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Dismay'd, and thus in haste to th’ Angel cry'd.
O Teacher, some great mischief hath befall’n 450 To that meek man, who well had facrific'd; Is piety thus and pure devotion paid?
T' whom Michael thus, he also mov'd, reply'd. These two are brethren, Adam, and to come Out of thy loins; th' unjust the just hath llain, 455 For
envy that his brother's offering found From Heav'n acceptance; but the bloody fact Will be aveng'd, and th' other's faith
's faith approv'd Lose no reward, though here thou see him die, Rolling in dust and gore. To which our fire. 466
Alas, both for the deed and for the cause ! But have I now seen Death? Is this the
ever he makes his blood to be spill'd, Hebrews, who bears this testimony as the Scripture particularly men- to it, XI. 4. By faith Abel offered tions the blood of Abel.
unto God a more excellent sacrifice Groan'd out his soul with gushing ness
, that be was righteous
than Cain, by which he obtained witblood effus d.
teftifying of his gifts; and by it be Undantique animam diffundit in being dead, yet speaketh. arma cruore. Virg. Æn. X. 908.
462. But have I now feen Death?
Is this the way &c.] Our This is very properly made the first author, in making Adam so ignorant vifion, and is so much inlarg'd upon, of what death was and the way to as it is of Adam's immediate de. it, seems to have forgot what he had fcendents.
put in the mouth of Eve in the pre
ceding book, ver. 1001. 458. – and th' other's faith ap
prov'd] It was, according Let us seek Death, or he not found, to the author of the epistle to the supply. VOL. II.,
I must return to native dust? O fight
To whom thus Michaël. Death thou hast seen
470 Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die, By fire, flood, famin, by intemp’rance more In meats and drinks, which on the earth shall bring Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew
a Before thee shall appear; that thou mayst know 475 What misery th' inabstinence of Eve
Shall With our own hands his office on mille ad hanc aditus patent.
ourselves : Why Itand we longer shivering un- 477. Immediately a place &c) der fears
The fecond vision sets before his That show no end but death, and the image of death in a great variety have the power,
of appearances. The Angel, to give Of many ways to die the shortest him a general idea of those effects choosing,
which his guilt had brought upon Defruction with deftru&tion to de- his posterity, places before him a stroy Thyer.
large hospital or lazar-house, fill'd 467. but many shapes
with perlons lying under all kinds of Death, and many are the ways the poet told us that the fick persons
of mortal difeáfes. How finely has that lead To bis grim cave,] Senec. Phce, languish'd under lingring and innilæ, Ad 1. 151, 153.
curable difempers, by an apt and
judicious use of fuch imaginary beUbique mors eft
ings as those I mention'd in my lafi
Shall bring on men. Immediately a place
A lazar-house it seem’d, wherein were laid
And paper! The paffion, which likewise Marasmus, and wide-wasting pefti. rises in Adam on this occasion, is lence, very natural. The discourse between
were not in the first, but were added the Angel and Adam which follows, by the author in the second edition, abounds with noble morals. to swell the horror of the description.
Addison. Dr. Bentley is for friking them out 487. Marafmus,] The word is again, but Mr. Pope says they are Greek, and it fignifies a kind of three admirable lines. consumption, accompanied with a fever wasting the body by degrees;
489. Dire was the tossing, deep the but we hould observe that these
groans; Despair &c.] This verses,
is entirely in the picturesque manner
of Spenser, and seems to allude parDemoniac phrenzy, moaping me. ticularly to that beautiful paftage,
where describing the way to Pluto's And moon ftruck madness, pining grily reign, he represents Pain, Strife,
Revenge, &c. as so many persons
And over them triumphant Death his dart
up to tears
What assembled, and over them sad Horror And over them triumphant Death Soaring with grim hue, and beating his dart his iron wings. Fairy Queen, Book 2. Shook, but delay'd to strike. Cant. 7. St. 21. to St. 24. By that way's side there fat infernal it is excellently expressd with the By that way's fide there fat infernal As the image is wonderfully fine, fo Pain, &c. Thyer.
pause upon the firit fyllable of the The breaks and pauses in this verse verse, shook. One thinks one almoft are admirable ; and this beauty is sees the dart shaking. How much improved by each period's begin- better is this than Virgil's Æn. XI. ning with the same letter d.
767. Dire was the tossing, deep the et certam quatit improbu groans; Despair
haitam! Substitute any other word in the room of dire or deep, and you will
If the line was to be alter'd, as thus, perceive the difference. And then And o'er them Death triumphant . follows
fhook his dart,
What we receive, would either not accept 505
Their Maker's image, answer'd Michael, then 515 Forsook them, when themselves they vilify'd To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took His image whom they sery'd, a brutish vice,
Inmuch of the fire and spirit would ton has preserved at the close of the be loft. The reader may see other sentence. beauties of the same kind in the note I had not so much of man about me, upon IV. 351. And there are seve
But all my mother came into my ral examples of it in Homer, but
eyes, the Latin language seems hardly capable of it; at least I cannot recol
And gave me up to tears.
Henry V. AX IV. lect an infance in Virgil, who is the great matter of versification.
517. To serve ungovern'd appetite,]
Appetite here is made a person: and 495.
took his image whom they serv'd, that Though not of woman born; com- is ungovern'd appetite's, a brutis pasion quella
vice, that was the principal occasion His best of man, and gave him up of the fin of Eve, inductive mainly
to tears) This thought (as to the fin of Eve. How different is Ms. Whalley observes) is certainly this image from God's image, when from Shakespear, whose words Mil. (as we read in IV. 291.)