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Did, as thou faw'st, receive, to walk with God
He look’d, and faw the face of things quite chang’d;
То added on this occafion ; even in his from great authorities. I fall procelebrated lines on Milton it is to duce one from Shakespear, be met with,
this to me Greece, Italy, and England did In dreadful secrecy impart they did. adorn.
The auxiliary verb is here very proIn his translation of the Æneid there perly made use of; and it would be are many instances of the same na
a great loss to English poetry, if it ture, one of which I will mention,
were to be wholly laid aside.. See The queen of Heav'n did thus her Letters concerning poetical translations fury vent.
&c. p. 8, 9, 10. The meter of this line, as the words 711.
Which now direct tbine eyes are here rang'd, is not bad, as the
and soon behold.] The fyntax ear can judge; but it would have is remarkable. Which govern'd not been extreinely so, if he had writ by the verb next following, but by it thus,
the last in the sentence. The queen of Heav'n her fury thus 712. He look’d, and saw the face of did vent.
things quite chang’d;} Milton, From whence it
to keep up an agreeable variety in that the
appears auxiliary verb is not to be rejected his vifions, after having raised in the at all times ; besides it is a particular mind of his reader the several ideas
of idiom of the English language,
terror which are conformable to has a majetty in it superior to the the description of war, passes on to Latin or Greek tongue, and I be
those softer images of triumphs and
festivals, in that vision of lewdness lieve to any other language whatfoever. Many instances might be
and luxury, which ushers in the
Aood. Addison. brought to support this affertion
723. - preach'd
To luxury and riot, feast and dance,
715 Marrying or prostituting, as befel, Rape or adultery, where passing fair Allur’d them; thence from cups to civil broils. At length a reverend fire
among And of their doings great dislike declar'd,
720 And testify'd against their ways; he oft Frequented their assemblies, wherefo met, Triumphs or festivals, and to them preach'd Conversion and repentance, as to souls In prison under judgments imminent :
725 But all in vain : which when he saw, he ceas'd
preach'd breadth of it fifty cubits, and the bighth Conversion and repentance, as to fouls of it thirty cubits. A cubit is the
In prijon] This account of Noah's measure from the elbow to the fin. preaching is founded chiefly upon gers ends, and is reckond a foot St. Peter, 2 Pet II. 5. Noah a and a half, or (according to Bishop preacher of rigbousness, and 1 Pet. Cumberland) zi inches 888 decimals. III, 19, 20. By which also be went 731. Smear'dround with pitch, azi and preached unto the spirits in prison, in the fide a doer &c.] Gen. which fometime were disobedient, VI. 14. Thou falt pitch it witbit when once the long-ti-ffering of God and witbout with pitch; and the dar waited in the days of Noah: As what of the ark shall ibou fet in the fordi follows of Noah's defilting when he thereof. ver. 16. And take tbou arte found his preaching ineffectual, and the of all food tbat is eaten, and tbeu removing into another country, is fhalt gather it to thee; and it foallbau taken from Jofephus, Antiq. Lib. 1. for food for thee and for them.
732. and of provisions laid in 730. Measur'd by cubit, length, and large] He uses the adjective
breadtb, and highth,] The adverbially here and elsewhere, as is dimensions of the ark are given common in Latin. Magnumque fie. Gen. VI. 15. The length of the ark entem Nilum. Virg. Georg. II. 28. shall be three hundred cubits, the Sole recens orto. Georg. Ill. 156.
Contending, and remov'd his tents far off;
Wide 735. Came fev'ns, and pairs,] Sevens, such a light as to incur the censure of clean creatures, and pairs of un- which critics have passed upon it. E clean. For this and other particulars The latter part of that verse in Ovid here mention'd, See Gen. vii. is idle and superfluous, but juft and 738. Mean while the fauthwind beautiful in Milton :
rose, &c.] As it is visible Jamque mare et tellus nullum difthat the poet had his eye upon Ovid's crimen habebant, acconnt of the universal deluge, the Nil nifi pontus erat, decrant quoreader may observe with how much
que judgment he has avoided every thing
Sea cover d fea, that is redundant or puerile in the Sea without Ahore, Latin poet. We do not see here the wolf swimming among the lheep, in Milton the former part of the nor any of those wanton imagina description does not forestall the lat tions, which Seneca found fault ter. How much more great and with, as unbecoming the great ca
solemn on this occafion is that which tastrophe of nature. If our poet has follows in our English poet, imitated that verse in which Ovid
and in their palaces tells us that there was nothing but Where luxury Jate reignid, seafea, and that this fea had no thore monsters whelp'd to it, he has not set the thought in
A a 4
Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove -
than that in Ovid, where we are book of Paradise Loft, because it is told that the sea-calfs lay in those not generally reckon'd among the places where the goats were used to most shining books of this poem; browze? The reader may find seve: for which reason the reader might ral other parallel passages in the Latin be apt to overlook those many pafand English description of the de- fages in it which deserve our admi. luge, wherein our poet, has visibly ration. The eleventh and twelfth the advantage. The sky's being over are indeed built upon that fingle charged with clouds, the descending circumstance of the removal of our of the rains, the rising of the seas, first parents from Paradise ; but the and the appearance of the rainbow, this is not in itself so great a subject are such descriptions as every one as that in most of the foregoing muft take notice of. The circum- books, it is extended and diversified stance relating to Paradise is fo finely with so many surprising incidents and imagin'd, and suitable to the opini- pleasing episodes, that these two laft ons of many learned authors, that I books can by no means be looked cannot forbear giving it a place in upon as unequal parts of this divine
poem, I must further add, that had then shall this mount
not Milton represented our first paOf Paradise by might of waves be fall of man would not have been
rents` as' driven 'out of Paradise, his mov'd Esc.
complete, and consequently his action The transition which the poet makes would have been imperfect. from the vision of the deluge, to the
Addison. concern it occafion'd in Adam, is The reader may farther compare exquisitely graceful, and copied after the following paffages with Milton, Virgil, though the first thought it and he will easily see the fuperiority introduces is rather in the spirit of of the English poet. Ovid. Met. I. Ovid,
264. How did ft thou grievethen, Adam, Terribilem piceâ tečtus caligine
Madidis notus evolat alis, to behold &c.
vultum. Į have been the more particular in Utque manu latâ pendentia nubis my quotations out of the eleventh preslit
this paper ;
In petuous, and continued till the earth
Fit fragor; hinc denfi funduntur ab Then rushing onwards with a sweepy æthere nimbi.
sway, Nuncia Junonis varios induta co
Bear flocks and folds, and laboring lores Concipit Iris aquas, alimentaque
Nor safe their dwellings were, for nubibus adfert.
fapt by floods, Expatiata ruunt per apertos Aumina Their houses fell upon their hous. campos ;
hold. Gods. · Dryden.
i Camque fatis arbusta fimul, pecu- Is it not juster and better to say, that
desque, virosque, Tectaque, cumque fuis rapiunt pe- ther from under Heaven, than that
the fouth-wind blew all the clouds togenetralia facris.
he Squeez'd the clouds with bis broad The south he loos'd, who night and
band? and is it not a more philoborror brings;
sophical account,' that the bills fent And fogs are shaken from his flaggy Jupply, than that the rainbow supplied
up, vapor and exhalation to their wings; Still as he swept along, with his them with nourishment ? and is there clench'd fift
not more majesty in this short and He squeez'd the clouds, th' im- wbelm'd all dwellings, and them with
full description, that the floods overprison'd clouds refift: The skies from pole to pole with all their pomp deep under water rollod,
than in mentioning so particularly peals resound;
and minutely the ficods sweeping away And show'rs inlarg'd come pouring on the ground.
corn, and trees, and cattel, and men, Then, clad in colors of a various and bouses, with their boufhold Gods
these are none of the least dye, Junonian Iris breeds a new supply lining passages in the Latin poet. To feed the clouds: impetuous rain
743. Like a dark cieling flood ;] descends
Cieling may be thought too mean a Th' expanded waters gather on the word in poetry, but Milton had a plain :
view to its derivation from Cælum They flote the fields, and overtop (Latin) Cielo (Italian) Heaven. the grain;
752. - of