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For ever shall indure; the like shall fing
All prophecy, that of the royal stock

Of David (so I name this king) shall rise
A Son, the Woman's feed to thee foretold,
Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust
All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings
The last, for of his reign shall be no end.
But first a long succession must ensue,
And his next son, for wealth and wisdom fam'd,
The clouded ark of God, till then in tents
Wand'ring, shall in a glorious temple' inshrine.
Such follow him as shall be register'd

335 Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll, Whose foul idolatries, and other faults

Heap'd ever before thee; thy throne shall be Matth. XXII. 42. foretold to thee as established for ever, 2 Sam. VII. 16. the Woman's feed, Gen. III. 15. And this promise is called irrévoca- foretold to Abraham as a persons ble, for says God Pfal. LXXXIX. "whom all nations foall truft, Gen. 34, 35, 36. My

covenant will I not XXII. 18. And in thy feed ball all! break, nor alter the thing that is gone the nations of the earth be blad, out of my lips. Once have I sworn and in him shall the Gentiles inß, by my holiness that I will not lie unto Rom. XV. 12. and to kings foretold, David. His seed

shall indure for ever, as the last of kings, for of bis raga and his throne as the fun before me. shall be no end, according to the deThe poet goes on, the like shall fing claration of the Angel, Luke I. 32, all prophecy, all the prophets Thall 33. The Lord God shall give wa foretel the same, that of the royal bim the throne of bis father Deut; Atock of David Mall rise a Son, info- And he shall reign over the Isale or much that when the Pharisees were Jacob for ever, and of bis kingen asked Whose fon is Christ, they all there shall be no end. So thoroughly readily answer the son of David. has our author Itudied all the parts

Heap'd to the popular sum, will so incense
God, as to leave them, and expose their land,
Their city', his temple, and his holy ark 340
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey
To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st
Left in confusion, Babylon thence call’d.
There in captivity he lets them dwell
The space of fev’nty years, then brings them back,
Remembring mercy, and his covenant sworn

To David, stablish'd as the days of Heaven,
Return’d from Babylon by leave of kings
Their lords, whom God dispos’d, the house of God
They first re-edify, and for a while

350 In mean estate live moderate, till grown



of holy Scripture, and digested them ham, ver. 128: but the Mediterrainto this work.

nean, and Hermon, and the Nile,

seas, and mountains, and rivers, are 342. — whose high walls thou fuch places as existed at that very

saw'p &c.] I know not time, whereas the walls of Babel whether the poet has not here for- or Babylon were not built till several gotten himself a little ; for it is not years afterwards, and Adam seems trictly true, that Adam saw the now to have loft his prospect of walls left in confusion; it was no things future; as the Angel says, I part of Adam's vision; it is only a perceive thy mortal fight to fail, part of the Angel's narration in this ver. 9. We mult not therefore unbook. I was thinking then that derstand the expression litterally: perhaps Adam might

see places, tho' for verbs of seeing are often extended he could not see persons; as he sees beyond the bare act, and are apthe Nile, ver. 158, and mount Her- plied to other senses and other faculmon and the Mediterranean, ver. ties of the mind. 142, tho’ he could not fee Abra

Dd 3

355.- their

In wealth and multitude, factious they grow;
But first among the priests diffenfion springs,
Men who attend the altar, and should most

peace :

their strife pollution brings 355 Upon the temple’ itself: at last they seise The scepter, and regard not David's sons, Then lose it to a stranger, that the true Anointed king Messiah might be born Barr'd of his right; yet at his birth a star

360 Unseen before in Heav'n proclames him come, And guides the eastern sages, who inquire His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold; His place of birth a solemn Angel tells To simple shepherds, keeping watch by night; 36; They gladly thither haste, and by a quire Of squadron’d Angels hear his carol sung, A virgin is his mother, but his fire The pow'r of the most High; he shall ascend The throne hereditary, and bound his reign


With 35.5.- their firife pollution brings At laft they feise the scepter, Arifto. Upon the temple itself: &c.] For it bulus eldest son of Hyrcanus, highwas chiefly through the contests be- priest of the Jews, was the firit who tween Jason and Menelaus, high- affumed the title of king after the priests of the Jews, that the temple Babylonish captivity ; before Christ was polluted by Antiochus Epipha- 107. And regard not David's fors, nes. See 2 Maccab. V. and Prideaux. none of that family having had the


With earth’s wide bounds, his glory with the Heavens.

He ceas’d, discerning Adam with such joy Surcharg’d, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, Without the vent of words, which these he breath'd. O prophet of glad tidings, finisher

375 Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand What oft my steddiest thoughts have search'd in vain; Why our great expectation should be callid The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother, hail, High in the love of Heav'n, yet Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son Of God most High; so God with Man unites. Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain : say where and when 384 Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor’s heel.

To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their fight, As of a duel, or the local wounds Of head or heel: not therefore joins the Son Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil

from my

loins 380


government fince Zerubbabel. Then With earth's wide bounds, bis glory Lase it to a franger, to Herod who with the Heavens.] was an Idumean, in whose reign Chrift was born. See Josephus and Imperium oceano, famam qui ter. Prideaux.

minet altris.

Virg. Æn. I. 287. 370.

and bound bis reign

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394. bis

Thy enemy; nor so is overcome

390 Satan, whose fall from Heav'n, a deadlier bruise, Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound: Which he, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, Not by destroying Satan, but his works In thee and in thy seed: nor can this be, 395 But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, Obedience to the law of God, impos’d On penalty of death, and suffering death, The penalty to thy transgression due, And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: 400 So only can high justice rest appaid. The law of God exact he shall fulfil Both by obedience and by love, though love Alone fulfil the law; thy punishment



bis works To save them, &c.) Dr. Bentley In thee and in thy seed:) John says that the construction demands III. 8. For this purpose the son of Do save them, and so be supposes God was manifested, that he might that Milton gave it. But I cannot destroy the works of the Devil. see with what propriety, when Mi. 400. And due to theirs which out chael is speaking of things to come,

of thine will grow:) Punish- and using the future tense before ment is due to men's actual tranf- and after this sentence, he can here greslions, tho' the original depravity, jump at once into the present tense the transgression of Adam, was the do, and represent Christ's merits as root of them. Richardson. then actually saving them. And yet 403

though love

tho' I dislike the Doctor's alteration, Alone fulfil the law;] Rom. XII. I confess that there is a difficulty 10. Love is the fulfilling of the law. in the common reading. The only 409.

bis merits
sense that I can make of it is this


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