament. The two sermons

or pompous declaimers, vain men torbefore us are much adapted to bene- mented with a feverish thirst for hufit Christian mipisters, especially our man applause, he ardently wishes his younger brethren,who have separated hearers not to be: looking to the end themselves, for a time, from active of mortal things, reflecting on the duties, that they may intermeddle apostacy and immortality of man, with all wisdom. The text of the and, not forgetting the design of the first discourse is taken from 1 Tim. gospel of mercy, he appears every iv. 15.—This passage, the preacher where to say:“Ö men of God, follow supposes particularly to refer to the after righteousness, godliness, faith, 13th verse, where 'Timothy is exhort- love, patience, meckness. Take heed ed to give attendance to reading, to to yourselves, and unto your docexhortation, to doctrine; and, view- trine; continue in them; for in doing ed in this light, the words before us this you shall both save yourselves suggest:

and them that hear you." We very First, That Christian ministers cordially, and with much earnestness should 'seriously consider what will recommend these discourses to the improve their knowledge and use-attention of Christians of all denomifulness.“ Meditate on these things.” | nations. Secondly, That they should attend to them with diligence.

“Give thyself wholly to them.Thirdly, That the end which they should have in view, A Dictionary of Religious Opinions, and which, by such means will be dc. By William Jones, 12mo. 1815. answered, is, that their profiting may Gale and Co. appear unto all.”

The second discourse is grounded For books of this class there has on 1 Tim. i. 18, 19, in which, the been lately a very great demand. preacher observes, there are two Religious bodics have, within the things presented to our view: First

, last few years, come in contact with What Timothy was to hold,-“ faith the government and the parliament; and a good conscience." Secondly, and, on various occasions, have atThe end for which he was to hold tracted the attention of the country them, “ that thou by them mightest at large. And the Bible Society has

brought Christians of all denomina- | LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. tions into closer intercourse than was ever known before. We do not say that this is not a good book, but the

Preparing for Publication: “ Author of the History of the Wal- IMMANUEL; a letter on Isaiah, vii. 14, denses,” and Editor of the “ Biblical and on other subjects, relative to the Cyclopædia," could have made a character of the Messiah ; addressed to better.

George Hardinge, Esq. In answer to

“ Unto the In the Advertisement, Mr. Jones Strictures of a Modern Jew. observes, “ The Christian world, as it Jews I became as a Jew," 1 Cor. ix. 20. is called, is but of small extent, em. Church of Brecon, and Rector of Bishops

By Edward Davies, Prebendary in the bracing.not more than one-fifth of

ton in Gower. the population of the earth. If the inhabited known world were divided the late Rev. A. Fuller will be speedily

It is expected a Life and Remains of into thirty parts, it would be found, prepared, but it is not yet determined that nineteen of them are still pos- whether they will be prefixed to his works," sessed by Pagans, six by Jews and (of which a regular edition is intended to Mahometans, and five only by Chris- be given to the Public,' according to his tians of all denominations. Out of own directions) or, be published previously these nominal Christians, not more in a separate Volume, by Dr. Ryland. than one-third of them are protest- Considerable materials have been furnishants: and how many amongst themed by his own family, and others of his all are Christians, indeed, can be friends. known only to the Great Searcher of Mr. Brook's Dissent from the Esta. Hearts.”

blished Church, justified by an Appeal to : If this little book should not be Facts, baving been some time out of print, entirely superseded by the new edi

a 3d Edition, improved, will soon appear. tion of Hannah Adams, (with Mr.

The Messiah's Advent; or, Remarks on Fuller's Essay on Truth) we should the Moral Tendency of the Doctrine of earnestly recommend it to the editor, Samuel Chase, M. A. 8vo..

Christ's Manifestation in the Flesh. By to give authorities in the next edition.

The Peculiar Doctrines of Grace, accu. The want of these is a great defect. In the article Quakers, p. 197, Mr. rately stated and illustrated, by the Rev.

Messrs. E. and R. Erskines, Thomas Bos. Jones says, " with regard to the re

ton, &c. on occasion of the Controversy surrection of the body, their language about the Marrow of Modern Divinity; is much less decisive, and of doubtful to which will be prefixed, an Account of import, though many among them the Lives of the above and other Divines, ávow their belief of a literal resur- who made that noble stand for gospel rection. We hope good authorities Truth; compiled by J. Brown, Minister,' cannot be produced for this state-Whitburn. ment. In p. 237, it is asserted, that “ The Indwelling and Righteousness " the socinians have generally united of Christ, no Security against corporeal with the Bible Societies in their death; but, the source of spiritual-andlaudable exertions to circulate the eternal life :" a Sermon, delivered at the scriptures, affording, in this instance, interment of the late Rev. Andrew Fuller, an honourable proof of candour and by the Rev. J. Ryland, D.D. of Bristol. liberality.”. We very much question

The Ręy. R. Frost of Dunmow, is about the correctness of this statement.

to publish a Manuscript, containing sume, Mr Jones takes the population of remarkable passages in the Life of his the world at 800 millions. The ac

venerable ancestor, the late Mr. W. Kiffen,

an eminent Minister of the Baptist denocount stands thus:

mination in London, written by hinself.

Millions. The Rev. Dr. Colquhoun, of Leith, Pagans


means soon to publish a treatise on the Mahometans

140 Law and Gospel. Roman Catholics 80

Ecclesiastical, Historical, and Civil Protestants


Memorials, relating chiefly to RELIGION, Eastern Christians 30 and the REFORMATION of it, and the Jews

24 Emergencies of the Church of England.

under King HENRY VIII. KING ED. Total 800 WARD VI, and QUEEN MARY I; alsve VOL. VII.

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