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And over them triumphant Death his dart
Shook, but delay'd to strike, though oft invok'd
With vows, as their chief goud, and final hope.
Sight so deform what heart of rock could long
Dry-ey'd behold? Adam could not, but wept, 465
Though not of woman born ; compassion quell'd
His best of



up to tears
A space, till firmer thoughts restrain'd excess ;
And scarce recovering words his plaint renew'd.
O miserable mankind, to what fall

500 Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd! Better end here unborn. Why is life given To be thus wrested from us? rather why Obtruded on us thus ? who if we knew

Whi assembled, and over them fad Horror And over them triumphant De Soaring with grim hue, and beating his dart his iron wings. Fairy Queen, Book 2. Shook, but delay'd to strike. Cant.


St. 21. to St. 24. By that way's fide there fat infernal it is excellently express'd want

As the image is wonderfully fine

, Pain, &c. Thyer.

pause upon the firit syllable of te The breaks and pauses in this verse verse, book. One thinks one als are admirable; and, this beauty is fees the dart shaking. How improved by each period's begin- better is this chan Virgil's Æ. L. ning with the same letter d. 767. Dire was the tossing, deep the et certam quatit improba groans; Despair

haitam! Substitute any other word in the "room of dire or deep, and you will

If the line was to be alter'd, as ths, perceive the difference. And then And o'er them Death triumpha: Collows

fhook his dart,

What we receive, would either not accept 505
Life offer’d, or soon beg to lay it down,
Glad to be so dismiss'd in peace. Can thus
Th’image of God in man created once
So goodly and erect, though faulty since,
To such unsightly sufferings be debas'd

510 Inder inhuman pains ? Why should not man, Retaining still divine fimilitude in part, from such deformities be free, Ind for his Maker's image fake exempt?

Their Maker's image, answer'd Michael, then 515 Forsook them, when themselves they vilify'd To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took His image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice,

Inmuch of the fire and spirit would ton has preserved at the close of the pe loft. The reader may see other sentence. Jeauties of the same kind in the note I had not so much of man about me, apon IV. 351. And there are seve

But all my mother came into my al examples of it in Homer, but

eyes, the Latin language seems hardly ca

And gave me up to tears. pable of it; at leaf I cannot recol

Henry V. A& Iy. lect an instance in Virgil, who is the great mafter of versification.

517. To serve ungovern'd appetite,]

Appetite here is made a person: and 495

took his image whom they feru'd, that Though not of woman born; com. is ungovern'd appetite's, a bratisla pafron quell d

vice, that was the principal occasion His best of man, and gave him up of the fin of Eve, inductive mainly

to tears] This thought (as to the fin of Eve. How different is Mr. Whalley observes) is certainly this image from God's image, when from Shakespear, whose words Mil- (as we read in IV. 291.)


Adam wept,

2 3

Inductive mainly to the fin of Eve.
Therefore so abject is their punishment, $20
Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own,
Or if his likeness, by themselves defac'd,
While they pervert pure nature's healthful rules
To loathsome sickness, worthily, since they
God's image did not reverence in themselves.

I yield it just, faid Adam, and submit.
But is there yet no other way, besides
These painful passages, how we may come
To death, and mix with our connatural dust?

There is, said Michael, if thou well observe 550 The rule of not too much, by temp'rance taught, In what thou eat'st and drink'st, seeking from thence Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, Till many years over thy head return: So may'st thou live, till like ripe fruit thou drop 535

Into in their looks divine Cicero De Sene&t. 19. Et quafi pe The image of their glorious Maker ma ex arboribus, cruda fi fint ni fhone,

avelluntur ; fi matura et co&ta, de Truth, wisdom, fanctitude severe cidunt: fic vitam adolescentibus ri and pure!

aufert, fenibus maturitas. 531. The rule of not too much,] &c.] There is something very jat


but then tbou saufi estici Ne quid nimis.

and poetical in this defcription of 537. Gather'd, not barfbly pluck'd, the miseries of old age, so finely con

for death mature :] He seems trasted as they are with the oppost to have had in mind this paffage of pleasures of youth. It is indeed


nto thy mother's lap, or be with ease
Gather’d, not harshly pluck’d, for death mature:
This is old age ; but then thou must outlive
Why youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change
o wither’d, weak, and gray ; thy senses then 540
btuse, all taste of pleasure must forgo,
'o what thou hast; and for the air of youth,
Copeful and chcarful, in thy blood will reign

melancholy damp of cold and dry
o weigh thy spirits down, and last consume

545 'he balm of life. To whom our ancestor.

Henceforth I fly not death, nor would prolong ife much, bent rather how I may be quit airest and easiest of this cumbrous charge, Vhich I must keep till my appointed day 550 of rendring up, and patiently attend ly diffolution. Michaël reply'd.


cort, but vastly expressive, and I which I must keep till my aplink ought to excite the pity as well pointed day

the admiration of the reader; of rendring up. Michael to him nce the poor poet is here no doubt reply'd. escribing what he felt at the time e wrote it, being then in the de. But I suppose the author thought line of life, and troubled with va- that ending too abrupt, and there. ious infirmities. Tbyer.

fore added these words in the second 551 and patiently attend edition, and omitted to him for the

My disolution.] In the first edition verse fake. t was thus,

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553. Nor



Nor love thy life, nor hate; but what thou liv'ft Live well, how long or short permit to Heaven: And now


thee for another sight. 55 He look'd, and saw a spacious plain, whereon Were tents of various hue; by some were herds Of cattel grazing ; others, whence the sound Of instruments that made melodious chime Was heard, of harp and organ; and who mov'd 360 Their stops and chords was seen; his volant touch Instinct through all proportions low and high Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue.

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553. Nor love tly life, nor hate;] 557. Were tents of various har, Marcial. Lib. 10.

These were the tents of the polent Summum nec metuas diem, nec

of Cain, as the author himself a're optes.

wards instructs us ; by some more beat 554..- permit to Heaven:) Per. Of cattel grazing; these belong'd u

Yabah he was the father of fake mitte Divis. Hor. Od. I. IX.

9. 556. He look d, and saw a spacious cattel. Gen. IV. 20. Oibers, aber

dwell in tents, and of such a hors

: plain, &c ] As there is now the found was beard of bare med en thing more delightful in poetry than a contrast and opposition of inci. gan; these belongʻl to Jabal,"

was the father of all sucb as beni dents, the author after this melancholy prospect of death and fickness

, In other part Rood one at the fall

the harp and organ. Gen. IV.::. raises

up a scene of mirth, love, and this was Tubal-cain, en infrasa. jollity. The secret pleasure that Iteals into Adam's heart, as he is every artificer in brass and iren. Gez intent upon this vision, is imagin'd

562. Infine througb all proporias with great delicacy. I must not omit

&c.] His nimble fingers, the description of the loose female if inspired, flew thro' all the varsa troop, who seduced the sons of God, distances of found, o'er all per as they are called in Scripture.

tions, low or high, treble or be? For that fair female troop thoy and through all its parts folios

faw'ft, &c. Addison. the founding fymphony. A

IV, 22.

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