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And vapor as the Libyan air aduft,

635 Began to parch that temp?rate clime; whereat In either hand the hast’ning Angel caught Our ling’ring parents, and to th'eastern

gate Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast To the subjected plain ; then disappear’d. 640 They looking back, all th'eastern side beheld Of Paradise, so late their happy seat,

635. And vapor) Hor. Epod. III. and brand here does not fignify what 15.

we commonly mean by it, but a Nec tantus unquam fidcrum insedit sword, as it is used in Spenser, Fairy vapor

Queen, B. I. Cant. 3. St. z. Siticulosa Apuliæ.

With thrilling point of deadly 637. In either hand &c.] The au- iron brand: thor helped his invention in the following pasage, by reflecting on the And again, B. 5. Cant. 1. St. 9. beliaviour of the Angel, who in holy Which steely brand - Chrysaor is Writ has the conduct of Lot and

was hight, his family. The circumstances drawn Chrysaor, that all other swords exfrom that relation are very grace

cellid : fully made use of on this occafion.

Addison. And again, B.

5. Cant. 9. St. 30. 641. They looking back, &c.] The But at her feet her sword was likescene which our firit parents are sur- wise laid, prised with, upon their looking back Whose long rest rufted the bright on Paradise, wonderfully strikes the

steely brand, reader's imagination, as nothing can be more natural than the tears they And fo Fairfax likewise uses the word lked on that occasion. Addison.

in his translation of Taflo, Cant. 643. Wav'd over by that flaming

brand,] Milton had called Then from his side he took his it a sword before, XI. 120.

noble brand, and of a sword the flame,

And giving it to Raimond, thus be and XII. 633.

Spake; The brandin'd sword of God be

This is the sword &c: fore them blaz'd:

and in several other places. And we

meet band;

VII. St. 72.


Wav'd over by that flaming brand, the gate
With dreadful faces throng'd and fiery arms:
Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'd them

645 The world was all before them, where to choose Their place of rest, and Providence their guide: They hand in hand, with wand'ring steps and flow, Through Eden took their solitary way.

meet also with the word in so late.a foregoing passage, than with the two performance as Mr. Pope's transla- verses here quoted. These two verses, tion of the Iliad, B. 5. ver. 105. though they have their beauty, fall On his broad shoulder fell the

very much below the foregoing pas

fage, and renew in the mind of the forceful brand,

reader that anguish which was pretty Thence glancing downward lopt

well laid by that consideration. his holy hand, Which stain'd with facred blood The world was all before them, the blushing fand.

where to choose

Their place of reft, and Providence Brando in Italian too signifies a sword.

their guide. Addifon. And the reason of this denomination Junius derives from hence, because if I might prefume, says an ingenious men fought with burnt stakes and fire- and celebrated writer, to offer at the brands, before arms were invented. smallest alteration in this divine work.

If to make one small alteration apDirexere acies : non jam certamine

pear'd to be so presumptuous ; what agresti,

censure must I expect to incur, who Stipitibus duris agitur, fudibusve

have presum'd to make so many? But præuftis ;

Jacta eft alea, and Non injufa cecini: Sed ferro ancipiti decernitur. Virg. Æn. VII. 523. Παρ' εμοιγε και αλλοι

Οι κε με τιμησεσι, μάλιστα δε 648. They hand in hand, with wand'ring steps and slow,

μητιέτα Ζευς. Through Eden took their solitary The gentleman would eject these

way.) If I might presume two lait lines of the book, and close to offer at the smallest alteration in it with the verse before. He seems this divine work, I should think the to have been induc'd to this by a poem would end better with the mistake of the printer, They band in

their way

band; which reading does indeed Eve profess'd her readiness and ala. make the last distich seem loose, un- crity for the journey, ver. 614; connected, and abscinded from the

- but now lead on ; rest. But the author gave it Then

In me is no delay. band in hand: which continues the prior sentence,

And why their folitary way? All

words to represent a forrowful partSome natural tears they dropt, but

ing? when even their former walks wip'd them soon ;

in Paradise were as folitary, as their Then hand in hand.

way now: there being no body be. Nor can these two verses poffibly be fides them two both here and there. spard from the work; for without Shall I therefore, after so many prior them Adam and Eve would be left prefumptions, presume at laft to ofer in the territory and suburbane of a distich, as close as may be to the Paradise, in the very view of the author's words, and entirely agree. dreadful faces.

able to his scheme?

Then hand in hand with social feps Apparent diræ facies, inimicaque Troja

Through Eden took, with brea'aly Numina magna Deum.

comfort chear'd.

Bentley They must therefore be dismiss'd As the poem closes with these two out of Eden, tò live thenceforward verses, so Dr.Bentley finithes his labor in fome orher part of the world. with remarks upon them. He obAnd yet this diffich, as the gentle serves that Mr. Addison declar'd for man well judges, falls very much be- ejecting them both out of the poem ; low the foregoing passage. It con- and supposes him to have been intradiêts the poet's own scheme ; nor duc'd to this by a mistake of the is the diction unexceptionable. He printer, They hand in hand: which tells us before, That Adam, upon reading the Doctor thinks) makes hearing Michael's predi&tions, was the lait diftich feem loose, unconeven furcharg'd with joy, ver. 372; nected and abscinded from the reft. was replete with joy and wonder, But Mr. Addison was too good a ver. 468 ; was in doubt, whether he judge of Milton's way of writing, to fhould repent of, or rejoice in his fall, eject them upon that account only. ver. 475; was in great peace of He gave us another reason for his thought, ver. 558; and Eve herself readiness to part with them, and hot fad, but full of confolation, ver said that they renew in the mind of 620. Why then does this distich the reader that anguish, which was dismiss our first parents in anguish, pretty well laid by the confideratioa and the reader in melancholy? And of the two foregoing verses. But it how can the expression be justified, has been said more jusly by another awith wand'ring feps and flow? gentleman (who seems well qualified Why wand'ring 'Erratic steps to give a judgment in the case that Very improper: when in the line confidering the moral and chief draga before, they were guided by Provi- of this poem, Terror is the left pafias Šece. And why flow? when even to be teft upon the mind of the reader.


fsay on Pope's Odyssey, Part 2. might be their guide, without point89. However this be, the Doctor's ing out to them which way they ason for keeping these two verses should take at every flep: The words extraordinary: he says that, unless Providence their guide fignify that ey are kept, Adam and Eve would now since Michael, who had hitherio left in the territory and suburbane conducted them by the hand, was Paradise, in the very view of the departed from them, they had no adful faces: and he adds that guide to their Ateps, only the gene:y must therefore be dismiss’d out ral guidance of Providence to keep Eden, to live thenceforward in them safe and unhurt. Eve (it is ne other part of the world. And plain) expected that her steps would

both in the common reading be vandring ones, when upon being

in the Doctor's too, they are told that the was to leave Paradise, i in Eden, only taking their way she breaks out into these words, ough it. But this by the by. Lét XI. 282, see how the Doctor would mend

matter; and then I will give my How shall I part? and whither ections to his reading, and after- wander down rds answer his objections to Mil- Into a lower world? 's. He proposes to read thus,

Again the Doctor asks, Why slow ben hand in hand with social steps steps ; when Eve profess’d her readitheir way

nels and alacrity for the journey, "hrough Eden took, with heav’nly ver. 614? But that readiness was not

an absolute one, it was a choosing

rather to go than to stay behind o this reading we may object, that there without Adam, ver. 615 &c. e verb wants the word obey before In that view she was ready to go: ; for it is too far to fetch it from but in the view of leaving the deT. 645, when two verses, of a lights of Paradise, they were both ite different construction, are in- backward and even linger'd, ver.638. ited between. Again, cheard with Their steps therefore were now. mfort seems tautologous, for com- And why (says the Doctor) is their t is imply'd in chear’d, without way callid folitary, when their walks

being mention d. Lastly, if they in Paradise were as solitary as their ent hand in hand, there is no need way now, there being no body betell us, that their steps were social; sides them two both here and there? ey could not be otherwise. So It may be answer'd, that their way uch for the Doctor's reading. We was solitary, not in regard to any e now to consider the objections companions whom they had met hich the Doctor makes to the with elsewhere ; but because they resent reading. It contradicts (says were here to meet with no objects of 2) the poet's own scheme, and the any kind that they were acquainted ction is not unexceptionable. With with : Nothing here was familiar to gard to the diction, he asks, Why their eyes, and (as Adam, then in ere the steps wand'ring ones, when Paradise, well expreffes it in XI. rovidence was their guide? But it 305.)

- all

comfort cbear'd.

all places elfe being for rejecting, others for alterInhospitable appear, and defolate, ing, and others again for transpofing Nor knowing us, nor known. them: but the propriety of the two [And may we not by folitary under are fully explain and vindicated


lines, and the design of the author itand farther their being now left by in the excellent note of Dr. Pearce. the Angel?] The last, but the main, And certainly there is no more neobjection which the Doctor makes, ceflity that an epic poem should conis that this distich coniradicts the clude happily, than there is that a poet's own scheme. To support this tragedy should conclude unhappily. charge, he has referr'd us to half a There are instances of several tradozen places of this twelfth book, gedies ending happily; and with as where Adam or Eve are spoken of, good reason an epic poem may teras having joy, peace, and consolation minate fortunately or unfortunately, &c; and from thence he concludes as the nature of the subject requires: that this distich ought not to dismiss and the subject of Paradise Lojf our first parents in anguish, and the plainly requires something of a forreader in melancholy. But the joy, rowful parting, and was intended no peace, and consolation spoken of in doubt for terror as well as pity, to those passages are represented always inspire us with the fear of God as as ariĝing in our first parents from a well as with commiseration of Man. view of some future good, chiefly. All therefore that we shall add is of the Messiah. The thought of to desire the reader to observe the leaving Paradise (notwithstanding beauty of the numbers, the heavy any other comfort that they had) dragging of the first line, which can. was all along a forrowful one to

not be pronounced but slowly, and them. Upon this account Eve fell with several pauses, asleep wearied with forrow and distress of beart, ver. 613. Both Adam and They | hand in hand, I with wanEve linger'd at their quitting Para

d'ring steps / and flow, dise, ver. 638, and they dropt some and then the quicker flow of the last natural tears on that occasion, ver. verse with only the usual pause in 645. In this view the Arch-Angel; the middle, ver. 603, recommends to our first parents that they should live unani- Through Eden took their solitary mous, tho' sad with cause for evils way; pafl. And for a plainer proof that as if our parents had moved heavily the scheme of the poem was to dif- at first, being loath to leave their miss them not without forrow, the delightful Paradise, and afterwards poet in XI. 117. puts these words mended their pace, when they were into God's mouth, as his instruction at a little diftance. At leaft'this is to Michael,

the idea that the numbers convey: So send them forth, though forrow- and as many volumes might be coming, yet in peace. Pearce. pos'd upon the structure of Milton's

verses, and the collocation of his These two lalt verses have occafion'd words, as Erythræus and other crionuch trouble to the critics, some tics have written upon Virgil. We

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