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And wand'ring vanity, when least was fafe,
Rejected my forewarning, and disdain’d
Not to be trusted, longing to be seen
Though by the Dev'il himself, him overweening
To over-reach, but with the Serpent meeting
Fool'd and beguild, by him thou, I by thee, 880
To trust thee from my side, imagin’d wise,
Constant, mature, proof against all assaults,
And understood not all was but a show
Rather than folid virtue', all but a rib
Crooked by nature, bent, as now appears,
More to the part finister, from me drawn,
Well if thrown out, as supernumerary

To han ordinary commiseration, they or plac'd before: so we have in Vir. ikewise contain a very fine moral. gil's Georg. I. 270. segeti pretendere The resolution of dying to end our fepem ; and in Æn VI. 60 pretenniseries, does not show such a de- taque Syrtibus arva. So Pliny in his gree of magnanimity as a resolution Epitiles, Lib. 1. Ep. 16. says, nec o bear them, and submit to the defidiæ noftræ prætendamus alienam. dispensations of Providence. Our

Pearce. author has therefore, with great de- Pretended to, held before. So Milton icacy, represented Eve as entertain himself explains this phrase, p. 809. ang this thought, and Adam as dif- Tol. Edit.' but ecclefiaftical is 2pproving it. Addison.

ever pretended to political. Thus 872. left that too heav'nly form, Quintil. Pref. to L. 1. Vultum et pretended

triftitiam et dissentientem a cæteris To bellish falli:cod, snare them.] habitum pessimis moribus prætendeDr. Bentley chooses rather obtended: bant, speaking of the false philosobut in English the word obtended is phers. Richardson. u least as unusual, as the sense here 883. And under flood not] The conof pretended is. Pretended to signifies struction is I was fool'd and beguil'd bere, as in the Latin tongue, held by thee, and understood not &c:

888. To

T 4


To my just number found. O why did God,
Creator wise, that peopled highest Heaven
With Spirits masculine, create at last
This novelty on earth, this fair defect
Of nature, and not fill the world at once
With Men as Angels without feminine,
Or find some other way to generate
Mankind ? this mischief had not then befall'n, 895

And 888. To myjust number found.] The Ω Ζευ, τι δη κιβδηλον ανθρωπους just number of ribs in a man is twenty; XL KOM, four, twelve on each side, though Turaidas, els qws na 18 zatwrisesi Sometimes there have been found

Ει γαρ βρoτειον ηθελες σπαραι those who have had thirteen as Galen

yer, says, and very rarely some who

Ou rex guralxar X8H8 Talageshave had but eleven, as Tho. Bar

jai tode. &c. tholinus, a famous physician, observed, in a lusiy strong man whom And Jason is made to talk in the he dissected in the year 1657, who fame itrain in the Medea, 573. had but eleven on one side, and a small appearance of a twelfth on χρην γαρ αλλοθεν ποθεν the other. Hillor. Anatom. & Medic.

Παιδας τεκνεθαι, θηλυ δ' εκ Centur. 5. c. 1. But some writers have been of opinion that Adam had

ELVZI yera,

Ουτω δ' αν εκ ήν εδεν ανθρωπους thirteen ribs on the left side, and that out of the thirteenth rib God formed Eve; and it is to this opinion And such sentiments as these, we that Milton here alludes, and makes suppose, procurd Euripides the name Adam say, It was well if this rib of the Woman-hater. Ariosto howwas thrown out, as fupernumerary to

ever hath ventur'd upon the same bis just number.

in Rodomont's inve&tive against

women. Orlando Furioso, Cant. 27. 888. O why did God, &c.] St. 120. This thought was originally of Eu Perche fatto non ha l'alma Natara ripides, who makes Hippolytus in Che senza te potesse nascer l'huomo, like manner expostulate with Jupiter Come s'idefta per umana cura for not creating man without women. L'un fopra l'altro il pero, il forbo, See Hippol. 616.

e'l pomo?



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And more that shall befall, ingymerable
Disturbances on earth through female snares,
And strait conjunction with this sex: for either
He never shall find out fit mate, but such
As some misfortune brings him, or mistake; 900
Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain
Through her perverseness, but shall see her gain'd
By a far worse, or if she love, withheld

By Why did not Nature rather so pro. Lysander says in the Midsummer vide

Night's Dream, A& I. Without your help, that man of The course of true love never did

man might come, And one be grafted on another's side, But either it was different in blood,

run smooth; As are the apples with the pear and Or else misgraffed in respect of years,

plome?" Harrington. St. 97. Or else it food upon the choice of Nor are fimilar examples wanting Or if there were a sympathy in

friends, among our English authors. Sir

choice, Thomas Brown in the second part of War, death, or fickness did lay his Religio Medici, Sect. 9. has some

fiege to it &c. thing very curious to this purpose, which no doubt Milton had read, 898.

- for either that work having been firft publish'd He never shall

find out fit mate, &c.] in the year 1642, about twenty. I have often thought, it was great five years before Paradise Lost. pity that Adam's speech had not Shakespear makes Posthumus cry out ended where these lines begin. The in resentment of Imogen's beha- sense is quite complete without them; viour, Cymbeline, A&. II. which we and they seem much fitter for a diare sure that our author bad read, gressional observation of the author's,

such as his panegyric on marriage 3 Is there no way for men to be, but &c, than to be put into the mouth women

of Adam, who could not very natuMust be half-workers ?

rally be supposed at that time to

foresee so very circumftantially the And the complaints which Adam inconveniences attending our Arait makes of the disasters of love may conjunction with this fex, as he exbe compared with what Shakespear's presses it.


916. - and


By parents; or his happiest choice too late
Shall meet, already link'd and wedlock-bound 905
To a fell adversary', his hate or shame:
Which infinite calamity shall cause
To human life, and houshold


confound. He added not, and from her turn'd; but Eve Not so repuls’d, with tears that ceas'd not flowing, And tresses all disorder'd, at his feet

911 Fell humble, and embracing them, befought His peace,

and thus proceeded in her plaint. Forfake me not thus, Adam, witness Heaven What love sincere, and reverence in my


915 I bear thee, and unweeting have offended, Unhappily deceiv'd; thy suppliant I beg, and clasp thy knees; bereave me not,

Whereon 916. -- and unweeting have of. Cum versa fors est. Unicum lapsa

fended,] Spenser, Fairy mihi Queen, B. 1. Cant. 2. St. 45. Firmamen, unam spem gravi ad

A étæ malo As all unweeting of that well the

Te mihi reserva, dum licet; knew. Thyer.

Tibi nam relicta, quo vadam, aut 918.

- bereave me not, ævum exigam? Wbereon I live thy gentle looks, thy

aid, &c ] In this tragical part 925. - one enmity] There is someour author seems to have had his thing not improbable in Dr. Bentley's eye upon Grotius's tragedy, Adamus reading, Exul AE V.

both joining Caffam, oro, dulci luminis jubare tui

As join'd in injuries, in enmity: Ne me relinquas: nunc tuo auxilio

but perhaps the author put one in


elt opus,

Whereon I live, thy gentle looks, thy aid,
Thy counsel in this uttermost distress,

My only strength and stay: forlorn of thee,
Whither shall I betake me, where subfift?
While yet we live, scarce one short hour perhaps,
Between us two let there be peace, both joining,
As join'd in injuries, one enmity

925 Against a foe by doom express assign'd us, That cruel Serpent: On me exercise not Thy hatred for this misery befall’n, On me already lost, me than thyself More miserable; both have finn'd, but thou

930 Against God only', I against God and thee, And to the place of judgment will return, There with my cries importune Heav'n, that all

The opposition to both; both joining one here again his eye upon Grotius, enmity.

Adamus Exul. Aa V. 926. Agains a foe by doom express Tu namque foli numini contrarius, afhgn'dus,] For it was part

Minus es nocivus; aft ego nocentior, of the sentence, pronounc'd upon

(Adeoque misera magis ) the Serpent, Gen. III. 15. I will Deumque læsi fcelere, teque, vir, put enmity between thee and the wo

fimul. man, and between thy feed and ber As Milton read all good authors, so feed.

he improv'd by all, the modern as 929. me than thyself well as the ancient: and as an Essay More miferable; both have finn'd, has been written upon his imitations but thou

of the Ancients, there might be anoAgainf God only, 1 against God ther upon his imitations of the Moand thee,] The author had derns.

936. M,

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