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390

And Samarchand by Oxus, Temir's throne,
To Paquin of Sinæan kings, and thence
To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul
Down to the golden Chersonese, or where
The Persian in Ecbatan sat, or since
In Hispahan, or where the Russian Kfar
In Mosco, or the Sultan in Bizance,
Turchestan-born; nor could his eye not ken
Th’empire of Negus to his utmost port
Ercoco, and the less maritim kings
Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind,
And Sofala thought Ophir, to the realm

395

400 Of

411.

the Spaniards from Geryon an an- to the many frustrated voyages, cient king of Spain, call El Dorado which had been made in search of or the golden city on account of its this golden country. If I remember richness and extent. And thus he right, this was the famous place that surveys the four different parts of Sir Walter Raleigh was to have the world, but it must be con- brought such treasures from. Tbser. fess’d, more with an oftentation of

but to nobler figbts learning, than with any additional Michael from Adam's eyes the film beauty to the poem. But Mr. Thyer remov’d,] These which follow is of opinion, that such little fallies are nobler fights

, being not only of of the Muse agreeably enough di- cities and kingdoms, but of the prin. versify the scene, and observes that cipal actions of men to the final conTasso, whose Godfrey is no very fummation of things. And to preimperfect model of a regular epic pare Adam for these fights the Angel poem, has in his fifteenth Canto em- remov'd the film from his eyes, as Palployed thirty or forty stanza's to- las remov'd the mists from Diomedes gether in a description of this fort, his eyes, Iliad. V. 127. which had no necessary connexion Αχλυν δ' αυ τοι απ' οφθαλμος with his general plan.

Enov, v Cew & HSY, 409.

and yet unspoild Opp'eu girark115 vjey Seor, afe Guiana,] I suppose Milton alluded i ab ardpa.

Ye:

406

Of Congo, and Angola farthest south;
Or thence from Niger stood to Atlas mount
The kingdoms of Almansor, Fez and Sus,
Marocco and Algiers, and Tremisen;
On Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway
The world: in spi'rit perhaps he alfo faw
Rich Mexico the seat of Montezume,
And Cusco in Peru, the richer feat
Of Atabalipa, and yet unspoild
Guiana, whose great city Geryon's sons

410 Call El Dorado: but to nobler fights Michael from Adam's eyes the film remov’d,

Which Yet more, from mortal mists I purge And as the fame Angel (Michael) thy eyes,

did also from those of Godfrey. And set to view the warring Deities. Tasso, Cant. 18. St. 93.

Pope.

Drizza pur gli occhi à riguardar And as Venus did likewise from those

l'immenso of Aneas, Æn. II. 604.

Essercito immortal, ch' è in aria Afpice, namque omnem, quæ nunc

accolto : obducta tuenti

Ch' io dinanzi torrotti il nuuol Mortales hebetat visus tibi, et hu

denso mida circum

Di voftra humanità, ch' intorno Caligat, nubem eripiam.

auuolto

Adombrando t'appanna il mortal Now cast your eyes around ; while

senso, I diffolve

Si che vedrai gli ignudi spirti in The mists and films that mortal eyes volto : involve,

E softener per breue spatio i rai Parge from your fight the dross, De l'angeliche forme anco potrai.

and make you see The shape of each avenging Deity.

Lift op thine eyes, and in the air

behold Dryden.

The

Which that false fruit that promis'd clearer fight
Had bred; then purg'd with euphrasy and rue
The visual nerve, for he had much to see ;

415
And from the well of life three drops instill’d.
So deep the pow'r of these ingredients pierc'd,
E’en to the inmoft seat of mental fight,
That Adam now enforc'd to close his eyes,
Sunk down, and all his spi'rits became intranc’d;
But him the gentle Angel by the hand

421 Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall’d. Adam, now ope

and first behold

Th' ef

thine eyes,

The sacred arnies, how they mul- fleep on my face, and my face toward the tred be,

ground. And behold a hand touched me, That cloud of flesh in which for which set me upon my knees : or from times of old

Rev. I. 17. And when I faw biz, All mankind wrapped is, I take I fell at his feet as dead; and be laid from thee,

his right hand upon me, saying unte And from thy fenses their thick me, Fear not. mift unfold,

414. - purg'd with eupbrah and That face to face thou mayst these rue] Cleared the organs of Spirits see,

his fight with rue and upbraly or And for a little space right-well eye-bright, so named of its clearing sustain

virtue. Hume. Their glorious light, and view Rue was used in exorcisms, and is thofe Angels plain. Fairfax. therefore called herb of grace. Shake

.

spear, Richard II. Ad 3. Scene 7. These passages the poet has imitated See too Hamlet, A& 4. Scene 7. and improv'd; as in what follows of 427. Nor finn’d the fin,] so in Adam's finking down overpower'd, Exod. XXXII. 30. have leaned and then being rais'd again by the a great fin. : John V. 16. If any hand gently by the Angel, he has man feë his brother fin a fin. And copied from Daniel X. 8, &c. I saw the same manner of speaking has this great vision, and there remained prevail'd among the best clasic auno Arength in me I was in a deep thors as well as in Scripture. Yet

from

Th’ effects which thy original crime hath wrought n fome to spring from thee, who never touch'd

425 Ch'excepted tree, nor with the Snake conspir’d, for finn'd thy sin, yet from that fin derive 'orruption to bring forth more violent deeds. His

eyes he open'd, and beheld a field, art arable and tilth, whereon were fheaves

430 ew reap'd, the other part sheep-walks and folds ; th’midst an altar as the land-mark stood, ustic, of graffy ford; thither anon sweaty reaper from his tillage brought

First im that fin derive. The word fin misprinted for fod, turf, of the Bel. by mistake omitted in Milton's gic fode, Italian terra soda of solidum cond edition, by which the verse or folum, and Mr. Fenton has caufed comes lame and defective. it to be printed fod, as Dr. Bentley 429. His eyes he open'd, and beheld has very affectedly swer%. a field, &c.] In this great

434. A sweaty reaper from his tilview which Adam takes of all his

lage brought &c.] It may 1s and daughters, the firf objects be proper to compare this account

is presented with exhibit to him with the facred history, to which is e ftory of Cain and Abel, which alludes, Gen. IV. 2. &c. And Abel drawn together with much close- was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was fs and propriety of exprellon. a tiller of the ground. And in process hat curiosity and natural horror, of time it came to pass, that Cain sich arises in Adam at the sight of brought of the fruit of the ground, e first dying man, is touched with an offering unto the Lord. And Abel, eat beauty Addisoa.

he also brought of the firstlings of bis 433. of grasy ford;] That flock, and of the fat thereaf. The of turf. The proper word seems poet adds, that Cain took the fruits

be fwerd, but to be corrupted uncull'd, as came to hand, whereas to sword or ford as it is commonly Abel selected the choices and beft of onounced in green- ford and ford of his flock; and in this fome intercon, which may juilify Milton in preters have conceiv'd the guilt of elling it ford. Some think it is Cain to consist. The poet too makes

them

436

First fruits, the green car, and the yellow Theaf,
Uncull’d, as came to hand; a shepherd next

a
More meek came with the firstlings of his flock
Choicest and best; then sacrificing, laid
The inwards and their fat, with incense strow'd,
On the cleft wood, and all due rites perform d.

440
His offering soon propitious fire from Heaven
Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steam;
The other's not, for his was not sincere;
Whereat he inly rag'd, and as they talk'd,
Smote him into the midriff with a stone

445 That beat out life ; he fell, and deadly pale Groan'd out his soul with gushing blood effus’d. Much at that fight was Adam in his heart

Dil

them offer both upon the same altar, best commentators Jewish and Chrifor the word brought in Scripture stian; and there are several instances (which Milton likewise retains) is of such acceptance in Scripture. understood of their bringing their Cain's was not so accepted, for (fars offerings to some common place of the poet) bis was not fincere. And worship: and this altar he makes of Cain was very wroth — And Cain turf, of grally sord, as the first altars talked with Abel his brother, and it are represented to be, and describes came to pass when they were in the the facrifice somewhat in the manner field, that Cain rose up againfi Abel of Homer. The Scripture says only his brother, and few him. The poet that the Lord had refpe&t unto Abel, makes Cain to smite him into e bemid and to bis offering ; but unto Cain and riff or diaphragm, a nervous muscle to bis offering be had not respect: separating the breaft from the belly, The poet makes this respect unto with a jione, supposing it the mot Abel's offering to be a fire from natural and the inost ready inftruHeaven consuming it; and herein ment at hand, and so Cowley, Dahe is justified by the authority of the vid. I. and in his note 16: but how

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