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Palpable darkness, and blot out three days;
Last with one midnight stroke all the first-born
Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds 190
The river-dragon tam'd at length submits
To let his sojourners depart, and oft
Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as ice
More harden'd after thaw, till in his rage
Pursuing whom he late dismiss’d, the sea

Swallows him with his host, but them lets pass
As on dry land between two crystal walls,
Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand
Divided, till his rescued gain their shore :

Such 188. Palpable darkness,] Darkness Stiriaque impexis induruit horrida that may be felt, says our translation. barbis. In the vulgar Latin it is tam denso

Virg. Georg. III. 366. ut palpari queant, from whence our

Isicles freeze, as they drop, into a author seems to have fetch'd the

wonderful hardness. word palpable.

Hune. 191. The river-dragon tam'd] The


but bis approacb firit edition has This river drogon ;

Darkness defends between till assbut in the second it is alter'd to The, ing watch;] To defend here whether by the poet's direction, or has the fignification of to forbid, to by a mistake of the printer, we can. hinder, to keep of; as the Latin denot tell. Pearce.

fendo is sometimes used, and the 193

French defendre. There is boftes Níore harden'd after thaw,] For defendere in Ennius, folftitiam prcari ice warm'd gently into a thaw, is defendite in Virgil

, defendere frigit made more receptive of those saline in Horace. Darknefs between de and nitrous particles, which fill the fends, forbids and hinders, bis ar freezing air, and insinuating them- proach till the morning watch, allud selves into the water already weak. ing to Exod. XIV. 19, 20. ted the en’d, are the cause of a harder con- Angel of God, which went before ebe cretion.

camp of Israel, removed and event

as ice

Such wondrous pow'r God to his faint will lend, 200
Though present in his Angel, who shall go
Before them in a cloud, and pill’ar of fire,
By day a cloud, by night a pill’ar of fire,
To guide them in their journey, and remove
Behind them, while th' obdurate king pursues: 205
All night he will pursue, but his approach
Darkness defends between till morning watch;
Then through the fiery pillar and the cloud
God looking forth will trouble all his host,
And craze their chariot wheels: when by command
Moses once more his potent rod extends 211

Over behind them; and the pillar of the And so polite a writer as Sir William cloud went from before their face, and Temple, in the conclusion of his fisod bebind them: And it came be- Essay upon the cure of the gout by tween the camp of the Egyptians and Moxa, speaking of wine says, that the camp of Israel, and it was a “ the use of it pure was in some cloud and darkness to them, but it gave “ places defended by customs or light by night to thefe, so that the one

6 laws." came not near the other all the night. 210. Andcraze their chariot wheels:] And Milton himself has used defended Bruise or break them in pieces. Craze in the same manner, XI. 86. that from the French ecrafer to bruise or defended fruit. See the note there. break. So I. 311. the chariot wheels And again in Parad. Reg. II. 369. are said to have been broken, though

Exod. XIV. 25: ’tis only said they no interdict Defends the touching of these viands were taken off, so that the chariots

were driven beavily. Milton who pure,

perfectly understood the original has And so Spenser uses it, Fairy Queen, therefore expounded this taking of B. 4. Cant. 3. St. 32.

to be breaking ; tho' that may mean

no more, than what we do when we Himself to save, and danger to say such a one is crazy, broken with defend.

age and disabled.



Over the sea; the sea his rod obeys;
On their imbattel'd ranks the waves return,
And overwhelm their war: the race elect
Safe towards Canaan from the shore advance 211
Through the wild desert, not the readiest way,
Left entring on the Canaanite alarm'd
War terrify them inexpert, and fear
Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather
Inglorious life with servitude ; for life
To noble and ignoble is more sweet
Untrain'd in arms, where rashness leads not on.
This also shall they gain by their delay
In the wide wilderness, there they shall found
Their government, and their
and their great senate choose 22;

Throug The pot was crafedis in Chaucer. See 216. mt the readers Lye's Junius upon the word crafe. For Exod. XIII. 17, 18. It tass

pass when Pharaoh bad let the partie 216. not the readiest way, &c.] go, that God led them net ierosglas It is remarkable, that here Milton way of the land of the Peristi, omits the moral cause (tho' he gives although that was near. That as the political) of the Israelites wan. the nearest way from Egypt o C d'ring forty years in the wilderness, naan, and was a journey of ex and this was their poltron mutiny above three days, as Philo far, on the return of the spies. He others say of ten. But certainly omitted this with judgment, for this was no great way, for the loss o laft speech of the Angel was to Jacob went it often to and fro. Se give such a representation of things, Bihop Patrick. For God faid, L! as might convey comfort to Adam: peradventure the people repent, com otherwise the story of the brazen they fee war, and i bey return to Est serpent would have afforded noble But God led the people about, tersten imagery. Warburton,

the way of the wilderness of the Rossix

227. -**

Through the twelve tribes, to rule by laws ordain'd: God from the mount of Sinai, whose gray top Shall tremble, he descending, will himself in thunder, lightning, and loud trumpets sound, Ordain them laws; part such as appertain 230 Co civil justice, part religious rites )f facrifice, informing them, by types ind shadows, of that destin’d Seed to bruise 'he Serpent, by what means he shall achieve Tankind's deliverance. But the voice of God 235 Co mortal ear is dreadful; they beseech Chat Mofes might report to them his will, ind terror cease; he grants what they besought nstructed that to God is no access

Without 227. — whole gray top] An usual stood do more of the Jewish institupithet of mountains, because the tion than he saw in the small presbylow lies longer there than in the terian systems; otherwise the true alleys, and upon some of their lofty idea of the theocracy would have rows all the year long.

afforded some noble observations. Gelidus canis cum montibus

Warburton. humor

237. That Mofes might report] Liquitur. Virg. Georg. I. 43. Dr. Bentley would read may report.


238. he grants what they beut this epithet was more proper sought in the first edition ad peculiar to Sinai at that time, it was thus, he grants them their deit was cover'd with clouds and fire, but in the second it was alter'd noke. See Exod XIX.

to this, be grants what they befought;

I suppose that the construction might 232 &C 245 &c.] By these pas- be plainer in what follows, Infirušted iges Milton seems to bave under that to God &c.

242. - of

Without mediator, whose high office now

240 Moses in figure bears, to introduce One greater, of whose day he shall foretel, And all the prophets in their age

the times Of great Messi'ah shall sing. Thụs laws and rites Establish’d, such delight hath God in men 243 Obedient to his will, that he vouchfafes Among them to set


his tabernacle,
The holy One with mortal men to dwell :
By his prescript a sanctuary is fram'd
Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therein

An ark, and in the ark his testimony,
The records of his covenant, over these
A mercy-seat of gold between the wings

Of 242. -- of whose day be shall Josephus, from whom probably foretel, author borrow'd it. Joseph. Anie

, And all the prophets &c.) Acts III. Lib. 3. c. 6 & 7. and De Bel. 22, 24. For Moses truly said unto the Lib. 5. c. 5. See likewise Med fatbers, A prophet hall the Lord your Discourse roch. upon the seven Ad God raise up unto you of your brethren, Angels. Mr. Hume quotes liked like unto me--yea and all the pro- the

Latin of Philo to the same per phets from Samuel, and those that fol- pose: Myfticè candelabrum hoc la low after, as many as have spoken, t:fidum imago erat fphærz teti have likewise foretold of these days. luftris, five leptem planetarum. T* 255. Sev'n lamps as in a zodiac bernaculum typus mundi. Sandton representing

sanctorum, typus cæli empyrei bus. The heav'nly fires ;] That the seven torum. See Cornelius a Lapide and lamps signified the seven planets, and Exod. XXV. 31. that therefore the lamps itood lope- 258. Save when they journey.) Tom wise, as it were to express the ob- a cloud covered the tent of the car liquity of the zodiac, is the glofs of gregation, and the glory of sbe Lari

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